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February 11, 2019

         What happened in Venezuela right now? You may follow up news in the headline below.

Venezuela crisis: How the political situation escalated

         Then after you read through all the news, you could get many vocabularies more.

          Many thanks to the assistance from Google Translate together with G Grammary.

 

FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

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February 8, 2019

February 08, 2019
A look at the best news photos from around the world.

A Palestinian boy runs away from flaming tires during a weekly demonstration against the seizing of Palestinian land by Israel, in the village of Kfar Qaddum, near Nablus in the occupied West Bank.
1A Palestinian boy runs away from flaming tires during a weekly demonstration against the seizing of Palestinian land by Israel, in the village of Kfar Qaddum, near Nablus in the occupied West Bank.
A worker organizes humanitarian aid for Venezuela at a warehouse near the Tienditas cross-border bridge between Colombia and Venezuela, in Cucuta, Colombia.
2A worker organizes humanitarian aid for Venezuela at a warehouse near the Tienditas cross-border bridge between Colombia and Venezuela, in Cucuta, Colombia.
Hatice Cengiz, Turkish fiancee of murdered Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, attends a news conference to present a book about him, in Istanbul, Turkey.
3Hatice Cengiz, Turkish fiancee of murdered Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, attends a news conference to present a book about him, in Istanbul, Turkey.
A truck with the likeness of Iran's late leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini is pictured as thousands of Iranian opponents in exile protest against the Teheran regime, days before the 40th anniversary of the Iranian Islamic Revolution, in Paris, France.
4A truck with the likeness of Iran's late leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini is pictured as thousands of Iranian opponents in exile protest against the Teheran regime, days before the 40th anniversary of the Iranian Islamic Revolution, in Paris, France.

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1

Unit 1: English In A Minute
Give us a minute and we'll give you English

Session 41

Welcome to English In A Minute. Give us a minute and we'll give you a hot tip about English. Grammar, vocabulary... there's so much to learn! And all taught by your favourite BBC Learning English staff!

Session 41 score

0 / 3

Activity 1

Expect, wait and hope

Do you have a minute to spare to learn some English? Phil explains the differences between hope, expect and wait. Give us 60 seconds and we'll give you the English!

Watch the video and complete the activity


Did you like that? Why not try these?

EIAM Teaser 6minvocab_8_easily_confused_words.jpg 11_yt_cover_monster.jpg

Expect, wait and hope

Expect
We use expect to say that we think something is likely. Expect can be followed by a full infinitive, an object or a that clause.

  • expect to arrive by 4.
  • expect you to clean your room.
  • It's raining today, so I expect (that) the traffic will be really bad.

Wait
We use wait when we talk about time passing. Waiting is often physical. We sit or stand somewhere until something happens. Wait is often followed by the preposition for or a full infinitive verb. 

  • I'm waiting for the rain to stop.
  • We should wait to see what happens.
  • He'll never wait for you to arrive if he wants to leave

Hope
We use hope when we talk about wanting something to happen. We would like it to happen, but we don't know if it will. Hope can be followed by the preposition for and an object, a full infinitive or a that clause.

  • Never give up. You have to hope for the best.
  • That was fun. I hope to see you again soon!
  • I hope (that) it will be sunny tomorrow.

____________________________________________________________________________________________

To do

Try our quiz to see how well you've learned today's language. 

 

English In A Minute Quiz

3 Questions

Test your understanding of this lesson with our quiz!

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  • Thai Raksa Chart Party leader Preechaphol Pongpanit, front, pays at a temple in Ayutthaya yesterday. He was accompanied by other senior party figures including its registrar Chayika Wongnapachant. Courtesy of Facebook.com/Sand.Chayika
  • Thai Raksa Chart Party
  • Thai Raksa Chart Party leader Preechaphol Pongpanit, front, pays at a temple in Ayutthaya yesterday. He was accompanied by other senior party figures including its registrar Chayika Wongnapachant. Courtesy of Facebook.com/Sand.Chayika
  • Thai Raksa Chart Party

Party faces survival test

politics February 11, 2019 01:00

By The Nation 

Group, NCPO see scope for Thai Raksa Chart’s dissolution over princess nomination

STEPS ARE being taken for the dissolution of the political party that nominated Princess Ubolratana as its PM candidate for the March 24 general election.

The Association for the Protection of the Thai Constitution, a political pressure group, unveiled its plan yesterday to ask the Election Commission (EC) to take steps that could lead to a Constitutional Court verdict dissolving the Thai Raksa Chart Party.

The group’s secretary-general Srisuwan Janya said a petition would be filed with the EC today. 

On Friday morning, Thai Raksa Chart gave the EC Princess Ubolratana’s name as its sole PM candidate. However, in the evening, His Majesty the King issued a nationally broadcast statement that said it was against tradition and was unconstitutional for a member of the Royal Family to be involved in politics. The Princess is His Majesty’s older sister. 

In response to the statement, Thai Raksa Chart said it accepted the royal command “with loyalty to His Majesty and all members of the Royal Family”, while the Princess thanked people for their love and support in a message on Instagram. 

Meanwhile, members of the ruling junta, the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO), are viewing this “misstep” as an opportunity to get Thai Raksa Chart dissolved.

The party is linked to former fugitive prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra, who is a staunch critic of the NCPO and also viewed as its arch-enemy. 

“This is the best time to get the party dissolved. This is because they have shot themselves in the foot. It’s a serious mistake. If we can link Thai Raksa Chart and Pheu Thai Party, we will be able to get them both dissolved. If that is the case, the dissolution must be done before the election,” an NCPO supporter said. 

The source added that the EC could take any political party to the Constitutional Court if it believes the party had violated any law that is punishable by dissolution.

“The EC should clarify this matter next week. If it decides to take this case to the Constitutional Court, then the verdict should come in time for the March 24 election,” the source added. 

Meanwhile, Thai Raksa Chart leader Preechaphol Pongpanit was seen visiting a Buddhist temple in Ayutthaya province yesterday despite rumours that he and other key party figures had been detained after announcing the party’s controversial PM candidate. 

Srisuwan, a political activist known for filing complaints against politicians, said yesterday that his group would push the EC to forward his case to the Constitutional Court.

“We will ask the EC to consider whether Thai Raksa Chart Party’s action violated relevant laws and EC regulations on election campaigning. We ask that the case be referred to the Constitutional Court for a decision on whether Thai Raksa Chart should be dissolved,” Srisuwan said.

He said the party’s nomination of the Princess had led to controversy and raised the question of whether this nomination is even constitutional. The activist noted that Thai Raksa Chart had not considered legal provisions that may have prevented it from nominating the Princess, who relinquished her royal titles in 1972 to marry an American.

However, Srisuwan also noted the King’s statement barring the Princess from getting involved in politics, as she is still a member of the Royal Family. The statement pointed out that it was against the spirit of the Constitution for a member of the Royal Family to get involved in politics. Also, it said, the monarchy is supposed to stay above politics. 

Srisuwan pointed out that Thai Raksa Chart had nominated someone who is not qualified to become a PM candidate, which is against the electoral laws and EC regulations. 

The EC prohibits political parties from relying on the monarchy for their election campaigns.

EC president Ittiporn Boonpracong responded to the controversy yesterday, by saying the matter “should be” on the agenda today.

As for Srisuwan’s petition, which will be filed with the EC today, Ittiporn said the agency would decide later whether the petition should be used for further action. Though declining to comment directly, the EC chief said the case would be considered carefully and fairly. 

In a related development, Thai Raksa Chart Party issued a statement yesterday, thanking its supporters for offering encouragement for its controversial nomination. Thaksin, who has lived in self-exile since 2008, offered words of encouragement yesterday, which observers say were meant for Thai Raksa Chart. 

“Chin up and keep moving forward! We learn from past experiences but live for today and the future. Cheer up! Life must go on!” the former leader said on Twitter. 

Separately, Thai Raksa Chart’s core member and legal expert Ruangkrai Leekitwattana said yesterday that he will file a petition with the EC today asking for the disqualification of Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha as the sole PM candidate of the pro-junta Phalang Pracharat Party.

His argument is that Phalang Pracharat’s process of nominating General Prayut was not in compliance with the party’s regulations. The politician also said the Constitution prohibits state officials from contesting an election, adding that as the NCPO chief, Prayut should be regarded as a government official. 

Independent scholar Sirote Klampaiboon yesterday called on the EC not to seek disbandment of Thai Raksa Chart due to pressure from rival political factions. He said such a decision could cause the EC to be viewed as a political tool to get rid of the junta’s opponents.

“It is not legitimate to cite Thai Raksa Chart’s prime minister candidate and its campaign behaviour for the proposal to dissolve the party as it has not yet begun the campaign and the candidate’s qualification has not yet been proved invalid,” he said.

  • A woman wears a face mask as heavy air pollution continues to be a problem in Bangkok, Thailand, 21 January 2019. // EPA-EFE PHOTO
  • A woman wears a face mask as heavy air pollution continues to be a problem in Bangkok, Thailand, 21 January 2019. // EPA-EFE PHOTO
 

Govt urged to establish EPA, introduce clean-air legislation

national February 11, 2019 01:00

By PRATCH RUJIVANAROM 
THE NATION

CLAIMING THE authorities had failed to protect citizens from PM2.5 smog, especially the underprivileged in urban slums, academics have called for a clean-air act and an independent environmental protection agency (EPA) to safeguard the “people’s right” to a healthy atmosphere.

Nuchanart Tantong, coordinator of the Four Regions Slum Network, said she and most of her neighbours living in a Bangkok slum had no idea that the haze lingering over the capital since December was toxic.

“We just carried on with our daily lives in our non-air-conditioned homes and worked outdoors without any protection,” she said.

“Having had no warning from the authorities, the poor people in the slums only learned from the media that the dense smog was harmful and we realised our health had been at risk for weeks.”

Noting that most slum dwellers earn their living outdoors and often toil along polluted roads for up to 12 hours per day, Nuchanart said they were most vulnerable to health problems caused by the smog.

Many slum dwellers had recently contracted respiratory ailments, especially children and the elderly, she said. All they could do to protect themselves was buy cheap facemasks and plant as many trees as they could around their communities.

These measures were proving far from adequate in protecting health because the number of sick people continues to rise, she said, and the additional expense for healthcare only worsened their financial situation.

“We know our daily activities such as outdoor cooking are partially contributing to the problem, but the bigger proportion of the pollution is coming from heavy traffic and industry,” she said. “We need urgent help and swift, official mitigation measures here before all the poor people in the slums die from polluted air.”

Academics speaking at a public seminar at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital last Friday expressed similar sentiments. 

Siwatt Pongpiachan, director of the NIDA Centre for Research and Development of Disaster Prevention and Management, pointed out that the Constitution enshrines the right to a healthy environment with clean air other laws protect the environment and tackle pollution. But the government had done such a poor job of mitigating the smog lately that it’s clear there are problems with enforcement.

“Right now, the core agency in charge of tackling the problem is the Pollution Control Department, but its primary work is making policy. It’s unable to effectively coordinate all the agencies to deal with the smog,” Siwatt said.

Thailand needs a specific law comparable to the Clean Air Act in Britain and the United States, as well as a central, independent agency directly focusing on keeping the environment clean, like the EPA in the US, he said.

Asst Professor Kanongnij Sribuaiam of Chulalongkorn University’s law faculty said Thailand was behind neighbouring nations such as Singapore and the Philippines in ensuring its citizens had clean air.

“The Philippines has a Clean Air Act and an environmental-protection agency to oversee pollution measures,” Kanongnij said.

“The Philippines has also adopted a ‘polluter pays principle’ – PPP – to help finance pollution control, and we have nothing like that in Thailand.”

Witsanu Attavanich, an economics lecturer at Kasetsart University, said it was academically proven that a properly enforced Clean Air Act effectively tackles pollution. He cited a 2009 study by Aufthammer, Bento and Lowe in the US that examined PM10 dust levels over the long term.

Witsanu said strict regulations could reduce PM10 by 7-9 microgram per cubic metre of air annually, representing a decrease of as much as 14 per cent. “The longer we wait for efficient measures, the longer the air pollution will be harming our human resources and jeopardising our country’s economy,” he warned.

 
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FINISHED
 
February 11, 2019
 
 
 

 



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