ภาพ : Vladimir Putin © Alexey Babushkin/RIA Novosti
Widely reported in the West as giving President Vladimir Putin a chance at two more terms, the amendments are actually a sweeping set of changes to Russia’s basic law. The 1993 constitution was imposed by President Boris Yeltsin literally at gunpoint, after he sent tanks to bomb the parliament.
While the presidential amendment could in theory allow Putin to run for office once his current term expires in 2024, it also includes a two-term limit and denies eligibility to persons who previously held foreign citizenship and lived in Russia for less than 25 years. Residents of Crimea, which rejoined Russia in 2014 after seceding from Ukraine, are exempt from that residency requirement. Another amendment removes eligibility for most major government positions from those who hold foreign citizenships or residency permits.
Several amendments are dedicated to social issues, including a state guarantee of a minimum wage above subsistence level, indexing of pensions for inflation, defining marriage as a union between one man and one woman, and a mention of God in regards to Russian heritage. Another amendment says the Russian constitution takes primacy in cases where international treaties may be interpreted to go against it.
There were 839 reports of violations during the week of voting, including 126 on Wednesday, according to deputy interior minister Aleksandr Gorovoy, but they weren't serious and didn’t affect the outcome of the vote. Several hundred people have gathered in central Moscow to protest against the constitutional amendments.
|Nathalee Cadone-Hastr siembre|
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