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Sawasdee ! How are you doing today ?

Today there are two good news that reported on VOA NEWS and The Nation post on this webpage. First is Huge Device Aims to Capture Pacific Ocean’s Plastic Garbage, the second is 1,800 Bangkok vans to be banned from road.

We hope that Plastic Garbage will be kept and destroy correctly on the coasts. And the vans will be managed in suitible ways that not make much difficults to van owners.

 Many thanks to Google Translate again.


The election is coming soon, darling !

FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/J78SdCzzumA

.................................................

 

Lesson 3: He Said - She Said

September 14, 2018
 

Anna: Today, Pete and I are meeting with a consultant who will help us with our new show. Yesterday, Pete had promised to meet me here at 8:00 am. but he did not come on time.

Prof Bot: Uh-oh. It’s bad to be late for a business meeting. But while we wait for Pete, let’s talk about a new verb tense -- past perfect! You know the past tense, right? Like, "Pete promised to meet me here at 8:00 a.m." Past perfect is a little different. When we talk about two things in the past, we can use the past perfect for the first event. Put "had" before the past participle. "Pete had promised he would meet Anna." Here's your assignment: find sentences with the past perfect tense. Remember, look for "had!"

Kelly: You two are late -- exactly 43 minutes late! What happened?

Anna: He had to get his "special" coffee -- SPECIAL coffee!

Pete: She had to feed her birds -- HER birds!

Kelly: Okay, I can see already that you need my help. You can’t both talk at the same time. You have to take turns. Alright, Anna, you go first.

Anna: Sure. Kelly, see, Pete and I live in the same building. So, we decided to meet at 8:00 a.m. - 8:00 a.m. to come to work together. I had waited 15 minutes when Pete arrived!

Anna: After Pete had wasted time waiting for coffee, we were late. I left you a message.*

Kelly: Hum. I didn’t get that message.

Anna: Oh. Sorry.

Kelly: Pete?

Prof. Bot: Anna left a message. That’s the right thing to do. Did you find some examples of the past perfect sentences? I did. Anna said,

Anna: "After Pete had wasted time waiting for coffee, we were late.

Look at that coffee! It looks more like dessert! Okay, keep watching for past perfect!

Pete: Yeah, that’s not why we’re late. This is why we’re late: I had arrived on time at 8:00 a.m. but didn’t see Anna. She was standing behind a tree. I think she was hugging it. I always walk to work. But she said that would take too long and that a scooter would be much faster. It was awful. I hated it. And it added too much time to our commute!

Then Anna stopped by a pond to feed the birds. She had named them after characters from books and yelled the names out loud … Romeo! Juliet! Sherlock!

By the time she had fed all the birds, we were late.

Kelly: This is what I think. You two see the same event very differently. Does this happen often with you two?

Pete: Yes.

Anna: No.

Pete: No.

Anna: Yes.

Kelly: Okay. This is good. This is good! It’s good to see things differently. I have an idea: we will call the show "He Said, She Said." For every story, you tell a different point of view.

Anna: That is a great idea, Kelly! Pete, we are different. That’s why I thought of you for this job!

Kelly: I think you two understand perfectly.

Anna: Let’s get to work!

Kelly: She named the birds? Really?

Pete: Yeah…

* Business people in the U.S. think you should come to a meeting at the exact time. If you are late to a business appointment, you should call and explain why.

New Words

commute - v. to travel regularly to and from a place and especially between where you live and where you work
consultant - n. a person who gives professional advice or services to companies for a fee
eventn. something (especially something important or notable) that happens
exactly - adv. used to stress that something is accurate, complete, or correct
hug - v. to put your arms around someone especially as a way of showing love or friendship​
point of view - n. a way of looking at or thinking about something
pond - n. an area of water that is surrounded by land and that is smaller than a lake
promise - v. a statement telling someone that you will definitely do something or that something will definitely happen in the future
scooter - n. a child's vehicle that is made of a narrow board with two small wheels attached
waste - v. to use (something valuable) in a way that is not necessary or effective

 

Learning Strategy

The learning strategy for this lesson is Monitor. As you use English, you can check your understanding. Do you understand? If not, what is the problem? You can also check how you write or speak. Are you making sense? If not, what is the problem?

In this lesson, Anna monitored the time of her commute to work. She knew that she and Pete were late. She called Kelly to tell her. Later, Anna and Pete told Kelly the problem. Kelly monitored the different things that they said and had a great idea. They can have different ideas on their new show: "HeSaid - She Said!"

How about you? How do you monitor while you are speaking English? Write to us in the Comments section or send us an email.

 

Listening Quiz

See how well you understand this lesson by taking a listening quiz. Play each short video, then choose the best answer.

 

 

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LEARNING ENGLISH TV

VOA60: September 14, 2018

3 hours ago

......................................................
 

Huge Device Aims to Capture Pacific Ocean’s Plastic Garbage

3 hours ago

A ship tows The Ocean Cleanup’s first buoyant trash-collecting device toward the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco en route to the Pacific Ocean on Saturday, Sept. 8, 2018. (Lorin Eleni Gill/AP)
A ship tows The Ocean Cleanup’s first buoyant trash-collecting device toward the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco en route to the Pacific Ocean on Saturday, Sept. 8, 2018. (Lorin Eleni Gill/AP)
 
Huge Device Aims to Capture Pacific Ocean's Plastic Garbage
 


Engineers have launched a huge garbage collection device to gather plastic material floating in the Pacific Ocean between California and Hawaii.

The plastic makes up what is called the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. It is the world’s largest spread of garbage, at two times the size of the state of Texas.

The organization Ocean Cleanup created the collection device. The group’s founder is Boyan Slat, a 24-year-old inventor from the Netherlands.

Slat was just 16 years old when he was moved to clean up the oceans. He had been on a scuba dive in the Mediterranean Sea and saw more plastic bags than fish. The problem has only grown since.

“The plastic is really persistent and it doesn’t go away by itself and the time to act is now,” Slat said.

He told the Associated Press that researchers with his organization have found plastic from the 1960s and 1970s among the material in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. It contains an estimated 1.8 trillion pieces of plastic in total. Most float on the surface of the water, or are within a few meters of the surface.

Last Saturday, a ship pulling the pipe-shaped floating barrier left San Francisco for the Garbage Patch. The barrier, called the floater, is 600 meters across. Attached to it is a screening skirt that hangs three meters down in the water.

The screen is designed to collect the plastic as it moves through the water. Sea animals can safely swim under the barrier.

The cleanup system also comes with lights powered by the sun, cameras, and other special devices. Slat said this will make it so the system can communicate its position at all times. That way a support ship can find it every few months to remove the plastic it has collected.

Shipping containers will hold all the plastic gathered, including bottles and fishing equipment. Slat said the containers are expected to be back on land within a year. Then the plastic will be recycled.

Slat said he and his team will closely examine the system’s use of time and energy. They will also study how it performs in severe ocean conditions, including huge waves.

“We still have to prove the technology,” he said.

The Ocean Cleanup has received $35 million in donations to pay for the project, including from the heads of companies likeSalesforce.com and PayPal. The organization hopes to launch 60 free-floating barriers in the Pacific Ocean by 2020.

“One of our goals is to remove 50 percent of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch in five years,” Slat said.

Dutch inventor Boyan Slat stands next to a pile of plastic garbage prior to a 2017 press conference in Utrecht, Netherlands.
Dutch inventor Boyan Slat stands next to a pile of plastic garbage prior to a 2017 press conference in Utrecht, Netherlands.

The free-floating barriers are made to survive extreme weather conditions and damage from continual use. They will stay in the water for twenty years and in that time collect 90 percent of the garbage in the patch, Slat added.

George Leonard is the chief scientist of the Ocean Conservancy, a nonprofit environmental activist group. He expressed concern about the cleaning project. He said even if plastic garbage can be taken out of the oceans, more continues to enter the water each year.

“We at the Ocean Conservancy are highly skeptical but we hope it works,” he said. “The ocean needs all the help it can get.”

Leonard said 8 million metric tons of plastic waste enter the ocean yearly. He said a solution to the problem must include preventing plastic from reaching the ocean. He said more education is need so people reduce the use of single use plastic containers and bottles.

Leonard said his group will hold its yearly International Coastal Cleanup on September 15. About 1 million volunteers around the world will collect garbage from beaches and waterways. Last year, the Ocean Conservancy volunteers collected about 9,000 metric tons of plastic worldwide in about two hours, he said.

Leonard also raised concerns that animals might be captured by the net that will hang below the surface.

But, Boyan Slat said he does not think that will happen. The system will act as a “big boat that stands still in the water,” with nothing for sea creatures to get caught in, Slat said. But a boat carrying experienced marine biologists will also be launched to make sure the device is not harming wildlife.

“I’m the first to acknowledge this has never done before and that it is important to collect plastic on land and close the taps on plastic entering into the ocean, but I also think humanity can do more than one thing at a time to tackle this problem,” Slat said.

I’m Anna Matteo. And I'm Pete Musto.

 

Olga R. Rodriguez reported this story for the Associated Press. Pete Musto adapted it for VOA Learning English. Caty Weaver was the editor. We want to hear from you. What effect do you think this system will have on the Pacific Ocean? Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.

______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

garbage – n. things that are no longer useful or wanted and that have been thrown away

founder – n. a person who creates or establishes something that is meant to last for a long time, such as a business or school

scuba dive – n. a sport or activity in which you swim underwater using an air tank and a special breathing machine that you strap on your body

persistent – adj. continuing to do something or to try to do something even though it is difficult or other people want you to stop

screen(ing) – v. to prevent something harmful from passing through

skirt – n. an outer covering that hangs down to protect something

recycle(d) – v. to send used materials to a place where they are made into something new

skeptical – adj. having or expressing doubt or uncertainty about something such as a claim or statement

acknowledge – v. to say that you accept or do not deny the truth or existence of

close the tap(s) – idm. to stop something from happening

tackle – v. to deal with something difficult

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KNOW NEWS AROUND


 

Super Typhoon Mangkhut smashes into Philippines

opinion September 15, 2018 08:01

By Agence France-Presse 
Tuguegarao, Philippines

Super Typhoon Mangkhut slammed into the northern Philippines on Saturday with violent winds and torrential rains, as authorities warned millions in its path of potentially heavy destruction.

The massive storm, which forecasters have called the strongest typhoon this year, blew in windows, hurled debris and knocked out power lines when it made landfall on the island of Luzon in the pre-dawn darkness.

It packed powerful gusts of up to 255 kilometers (160 miles) per hour and sustained winds of 205 kilometers per hour while heading west across the disaster-prone archipelago towards China.

"As much as possible, stay indoors," Chris Perez, a forecaster for the state weather service, warned the roughly four million people in the path of the storm after it landed at 1:40 am (1740 Friday GMT).

An average of 20 typhoons and storms lash the Philippines each year, killing hundreds of people and leaving millions in near-perpetual poverty.

Thousands of people fled their homes in high-risk areas ahead of the storm's arrival because of major flooding and landslide risks.

Authorities hiked the storm alert on Friday to its second highest level in northern Luzon provinces and mobilised rescue teams.

The elevated warning level carried risks of "very heavy" damage to communities hit by the typhoon and a storm surge that was forecast to hit six meters in some areas, the weather service said.

Residents started lashing down their roofs and gathering supplies days before the arrival of the storm that forecasters said is the most powerful of 2018.

'We are terrified'

"Among all the typhoons this year, this one (Mangkhut) is the strongest," Japan Meteorological Agency forecaster Hiroshi Ishihara told AFP on Friday.

"This is a violent typhoon. It has the strongest sustained wind (among the typhoons of this year)", he added.

After blasting the Philippines, Mangkhut is predicted to hurtle towards China's heavily populated southern coast this weekend.

"They (authorities) said this typhoon is twice as strong as the last typhoon, that's why we are terrified," Myrna Parallag, 53, told AFP after fleeing her home in the northern Philippines.

"We learned our lesson last time. The water reached our roof," she said, referring to when her family rode out a typhoon at home in 2016.

The country's deadliest on record is Super Typhoon Haiyan, which left more than 7,350 people dead or missing across the central Philippines in November 2013.

Poor communities reliant on fishing are some of the most vulnerable to fierce typhoon winds and the storm surges that pound the coast.

"The rains will be strong and the winds are no joke... We may have a storm surge that could reach four storeys high," Michael Conag, a spokesman for local civil defence authorities, told AFP.

The storm is not forecast to directly hit Hong Kong, though it will feel Mangkhut's wind and rain through Sunday.

However, the Hong Kong Observatory warned that the massive typhoon will pose a "severe threat" to China's southern coast before moving on to northern Vietnam.

 

file photo
file photo

Junta relaxes ban on political activities, with some restrictions

politics September 15, 2018 01:00

By KAS CHANWANPEN 
THE NATION WEEKEND

FOR THE first time since the 2014 coup, political parties are now allowed to convene and make preparations for the upcoming election.

The order relaxing the junta ruling, under the sweeping power of Article 44, was issued on Friday after the promulgation of the last two organic laws on Wednesday. Political parties are now allowed to convene to amend internal charters and vote on new executives – but electronic communication and electoral campaigns remain substantially restricted. The order also provides a solution for primary voting which had been made impossible by time constraints as the junta had refused to lift the ban on political activities. For the first time since the military took power and imposed the strict ban on political movements more than four years ago, political parties are now able to convene and make preparations for the election that is scheduled for February 24. Parties to amend their charter Presented with the new Constitution and organic laws, parties will have to amend their charter to align with the new rules. Party executives such as the leader, secretary-general, treasurer and registrar would also be chosen anew. Friday’s order permits parties to organise those necessities and directs that they should be done before the organic law becomes effective in December. The relaxation also allows parties to set up branches outside Bangkok and open new membership applications in addition to participating in the drawing of electoral boundaries process and other activities specified by the ruling National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO). Primary voting, demanded by the Constitution to ensure better participation, is being adjusted under the junta order. Concern has been expressed that it would be difficult to meet the constitutional requirement while the junta maintained the ban and political activities were illegal. The extensive voting within parties to determine MP candidates would be exempted in the first national election. As it is impossible to allow such participation with limited time, the junta will now allow a committee of 11 members to screen potential candidates, self-applied or nominated, for the party executive to endorse and represent the party. Seven of the committee members are ordinary members. Four others will be the executives themselves. The order also allows communication via electronic means, but states clearly that any form of political campaign will not be tolerated, and if it affects social peace and order the NCPO has the power to disallow it at any time. The order also noted that when appropriate, Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha could propose that the NCPO make changes to the order. According to Deputy Prime Minister Wissanu Krea-ngam, the initial relaxation was for 90 days until the MP election law takes effect. A full removal of the political ban could not be expected until then, he said.

 

File photo
File photo

1,800 Bangkok vans to be banned from road

Around Thailand September 14, 2018 14:42

By The Nation

About 1,800 vans will have to stop taking passengers at the end of this month after being registered for more than 10 years, a transport committee said.

The committee headed by Col Sombat Thanyawan, deputy commander of the Second Cavalry Division, held a meeting on Thursday and reaffirmed its decision to have operators stop using 10-year-old vans.

The van operators have called on the committee to be lenient and extend the limit to 15 years.

But the committee decided that after a decade, a van becomes dangerous for passengers, Sombat said.

He said 1,800 out of 6,000 vans in Bangkok must be decommissioned and violators will face a fine of Bt50,000 to Bt200,000.


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September 15, 2018

 

 

 



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