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วันจันทร์ ที่ 28 มกราคม 2562
Posted by นายยั้งคิด , ผู้อ่าน : 465 , 09:53:21 น.  
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January 28, 2019

 

The CNN reported that: A political game: Why Thailand's election will be a win for the military. As the following description;

Bangkok, Thailand (CNN)When Thailand officials hinted that scheduled elections to end military rule would be postponed for the fifth time in almost as many years, anger and frustration rippled through the country.

That is the idea of CNN of the situation in the country and you have to follow up as well.

 

 Many thanks to Google Translate and G Grammary again.

 

FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/J78SdCzzumA


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Huge Space Rocks Are Hitting Earth Twice as Often as Before

3 hours ago

This November 16, 2018, image provide by NASA shows the asteroid Bennu.
This November 16, 2018, image provide by NASA shows the asteroid Bennu.
 
Huge Space Rocks Are Hitting Earth Twice as Often as Before
 
 

Huge rocks from outer space, or asteroids, are falling from the sky more than they have in the past. But there is no need to worry.

A new study has shown that for the past 290 million years, large asteroids have been crashing into Earth more than twice as often as they did in the 700 million years before that. The journal Science published the study in January.

But, even with the increased crash rate, asteroids still only hit Earth every million or few million years.

The United States space agency NASA lists its observation of large space rocks that could crash into Earth. It shows no major threats coming soon.

The biggest known risk is a 1.3 kilometer wide asteroid with a 99.988 percent chance that it will miss Earth when it passes by in 861 years.

University of Toronto scientist Sara Mazrouei led the study. She told the Associated Press she is not worried about asteroids hitting Earth because they are such rare events.

“It’s just a game of probabilities,” she said.

Mazrouei worked with researchers in Britain and the U.S. on the study. Together they gathered a list of the large marks that asteroids leave on planets and other objects, also known as impact craters.

Researchers looked at impact craters on Earth and its moon that were larger than 20 kilometers wide. It takes an 800-meter wide space rock to create a hole that large.

They also estimated the dates of the craters. The team counted 29 craters that were less than 290 million years old. And they found nine from between 291 million years and 650 million years ago.

This mosaic image made from 12 PolyCam images collected on December 2, 2018, and provided by NASA shows the asteroid Bennu.
This mosaic image made from 12 PolyCam images collected on December 2, 2018, and provided by NASA shows the asteroid Bennu.

Rebecca Ghent, another University of Toronto scientist, also worked on the study. She noted that we can see relatively few big craters on the Earth’s surface because the planet is more than 70 percent ocean. Also, the movement of large mountains of ice, otherwise known as glaciers, covered some of them.

The team estimated that there were 260 space crashes on Earth in the last 290 million years. And that crash rate is 2.6 times more than the 700 million years before then.

Since glaciers mostly covered older craters, the scientists studied craters on the moon to estimate the age of those between 650 million and 1 billion years old on Earth. The moon is close enough to the Earth to be in the same path of the asteroids and its craters last longer.

So what happened nearly 300 million years ago?

“Perhaps an asteroid family was broken up in the asteroid belt,” Mazrouei suggested. The space rocks then headed toward the Earth and moon, Ghent added. The planet then got a few more hits because it is a bigger target and has higher gravity.

Other scientists are divided about the team’s research. Earth scientist Jay Melosh at Purdue University said he found the number of craters too small to prove any major point. But Harvard University’s Avi Loeb agreed with the team’s findings.

Modern humans might not have existed without major extinctions from space rocks, Loeb wrote in an email. Most scientists think dinosaurs and a lot of other animals went extinct after a huge space rock crashed into Central America about 65 million years ago.

“This demonstrates how arbitrary and fragile human life is,” he wrote.

I’m ­Pete Musto.

 

Seth Borenstein reported this story for the Associated Press. Pete Musto adapted it for VOA Learning English. Hai Do was the editor. We want to hear from you. How concerned about asteroid crashed are you? Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.

_______________________________________________________________

Quiz

Quiz - Huge Space Rocks Are Hitting Earth Twice as Often as Before

Quiz - Huge Space Rocks Are Hitting Earth Twice as Often as Before

Start the Quiz to find out

_______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

 

twice – adv. doubled in amount or degree

journal – n. a magazine that reports on things of special interest to a particular group of people

probabilities – n. the chances that something will happen

belt – n. a region that has a lot of a particular thing

extinction(s) – n. the state or situation that results when something, such as a plant or animal species, has died out completely

arbitrary – adj. not planned or chosen for a particular reason

fragile – adj. easily broken or damaged

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NEWS WORDS

 

 

News Words: Impede

January 24, 2019

 

The regional chief of the United Nations children's agency visited children affected by the war in the Yemeni city of Hodeida. He said authorities are making it difficult to deliver food and medicine. He warned that efforts to impede relief could cause massive starvation and disease.

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English at Work

 

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

 

An Introduction

 

EPISODE 160701 / 01 JUL 2016

 

Meet Anna, Paul, Denise and Tom.

English at Work focuses on English communication in the office. Join Neil in this special introductory programme as he finds out about the characters who work in the offices of Tip Top Trading.

Here are the key phrases in this episode:

  • A good example that comes to mind...
  • I'm particularly proud of...
  • Timekeeping is important to me.

Listening Challenge

What kind of company is Tip Top Trading?

The answer is at the bottom of the transcript below:

Transcript

Narrator
Hi, I'm Neil. Thanks for joining me on English at Work - a new series of programmes set in an office, full of top tips to help you learn some useful business language which you could use in the workplace. In the next few minutes you can join me on an introductory tour around one of London's biggest imitation plastic fruit manufacturers, called Tip Top Trading. We're going to hear from some of the employees that work so hard to keep the business running smoothly. So come on then! Let's step into the office and eavesdrop on Tip Top Trading's possible newest recruit. I say 'possible' because she is still being interviewed for the job of Sales Executive…

Anna
Firstly, this job is an ideal match for my skills and experience: I've spent several years working in sales and I get on with people easily. Well, I mean, apart from the ones I don't like of course! Secondly, I know Tip Top Trading is one of the fastest-growing companies in London, and I want to be part of that.

Paul
That's absolutely right. Tip Top Trading is the fastest-growing company in the plastic fruits sector.

Narrator
Well said, Anna! If she gets that job I'm sure she'll be an asset to the company. The decision is in the hands of Manager, Paul, who we heard there. He's a nice guy really, a little disorganised, but when things go wrong he's got to take charge…a bit like this…

Paul
Yesterday was not a great day. Two clients came in with serious complaints. Mrs Kumquat received a delivery of imitation bananas that were purple – not very convincing, and Mr Lime ordered grapefruits, but got pineapples. Tom!

Tom
Yeah, listen...

Paul
Were you responsible for these errors?

Tom
Well... yes, but -

Paul
Look, mistakes happen. But it seems that Mrs Kumquat left our offices even angrier than when she came in and she says she will never use Tip Top Trading again!

Tom
I tried my best.

Paul
Hmmm.

Narrator
Ah yes, Tom! I hadn't warned you about Tom, one of the company's top Sales Executives – he's good….

Tom
[on phone] Tom speaking. Yah! Frankie! So what's the latest, are we on? 

Narrator
…but his interpersonal skills need working on. Listen to this!

Tom
My computer has crashed. I've lost my phone. And there's a big, BIG problem with my timetable. I have two meetings scheduled at the same time with two extremely important clients. I can't do them both at once!

Narrator
See what I mean! Now, every office needs a good office assistant – and Tip Top Trading is no exception. It's got Denise, who's there to assist, organise and sometimes make the tea…

Denise
Oh sorry excuse me, here's your tea Paul.

Paul
Thanks Denise.

Narrator
But goodness! She likes to talk…

Denise
Really! "Denise do this! Denise do that!"\I'm telling you Sharon, I've almost had enough! I get treated like I'm some kind of servant!

Narrator
That's Denise! I think we'll just leave the office now and let them get on with their work. So that's Tip Top Trading. There are plenty of other people we'll meet along the way – so go on – why don't you join me for English at Work from bbclearningenglish.com. See ya!

Listening Challenge - Answer

What kind of company is Tip Top Trading?
Tip Top Trading is a plastic fruit manufacturer.

Try Next 

Shakespeare Speaks small inlin... Stop Saying small inline promo... Lingohack small inline promo i...

 

Credits 

Series Producer/Writer: Rob Carter - BBC Learning English

Animator: Rosie Miles (http://www.rosiesmiles.com/)

Actors: The team at BBC Learning English

 

Latest English at Work

  • The Wedding Day

    The Wedding Day

    EPISODE 171004 / 04 OCT 2017

    It's Anna and Tom's big day! Will Anna say 'I do'?

  • Last call for Tom

    Last call for Tom

    EPISODE 170927 / 27 SEP 2017

    Just as Tom leaves to start a new life in Australia, Anna realises her true feelings. Will she be able to catch him before he's gone for good?

  • Something's missing

    Something's missing

    EPISODE 170920 / 20 SEP 2017

    Tom's walked out after Anna rejected his marriage proposal. Will things at Tip Top Trading ever be the same again?

 

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BNK48 singer Pichayapa “Namsai” Natha joins the band’s manager in a call on Israel’s ambassador to Thailand, Meir Shlomo, at the ambassador’s residence yesterday to express their apologies in person over a Nazi swastika Namsai wore during a rehearsal
BNK48 singer Pichayapa “Namsai” Natha joins the band’s manager in a call on Israel’s ambassador to Thailand, Meir Shlomo, at the ambassador’s residence yesterday to express their apologies in person over a Nazi swastika Namsai wore during a rehearsal

 

Israel, Germany upset by BNK48 singer’s swastika shirt

national January 28, 2019 01:00

By The Nation

AT LEAST TWO foreign envoys in Thailand have openly expressed dismay after a member of the popular all-girl singing group BNK48 sported a T-shirt bearing a Nazi swastika. 

The sister band of Japan’s AKB48 issued an apology yesterday to match the tearful one delivered earlier by 20-year-old singer Pichayapa “Namsai” Natha. It was a bad fashion choice based on ignorance, she said.

“I am saddened and feel seriously guilty,” she said, overcome with emotion and collapsing to the stage. “Please forgive me.” 

Namsai wore the shirt – featuring a Nazi battle flag with a swastika at the centre – during a rehearsal for a BNK48 concert on Friday. 

 

 ...........................................

 

 

Post-election government to face economic test

politics January 28, 2019 01:00

By THE NATION

THE NEXT government will inherit a slower economic growth rate of 3.8 per cent this year amid global market uncertainties and the domestic challenge to narrow economic inequality, according to the National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), the country’s top planning agency.

Yesterday, the Election Commission (EC) confirmed its readiness to hold the next general election on March 24.

Meanwhile, the Democrat Party expressed optimism yesterday that it would win more House seats in the North and Northeast, which are traditional strongholds of its rivals, the Pheu Thai Party.

Based on the agency’s latest assessment for the new government to be formed after the March 24 general election, NESDB secretary-general Thosaporn Sirisumphand said global market uncertainties will likely affect the country’s export sector, whose growth will also slow to 4.6 per cent, and also the tourism sector.

..............................................

 

A political game: Why Thailand's election will be a win for the military

By Helen Regan and Kocha Olarn, CNN

 

Updated 0303 GMT (1103 HKT) January 20, 2019

 
 
Thai anti-junta activists display placards during a demonstration against the possible delay of the country's general election, in Bangkok on January 8, 2019.
 
Thai anti-junta activists display placards during a demonstration against the possible delay of the country's general election, in Bangkok on January 8, 2019.

Bangkok, Thailand (CNN)When Thailand officials hinted that scheduled elections to end military rule would be postponed for the fifth time in almost as many years, anger and frustration rippled through the country.

The hashtag #delaymyass has trended on Thai Twitter in recent weeks, with a series of small but significant protests also taking place -- a poignant show of opposition during a period in which free speech advocates have been prosecuted and face years in prison.
A small demonstration took place again Saturday.
Elections slated for February 24 could now be postponed until March 24, according to Deputy Prime Minister Wissanu Krea-ngam, who claims the February date would interfere with the new king's coronation ceremony plans.
The monarchy is revered in Thailand, but activists have accused the ruling military junta of manufacturing the delay.
"The junta are playing a game," Netiwit Chotiphatphaisal, a 21-year-old student activist told CNN. "If the election is a trick on the people, Thais will march and not accept it."
While public outrage has not reached levels seen before the coup in 2014, violent street protestsbetween rival political factions have been common in recent years. Mass violent confrontations in 2010 paralyzed the capital Bangkok and an ensuing military crackdown killed 90 people and injured more than 2,000.
The military will be keen to quash a repeat of such unrest, and Army chief Gen. Apirat Kongsompong, who was put in charge of the country's army in September, warned pro-democracy protesters last Wednesday, "don't step over the line," the Bangkok Post reported.
Elections will be the first official poll the country has seen in eight years and are widely considered to be a vote between a form of democracy and legitimized authoritarian rule.
Leaders of the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO), the junta that has ruled Thailand since the 2014 coup, have become accustomed to power. A military-drafted 2017 constitution aims to prevent the opposition Pheu Thai party from returning to office -- and ensure the army will continue to have a say in the country's future, no matter who wins the election.

Power of Prayut

Thai Prime Minister Prayut Chan-O-Cha at the Government House in Bangkok on October 24, 2018.
 
Thai Prime Minister Prayut Chan-O-Cha at the Government House in Bangkok on October 24, 2018.
The rule of Prayut Chan-o-cha, the military coup leader turned prime minister, has been marked with increased repression, activists say.
Shortly after taking over, Prayut banned all political campaigning including political gatherings of more than five people, hundreds of activists have been arrested and charged under draconian laws such as sedition or the lese majeste -- which prohibits criticism of the royal family -- and the sphere for robust public discourse has all but disappeared thanks a Computer Crimes Act that restrict online expression and increases surveillance and censorship.
"General Prayut has wielded unchecked power with total impunity," Sunai Phasuk, senior Asia researcher at Human Rights Watch said in a June statement. "Ongoing repression means that voters, political parties and the media in Thailand will have their arms twisted and their mouths gagged in the lead-up to the election."
Prayut is widely expected to contest in the poll with the newly formed Phalang Pracharat Party. "He desperately wants to be the premiership, this is about his personal ambition," Pavin Chachavalpongpun, associate professor at Kyoto University's Center for Southeast Asian Studies, told CNN.
To achieve that ambition, Prayut appears to have every corner covered. Even if a pro-military party doesn't win, the new constitution -- the country's 20th since absolute monarchy ended in 1932 -- is the junta's insurance policy as it allows for an unelected prime minister and a third of the legislature to be appointed by the military brass.
Thais will be voting for the 500-seat lower house of parliament, while the 250-member upper house, or Senate, will be chosen entirely by the military.
"These manipulated maneuvers are built into the constitution with the aim of maintaining military lordship over civilian leaders," said Thitinan Pongsudhirak, director of the Institute of Security and International Studies at Chulalongkorn University.
Thais are doubtful that any poll will be entirely free or fair.

Influence of Thaksin

The phrase 'history repeats itself' has taken on a new meaning in Thailand, a nation that has seen a dozen successful coups since 1932.
In recent times, the turbulent world of Thai politics has been centered around one man: Thaksin Shinawatra, who has dominated the political landscape in some form since 2001.
Thaksin himself was ousted in a coup in 2006. His sister, former prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra, was kicked out just before Prayut's coup in 2014, following six months of civil unrest and violent street protests.
Analysts say Thakisn and Yingluck are still calling the shots, despite both being in self-imposed exile. "He's still the one who pulls the strings behind the scene," said Pavin.
It appears a new Shinawatra generation could be about to make its mark. Thaksin's son, 39-year-old Panthongtae Shinawatra -- known by his nickname Oak -- officially joined Pheu Thai in November, the party's secretary general Phumtham Wechayachai confirmed to CNN, though he is currently not holding an executive position.
Panthongtae was indicted on money laundering charges in October, in a case that his supporters claim is another move by the junta to halt the Shinawatra clan's political machine.Panthongtae has denied the charges.
ex thai pm speaks out mohsin pkg _00004410
 
 
CNN Exclusive: Ex-Thai Prime Minister speaks out 03:26
Yet Pheu Thai and its populist policies remains strong, especially with its loyal support base in the northeast.
Chayika Wongnapachant, the niece of both Thaksin and Yingluck, has also entered the political arena after a decade working behind the scenes, but with new party Thai Raksa Chart (Thai Safe The Nation Party).
Speaking to CNN, Chayika said that she will fight against injustices that she sees "at every level" of society.
"The execution of the rule of law and economic policies are carried out unequally toward the people. I want to change it," she said.
After the military lifted a ban on political campaigning in December, a host of smaller parties appeared, including Pheu Dharmma and Thai Raksa Chart, with many Pheu Thai members joining their ranks. Analysts see these so-called defections as a tactic to get around new charter rules that disadvantage big parties.
"Together, these three Thaksin-aligned parties are the leading contender to come out as the largest-winning bloc after the poll, but probably not large enough to form a coalition government," Thitinan said.
Traditional Pheu Thai arch-rivals the Democrats have reportedly rejected an offer to make a coalition pact. Theirs would be an uneasy coalition, however, after years of opposing street protests that have often turned deadly.

Military and monarchy

While former army general Prayut may find support in the old royalist establishment, he is not such a favorite among many young people who have come of age during his takeover and subsequent rule. With about 7 million voters between the ages of 18 and 25 -- many of them first time voters --- the youth vote could prove decisive.
"Now the atmosphere has changed and young people are more aware," 21-year-old LGBTQ activist and Future Forward party member Tattep Ruangprapaikitseree told CNN. "This election is not about policies of the parties, but is very significant for Thailand if we will stay in a dictatorship regime."
A string of corruption scandals -- Deputy Prime Minister Prawit Wongsuwan was investigated and cleared over allegations he sported more than 20 luxury watches -- falling rubber prices and land rights protests have eroded public confidence in the military government.
Added to the mix is that the election will be key for returning a sense of stability to a nation going through transition of a new monarch, and eyes will be on what King Maha Vajiralongkorn does once he is officially crowned in May. He took over the thrown in 2016 after the death of his father, King Buhmibol Aduledej, who reigned for 70 years and was a much beloved figure in Thailand.
If Thailand is to regain its footing, an uneasy compromise will need to be forged, Thitinan said, "among the major protagonists such as the military, palace, judiciary, and political parties and politicians."
 
(Please try to click the cursor above for next pictures)
 
..............................................................
 
FINISHED
 

January 28, 2019

 


แสดงความคิดเห็น


ถึง บล็อกเกอร์ ทุกท่าน โปรดอ่าน
   ด้วยทาง บริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ จำกัด (มหาชน) ได้ติดต่อขอความร่วมมือ มายังเว็บไซต์และเว็บบล็อกต่าง ๆ รวมไปถึงเว็บบล็อก OKnation ห้ามให้มีการเผยแพร่ผลงานอันมีลิขสิทธิ์ ของบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ บนเว็บ blog โดยกำหนดขอบเขตของสิ่งที่ห้ามทำ และสามารถทำได้ ดังนี้
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- การเผยแพร่ file ให้ download ทั้งที่อยู่ใน server ของคุณเอง หรือฝากไว้ server คนอื่น
สามารถทำได้
- เผยแพร่เนื้อเพลง ต้องระบุชื่อเพลงและชื่อผู้ร้องให้ชัดเจน
- การใส่เพลงที่ร้องไว้เอง ต้องระบุชื่อผู้ร้องต้นฉบับให้ชัดเจน
จึงเรียนมาเพื่อโปรดปฎิบัติตาม มิเช่นนั้นทางบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ จะให้ฝ่ายดูแลลิขสิทธิ์ ดำเนินการเอาผิดกับท่านตามกฎหมายละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์
OKNATION



กฎกติกาการเขียนเรื่องและแสดงความคิดเห็น
1 การเขียน หรือแสดงความคิดเห็นใด ๆ ต้องไม่หมิ่นเหม่ หรือกระทบต่อสถาบันชาติ ศาสนา และพระมหากษัตริย์ หรือกระทบต่อความมั่นคงของชาติ
2. ไม่ใช้ถ้อยคำหยาบคาย ดูหมิ่น ส่อเสียด ให้ร้ายผู้อื่นในทางเสียหาย หรือสร้างความแตกแยกในสังคม กับทั้งไม่มีภาพ วิดีโอคลิป หรือถ้อยคำลามก อนาจาร
3. ความขัดแย้งส่วนตัวที่เกิดจากการเขียนเรื่อง แสดงความคิดเห็น หรือในกล่องรับส่งข้อความ (หลังไมค์) ต้องไม่นำมาโพสหรือขยายความต่อในบล็อก และการโพสเรื่องส่วนตัว และการแสดงความคิดเห็น ต้องใช้ภาษาที่สุภาพเท่านั้น
4. พิจารณาเนื้อหาที่จะโพสก่อนเผยแพร่ให้รอบคอบ ว่าจะไม่เป็นการละเมิดกฎหมายใดใด และปิดคอมเมนต์หากจำเป็นโดยเฉพาะเรื่องที่มีเนื้อหาพาดพิงสถาบัน
5.การนำเรื่อง ภาพ หรือคลิปวิดีโอ ที่มิใช่ของตนเองมาลงในบล็อก ควรอ้างอิงแหล่งที่มา และ หลีกเลี่ยงการเผยแพร่สิ่งที่ละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นรูปแบบหรือวิธีการใดก็ตาม 6. เนื้อหาและความคิดเห็นในบล็อก ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับทีมงานผู้ดำเนินการจัดทำเว็บไซต์ โดยถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบทางกฎหมายเป็นการส่วนตัวของสมาชิก
คลิ้กอ่านเงื่อนไขทั้งหมดที่นี่"
OKnation ขอสงวนสิทธิ์ในการปิดบล็อก ลบเนื้อหาและความคิดเห็น ที่ขัดต่อความดังกล่าวข้างต้น โดยไม่ต้องชี้แจงเหตุผลใดๆ ต่อเจ้าของบล็อกและเจ้าของความคิดเห็นนั้นๆ
   

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