ลักษณะและรูปแบบการปรองดองตามหลักพุทธธรรมและตามทัศนะพระสงฆ์ไทย Models and Characters of Reconciliation according to Buddhist Discipline Approach and Thai Monk, Buddhist Scholar Attitudes.
Asst.Prof.Dr.Nakamon Punchakhetthikul ผศ.ดร.ณกมล ปุญชเขตต์ทิกุล
The purposes of this research were 1) to study the concept of reconciliation and model of conflict diminution based on Buddhism perspectives; and 2) to analyze the model and characteristics of diminishing the conflicts in peaceful means of monks. Documents were reviewed, and field studies were also conducted. The key-informants consisted of 8 monks and 3 laymen academicians. The study tool was a formal interview; then the study results were later analyzed.
The document studies revealed that the reconciliation model was considered according to the Buddhist principles the basic understandings of world, life, society, social relationships, conflicts in the social contexts in the Buddhist era, and the ways of diminishing the conflicts proposed the Buddha. The Buddhist views showed that all things were related in terms of agreement and disagreement. Moreover, the conflicts arose from the following factors i.e., individual mental conflict, disagreement with other people because of unpleasant external resource seeking, in-group and between-groups interaction, and external traditions in a society. The efficient approaches to prevent the conflicts were as follows: The social orders should be set up in order to give fair relationships among members. This would fully promote individual development and proficiency, strengthen different groups in a society, and bring happiness to the society. It was obvious that the conflicts in the Buddha’s age were not complicated; so the social process assisted to diminish it’s conflict. The field study results presented that the main daily conflicts of people in a society came from economic affairs or resources seeking. The way to diminish it was that the middle man with some qualifications such as ethical behavior, four-noble sentiments and non-preference was accepted and trusted by the society. He/she would find the ways to reduce the diversification of conflicts doers, to promote ethical values and also to join hands to create the fair regulations that assist to develop oneself and the society.
Keywords: Reconciliation, Buddhist Discipline, Thai monks