Meeting Summary: Violence in the 3 Southern Border Provinces of
- Prof. Amra Pongsapich, The President of the National Human Rights Commission*
- Prof. Vitit Muntarbhorn, Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in
- Somchai Homlaor, Chairman of the Campaign Committee for Human Rights
- Pornpen Kongkiatkachorn, Cross Cultural Foundation.
- Prof. Surichai Wankaew, Faculty of Political Science,
- Dr. Gothom Areeya, Chair Consultative Council for Economic and Social Affairs
-Laddawan Tantiwittayapitak, Political Development Council
-Metha Matkhao, Secretary General of the Campaign Committee for Human Rights (CCHR)
Violence in the 3 southern provinces has returned to worsening the breeding ground of violence either through the showcases like the victimization of the innocent victims, gunning down the monk as well as the pregnant teachers or the spread of shoots in mosque. For instance, 10 corpses had been found at Al-Krukorn mosque in Narathiwasdi. Meeting reckons that all of the outcomes are the results of:
1. The setback of the system of justice
1.1 The villagers in the local area feel that they can find no justice as even the single of the committed mistake person has not yet been found or even persecuted before court; for instance, the court persecution presides over the Takbai case which nowadays finds no one who can be responsible to the death of the people. Legal redress for the victims must be made. Government officials are supposed to unfold their fidelities to the system of justice, which can render confidence to everybody, such as their constriction on arresting of the murderer and compensation for the convalescence of psychological impact of the familys victims. In addition, it is necessary to have a preventive measure in order to discourage state violence.
1.2 Discriminative action from the government officials.
1.3 Mode of governance that pays no respect to the Islamic identities includes the lack of comprehensiveness about human rights issue of the government officials. We conclude that government officials would be advised on the definition of human rights, which is relevant to the respect of dignity and integrity of mankind. Repetitious talking about human rights without true understanding to the meaning of it conspicuously leads to the problem. For instance, the confinement of the suspects in the training camp around the military area instead of working out to arrest the true murderer without discerning on the voluntary of the suspects. If the suspects can not be proved guilty, it makes them has no warranty on asking the attorney to defend their cases because of their confinement. The mounting terrorist problem is partially caused by the mistake of the government that grounds their beliefs on the racist pod. The government agency also has no decisive working unity as there always has a division within the agency. For instance, the dividing into army, the cops, and the government indeed worsens rather than alleviates the problem. In addition, government officials need to insure the limits and tolerances in sharing different opinions and decides that the peaceful gathering of people can do done at which level without violent intervention from the government officials.
1.4 The dysfunction of the Thai system of justice is now under the gaze as well as speculation of the foreign organizations. Government must not protect the mistake doers, who disrespect human rights principal, and must not presuppose every case blindly without accurate information. Therefore the Thai system of justice is needed to improvise and reach a caliber for the sake of fairness.
2. Fragmentation of Power
The villagers should have rights and part to be part of government, leading to the concept of establishment of Southern Border Affairs Administrative Bureau(the new agency according to the Government policy) for the sake of eradicating the unsettling violence in the South and the referendum must be done in order to seek out the local people opinions.
3. Diplomacy and Negotiation
Government needs to arrange the peaceful channel of negotiation with the terrorist group in the specific area, villagers, and it must be done without arm force.
4. Civil Society
At this moment, civil society in the South begins to congregate in various small groups. To push forward the role of civil society for participating to deal with the violence in the southern border of 3 provinces is encouraged in every aspect. Civil society does not limit its role to the specific areas, but it should enlarge and conglomerate with the civil society in the whole country so as to strengthening itself. In addition, civil societies must keep continue to express their opinions. Government ought to support these civil societies.
5. Resource Allocation for every party to have equal participation
Every party is encouraged to be at conjoint with the problems in the south and be able to access to available resources.