Sufficiency Economy: Demission of Social Capital Development to Pace of Change in, 21st Century.
Pornchai Jedaman, Paitoon Pimdee.
Akarapong Sukkamart, Kollawat Wangsaorad.
Globalization of development towards modernization cause impact continues. The development of social capital, the philosophy of sufficiency economy that is an important dimensional of; Minds dimensional were to as; mentally strong awareness and realization that good, independence of thought and action, creativity generosity and compromise. Social and Economic dimensional, including a buddy, linking a strong network, careful planning the ability to manage existing assets, having a backup plan is immune to the risks and alternatives, the value and development. Technology dimensional including the selection of what suits your needs. Known to improve the environment and reality. Cultural dimensional were to as; an intellectual development potential and unique. Resources and the Environment dimensional including the development and use an appropriate value.
Key words: Sufficiency Economy, Social Capital Development to the Pace of Change in 21st Century.
The social change of Thailand, when looking back to the past to be finding as; traditional society is a society where life is simple, there is a production-based economy to sustain consumption for household and in the community not for the exchange of the raw materials for sustenance, it comes from the natural surroundings. These the factors Society and Community binding an affinity and awareness to expressed in the beliefs and rituals to maintain balance.. Moreover, the relationships of kinship and blood relations it corresponds to the use of shared resources, including of dependence on various aspects. These characteristics Society in Thailand peaceful existence, self-reliant and self-sufficient to conventionally to inherit the identity continued uninterrupted ever since. Social changes to be taking place on the social development of Thailand into the process of the Westerns modernization. Such phenomena starting on power and privilege in the form of knowledge, assistance came to dominate, act. Defines discourse to create a new definition of what is the opposite of Sufficiency Economy was development and under development. Cause demand to develop innovative ways of the actions aimed at improving the economic and the social structural reform, whether it is the political, educational, beliefs in accordance with the Westernization. . Reason for such as a result, the goals and guidelines developed in the past. Aims to make of Thailand modern society to according of the Western society, whether it is to focusing on economic development, the nature of the capitalist mode of production by promoting an expansion of the industry and trade, to using advanced technologies simultaneously with political reforms, education, for the social structure to the specific duties of effective to the resulting expertise, can add of performance to a higher and contributing to the development of modernity. Result of the positive developments including of increase in the rate of economic growth, material progress structures, advanced communication system or expanding the amount and distribution thoroughly studied. But these positive results it continues to spread to people in rural or disadvantaged minority, most of which are concentrated in the capital or the provinces. While the result was negative, the expansion of the industry for trade and export, and the expansion of government into the countryside to have contributed to the weakness in many rural areas were as; the dependence of the market from the authority or middlemen, the system ties of kinship and confederation tradition in order to manage an available resources to broken down, wisdom gained from being forgotten, lost. Such a change would make lifestyle, vision, belief system and values of the society and community to variations from original. The crisis caused by weakness of community, including social and economical impacts to proves and confirms this phenomenon as well. As result, raises questions and doubts of development through Westernization, it is believed that before, It is right and proper to the contexts of the next Thailand or not. Thus was born the concept of dispute related to the development on modern theory were as; dependency theory, sustainable development, or the cultural community theory, seems to be the answer to developing a robust future.
Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy base.
Sufficiency economy is the philosophy of King majesty to guided lifestyle to the people of Thailand. That to based on the way and the practice of self-dependence, self-sufficient, modest and realistic including knowledge and global literacy to use to the development of stable and sustainable. The figure consists of three main features issue to moderation, reasonableness, self-immunity, and located on two conditions as; knowledge and morris. .
Figure consists of three main features:
I. Moderation: fit is not too much, not too little, not too extreme. Must be based on need, not hurting yourself and others to build a strong self, reduce dependency on other.
II. Reasonableness: decision must be based on reasonable grounds and associated factors, regardless of the consequences carefully, honest and unbiased.
III. Self-immunity: the prepare for the impact and the change that to the located in a precaution.
Located on two conditions:
I. Knowledge: the knowledge about science in all-round way on order to put that knowledge to use coherent planning and practice.
II. Morris: the awareness of the virtues to honest, have patience, perseverance and wisdom in life, there leniency unity.
A major focus on developing a sustainable component as follows:
I. Understand what needs to be changed naturally, environment and timing.
II. Creating readiness for change use to be thinking and seeing the dynamics of change, analysis of causes and factors, to prepare for the changes that will occur.
III. Creating a balance Stability and sustainable use to analysis of the results occurred in both the short and long terms, the aim of public interest in the context of community organizations to make a balance and Sustainable.
IV. Having the fit and proper, knows of self, networking Groups and expand the range of activities from to establishing cooperation in all sectors to benefit, and development in the quality of life, efficiently.
V. The knowledge and morality based on good governance, the consciousness and learning to seek knowledge continuously.
VI. Self-reliance, an interdependence and collective responsibility, knowing how to build relationships and partnerships, help share, the cheryl lived were to the values for the sake of the common good and know the responsibility is important.
Dimensional Sufficiency Economy with to development.
Sufficiency Economy to Just not the technique, but has a much broader meaning because of the ideology and worldview, relationships and values that meet or match. Thatrepresents a real economic sufficiency, implied or otherwise known as cultural.. Sufficiency Economy of a sequel to the lifestyle of the people and human needs. On the whole, there are two levels to follows as:
I. Physical needs was the basic needs of life, so that life can exist according to individuality, considering the Buddhist religion is the demand for the exists and a factor of four to as; foods, clothes, housing and medicine. Is demand the limited quality of life.
II. Mental image needs was society needs mental way for in addition to the physical of the situation is passion as; have a craving, and the splendor passion is do not want to be there such as needs love and joy that their expectations, the prestigious honor to society act. That to satiate the addiction is something infinite or unlimited, as well as what you do not want to refuse, for example, do not want to live alone and failure in life.
The overall dimensions of sufficiency economy. May be viewed as two sides to as;
I. Looking objective is the exterior look is must be comfortable four factors are sufficient, or on the side with a fairly conventionally, which coincided with the words "self-reliance" in any economy.
II. A very subjective is a look inside the minds of the people will have enough sense not equal. Some of it is not enough. Some are small enough.
Sufficiency Economy is an important dimension of at least seven aspects to follows; i) enough for everyone no economic abandoned well, ii) mind just make to love and generosity to others, iii) the environmental sufficiency is the preserve and enhance environmental sustenance and livelihood haven, iv) the social economic, cultural and community to strong enough to the integration of a strong is able to solve different, v) sufficiency problem is learning together in practice and adapt constantly, vi) based on adequate cultural, the economy should grow out of relationships and cultural base to be stable, vii) Sufficiency security is not just flushes it until to get a sudden, do not eat the unemployed. Sufficiency Economy just solid to making good mental health. When everything was balanced is a regular and sustained. We may call Sufficiency Economy in other names such as Economic infrastructure, Economic balance, Economic integration, Economy moral. So, both personal and social, synchronization can be combined to achieve a substantial strengthening of the fine cultural wisdom, that exists in both a physical and mental range.
Dynamic Social Capital with Sustainability Development.
In Thailand the concept of social capital is not new, but existed previously.Only the direction and development policies have driven the expansion of economic development focusing of physical capital and financial capital. Regardless of the development of social capital. In addition, the results from the development has brought people into Thailand to careless society of competition and conflict. . The joint activities of civic communities is creating and maintaining social relationships to pose together as a network to help each other and survive even in the crises, these movements It is known as the structure of social glue to organizations can create, relationships and norms of causing both quantity and quality.
Social capital has received widespread attention in the international community.There is also a role for policymakers to solve various problems, especially poverty "social capital is the only capital that the poor and disadvantaged are".The culture of trust is encouraging members of society and unite militarily intoactivities of voluntary organizations for enterprises to create growth from families to professional organizations, can be classified in three dimensions. .
I. First dimension: the elements of social capital contain of social network, is the relationship between the members of the network with social norms.Refers to the rules, values and expectations. And measures among members of social control on direct measures of reward and punishment, an indirect measure of honor and revile. The dynamic development in the first dimension can to maintain norms and networks into support of joint activities between individual and community is the social structureor formal institutions. As a condition for supporting the trust. Including cooperation between the public, and can create social capital that is the social fabric. Refers to the relationship arising from the common good to achieve the goal groups or organizations, social and community.
II. Second dimension: the analysis of social capital is divided into three levels to as; micro, middle and macro. The scholars will agree to fund more social medium. It refers to the relationship between members of social organizations and the community. At the micro level, social capital refers to the close relationship of family and friends.And macro-level social capital, which refers to the relationships nationally. The dynamic development in the second dimension of social capital is equally important, all three levels.This means that any reduction in the role of social capital in the act, it can replace the function of the other. If members of the family and society began a relationship weakened, social capital loss is irreplaceable. By encouraging members to participate in the activities of the organization or can build up a relationship at the national level.
III. Third dimension: the role of social capital there are three main tasks to as;i)social capital of the groups on bonding, refers to the network of relationships within the group are already of bonding, ii)social capital group Members of bridging, refers to the network of member of a group that was bridging before, iii) members of the social capital on internal and external groups, means networking between the members of the authority and the resources are not equal and do not know each other. By linking a vertical relationship. The dynamic development in the third dimension, creating social capital, though not easy. But social capital is the key to development, achieve success.
The success of development a necessary condition of civic norms and networks between the various groups and the public sector continuous for strengthen on the basis of civil to self-management. The three important reasons to as; i) social beings to a relationship that connects us to one another, however, we are born with the ability of a good and evil, must learn to trust and interact and learn together, ii) can learn and can not learn new ways. As a product of the environment is different. iii) can determine how others view us, however. We want to be part of a recognized groups. And has been satisfied with the status and the society. Based on that what's more valuable. Overall, though, humans are an individual, but society is built from social relationships to lead to a review, debate and controversy of policies and planning to make sense, fairness, wealth, a good citizen. And social capital as a valuable form of capital required to build a strong civil society. This is the key to development at all levels, an opportunity to share ideas, analysis, determine, planning, action, monitoring and assessment.
Sufficiency Economy into demission of social capital development to the pace of change in, 21st Century. Will lead to the development of personal and social level of conducting a self-reliant. The dimensions of the components of development are important to follows:
Minds dimensional: the mentally strong awareness and realization that a good, independence of thought and action, creativity generosity and compromise.
Social and Economic dimensional: including a buddy, linking a strong network, careful planning the ability to manage existing assets, having a backup plan is immune to the risks and alternatives, the value and development.
Technology dimensional: including the selection of what suits your needs. Known to improve the environment and reality, developed their own intellectual advancement.
Cultural dimensional: an intellectual development potential and unique. Resources and the Environment dimensional including the development and use an appropriate value, ability to protect, develop and utilize it appropriately and cost-effectively with large groups and stick to a strong and sustainable.
Sufficiency Economy in terms of capital development to social sustainable. Reflecting the development of a holistic approach that balances three aspects; quality, intelligence and learning, the solidarity and generosity towards each other. There are the sum of many good things, both in the accumulation and build on activities or to the development potential of the conductor and related well-being. With an emphasis on community and social of the center developed and owned initiative and participate in the decision-making process is important. Through the incorporation of quality to benefit individuals and society. On the basis of trust a web of ties and their cultural. The crystallization of ideas Look at the problem in the same direction the focus is on the social and development partners to encourage and support, the analysis of problems and needs for self and social development to secure.
I. Mechanical factors both policy measures and the favorable including the creation of channels of participation. The need to keep evolving as an open system, there is the democracy, transparent and inspection.
II. Realization of social and community issues and interests, have the ability to sense and wisdom in handling the problem of experience and learning.
III. Factors developers and development organizations, has been an active in promoting stimulus, awareness permitting and development process.
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