• นายยั้งคิด
  • ranking : สมาชิกทั่วไป
  • email : sunnytrack@hotmail.com
  • วันที่สร้าง : 2008-07-01
  • จำนวนเรื่อง : 2850
  • จำนวนผู้ชม : 1089318
  • จำนวนผู้โหวต : 337
  • ส่ง msg :
  • โหวต 337 คน
วันศุกร์ ที่ 18 สิงหาคม 2560
Posted by นายยั้งคิด , ผู้อ่าน : 491 , 08:39:24 น.  
หมวด : การศึกษา

พิมพ์หน้านี้
โหวต 1 คน สิงห์นอกระบบ โหวตเรื่องนี้

Swasdee ! How are you doing today ?

Today we'll learn English with VOA NEWS more. You would know about the process of : Academic Writing: Common

Patterns, Part 1.And moreover the Lesson 46: May I Borrow That? would let you able to speak with others in your

office anywhere.

Many thanks to Google Translate for your assisment to me for my writing of this article.

 

CNN Live Stream Now HD #2 - FOX News Live President Trump Breaking News And Latest News https://youtu.be/4SV3ekN7rK0

..............................................

https://learningenglish.voanews.com/

logo

 

 
Academic Writing: Common Patterns, Part 1
Share
 

Academic Writing: Common Patterns, Part 1

3 hours ago

everyday grammar - academic writing part 1
everyday grammar - academic writing part 1

 

The new school year is beginning in communities across the United States.

Many students are busy at work in their new classes. Some are already thinking about all the homework they will face in the weeks to come.

Schools often require students to read academic articles -- short or long reports about a class-related subject. Teachers also ask students to write book reports and research papers.

Today on Everyday Grammar, we will explore two grammatical structures that you will see often in academic writing.

We will show you how to use these structures. We also will show you when not to use them.

#1 Evaluating an idea

If you are writing or reading for academic purposes, you will likely see the following structure: It + is + an adjective + that-clause.

This is a common way to express an attitude, opinion or position. It is often used when considering an idea, note grammar experts Susan Conrad and Douglas Biber.

Here is an example:

"It is clear that the evidence is inconsistent."

Here is how you can understand the sentence. The subject in our example is the word it. Then comes the verb is. After is, there is an adjective: the word clear.

After clear, there is a that-clause. A that-clause is a group of words, beginning with the word that. It has a subject and a predicate. A predicate is the part of a sentence that expresses what is said about the subject.

The that-clause has the idea that the writer is considering. In the example we gave you, the idea under consideration is the following statement: "the evidence is inconsistent."

The adjective clear suggests the writer's judgment.

By saying "it is clear," the writer is saying that he or she agrees the evidence appears to be conflicting with other information.

Note that the writer did not write, "I think that the evidence is inconsistent," even if it has the same meaning as the example sentence. Why? We will explore that issue later in the report.

Academic writers often use it + is + an adjective + that-clause to raise questions, note possibility, and express importance.

For example, you might read the following sentence:

"It is unlikely that the results will be conclusive."

Or,

"It is likely that the information was incomplete."

In the former case, the writer is using the adjective unlikely to raise questions. In the latter one, the writer is using the adjective likely to express possibility.

#2 Evaluating an action

A second common structure, it + is + an adjective + an infinitive phrase, is often used to judge an action. The infinitive phrase describes the action. The adjective shows the writer's evaluation.

Consider this example:

"It is difficult to define these ideas."

 

In this example, the infinitive to define relates to an action, while the adjective difficult shows the writer's evaluation.

Writers often use it + is + an adjective + an infinitive phrase to show possibility, difficulty, importance, and so on.

So, for example, you might read the following sentences: "It is hard to understand these effects," or "It is necessary to carry out further research."

In the former example, the writer is expressing difficulty, while in the latter the writer is expressing necessity.

Other ways to express the same ideas

The two structures we have discussed are common in academic writing.

You should try using them with your own adjectives, that-clauses, infinitive phrases, and so on.

There is one point to keep in mind, however. You should know that sometimes you might not want to use these structures – especially if you are writing for business or even artistic reasons.

In those situations, it might be better to use more direct language.

Consider the first example we gave you, "It is clear that the evidence is inconsistent."

This is a common, acceptable way to write a sentence for academic purposes. It is grammatically correct.

However, the statement uses indirect language to express an evaluation. The writer is expressing an opinion without specifically writing "I think...," for example.

However, if you are writing for other purposes other than college professors, you could simplify your language. You could give a very direct evaluation by writing "I think the evidence is inconsistent," or simply "The evidence is inconsistent."

The structure that you choose to use depends on what kind of writing you are doing.

It is difficult to improve your writing. But with practice, you can do it!

I'm John Russell.

And I'm Pete Musto.

John Russell wrote this story for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section.

_____________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

 

that-clause – n. a part of a sentence (beginning with that) that has its own subject and verb

evaluate – v. to judge the value or condition of (someone or something) in a careful and thoughtful way

inconsistent – adj. having parts that disagree with each other

conclusive – adj. showing that something is certainly true

data – n. facts or information used usually to calculate, analyze, or plan something

infinitive phrase – n. an infinitive phrase is a group of words consisting of an infinitive, objects, and modifiers

concept – n. an idea of what something is or how it works

academic – adj. of or related to a school, especially of higher education

article – n. a piece of writing or story about a subject

verb – n. a word that expresses an action, event or state of being

 ......................................................................

 

Lesson 46: May I Borrow That?

August 16, 2017
 

Summary

Anna finds out it's Marsha's birthday. She wants to give her a present. But she does not have much money. What will she do?

Speaking

In this video, learn how to say the new words. Then learn how to talk about borrowing or lending.​

Pronunciation

Use this video to practice the pronunciation of words that end with an "r" sound in American English.

Conversation

Anna: Have a nice day at work Marsha!
Marsha: You too, Anna. Oh, wait. Do you have pen and paper I can borrow?
Anna: Of course.
Marsha: We are meeting at this restaurant tonight.
Anna: What is happening tonight?
Marsha: Today is my birthday. We are celebrating at 7pm tonight. Did you forget?
Anna: Sorry, Marsha! I gotta go! See you later!
Marsha: Don't forget! Tonight … 7pm!
Anna: I forgot Marsha’s birthday! And I don’t get my paycheck until next week. I know. I'll make her a gift. I’ll just have to borrow a couple of things.
Anna: Amelia, may I borrow your stapler?
Amelia: Sure. I can lend you my stapler, Anna. But please return it. It’s my favorite stapler.
Anna: You can trust me. I understand. One time, I loaned my stapler to the wrong person.
Anna: Thanks, Amelia.
Amelia: Don’t mention it. Bye, stapler!
Anna: Jonathan! Can I borrow your scissors?
Jonathan: Oh! Hi, Anna! What’re you doing?
Anna: Can I borrow your scissors? Sorry to bother you.
Jonathan: Yes, I can lend them to you, but you must return them. These scissors -- they are the sharpest scissors in the office. Watch.
Anna: Wow, those are sharp. I will be very careful.
Jonathan: Okay.
Anna: And I’ll bring them back tomorrow.
Jonathan: Good.
Anna: Thank you.
Jonathan: You're welcome.
Anna: Happy Birthday, Marsha! (gives Marsha a gift)
Marsha: Thanks, Anna! I love birthday gifts! Anna, it is … interesting. What is it?
Anna: Well, I know you love hats. And you need office supplies. So, this is your own office supply hat!
Marsha: Wow! That is a lot of office supplies!
Anna: Many people loaned or shared their supplies with me. Some people really love their office supplies. It has paper, pens, tape, erasers, rubber bands, binder clips, paper clips, and a light!
Marsha: What is the balloon for?
Anna: The balloon will help your friends find you. Let’s try it! You get a seat in the restaurant - I will find you!
Anna: Sometimes all the money in the world can’t buy the perfect gift. Until next time!
 

Writing

In this lesson, Anna makes a gift for her friend Marsha. Did you ever make a gift for a friend or a family member? What was it? How did you make it? Write to us by emailor in the Comments section.

Click on the image below to download the Activity Sheet and practice talking about borrowing and lending office supplies. You can now fill in the activity sheet on the computer!

Activity-Sheet-Lesson-46
Activity-Sheet-Lesson-46

 

 

Learning Strategy

Learning Strategies are the thoughts and actions that help make learning easier or more effective.

The learning strategy for this lesson is Act it Out. When we act out something, using our body instead of using words, we are finding another way to communicate our meaning. That helps when we do not know a word, or when it is too loud to talk. We can also use this strategy to build stronger memories of the things we are learning.

In this lesson, Anna wants to ask Jonathan if she can borrow his scissors. But he is listening to loud music, so she acts out using scissors. He understands that she wants to use his scissors easily before he hears her question.

Do you ever act out the new words you are learning in English? Try it with the new words for office supplies in this lesson. Say each word and make an action with your hands as if you are holding or using that thing. Does it help you learn the new words? Write to us about it in the Comments section or send us an email. Teachers, see the Lesson Plan for more details on teaching this strategy.

 

Quiz

Listen to short videos and test your listening skills with this quiz.

 

______________________________________________________________

New Words

 

borrow - v. to take and use (something that belongs to someone else) for a period of time before returning it
bring back phrasal verb. to return with (something or someone)
celebrate - v. to do something special or enjoyable for an important event, occasion or holiday
gift - n. something that is given to another person
lend - v. to give (something) to (someone) to be used for a period of time and then returned
loan - v. to give (something) to (someone) for a period of time
mention - v. to talk or write about something or someone in a brief way
don't mention it -used to answer someone who has just thanked you for something
paycheck - n. the money that you regularly earn
sharp - adj. having a thin edge that is able to cut things
supplies - n. [plural] : things (such as food, equipment, fuel, and so on) that are needed for a particular purpose
 

Office Supplies

 

 

Office Supplies

Office Supplies

..................................................

 NEWS AROUND

 

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy speaks during a press conference after a meeting following the attack of Barcelona on August 17, 2017./AFP
Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy speaks during a press conference after a meeting following the attack of Barcelona on August 17, 2017./AFP

World voices solidarity with Spain after terror attack

Breaking News August 18, 2017 07:19

By Agence France-Presse

BARCELONA - Spanish and world leaders on Thursday condemned the Barcelona van attack, expressing outrage and solidarity with the victims.

- Spain -

=========

The Spanish royal family issued an unusually strongly-worded statement: They are assassins, criminals who won't terrorise us. All of Spain is Barcelona."

FC Barcelona said it was "deeply saddened" by the tragedy and the team's talismanic striker Lionel Messi said separately that people must reject "any act of violence".

"There are many more of us who want to live in a world in peace, without hate and where respect and tolerance are the basis of coexistence," he added.

- United States -

=================

President Donald Trump tweeted: "The United States condemns the terror attack in Barcelona, Spain, and will do whatever is necessary to help. Be tough & strong, we love you!"

Secretary of State Rex Tillerson added: "Terrorists around the world should know -- the United States and our allies are resolved to find you and bring you to justice."

- Germany -

===========

In a statement, the office of German Chancellor Angela Merkel said they were thinking of the victims of the "revolting attack" with "profound sadness".

- Russia -

==========

President Vladimir Putin called for the world to unite in an "uncompromising battle against the forces of terror".

"We decisively condemn this cruel and cynical crime against civilians," Putin wrote in a telegram of condolences to Spanish King Felipe VI.

- United Nations -

==================

A spokesman said UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres "condemns today's terrorist attack on Barcelona" and "hopes that those responsible for this heinous violence will be swiftly brought to justice."

- European Union -

==================

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said: "I send my deepest condolences to the families and loved ones of the victims, as well as to Prime Minister Rajoy and the people of Spain. My thoughts are with the people of Barcelona."

- France -

==========

President Emmanuel Macron voiced "France's solidarity" with Spanish citizens following what he called "a tragic attack".

Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo said: "Parisians are at your side. Barcelona and Paris are cities that share love and tolerance. Our values are much stronger than this heinous and cowardly act of terrorism".

- Britain -

===========

British Prime Minister Theresa May tweeted: "My thoughts are with the victims of today's terrible attack in Barcelona ... and the emergency services responding to this ongoing incident. The UK stands with Spain against terror."

London Mayor Sadiq Khan called the attack "barbaric", adding: "London stands with Barcelona against the evil of terrorism."

- The Netherlands -

===================

It was a "cowardly attack against innocent people," Prime Minister Mark Rutte said in a statement on his Facebook page, calling it a "black day at a place where many people around the world gathered."

- Turkey -

==========

Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said Turkey strongly condemned the "heinous terrorist attack".

- The Vatican -

===============

Pope Francis's spokesman said in a statement: "The Pope prays for the victims of this attack and wishes to express his closeness to all the Spanish people, especially the wounded and families of the victims."

- Portugal -

============

Footballer Cristiano Ronaldo, a star with Spanish premier club Real Madrid, said he was "dismayed" by the attack and voiced "support and solidarity with the families and friends of the victims".

....................................................

  

Photo from: teepopdriving.com
Photo from: teepopdriving.com

New smart driving licences to be valid across Asean

Around Thailand August 15, 2017 16:42

By The Nation

 

Thailand’s paper driving licences will be replaced with smart cards starting on September 4, the Land Transport Department has announced.

The new licences will be embedded with magnetic strips and QR codes to improve security to prevent frauds. 

“In the future, they will be compatible with apps that are designed for enhanced road safety,” department director-general Sanith Phromwong said. 

Names on the smart card will be spelled in both Thai and English so they could be used to drive legally in any Asean country.

Sanith said his department would stop issuing paper driving licences on August 15. 

From August 15 to September 3, applicants for driving licences will receive plastic cards without QR codes, which will be valid until their expiry date. Recipients will be able to receive the smart cards when other licences expire, are lost or become damaged. 

Fees for the new smart card licences will be lower as holders will not have to pay fees for photographs. Temporary driving licences will cost Bt205, reduced from the current Bt305. General driving licences will cost Bt504, down from Bt505.

 

 ........................................................

FINISHED

August 18, 2017

 



อ่านความคิดเห็น

ความคิดเห็นที่ 2 (0)
นายยั้งคิด วันที่ : 18/08/2017 เวลา : 09.34 น.
http://oknation.nationtv.tv/blog/political79

Reply : ความคิดเห็นที่ 1นายยั้งคิด ถูกใจสิ่งนี้ ถูกใจความคิดเห็นนี้ (1)
like เรียบร้อยแล้ว

feng_shui
............................................
With pleasure !. Thanks.

ความคิดเห็นที่ 1 นายยั้งคิด ถูกใจสิ่งนี้ (1)
feng_shui วันที่ : 18/08/2017 เวลา : 09.22 น.
http://oknation.nationtv.tv/blog/buzz
feng_shui

ขอบคุณขะ

แสดงความคิดเห็น


ถึง บล็อกเกอร์ ทุกท่าน โปรดอ่าน
   ด้วยทาง บริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ จำกัด (มหาชน) ได้ติดต่อขอความร่วมมือ มายังเว็บไซต์และเว็บบล็อกต่าง ๆ รวมไปถึงเว็บบล็อก OKnation ห้ามให้มีการเผยแพร่ผลงานอันมีลิขสิทธิ์ ของบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ บนเว็บ blog โดยกำหนดขอบเขตของสิ่งที่ห้ามทำ และสามารถทำได้ ดังนี้
ห้ามทำ
- การใส่ผลงานเพลงต้นฉบับให้ฟัง ทั้งแบบควบคุมเพลงได้ หรือซ่อนเป็นพื้นหลัง และทั้งที่อยู่ใน server ของคุณเอง หรือ copy code คนอื่นมาใช้
- การเผยแพร่ file ให้ download ทั้งที่อยู่ใน server ของคุณเอง หรือฝากไว้ server คนอื่น
สามารถทำได้
- เผยแพร่เนื้อเพลง ต้องระบุชื่อเพลงและชื่อผู้ร้องให้ชัดเจน
- การใส่เพลงที่ร้องไว้เอง ต้องระบุชื่อผู้ร้องต้นฉบับให้ชัดเจน
จึงเรียนมาเพื่อโปรดปฎิบัติตาม มิเช่นนั้นทางบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ จะให้ฝ่ายดูแลลิขสิทธิ์ ดำเนินการเอาผิดกับท่านตามกฎหมายละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์
OKNATION



กฎกติกาการเขียนเรื่องและแสดงความคิดเห็น
1 การเขียน หรือแสดงความคิดเห็นใด ๆ ต้องไม่หมิ่นเหม่ หรือกระทบต่อสถาบันชาติ ศาสนา และพระมหากษัตริย์ หรือกระทบต่อความมั่นคงของชาติ
2. ไม่ใช้ถ้อยคำหยาบคาย ดูหมิ่น ส่อเสียด ให้ร้ายผู้อื่นในทางเสียหาย หรือสร้างความแตกแยกในสังคม กับทั้งไม่มีภาพ วิดีโอคลิป หรือถ้อยคำลามก อนาจาร
3. ความขัดแย้งส่วนตัวที่เกิดจากการเขียนเรื่อง แสดงความคิดเห็น หรือในกล่องรับส่งข้อความ (หลังไมค์) ต้องไม่นำมาโพสหรือขยายความต่อในบล็อก และการโพสเรื่องส่วนตัว และการแสดงความคิดเห็น ต้องใช้ภาษาที่สุภาพเท่านั้น
4. พิจารณาเนื้อหาที่จะโพสก่อนเผยแพร่ให้รอบคอบ ว่าจะไม่เป็นการละเมิดกฎหมายใดใด และปิดคอมเมนต์หากจำเป็นโดยเฉพาะเรื่องที่มีเนื้อหาพาดพิงสถาบัน
5.การนำเรื่อง ภาพ หรือคลิปวิดีโอ ที่มิใช่ของตนเองมาลงในบล็อก ควรอ้างอิงแหล่งที่มา และ หลีกเลี่ยงการเผยแพร่สิ่งที่ละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นรูปแบบหรือวิธีการใดก็ตาม 6. เนื้อหาและความคิดเห็นในบล็อก ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับทีมงานผู้ดำเนินการจัดทำเว็บไซต์ โดยถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบทางกฎหมายเป็นการส่วนตัวของสมาชิก
คลิ้กอ่านเงื่อนไขทั้งหมดที่นี่"
OKnation ขอสงวนสิทธิ์ในการปิดบล็อก ลบเนื้อหาและความคิดเห็น ที่ขัดต่อความดังกล่าวข้างต้น โดยไม่ต้องชี้แจงเหตุผลใดๆ ต่อเจ้าของบล็อกและเจ้าของความคิดเห็นนั้นๆ
   

กลับไปหน้าที่แล้ว กลับด้านบน