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วันศุกร์ ที่ 8 ธันวาคม 2560
Posted by นายยั้งคิด , ผู้อ่าน : 504 , 08:38:37 น.  
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Swasdee ! How are you doing ?

In the trick of some ruler for slow down the serious situation in country is to push it outside. As well as Trump

did presently that he pointed out Jerusalem is the capital of Israel. Then many nations against him immediatly,

especially the Palestine.

Many thanks to Google Translate once more.

 

FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/9c_Bac-17Rk

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everyday grammar

 

Contronyms Are 'Literally' The Best

3 hours ago
 
 

The American television series "Seinfeld" was famous for its unusual and often strange conversations. These conversations often took place in a diner - a kind of small, informal restaurant.

In one program, the character George is sad about where he is in life. George feels that he has made poor choices. He wants to change his life around by doing the opposite of what he has done. He would like to eat different foods, be willing to talk to strangers, and so on.

Let's listen to a few lines from the show.

 

 

"Well, here's your chance to try the opposite. Instead of tuna salad and beingintimidated by women... chicken salad and going right up to them.”

“Yeah, I should do the opposite, I should.”

“If every instinct you have is wrong, then the opposite would have to be right."

Today, we will explore the idea of opposites. Namely, we will look at words that have at least two meanings: one meaning and an opposite meaning.

We will also explore disputes around these words, like one involving the word "literally".

Contronyms

English has a number of words with opposite meanings. They are called contronyms.

You will hear contronyms in the news, official speeches, and everyday conversation. You will even see them in writing.

Consider the word "sanction."

A sanction can be a kind of punishment for disobeying a law, especially an international law.

Imagine you hear a news story about the United Nations Security Council. The story might begin with the words, "Security Council votes to impose sanctions."*

If you follow the news, you are probably familiar with this expression.

However, the word "sanction" can have an opposite meaning: an official approval for an action.

For example, you might read a news story about a legal dispute. The story might say, "Critics say the policy lacked legal sanction."

In this case, the critics are saying that the policy did not have official approval.

Because "sanction" has a second, opposite meaning, it is a contronym.

 

Here's another example of a contronym: the word “bill”.

You can have a $50 bill, or you can receive a $50 bill for medical services. In the first example, "bill" means a piece of paper money. In the second case, "bill" suggests a document that tells you how much money you owe.

Disputes over language

Americans sometimes dispute the use of a contronym. Consider the word "literally."

On the internet, many stories and videos are sharply critical of this word.

"A lot of you out there who say 'literally' don't seem to understand what 'literally' means."

Literally, in its traditional meaning, means "by the letter". It later took on the meaning "with the meaning of each word given exactly."**

Americans often use it in a completely different way.

Imagine you hear the following conversation:

“Did you hear Tom's story?”

“Yes, I was literally dying of laughter. It was so funny!”

Here, the second speaker does not mean that she is dying. When she says "literally", she means "figuratively".

The word "literally" is like the character George from Seinfeld. "Literally", like George, spent time doing one thing. Now it is looking for a change.

Naturally, the word itself is not making this decision to change. English speakers are using the word in different ways.

There is nothing new or strange about this change. Many words change over time – just like people and societies.

Social uses of words

John McWhorter is an expert on languages. He notes that English speakers use some words for what he calls common, social uses. He refers to these uses by the acronym “FACE”.

Do not worry about all of the terms. The one we are interested in is the letter "F" in FACE. It means "factuality."

McWhorter notes that English speakers use words to show how truthful or exact their statements are. In other words, they include words to show how "factual" their statements are.

"Literally" has become a word that shows factuality. It shows that the speaker is using an overstatement or exaggerated language.

So, when a person says "I was literally dying of laughter," they are using the word "literally" to show that they are using exaggerated language.

If you compare this use of "literally" with the first definition of "literally," you will notice that "literally" has become a contronym.

McWhorter notes that this is a natural progression for the word. There is nothing wrong or incorrect about this change, he adds.

What can you do?

The next time you are listening to an English speaker or reading a document in English, look for examples of contronyms.

If you are having trouble understanding a sentence, it might be because the speaker or writer is using a less common meaning of a word.

Try to think about the word's context. Sometimes you can understand a contronym's meaning by thinking about the other words that come in the sentence with it.

Contronyms are a strange, fun part of language. They are literally the easiest thing about the English language.

“I think you are you exaggerating…”

I'm Jill Robbins.

And I'm John Russell.

 

John Russell wrote this story for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section.

* The beginning of a news story is often called a headline.

** McWhorter, John. Words on the Move. Henry Holt and Co. 2016. Pgs. 22-28

_______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

 

conversation – n. an informal talk involving two people or a small group of people; the act of talking in an informal way

character – n. a person in a play or story

intimidated - adj. to be afraid

instinct - n. a way of behaving, thinking, or feeling that is not learned; a natural desire or tendency that makes you want to act in a particular way

impose – v. to establish; to bring about as if by force

figuratively – adj. Expressing one thing normally while talking about another

refer – v. to think of; to send for treatment

factuality – n. The quality of being actual or factual: actuality, fact, factualness, reality, truth.

exaggerated - adj. to think of or describe something as larger or greater than it really is

context – n. the situation in which something happens

....................................

Palestinians Rise Up to Protest Trump’s Decision on Jerusalem

3 hours ago

A Palestinian protester prepares to burn a U.S. flag during clashes with Israeli troops at a protest against U.S. President Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, near the Jewish settlement of Beit El, near the West Bank
A Palestinian protester prepares to burn a U.S. flag during clashes with Israeli troops at a protest against U.S. President Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, near the Jewish settlement of Beit El, near the West Bank
 

Palestinians took to the streets Thursday to protest U.S. President Donald Trump’s decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

Trump announced the action Wednesday at the White House.

Hundreds of Palestinian protesters clashed with Israeli troops in several areas of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. News reports quoted Palestinian Red Crescent workers as saying that more than 30 people had been injured. The reports also said Israeli forces used tear gas and rubber bullets to control protesters.

Demonstrators burned American and Israeli flags, as well as pictures of Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

The protests came after the leader of the Hamas militant group called for a major armed uprising over Trump’s decision.

The Hamas leader, Ismail Haniyeh, also urged the Palestinians -- and Muslims and Arabs around the world -- to hold protests on Friday, Dec. 8, to express anger against the U.S. decision.

Hamas Chief Ismail Haniyeh gestures as he delivers a speech over U.S. President Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, in Gaza City, Dec. 7, 2017.
Hamas Chief Ismail Haniyeh gestures as he delivers a speech over U.S. President Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, in Gaza City, Dec. 7, 2017.

Haniyeh said in a speech the date should be considered “a day of rage and the beginning of a major effort to rise up.”

An aide to Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas also urged Palestinians to hold protests, but he called for them to be peaceful.

Abbas has condemned the U.S. decision. He suggested it disqualifies the United States as a mediator in peace negotiations between the Israelis and Palestinians.

U.S. negotiators have been involved for more than 20 years in peace efforts aimed at setting up a Palestinian state alongside Israel.

The Palestinians seek to create a state that would include the West Bank, Gaza Strip and east Jerusalem – land captured by Israel in 1967 during the Six-Day War.

Israel has declared all of Jerusalem its capital. However, it is not recognized internationally.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu speaks at the 2nd International Conference on Digital Diplomacy, in Jerusalem Dec. 7, 2017.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu speaks at the 2nd International Conference on Digital Diplomacy, in Jerusalem Dec. 7, 2017.

 

Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu praised Trump for making the United States one of the first countries to recognize Jerusalem as the country’s capital. He said he believes the move will lead other nations to follow the U.S. decision.

In his announcement Wednesday, Trump noted the move does not mean the U.S. is giving up on peace efforts. Instead, he said it “marks the beginning of a new approach to conflict between Israel and the Palestinians.”

Trump added that he remains “deeply committed” to helping both sides reach an acceptable peace agreement. He said the U.S. would accept a possible “two-state solution” for Jerusalem if the Israelis and Palestinians agree to such a settlement.

However, many political and religious leaders around the world warned that the decision could harm future peace efforts and lead to increased violence.

Vice President Mike Pence listens as President Donald Trump speaks at the White House to officially recognizes Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, Wednesday, Dec. 6, 2017. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
Vice President Mike Pence listens as President Donald Trump speaks at the White House to officially recognizes Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, Wednesday, Dec. 6, 2017. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

The European Union’s chief of foreign policy said Trump’s decision “has the potentialto send us backwards to even darker times than the ones we are already living in.”

Officials from France, Britain and Germany have also criticized Trump’s action. Turkey strongly condemned the move, while China and Russia also expressed concerns.

Diplomats said the United Nations Security Council is likely to meet Friday to discuss the U.S. decision. The Arab League - which represents states in the Middle East and North Africa – called an emergency meeting Saturday to discuss the issue.

I’m Bryan Lynn.

Bryan Lynn wrote this story for VOA Learning English, based on reports from the Associated Press, Reuters and Agence France-Presse. Ashley Thompson was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments section, and visit our Facebook page.

_____________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

 

quote – v. write or say the exact words of someone

uprising – n. an effort, usually violent, by people attempting to change a government, leader or policy

rage – n. strong feeling of anger

disqualify – v. stop someone from doing or being a part of something

mediator – n. person or organization working with opposing sides in an argument in an effort to get agreement

approach – n. way of dealing with something

committed – adj. willing to give time, energy and effort to a cause

potential – n. chance or possibility that something will happen or exist in the future

................................

News Words

News Words: Bureaucracy

4 hours ago
 
 
 

In a bureaucracy, one can expect a lot of paperwork and wait times.

............................................

NEWS AROUND


 

Army Commander-in-Chief Gen Chalermchai Sitthisart
Army Commander-in-Chief Gen Chalermchai Sitthisart

Army chief tours Pattani in preparation for King’s visit

Around Thailand December 07, 2017 12:50

By The Nation

Army Commander-in-Chief Gen Chalermchai Sitthisart was in Pattani on Thursday morning checking security measures ahead of a planned visit by His Majesty the King on December 9.

Chalermchai, also deputy director of the Internal Security Operations Command, was in the southern border province with Army Chief-of-Staff Gen Natthapol Nakpanich, secretary general of ISOC.

Chalermchai and his entourage also met flood victims in Pattani and Songkhla.

 

Doubts over NACC probe of Prawit’s watch scandal

politics December 08, 2017 01:00

By PRAPASRI OSATHANON, 
WASAMON AUDJARINT 
THE NATION 

ANTI-GRAFT BODY’S NEUTRALITY QUESTIONED AS PUBLIC DEMANDS ANSWERS

THE NATIONAL Anti-Corruption Commission (NACC) has given Deputy Prime Minister General Prawit Wongsuwan 30 days to explain how he obtained a flamboyant Richard Mille wristwatch and diamond ring after the luxury items raised public suspicion about the general’s affluence.

The agency would consider taking further action after hearing Prawit’s account, said Worawit Sukboon, the agency’s acting secretary-general, who added it should not take long to resolve the issue given its “simplicity”.

Prawit could either clarify the issue in person or submit a written statement to the NACC, he said.

While Prawit has said he owned the watch for a long time, Worawit refused to confirm whether that meant he had concealed assets as the items were not listed on the assets and liability report he submitted to the NACC when he entered office.

The multi-million-baht watch and diamond ring raised eyebrows after they were noticed when Prawit raised his hand to shade his face from sunlight before a group picture at the first meeting of the reshuffled Cabinet on Monday.

When he became deputy prime minister and defence minister in 2014, Prawit reported Bt87 million worth of assets, including bank savings, land, property and a car. A section on the form for assets worth more than Bt200,000 slot was left blank.

Under criticism for the scandal, Prawit yesterday skipped a meeting at the government house where reporters were expecting his presence.

Although the NACC by law has to consider the issue, members of the public and regime critics doubted whether the agency would really investigate the issue or simply help the general avoid assuming any guilt.

Not only is Prawit a key member in the current ruling regime, but he also has a connection with the head of the NACC, Pol General Watcharapol Prasarnrajkit, who worked for him after the 2014 coup.

Prior to assuming leadership of the anti-corruption body, Watcharapol was a deputy secretary-general to the prime minister attached to Prawit.

Watcharapol said yesterday he was not bothered at having to take up a case involving his former boss. The NACC’s job entailed questioning Prawit, he said, but it was not clear whether he would join deliberations in the case if the NACC seriously investigates the issue.

However, he said commissioners that had a stake in the case would be excluded from deliberations.

For the time being, Watcharapol reiterated that the agency was inquiring how Prawit had acquired the assets in question and whether he had documentation proving how they were acquired.

The NACC would compare the assets to the list submitted earlier, he said, but added that the current law only required political office holders to report their assets and liabilities twice, when they assumed and left office, not during their tenure.

Given the unusual circumstances in Prawit’s case, the NACC had to ask him for clarification, he said.

The anti-graft body needed to prove itself to be politically neutral enough to carry out the investigation, said Mana Nimitmongkol, secretary-general of the Anti-corruption Organisation of Thailand (ACT).

Prawit’s case indicates the public’s enthusiasm in scrutinising political office holders, he said. “It’s good to see how just one photo of Prawit shading his eyes can trigger this much interest,” Mana said in a seminar held by the ACT yesterday.

“We may look at the ongoing NACC draft bill, for instance,” he said, referring to the bill to be deliberated by junta-appointed bodies.

“If it is written to eventually benefit the serving NACC members, extending their terms for instance, it must be watched closely,” he said.

An investigation of Prawit’s tax records matching them against his assets was necessary, he said, adding that the standard should be applied to all political office holders.

 .....................................

FINISHED 

December 8, 2017



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