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วันเสาร์ ที่ 11 สิงหาคม 2561
Posted by นายยั้งคิด , ผู้อ่าน : 223 , 11:09:21 น.  
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Sawasdee ! How are you doing today ?

May I beg your apologies that I come very late today ? I am dealing with the rats
enter my bed room and bathroom last night. And it stole my toothbrush too. Caused me had to spent a few hours.

 Many thanks to Google Translate again.

FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/J78SdCzzumA


.........................................

 

 
 

 

Cheer Up! Phrasal Verbs and Emotions

August 09, 2018

Everyday Grammar: Phrasal Verbs and Emotions
Everyday Grammar: Phrasal Verbs and Emotions
 
Cheer Up! Phrasal Verbs and Emotions
 
 

When was the last time you experienced a wide range of emotions over something – from sadness to happiness, or even a sense of relief when a problem was solved?

Perhaps you moved to a new city or returned home. Maybe you lost or gained something valuable. Or you may have overcome a serious personal issue or enjoyed success after defeat.

If you are like most people, there are things in life that can take your emotions in many directions. And, in English, there are a lot of phrasal verbs to help express those emotions. Today we will tell you about some of them.

You will remember that a phrasal verb is a verb made of two or more words: a verb and a preposition or adverb, or both.

Phrasal verbs for emotions can be used in many different situations. But let’s begin with a situation that is very relatable: a family gathering.

In many countries, extended families gather only a few times each year. Children and their parents join up with one or more grandparents, aunts, uncles and other relatives. They often gather in one place, perhaps someone’s home, to enjoy a special dinner and quality time as a family.

And, with everyone together, things are not always perfect. There are almost guaranteed to be many reactions -- laughter, smiles, maybe even some crying.

 

For many Americans, Thanksgiving is one of the few times each year when extended families gather for a special meal.
For many Americans, Thanksgiving is one of the few times each year when extended families gather for a special meal.

Get to
Loosen up

OK, now imagine that a large family is seated together at a dining table. They are having that special meal.

As they eat, predictably, the talk turns to work and careers. Everyone praises one of the youngsters for getting accepted to a university. They praise another family member for landing a job they worked hard to get.

But then, the talk turns to a young man and his sister. The brother has some interesting words about her career. Listen to this short exchange:

Brother: Next month, Zadie is going to culinary school! Haha, culinary school! Let us know how that goes.

Zadie: You know, your jokes are really getting to me. Maybe you should loosen up. Not everyone wants to be an engineer. And, by the way, I’m planning to become an executive chef!

Zadie’s brother’s words got to her. If something “gets to” you, it bothers you and fuels anger. She tells her brother to “loosen up” – to be more easy-going, to lighten up – about her personal choices.

A few other family members then show support for Zadie’s decision. They tell her how much they wish they had followed their dreams at her age.

Calm down
Lash out at

Now, at the other end of the table, a heated exchange is taking place.

Uncle Louis has strong opinions and loves to speak his mind at family dinners. Some family members like his openness. Others find him obnoxious. They think he is being a pain.

Listen to a short exchange:

Uncle Louis: …And that’s why, even though the lamb roast looks great, I’m not having any. Red meat is bad for the climate. Starting tomorrow, all of you should make a plan to--

Niece: Uncle Louis, you’re giving me a headache! You always say things at the wrong time! Let the rest of us enjoy the meal, please.

Uncle Louis: OK, OK, but calm down. It’s fine that you disagree. But that’s no reason to lash out at me. Now, can we shake hands and agree to disagree?

Niece: Uh...OK, sure.

Uncle Louis had told his niece to calm down. To "calm down" means become less emotional or excited – or to help someone else to feel this way.

“Calm down” is often used in imperative statements: It is used as a command. In imperative statements, we usually do not separate the words "calm" and "down." But in other kinds of statements, the verb may be separated by an object.

You may recall that some phrasal verbs are separable – they can be separated by objects.

We could, for example, say, “The father calmed his baby down by singing to her.” The words “his baby” are the object.

Uncle Louis also tells his niece not to lash out at him. Did you understand the meaning of “lash out at”? Listen to the sentence again:

It’s fine that you disagree, but that’s no reason to lash out at me.

To “lash out at” someone means to make a sudden and angry attack on them.

Get over
Cheer up

Back at the center of the table, Grandpa is remembering the way things used to be. Let’s listen in:

Grandpa: I don’t think I’ll ever get over the fact that I only see you all a few times every year. I remember when we all lived in the same state. (sighs)

Michelle: Aww, Grandpa, cheer up. You are always welcomed to stay with us in Washington. We have an extra bedroom…with a television. And don’t forget, there is video chat! I talk with Zadie on video all the time.

Michelle tells her grandfather to cheer up. To “cheer up” means to become happier or to make someone else happier. In most imperative statements, we do not separate the words “cheer” and ”up.” But in other statements, the verb can be separable. For example, one could say, “I’m cheering Grandpa up.” The word “grandpa” is the object.

Choke up

Now, it’s time for the big news of the family gathering. Let’s listen:

Shawn: I have an announcement to make: We’re having a baby! A little girl. She’s duein late June.

Aunt: Oh my goodness, Shawn. That’s exciting. I’m so happy for you that I could cry. See, now I’m choking up.

To “choke up” means to have difficulty speaking because of strong emotions. In American English, we often put the verb “get” before “choke up.” We also often add the word “all.” Let's hear how that sounds:

See, now I’m getting all choked up.

When we say it this way, the words “choked up” act as an adjective.

There are a lot of ways to express emotions in English. And phrasal verbs can help us express them more fully.

I’m Alice Bryant.

Alice Bryant wrote this story for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

 

Now you try it!

Use the Comments section to try using a few of these phrasal verbs in statements or questions.

______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

range – n. a group or collection of different things or people that are usually similar in some way

culinary – adj. used in or relating to cooking

chef – n. a professional cook who usually is in charge of a kitchen in a restaurant

roast – n. a piece of meat that is cooked with dry heat in an oven or over fire

headache – n. an ache or pain in the head

aww – interjection. used to express sympathy

due – adj. expected to be born

..........................................

 

California May Face Worst Fire Season

August 08, 2018

Firefighters monitor a backfire while battling the Ranch Fire, part of the Mendocino Complex Fire, on Aug. 7, 2018, near Ladoga, Calif. (AP Photo/Noah Berger)
Firefighters monitor a backfire while battling the Ranch Fire, part of the Mendocino Complex Fire, on Aug. 7, 2018, near Ladoga, Calif. (AP Photo/Noah Berger)
 
California May Face Worst Fire Season
 
 

The largest wildfire in California history took just 11 days to burn an area nearly the size of Los Angeles.

The fire is just one of several that could make this the worst fire season in American history.

Mark Hartwig is president of the California Fire Chiefs Association. He told the Associated Press that, “For whatever reason, fires are burning much more intensely, much more quickly than they were before.”

About 14,000 firefighters are working to contain the state’s 18 fires in the middle of an unusually hot, often windy summer. The firefighters come from communities across the United States and even as far away as New Zealand.

Some of the largest fires have started within the past few weeks as California has record setting temperatures. Historically, the worst months of wildfire season are still to come.

Last month, California’s Death Valley set a world record for the hottest month ever. The average temperature in July was 42.28 degrees Celsius. That is higher than the earlier world record, set last year, also in Death Valley.

California Governor Jerry Brown spoke about climate change last week. He said, “Since civilization emerged 10,000 years ago, we haven’t had this kind of heat condition, and it’s going to continue getting worse. That’s the way it is."

A firefighter works on an active fire on a hillside outside the village of Monchique, in southern Portugal's Algarve region, Monday, Aug. 6, 2018.
A firefighter works on an active fire on a hillside outside the village of Monchique, in southern Portugal's Algarve region, Monday, Aug. 6, 2018.

Wildfires in Europe

On the other side of the Atlantic Ocean, another major wildfire is burning in the Algarve area of Southern Portugal.

The Portuguese Civil Protection Agency said almost 1,300 firefighters were sent to the fire since it started last week. Last year, 109 people died as a result of the wildfires across Portugal.

Prime Minister Antonio Costa said that strong winds have slowed efforts to control the fire. But the hot weather that has covered much of Europe for weeks is starting to cool down. Weather experts said they expected a high temperature of 31 degrees Celsius for the Algarve on Wednesday.

I'm Anna Matteo.

 

The Associated Press reported this story. Hai Do adapted the AP report for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.

_______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

 

association - n. an organized group of people who have the same job, interest, etc.

emerge - v. to rise or appear

..................................................

NEWS AROUND

Miss Vietnam crowned World Miss Tourism Ambassador 2018 

Breaking News August 11, 2018 10:19

By VIET NAM NEWS 
ASIA NEWS NETWORK 
HANOI

Vietnam’s beauty representative, Phan Thị Mơ, has triumphed over 49 other contestants from around the world to take the crown of World Miss Tourism Ambassador 2018 at the grand final recently held in Thailand.

Mơ was also in the top 18 in the Best Body Category and won the Best Costume for Tourism Promotion. She was highly regarded by both the judges and the audience throughout the competition.

The other contestants entering the top six included representatives from Chile, Hong Kong (China), Thailand, Bolivia and Mongolia. The first runner-up title went to Miss Thailand and the second and third runner-up places were awarded to beauties from Bolivia and Mongolia respectively.

The World Tourism Queen and World Miss Couture titles were awarded to representatives from Hong Kong and Chile respectively.

Mơ was born in 1990 in Tien Giang Province. She finished in the top five at Miss Vietnam World 2010.

During the question and answer session, when asked what her biggest fear in life is, Mo said that because health was the most important thing, her biggest fear was illnesses. 

Before participating, she said this would be the last time she participated in an international beauty pageant and expressed a strong desire to win. Mơ said she was overwhelmed with happiness on hearing her name announced as the winner of the beauty pageant.

World Miss Tourism Ambassador was first held in 2017. This year's beauty pageant was held over 15 days in both Vietnam and Thailand.

 ........................................................

 

Dewayne Johnson (L) hugs one of his attorneys after the verdict was read in the case against Monsanto at the Superior Court Of California in San Francisco, California on August 10, 2018./AFP
Dewayne Johnson (L) hugs one of his attorneys after the verdict was read in the case against Monsanto at the Superior Court Of California in San Francisco, California on August 10, 2018./AFP

US jury orders Monsanto to pay $290mn to cancer patient over weed killer

ASEAN+ August 11, 2018 09:40

By Agence France-Presse 
San Francisco

A California jury ordered chemical giant Monsanto to pay nearly $290 million Friday for failing to warn a dying groundskeeper that its weed killer Roundup might cause cancer.

Jurors unanimously found that Monsanto -- which vowed to appeal -- acted with "malice" and that its weed killers Roundup and the professional grade version RangerPro contributed "substantially" to Dewayne Johnson's terminal illness.

Following eight weeks of trial proceedings, the San Francisco jury ordered Monsanto to pay $250 million in punitive damages along with compensatory damages and other costs, bringing the total figure to nearly $290 million.

"The jury got it wrong," the company's vice president Scott Partridge told reporters outside the courthouse.

Johnson, a California groundskeeper diagnosed in 2014 with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma -- a cancer that affects white blood cells -- says he repeatedly used a professional form of Roundup while working at a school in Benicia, California.

"I want to thank everybody on the jury from the bottom of my heart," Johnson, 46, said during a press conference after the verdict.

"I am glad to be here; the cause is way bigger than me. Hopefully this thing will get the attention it needs."

Johnson, who appeared to be fighting back sobs while the verdict was read, wept openly, as did some jurors, when he met with the panel afterward.

The lawsuit built on 2015 findings by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, part of the UN World Health Organization, which classified Roundup's main ingredient glyphosate as a probable carcinogen, causing the state of California to follow suit.

"We are sympathetic to Mr Johnson and his family," Monsanto said in a statement promising to appeal the ruling and "continue to vigorously defend this product, which has a 40-year history of safe use and continues to be a vital, effective and safe tool for farmers and others."

But Johnson's attorney Brent Wisner said the verdict "shows the evidence is overwhelming" that the product poses danger.

"When you are right, it is really easy to win," he said.

More to come?

Wisner called the ruling the "tip of the spear" of litigation likely to come.

The lawsuit is the first to accuse the product of causing cancer, but observers say a Monsanto defeat likely opens the door to thousands of other claims against the company, which was recently acquired by Germany's Bayer.

Robert F. Kennedy Jr -- an environmental lawyer, son of the late US senator and a member of Johnson's legal team -- hugged Johnson after the verdict.

"The jury sent a message to the Monsanto boardroom that they have to change the way they do business," said Kennedy, who championed the case publicly.

Partridge said outside the courthouse that Monsanto had no intention of settling the slew of similar cases in the legal queue, saying if anything the verdict would prompt the company to work harder to demonstrate the weed killer is safe.

"It is the most widely used and most widely studied herbicide in the world," Partridge said. "The verdict today does not change the science."

Johnson's team expressed confidence in the verdict, saying the judge in the case had kept out a mountain of more evidence backing their position.

"All the efforts by Monsanto to put their finger in the dike and hold back the science; the science is now too persuasive," Kennedy said, pointing to "cascading" scientific evidence about the health dangers of Roundup.

"You not only see many people injured, you see the corruption of public officials, the capture of agencies that are supposed to protect us from pollution and the falsification of science," Kennedy said.

"In many ways, American democracy and our justice system was on trial in this case."

'Win for all of humanity'

Before jurors went to deliberate, Johnson's attorney Brent Wisner asked them to deliver a "day of reckoning" for Monsanto.

"The science finally caught up, where they couldn't bury it anymore," Wisner told the jury in closing arguments.

Roundup is Monsanto's leading product and glyphosate is reportedly the world's most commonly used weed killer.

"The Johnson v Monsanto verdict is a win for all of humanity and all life on earth," said Zen Honeycutt, founding executive director of non-profit group Moms Across America.

"The majority of our illnesses and losses to soil quality, water, wildlife and marine life are due to toxic chemicals, particularly Monsanto's most widely used glyphosate herbicides like Roundup and Ranger Pro."

Despite its denials of any links between its products and ill health effects, Monsanto has already suffered hits to its reputation in light of the controversy.

Records unsealed earlier by a federal court lent credence to Johnson's claims -- internal company emails with regulators suggested Monsanto had ghostwritten research later attributed to academics.

Founded in 1901 in St Louis, Missouri, Monsanto began producing agrochemicals in the 1940s. It was acquired by Bayer for more than $62 billion in June.

Monsanto was one of the companies that produced the defoliant "Agent Orange" -- which has been linked to cancer and other diseases -- for use by US forces in Vietnam.

The company denies responsibility for how the military used the product.

Monsanto launched Roundup in 1976 and soon thereafter began genetically modifying plants, making some resistant to Roundup.

...............................................

FINISHED

August 11, 2018

 

 

 



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