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ѹظ 11 ѹ¹ 2562
Posted by ʨ״ , ҹ : 225 , 15:45:06 .  
Ǵ : Էʵ/ͷ

˹ҹ
ǵ 1 ʹ ǵͧ

˹ѧͻѵʵ ªͺҹ дѹ ҹйѹ ѹҢ ͧҹͧ ˹ѧͷѹ ԧѹ¤ǹФѺ ҡͧͧѺ ˹ѧ ѧѹ ¹ ¹ѡ¹ Yuval Noah Harari ҹ Դ 24 Ҿѹ 2519 繹ѡѵʵ ҵҨҤԪһѵʵ ͧԷԺ觹٫ ˹ѧ¹ФѺ ж١վԺա ʹ¶·š ˹ѧժµ ѵªҵ ѧ Sapiens : A brief History of Humankind Ѻ· .Ӫ ø  ͩѺѧ ˹ѧͩѺ .Ӫ ˹ 608˹繵˹ѧ 566 ˹ ԧö ԵԡС  ҾСͺ дѪ ˹ѧ ǹա˹觺觷 ǹ˹ ѵԡѺ  ǹͧ ѵɵá ǹ ˹觢ͧªҵ ǹ ûѵԷʵ ˹ѧʴҷͧѹҧ ͼҹŧ 觷͡դ س §繡Ѳҡâͧҡ ҤԴ species ˹ ԧ ա Species 蹤͡͹ Ѩغѹ Homo Sapiens ͧšº к͡ ǹѹ͡

ǹ˹ ѵԡѺ ѧ͡ ûѵԡѺ繨ش ˹ѧͺ͡ ͹Һѹ֡ ҹѺŢ ÷Һѹ֡ ѺŢ ԴûѵԡѺ 觹ءҧǹ

ǹͧ ûѵɵá ˹ѧͺ͡ ѧɵáѹԴҡ ¹ Դеͧõ駶蹰ҹ餧 繾ҹѵͧͧ ҡ÷ͧ÷е駶蹰ҹԴѧüԵͧ §ѵ §ѵ û١ת ١ת ǹ͡觻ѹѹ ԴѧɵԴ ǹ˹觢ͧªҵ س Դǡѹҡ þ觾ҡѺ ѧẺѡô Դѹ˹Ǵ¤ úҧҧͧ

ǹ͹µͷ ¹ ѧѲҡѲҡҧǡⴴ ÷ѹ繨ѡô Ѻ

ǹ ûѵԷʵ ¹ ҹ Ѩغѹ ¹ ١ͺӨҡع Դ Ҥس¹ͺع سѧͧѺѹ 㹵͹ͧûѵԷʵ س 駤ӶǡѺ آ㹪Ե觼Դ ѡâͧʹҾطҡ ¹ 觷ͧͺҵ(آ) ѡ觷ͧͺ͡ҡ (鹷ء) سź͡ա ҹ§ҡ Ф͡ҡآ آ ҧѹ 觵ҧ֧ͼѡ͡ǹҧآǤ Ǥҹ ͡ҡͧآ س ѧ֧¢ͧժԵѺآ 

ͺ͹˹ǹ

...  ѧշ ѡѪ ѹҡسҨժԵ سöʹ觵ҧءҧժԵդ¨֧繤֧ҧǴҧҡӺҡзԵȨҡ آʺѡ§㴡ѧҨͧԵͧءҡʹ…

繴¡ѺӾٴФѺ  ˹ѧ͡ҡسŨͧͧѵʵªҵ ʹء ѧա÷ӹ¡þѲҡâͧǹ繡ûѵԷʵ ա Ẻ sapiens öѲԷʵԧ

Ẻ˹ Ǿѹʵ Ѵ;ѹء() ء աʴҧõѴչͧʧоع㹢е е¹ ͧҨͧʧ㹷״ Ө س ѧԴա˹¡õѴͷҧǡѹʵЪͧä Ъͧɵ ת跹 ä ŧ 繵 ˹ Ǿѹʵ㹡õѴչ觷سź͡觨¸ҧ ҧ þѲ͡ѡäС价觷÷ԧ¹ŧдѺչ

Ẻͧ ҨաþѲԧ䫺 ѹ ö Դ ͧѡá Ҩ ᢹ ͧ зѾͶ§Ѻ觧ҹͧͧ ѹзԴժԵ¡ ʻժ س 駤Ӷ

Ẻ Ѳҵͧ ͧդҡзѹ ͨк͡ҤԴʤҤ˹ѹѲҵͧ

ҹ֧ç ҡǹͧú͡Ҽ ͹件֧ç ǹͧ觷·ͺ

ͺӾٴ㹺觷·سžٴ֧öͧ¹㹺觷

…仡ҹ դöзͧȨҡ ҡѧ㨹ѡҨش¢ͧҤèͧ㴡ѹд͹Ҩ㨡Ѻʹ ҾѲҨҡ᤹ҳǡͨѡ͹仨֧ҹǡ Ѻҡѧ价㴡ѹ ҷçӹҨҷ Ѻդ֡ԴҡҨзáѺӹҨҹ ҹա٨ТҴѺԴͺҡҷ ҷҧͧѹ ҧáѧçþҧҧԡ ҡѺѺԴͺ µѵҧšекͺ ҤԴͧдǡʺФʹءʹҹͧͧ й ѡ ѹ仡ҾҷѡդѺԴͺ ͧҵͧáѹ...

繡èԡѴҧʺѺ ¹ ФѺ èҡ

ѧҡҹ騺 ͧ͡ǡ͹ ԧ ôԪҾطʹ 觷

˹觤 ÷֡ҾоطʹҡͨзҺ ͧ ʹͧ ѡɳ ͹Ԩѧ ءѧ ͹ѵ  ء§ 繷ء յǵ зءҧ¹ ҧաԴ֧ͧǡ ִͧҧͧ赹ͧͺ омѡͧͧͺ繷ء͡ ¹ҧ֡ ҧ֡Ѻ... ֡

ͧ ¹Ңͧصҡ ص ͧ Ңͧͧ ҢͧԹ ҢͧʡԹ͹Ҥ صͧ ص ͧ˹¹Ѻ ص ҡ ҡ ԹѺ令 Ҩش鹢ͧͧç˹Ͷ¹ٻҧ仨 ص繵繵 лѨغѹѧءѺص

繴ؤع سͺسͧѺѹ ѹ١ҧҡ¹ 蹡͹ ͹سԹ...ͺѹ ˹ зҡ ԹѧҾѹ˹觡Ҩд Ҥسöѡҡͧءͧس¡þѹ

˹ѧ ͹ҵ駤ӶѺͧ Դҷ ¹ ҨоѲҵͧ㹷ȷҧ ¹价ء ͹ȷҧ ҴԵӹ֡ ФǺͧԧԵԭҳ ԧҾ ѧФǺ...

ҧ駼ԴẺš ѹʹͧѺѡطʹҹФѺ ͹Ԩѧ Ѻ ФѺ Դ Ѻ Դ Ѻ ¹Դ ¹ ¹Ѻ ժԵԷʵ Homo Sapiens Դ᷹ ժԵ Դ дѺ Դ Ѻ з 繪ѧͨѡô 礧˹ͧ ¹µҧҧ ¹繡͹ ¹еͧҧҧաѹ¡աʻժ͹Ҥ

ˡ ѧҡҹ¹쨺 ªҵѧ Humankind Kind ѧ Human 㨴դس ѧա...Ҷ ҹǤس㨤¢ͧӷ

Һоط и оʧ... 㹰ҹ˹ Species Homo Sapiens

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