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Swasdee ! How are you doing ?

You'll see at the end part of this page on the newborn babies and medical staff in a private hospital. Do you think wonder about? What is your idea ?

Many thanks to Google Translate today again.




FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream



Researchers: Many Black Holes in Center of Milky Way Galaxy

3 hours ago

Twelve black hole low-mass binaries orbiting Sgr A* at the center of the Milky Way galaxy, appear in this illustration provided by Columbia University, April 5, 2018.
Twelve black hole low-mass binaries orbiting Sgr A* at the center of the Milky Way galaxy, appear in this illustration provided by Columbia University, April 5, 2018.

Astronomers say the center of our galaxy has plenty of strange, super gravity objects.

For years, scientists believed that circling the center of galaxies, including our own Milky Way galaxy, were not only stars, but lots of stellar black holes. These are stars that have collapsed, creating gravity so strong even light does not get out.

But scientists had yet to find evidence of black holes at the center of the Milky Way until now.

Astronomers studying old x-ray observations have found signs of at least 12 black holes in the inner circle of the Milky Way. And since most black holes cannot be found that way, they believe that there are likely thousands of them there.

In fact, a study suggests there may be more than 10,000 black holes in the center of our galaxy. The findings appear in the journal Nature.

Chuck Hailey is an astrophysicist at Columbia University in New York. He was the lead writer of the report. He told the Associated Press, “There’s lots of action going on there. … The galactic center is a strange place. That’s why people like to study it.”

Scientists already know about a supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way. They call it Sagittarius A.

Supermassive black holes are the largest kind of black hole, being between a million and billion times bigger than others. This latest research shows that the newly discovered stellar black holes are in addition to Sagittarius A and they do, in fact, circle it.

The newly discovered black holes are within about 31 trillion kilometers from the supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way. So there is still a lot of empty space and gas among all those black holes. But Hailey noted that if you looked at the amount of space around Earth, there would be zero black holes, not thousands.

Our planet is part of a spiral arm circling the Milky Way. It is about 9.5 trillion kilometers, or 3,000 light years, from its center. In the rest of our galaxy, scientists have only identified about 60 black holes to date, Hailey added.

Harvard astrophysicist Avi Loeb was not part of the latest study. He called the findings exciting, but noted that they confirmed what scientists had long expected.

The newly confirmed black holes are about 10 times the mass of our sun. In comparison, Sagittarius A has the mass of 4 million suns.

The recently discovered black holes are also only the kind that are binary, meaning they are partnered with another star. Black holes partnered with other stars produce large amounts of x-rays as the black holes pull in the star’s outer layer. Those x-rays are what astronomers observe.

When astronomers look at closer binary black hole systems, they could then compare what is seen with what is too weak to be observed from far away. Using that information, Hailey believes that there must be 300 to 500 binary black hole systems.

Binary black hole systems are likely only five percent of all black holes, he added. So that means there are really thousands of them.

Hailey said there are good reasons the Milky Way’s black holes are usually in the center of the galaxy. First, their mass most often pulls them to the center. But mostly the middle of all those stars is the perfect place for black hole formation, with lots of dust and gas.

He said it is “sort of like a little farm where you have all the right conditions to produce and hold on to a large number of black holes.”

I’m ­Dorothy Gundy.

Seth Borenstein reported this story for the Associated Press. Pete Musto adapted his report for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

We want to hear from you. What else do you think scientists will find at the center of our galaxy? How many more black holes do you think are out there? Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.


Words in This Story

galaxy – n. any one of the very large groups of stars that make up the universe

stellar – adj. of or relating to the stars

x-ray – n. powerful invisible rays that can pass through various objects and that make it possible to see inside things, such as the human body

spiral – n. a circular curving line that goes around a central point while getting closer to or farther away from it

layer – n. an amount of something that is spread over an area


Alaska Natives Use Ancient Traditions to Fight Mental Health Problems

4 hours ago

Debra Dommek,an Inupiaq Native, center, performs traditional dances at the Alaska Native Heritage Center in Anchorage, Alaska Saturday, Dec. 16, 2006.( AP Photo/Michael Dinneen)
Debra Dommek,an Inupiaq Native, center, performs traditional dances at the Alaska Native Heritage Center in Anchorage, Alaska Saturday, Dec. 16, 2006.( AP Photo/Michael Dinneen)
Alaska Natives Use Ancient Traditions to Fight Mental Health Problems

For thousands of years, the Yup'ik people of Alaska have depended on cultural traditions for their way of life. From one generation to the next, Yup’ik community leaders passed on their knowledge and skills to younger members of the tribe.

Now, some of these traditions may prove helpful to fighting substance abuse, depression and suicide within the Alaska Native community.

Knowledge from tradition

Over the years, the lives of the Yup’ik people centered around the qasgiq, a house where many men lived and worked. Community celebrations were often held in the qasgiq. Most importantly, this also is where community leaders passed on their knowledge to the next generation.

"Our ancestors and grandfathers were like psychologists," said Billy Charles, a fisherman and former mayor of Emmonak, a rural town in southwestern Alaska.

Gathering inside a qasdiq, southwest Alaska, ca. 1925. Courtesy of the Anchorage Museum, Martin Collection, B07.5.1.A23.
Gathering inside a qasdiq, southwest Alaska, ca. 1925. Courtesy of the Anchorage Museum, Martin Collection, B07.5.1.A23.

"They had a system of early childhood development in place, and with every teaching, they'd say, ‘It may not apply to you now, but later on in life when you meet the challenge, you'll know what to do.'"

Today, Charles serves as a researcher in the University of Alaska Fairbanks' Center for Alaska Native Health Research. He works to prevent health problems, such as drug abuse and suicide, in native communities.

Problems tied to colonization

Research shows that Alaska Native youth have a greater risk for drug and alcohol abuse than any other population group in the state. In 2015, more children died from suicide than any other cause.

The reasons have been linked to the shock of colonization. Russia established colonies in Alaska in the 18th century. In 1867, the United States purchased the territory from Russia.

Arctic Village, Alaska, set at the foot of the Brooks Range, about 200 miles north of the Arctic Circle. (AP Photo/Al Grillo)
Arctic Village, Alaska, set at the foot of the Brooks Range, about 200 miles north of the Arctic Circle. (AP Photo/Al Grillo)

As with Native American children in other parts of the U.S, the government removed Alaska Native children from their families and placed them in Christian schools. There, the boys and girls were required to give up their language, culture or religion.

Today, Alaska Native communities face a number of problems: poverty, poor housing, under-employment, drug abuse, violence and mental health issues.

The location of villages is also an issue, noted Evon Peter, an administrator for rural, community and Native education at the university. Peter is a Neetsaii Gwich'in and Koyukon Native from Arctic Village in northeastern Alaska. He told VOA that most Alaskan villages are very rural, and not connected by roads.

"For me to travel from Fairbanks to some of our villages, it's two days of travel and at least three different plane rides, sometimes costing as much as $2,000,” Peter said. He added this creates many difficulties for people to find work or receive medical or behavioral health care.

Climate change also creates problems for some communities, said Stacy Rasmus of the Center for Alaska Native Health Research.

"Alaska Native people are still very subsistence-based, very dependent on land-based food," Rasmus noted. She added that communities that hunt whales are finding it more dangerous to travel through ice, and some villages are having to move because they are losing land to rising ocean levels.

New solutions from the past

However, Rasmus said not all Native Alaskans are at risk of drug addiction or suicide. Earlier research has shown that Natives who are more connected to their traditional culture and language are less likely to take their own lives.

Rasmus and Charles have developed a cultural-based training and teaching guide called the Qungasvik, the Yup'ik word for "toolbox." Traditionally, Qungasviks were wooden boxes Yup'ik men used to keep tools and tobacco. They are designed to help young people build resiliency.

A late 19th Century Yupik Qungasvik (toolbox), made of carved wood and bone. Courtesy, National Museum of the American Indian, 55284.
A late 19th Century Yupik Qungasvik (toolbox), made of carved wood and bone. Courtesy, National Museum of the American Indian, 55284.

The book, available online, has 36 activities based on Yup'ik traditions. One of them involves recreating the qasgig to provide young people a way to connect with older community members. This can help them learn about their culture and history, develop life skills and take part in community life.

"Our elders instruct us that... we must gather together, hold hands and form a circle around our youth, sheltering them from evil," said Josie Edmund, in a video that is part of the Qungasvik.

"The point is to communicate to children that… you are valuable members of our community, and therefore, have much to live for."

This month, tribal representatives and mental health experts met with University of Alaska researchers for the first Statewide Gathering to Celebrate and Support Community Strengths. The goal of the meeting was to have experts come to share success stories and develop the best ways for improving mental health in native communities.

I’m Phil Dierking.

Cecily Hilleary reported this story for VOAnews.com. Phil Dierking adapted her report for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

Do you have cultural traditions that you use for mental or physical health? We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.


Words in This Story


apply - v. to have an effect on someone or something​

challenge - n. something that is hard to do​

elder - n. a person who has authority because of age and experience​

instruct - v. to teach (someone) a subject, skill, etc. ​

psychologist - n. a scientist who specializes in the study and treatment of the mind and behavior​

subsistence - adj. where people produce food to eat themselves rather than to sell.​

tobacco n. a plant that produces leaves which are smoked in cigarettes, pipes, etc.​



Newborns and medical staff all dressed up for Songkran

Breaking News April 10, 2018 16:55

By Rachanon Intharaksa 
The Nation

Medical staff members at a private hospital in Bangkok on Tuesday went the extra mile to wear period attire and dress up newborn babies in fetching Thai traditional outfits ahead of the Songkran Festival, which begins on Friday.

Employees at the Paolo Memorial Hospital Chokchai 4 are known to have dressed babies in costumes to celebrate various previous holidays, and to have handed out framed photos as souvenirs to congratulate families welcoming their newborns into the world.

The Songkran Festival is well-known for citizens dressing in traditional Thai clothing to celebrate the Thai traditional New Year with family and friends. 


But this trend has been boosted even further this year by the popular televised romantic comedy “Buppaesannivas”, which is set in the Ayutthaya era.




Doi Suthep buildings can’t be demolished, PM says, urging public use

national April 11, 2018 01:00


PRIME MINISTER General Prayut Chan-o-cha has urged those opposing the controversial residential project for court officials at the foot of Chiang Mai’s Doi Suthep mountain to consider using the buildings for some public purpose rather than demolishing them.

Construction worth Bt955 million is almost complete.

Opponents say the residences, which are for officials of the Court of Appeals Region 5, encroach on forest land and cause environmental damage.

“It’s unlikely that the courts will be able to use the buildings given the strong opposition from people,” Prayut said yesterday. “So, we should consider using the buildings for some other purposes. They may function as training centres or public facilities.

“Please don’t take to the streets. Let’s talk,” Prayut said.

He dismissed calls for the buildings to be demolished as the government had already spent a large amount of the state budget on the project. 

Prayut, who also heads the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO), has instructed the Interior Ministry, the NCPO and the Third Army Area to provide people with a better understanding of the situation.

While the authorities have maintained that the construction site does not encroach on the Doi Suthep-Pui National Park, many environmentalists insist most of the residences are in the forest zone. 

Prayut was speaking one day after the Courts of Justice’s executive board resolved to let the government decide on how to address the controversy. 

Mediate dispute

According to Army chief General Chalermchai Sittisart, three zones were acquired by the Court of Appeals Region 5 at the foot of Doi Suthep mountain. 

The first zone, which features a court building and judges’ housing units, did not attract opposition. The second zone, where 45 residences are being developed for court officials, has drawn public condemnation. The third zone is vacant. 

The military has attempted to mediate the dispute. At a meeting on Monday, opponents of the construction demanded that the encroaching buildings be demolished. 

There was no representative from the Court of Appeals Region 5 at the meeting. 

Office of the Judiciary secretary-general Sarawut Benjakul said yesterday that the president of the Court of Appeals Region 5 did not send a representative to the meeting because he believed his agency did not have the authority to make a decision on the matter. 

“The president of the Court of Appeals Region 5 has already informed the chief of Chiang Mai’s Peace and Order Maintaining Command in writing as to why he has not sent any representative to Monday’s meeting. The letter was sent on April 9,” Sarawut said. 


Songkran 2018 celebrations to make a splash in Thailand’s major and emerging destinations

Travel log April 06, 2018 01:00

The Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT) Amazing Thailand’s ‘Open to the New Shades’ marketing concept is at the heart of its ‘Grand Songkran Celebrations’ in Bangkok and 12 major tourist destinations around the Kingdom.

These include festivities in Samut Prakan, Ayutthaya, Suphan Buri, Chon Buri, Sukhothai, Chiang Mai, Lampang, Nakhon Phanom, Nong Khai, Khon Kaen, Phuket, and Songkhla with event dates varying, with some starting as early as April 7 and running until April 20.

In addition, TAT is also supporting Amazing Songkran 2018 events in five emerging secondary destinations known for unique traditions in celebrating the Thai New Year: Sing Buri, Chanthaburi, Kamphaeng Phet, Kalasin, and Nakhon Si Thammarat. Dates also vary between April 11 and 17.

Mr. Yuthasak Supasorn, TAT Governor, said: “Songkran is one of Thailand’s most important festivals. It is a time when families celebrate with centuries-old traditions, returning to their family homes for three to five days of making merit and water splashing ceremonies, which invokes sins being washed away with scented water.

“The main activity is pouring this scented water on sacred Buddha images of local temples in a ritual called Song Nam Phra. Lustral water used to clean Buddhist statues has been regarded as a form of spiritual cleansing since ancient times. It is collected and then gently dripped over the hands of senior family members for luck in a ritual called Rot Nam Dam Hua.”

At the five emerging secondary destinations, locals and visitors can ‘Open to the New Shades’ and celebrate the Amazing Songkran 2018 Festival with nostalgic time-honoured rituals.

In Sing Buri, the celebration is centred around the ancient Ban Bang Rachan, an important settlement during the Ayutthaya period. Chanthaburi’s Wat Tapon Noi and Wat Kwien Hak annually hold a unique procession of decorated ox-carts parading sacred cloth of the Buddha to warn off bad luck.

In Kamphaeng Phet, where retro-traditions for Songkran are held along the Ping River, there is another Buddha image wrapping procession. The Phrae Wa silk city and dinosaur excavation sites in Kalasin are prominently featured as its two time-honoured symbols of the Songkran tradition.

In Nakhon Si Thammarat, the religious element of the celebrations takes on a distinctly Hindu feel, with Brahmin ceremonies and rituals as well as the must-attend Nang Dan parade.

During April 12-16, 2018, TAT expects tourism spending from foreign and Thai travellers to reach Bt19.8 billion, up 18 per cent from the same period last year. Of the total, Bt9.4 billion will be spent by an expected number of 530,000 foreign tourists, representing an increase of 21 per cent and 13 per cent, respectively. Domestic tourism spending is estimated to reach Bt10.44 billion (up 15 per cent) from Thai travellers making about 3 million trips (up 12 per cent).

For more details of Songkran activities in various locations throughout Thailand, please call the TAT Contact Centre 1672 or visit the TAT Contact Centre website.



April 11, 2018




ถึง บล็อกเกอร์ ทุกท่าน โปรดอ่าน
   ด้วยทาง บริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ จำกัด (มหาชน) ได้ติดต่อขอความร่วมมือ มายังเว็บไซต์และเว็บบล็อกต่าง ๆ รวมไปถึงเว็บบล็อก OKnation ห้ามให้มีการเผยแพร่ผลงานอันมีลิขสิทธิ์ ของบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ บนเว็บ blog โดยกำหนดขอบเขตของสิ่งที่ห้ามทำ และสามารถทำได้ ดังนี้
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จึงเรียนมาเพื่อโปรดปฎิบัติตาม มิเช่นนั้นทางบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ จะให้ฝ่ายดูแลลิขสิทธิ์ ดำเนินการเอาผิดกับท่านตามกฎหมายละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์

1 การเขียน หรือแสดงความคิดเห็นใด ๆ ต้องไม่หมิ่นเหม่ หรือกระทบต่อสถาบันชาติ ศาสนา และพระมหากษัตริย์ หรือกระทบต่อความมั่นคงของชาติ
2. ไม่ใช้ถ้อยคำหยาบคาย ดูหมิ่น ส่อเสียด ให้ร้ายผู้อื่นในทางเสียหาย หรือสร้างความแตกแยกในสังคม กับทั้งไม่มีภาพ วิดีโอคลิป หรือถ้อยคำลามก อนาจาร
3. ความขัดแย้งส่วนตัวที่เกิดจากการเขียนเรื่อง แสดงความคิดเห็น หรือในกล่องรับส่งข้อความ (หลังไมค์) ต้องไม่นำมาโพสหรือขยายความต่อในบล็อก และการโพสเรื่องส่วนตัว และการแสดงความคิดเห็น ต้องใช้ภาษาที่สุภาพเท่านั้น
4. พิจารณาเนื้อหาที่จะโพสก่อนเผยแพร่ให้รอบคอบ ว่าจะไม่เป็นการละเมิดกฎหมายใดใด และปิดคอมเมนต์หากจำเป็นโดยเฉพาะเรื่องที่มีเนื้อหาพาดพิงสถาบัน
5.การนำเรื่อง ภาพ หรือคลิปวิดีโอ ที่มิใช่ของตนเองมาลงในบล็อก ควรอ้างอิงแหล่งที่มา และ หลีกเลี่ยงการเผยแพร่สิ่งที่ละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นรูปแบบหรือวิธีการใดก็ตาม 6. เนื้อหาและความคิดเห็นในบล็อก ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับทีมงานผู้ดำเนินการจัดทำเว็บไซต์ โดยถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบทางกฎหมายเป็นการส่วนตัวของสมาชิก
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