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Sawasdee ! How are you doing ?

George H.W. Bush's state funeral at the National Cathedral

https://youtu.be/68psaUc5EnM


Presidential historian offers touching eulogy at Bush funeral https://youtu.be/Cyg4zMAcayM


 From the news in headline : Another family friend, former Senator Alan Simpson, brought laughter to the full cathedral with his story of loyalty and friendship.

According to reported news about George H.W. Bush's state funeral at the National Cathedral above, I surprised that why the participants could laughing in the extreme sorrow atmospheric like that.

 Many thanks to Google Translate today again.

 

FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/J78SdCzzumA

...............................................

 
 

Bush Remembered as ‘Last Great Soldier-Statesman’

4 hours ago

State Funeral of Former President George H.W. Bush

State Funeral of Former President George H.W. Bush

 
Bush Remembered as 'Last Great Soldier-Statesman'
 

Presidents, a king and queen, a prince, a chancellor and a handyman from Maine joined family and friends to celebrate the life of President George H.W. Bush, Wednesday.

The day began with a 21-gun salute and the song Hail to the Chief as Bush’s flag-covered casket came down from the Capitol where he had lain in state. The vehicle carrying his casket passed by the White House where Bush had served the country as its 41st president.

U.S. President Donald Trump and Melania Trump stand with former President Barack Obama, Michelle Obama, former President Bill Clinton, Hillary Clinton, former President Jimmy Carter and Rosalyn Carter at the funeral of former president George H.W. Bush.
U.S. President Donald Trump and Melania Trump stand with former President Barack Obama, Michelle Obama, former President Bill Clinton, Hillary Clinton, former President Jimmy Carter and Rosalyn Carter at the funeral of former president George H.W. Bush.

At the National Cathedral in Washington D.C, President Donald Trump sat next to former presidents Barack Obama, Bill Clinton and Jimmy Carter, and their wives. Across the aisle were Bush’s son George W. Bush, the country’s 43rd president, and the rest of the Bush family.

Presidential historian Jon Meacham called Bush “America’s last great soldier-statesman” in the first of four eulogies. Meacham described how Bush was shot down over the Pacific Ocean as a 20-year-old Navy pilot. He reminded others of how the event shaped Bush’s mission in life.

Former Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney praised Bush for his work as a leader. He credited Bush for working to end the Cold War, uniting Germany, leading an international coalition to free Kuwait from Iraq and creating the North American Free Trade Agreement. He added, “I believe it will be said that no occupant of the Oval Office was more courageous, more principled and more honorable than George Herbert Walker Bush.”

Another family friend, former Senator Alan Simpson, brought laughter to the full cathedral with his story of loyalty and friendship.

An emotional former President George W. Bush touches the flag-draped casket of his father, former President George H.W. Bush, after speaking during his State Funeral at the National Cathedral, Dec. 5, 2018, in Washington.
An emotional former President George W. Bush touches the flag-draped casket of his father, former President George H.W. Bush, after speaking during his State Funeral at the National Cathedral, Dec. 5, 2018, in Washington.

George W. Bush remembered his father as “the brightest of a thousand points of light.” He said his father was someone who “made his children believe anything was possible.” In a lighter moment, Bush said, “To us he was close to perfect, but not totally perfect…The man couldn’t stomach vegetables, especially broccoli.” The late president was known for his dislike of the vegetable.

The son broke down at the end of his eulogy while talking about the time his parents lost a young daughter. He added, “Dad is hugging Robin and holding Mom’s hand again.”

The kinder and gentler tone of the state funeral had been set much earlier. The Bush family invited President Donald Trump to attend the event. Trump was not invited to Barbara Bush’s funeral in April or the recent funeral of Senator John McCain.

Earlier in the day, the president tweeted, “This is not a funeral, this is a day of celebration for a great man who has led a long and distinguished life. He will be missed!”

Britain's Prince Charles, second from left, back row, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel, second from left, bottom row, are shown seated during a State Funeral for former President George H.W. Bush.
Britain's Prince Charles, second from left, back row, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel, second from left, bottom row, are shown seated during a State Funeral for former President George H.W. Bush.

Representatives from countries around the word included King Abdullah II and Queen Rania of Jordan, Prince Charles of Britain, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and Polish President Andrzej Duda.

Only people with an invitation could attend the funeral in the cathedral. Among them was Mike Lovejoy, a man who has been fixing things at the Bush’s summer home in Kennebunkport, Maine for many years.

At the end of the state funeral, Bush’s casket returned to Houston to lie in repose at St. Martin’s Episcopal Church.

On Thursday, Bush will be buried on the grounds of his presidential library at Texas A&M University. There, he will be buried next to his wife Barbara Bush and his daughter Robin.

I’m Mario Ritter.

 

Hai Do wrote this story for Learning English. Mario Ritter Jr. was the editor.

Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.

________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

 

handyman –n. a person skilled in doing small jobs often around a house

casket –n. a box used for burial, a coffin

lie in state –v. when the body of an official is placed in a state building for the public to pay their respects

aisle –n. a passage between one group of seats in a church (theater or airplane) and another

eulogy –n. a speech that praises someone who has died

occupant –n. a person who holds a position at a particular time

principled –adj. having strong beliefs about what is right and wrong

distinguished –adj. known by many people because of some quality or achievement

repose –n. to rest or be lain somewhere

library –n. a place where books, magazines, recordings and other media are available for people to use or borrow

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State Funeral of Former President George H.W. Bush

December 05, 2018
The U.S. bids farewell to former President George H.W. Bush at a state funeral in Washington attended by top American political figures, along with current and former leaders from throughout the world.

Members of the clergy and a military honor guard carrying the flag-draped casket depart at the conclusion of the state funeral for former President George H.W. Bush in the Washington National Cathedral, Dec. 5, 2018.
1Members of the clergy and a military honor guard carrying the flag-draped casket depart at the conclusion of the state funeral for former President George H.W. Bush in the Washington National Cathedral, Dec. 5, 2018.
Former Sen. Alan Simpson (R-WY) touches the flag-draped casket of former President George H.W. Bush as it is carried out by a military honor guard during a State Funeral at the National Cathedral in Washington, Dec. 5, 2018.
2Former Sen. Alan Simpson (R-WY) touches the flag-draped casket of former President George H.W. Bush as it is carried out by a military honor guard during a State Funeral at the National Cathedral in Washington, Dec. 5, 2018.
Members of the clergy bless the flag-draped casket of former President George H.W. Bush at the conclusion of his state funeral in the Washington National Cathedral in Washington, Dec. 5, 2018.
3Members of the clergy bless the flag-draped casket of former President George H.W. Bush at the conclusion of his state funeral in the Washington National Cathedral in Washington, Dec. 5, 2018.
Former President George W. Bush speaks at the State Funeral for his father, former President George H.W. Bush, at the National Cathedral, Dec. 5, 2018.
4Former President George W. Bush speaks at the State Funeral for his father, former President George H.W. Bush, at the National Cathedral, Dec. 5, 2018.

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6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Photo-friendly food

EPISODE 181129 / 29 NOV 2018

Introduction

These days, how well food in a restaurant is photographed can matter more than how it actually tastes. By sharing images across social media, people see them and think the food looks delicious and must go to that restaurant to eat it! Rob and Neil discuss if this means food is now about style over substance - and teach some new items of vocabulary along the way.

This week's question

What is the name for the person who's usually second in charge in a restaurant kitchen after the head chef and has lots of responsibility for running it? Is it the…

a) Pastry chef
b) Commis chef
c) Sous chef

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

gastronome
someone who enjoys and knows a lot about high-quality food

influential
having the power to make people change what they think

cliche 
a well-known phrase that is so over-used it has become boring

presentable
looks good, is smart and is good enough for people to see

restaurateur  
person who owns and manages a restaurant

expectation
the feeling that something good is going to happen

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word for word transcript

Neil
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English, I'm Neil.

Rob
And I'm Rob.

Neil
And in this programme we're discussing food.

Rob
Food glorious food! There's only one thing better than talking about food and that's eating it.

Neil
Well I know you are a bit of a gastronome – someone who enjoys and knows a lot about high-quality food – but today we're talking about photographing food, not eating it.

Rob
That is a shame because I am on a see-food diet – if I see food, I have to eat it. Get it?!

Neil
Yes, Rob. Very very funny. But in the social media-addicted world, just seeing food not eating it is big business as I will explain shortly. But shall we feast on a question first, Rob?

Rob
Yes, if it tastes good!

Neil
It does. So, do you know the name for the person who's usually second in charge in a restaurant kitchen after the head chef and has lots of responsibility for running it? Is it the…

a)    Pastry chef

b)    Commis chef

c)    Sous chef

Rob
Hmm, I'm not a chef expert but I'll say c) a Sous chef – it sounds important!

Neil
Well, I'll give the answer later in the programme. Now let me explain more about food and photos. These days, how well a dish – that's a noun for food prepared for eating – is photographed can matter more than how it actually tastes.

Rob
And I suppose social media platforms are the best way for sharing food photos on, aren't they? And I have been guilty of taking a picture of my food on my smartphone – but only when eating some amazing food at a posh restaurant.

Neil
Which isn't very often I suppose! But by sharing images across social media, people see them and think the food looks delicious, I must go to that restaurant and eat it!

Rob
You could argue it's about style over substance, meaning the look of something is better that the content or product.

Neil
Maybe, Rob – although I'm sure sometimes the food tastes just as good as it looks. Anyway, the BBC Radio 4 programme, You and Yours, has been looking into this. They spoke to several influential Instagrammers and bloggers – influential means having the power to make people change what they think. Here's one of them – Rebecca Milford, who edits a website called Bar Chick. What does she think about this new trend?

Rebecca Milford, Editor, Bar Chick
It sounds very cliche that a picture speaks a thousand words but it really does and I've got friends now that instead of doing what you used to do and going on to the website of a restaurant to see what they were serving, then you'd go onto their Instagram account and check out their images, and choose what you want to eat literally based on what you're seeing. So it has to be presentable I suppose. 

Neil
Rebecca used a well-known and well-used phrase there – one that is used so much it has become boring – what we call a cliche.  The phrase is a picture speaks a thousand words.

Rob
Yes – and even if it is a cliche – it is so true. You describe a fantastic meal in a long blog but you can quickly see how it looks from a picture and then create an idea in your mind of how it tastes. So when you're promoting food, a photo is everything.

Neil
And that's why some restaurants pay PR companies, lots of money to take stylish photos that can be shared on social media. It's like a fashion photoshoot for food.

Rob
Yes and Rebecca said the food has to be presentable – that's looking good enough for people to see – because people are making choices on what they see. I've also heard that some chefs and restaurateurs have adjusted their menus to produce meals that look good on a smartphone camera. A restaurateur, by the way, is the name of a person who owns and manages a restaurant.

Neil
Now, while there is a risk that good-looking food on social media accounts, such as Instagram, might not match how it tastes, there is a theory your brain might trick you in to thinking it does tastes good. The You and Yours programme also heard from Professor Charles Spence, an Experimental Psychologist from Oxford University, about how this happens…

Charles Spence, Experimental Psychologist, University of Oxford
We see the food first, or the drink in the glass, and our brain's already imagining what it's going to taste like. And the more beautifully it's presented, the more artistically, that sets better expectations and they kind of carry over and anchor the tasting experience.

Neil
Right so a great photo of food can possibly make us think it tastes better too. We create an idea in our head of how it will taste which influences our expectations when we actually eat the food.

Rob
And expectation means the feeling that something good is going to happen.

Neil
Right Rob, I'm sure you're expecting the answer to the question I set you earlier. I asked, if you knew the name for the person who's usually second in charge in a restaurant kitchen after the head chef and has lots of responsibility for running it? Is it the…

a)    Pastry chef

b)    Commis chef

c)    Sous chef

What did you say, Rob?

Rob
I said c) a Sous chef. Am I right?

Neil
You are Rob! Give that man a job, here maybe in the BBC canteen!

Rob
Come on Neil, I think I could do better than that! But before I do let's remind ourselves of some of the vocabulary we've discussed today. Starting with gastronome – that's someone who enjoys and knows a lot about high-quality food – someone like me!

Neil
Maybe, Rob. We also discussed the word influential, meaning having the power to make people change what they think.

Rob
We also mentioned cliche – a well-known phrase that is so over-used it has become boring. Like for example 'a picture speaks a thousand words.' You never use cliches do you, Neil?

Neil
Absolutely never. Let's move on to presentable – that describes something that looks good, is smart and is good enough for people to see. A bit like me in my smart new jumper. Do you like it?

Rob
Very nice! Well a presenter has to be presentable, Neil! Our next word was expectation, a word that describes the feeling that something good is going to happen. I have an expectation that people will love this programme!

Neil
Well let's hope so!

Rob
Yes and that brings us to the end of this programme. Don't forget to check out our social media platforms. See you soon, bye.

Neil
Bye!

.................................................

 

NLA seeks new meeting venue as Parliament site to be returned to Palace Bureau

politics December 06, 2018 01:00

By THE NATION

THE NATIONAL Legislative Assembly (NLA) has five choices for a new meeting venue after it vacates the Parliament building at the end of this year, as the compound has to be returned to the Royal Household Bureau.

NLA’s first vice president Surachai Liengboonlertchai said yesterday that the new Parliament should be ready in June, but until then the assembly needs another venue. He heads a working group tasked with finding a new meeting venue for legislators for the period January to June. 

The five venues in Bangkok proposed so far are the United Nations Convention Centre, Thammasat University’s Main Auditorium, the TOT Auditorium, Queen Sirikit National Convention Centre and First Army Area’s auditorium, Surachai said, adding that he will inspect these locations on December 11. 

Criteria for consideration include facilities such as parking space, dining hall, meeting rooms, electronic voting system and rent. Surachai is expected to make a decision by December 13.

A source familiar with the matter said the TOT Auditorium in Chaeng Wattana area was likely to be chosen, as it meets the criteria, but the Bt80,000 per day rent is far too high. The source added that the NLA hopes to bring the rent down to Bt60,000 per day. 

Meanwhile, Surachai said yesterday that though the House of Representatives’ secretary-general Sorasak Pienvej had said the new Parliament compound should be completed by June, he added that he could not vouch for this prediction. 

“I am not directly in charge of this matter,” Surachai said, though he added that the construction should be completed by the time the new government was in place. 

Separately, a “big clean-up event” at the Parliament building has been scheduled for December 26 and all NLA members have been invited to take part. The government has been using this compound since September 1974. 

The new Parliament compound, in Bangkok’s Kiakkai area along the banks of Chao Phraya River, was to be completed by November 2015. However, the Bt12-billion project suffered repeated delays caused by the need to demolish old buildings and relocate residents on the 123-rai site. 

........................................

FINISHED 
 
December 6, 2018
 
 


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