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The election day, March 24, is near coming. Have you ready to choose one? However, you ought to vote for the

power for the moving country forward, with transparent. Don't easily vote for either one who failed before or

expects with can do nothing.

Remember, our country is in your hands right now.

 Many thanks to Google Translate and G Grammary today as ever.


 I'm ready now!

FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/J78SdCzzumA

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Artifacts Discovered in Mayan Cave ‘Untouched’ for 1,000 years

4 hours ago

Archaeologist Guillermo de Anda stands next to pre-columbian artifacts in a cave at the Mayan ruins of Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico, Tuesday, Feb. 19, 2019. Karla Ortega/Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History via AP)
Archaeologist Guillermo de Anda stands next to pre-columbian artifacts in a cave at the Mayan ruins of Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico, Tuesday, Feb. 19, 2019. Karla Ortega/Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History via AP)
 
Artifacts Discovered in Mayan Cave ‘Untouched’ for 1,000 years
 

Archaeologists have discovered about 200 Mayan artifacts in Mexico that appear to have been untouched for 1,000 years.

The artifacts were found inside a cave in ruins of the ancient Mayan city of Chichen Itza on Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula. Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History announced the discovery during a press conference in Mexico City.

The lead researcher on the project is Mexican archaeologist Guillermo de Anda. He called the cave a “scientific treasure.” He said the artifacts appear to date back to around A.D. 1000. "What we found there was incredible, and completely untouched," he added.

Pre-columbian artifacts sit in a cave at the Mayan ruins of Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico, Tuesday, Feb. 19, 2019. (Karla Ortega/Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History via AP)
Pre-columbian artifacts sit in a cave at the Mayan ruins of Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico, Tuesday, Feb. 19, 2019. (Karla Ortega/Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History via AP)

The findings included bone pieces and burnt offering materials. In addition, incenseburners, vases, plates and other objects were discovered. Some items included the likeness of Tlaloc, the rain god of central Mexico. The Mayans also had their own rain god, called Chaac. But experts believe the Mayans may have imported Tlaloc from other pre-Hispanic cultures.

The cave where the objects were found is part of a cave system known as Balamku or “Jaguar God.” The cave is about three kilometers east of the main pyramid of Kukulkan, which sits at the center of Chichen Itza. The stone city is described by the United Nations as “one of the greatest Mayan centers of the Yucatán Peninsula.”

The cave sits about 24 meters underground, with areas connected by passages. De Anda said some of the passages were so narrow that researchers had to crawl in or pull themselves through.

Pre-columbian artifacts sit in a cave at the Mayan ruins of Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico, Tuesday, Feb. 19, 2019. (Karla Ortega/Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History via AP)
Pre-columbian artifacts sit in a cave at the Mayan ruins of Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico, Tuesday, Feb. 19, 2019. (Karla Ortega/Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History via AP)

He added that his team had so far explored about 460 meters of the cave, and is unsure how far it stretches. The team plans to continue exploring the cave. Artifacts found will not be removed, but studied inside, he said.

The team accidentally found the artifacts while exploring Chichen Itza in an effort to learn more about its underground water system. A series of sinkhole lakes, known as cenotes, can be seen on parts of the surface. But the archaeologists are exploring other water sites below pyramids, temples and other buildings.

Water was always central to the city. Its name in Maya means “at the mouth of the well of the Water Wizards.”

Pre-columbian artifacts sit in a cave at the Mayan ruins of Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico, Tuesday, Feb. 19, 2019. (Karla Ortega/Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History via AP)
Pre-columbian artifacts sit in a cave at the Mayan ruins of Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico, Tuesday, Feb. 19, 2019. (Karla Ortega/Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History via AP)

 

The cave had been discovered by local people 50 years ago, but was not fully explored, de Anda said. He hopes the new discovery will help scientists better understand the history, lives and beliefs of people who lived in Chichen Itza. He said archaeologists believe there may be another undiscovered cave hidden under the pyramid of Kukulkan that could be connected to the latest find.

“Let’s hope this leads us there,” de Anda said. “That is part of the reason why we are entering these sites, to find a connection to the cenote under the (Kukulkan).”

I’m Bryan Lynn.

Bryan Lynn wrote this story for VOA Learning English, based on reports from the Associated Press, Reuters and Agence France-Press. Kelly Jean Kelly was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments section, and visit our Facebook page.

Quiz - Artifacts Discovered in Mayan Cave ‘Untouched’ for 1,000 years

Quiz - Artifacts Discovered in Mayan Cave ‘Untouched’ for 1,000 years

Start the Quiz to find out

Words in This Story

 

artifact – n. a simple object made by people in the past

cave – n. a large hole that was formed by natural processes in the side of a cliff or hill or under the ground

incredible – adj. very good or exciting

incense – n. a substance that burns with a strong, sweet smell, often used in religious ceremonies

crawl – v. to move on your hands and knees

sinkhole – n. a hole in the ground, especially in an area of limestone rock, that has been formed naturally

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Art Explores African Americans’ Past and Present

March 08, 2019

 
Art Explores African Americans’ Past and Present
 

Artist Zsudayka Nzinga Terrell clearly remembers the day in high school when the teacher asked her to write about her family history.

She saw that it was impossible to answer the questions 'Who am I?' and 'Where did I come from?'

Nzinga Terrell told VOA about her childhood memories.

“So the white kids were able to get up and talk about hundreds of years of their background. And there was me and one other black kid in the class who could go back to a plantation in Virginia and that’s it.”

She talked about her family’s history.

“My people were brought here on the bottom of a ship. And they were sold and they were re-named. My dad’s side of the family took the last name of the job that they had, which is butlers. My mom’s side of the family took the last name of the plantation that owned them.”

Today, she and her husband, artist James Terrell, explore that identity in their work. Their new exhibit of paintings is called “Born at the Bottom of the Ship.” The show recently opened at the Center for the Arts in Manassas, Virginia.

New culture, new tribe

Over the generations, Africans became African Americans with a new culture, and Nzinga Terrell includes different parts of that story in her art. There are things that look like African cloth and design and things that make you think of American culture and clothing.

An example is “Hope and Grace,” a painting of two women wearing colorful clothes with traditional African patterns. Pointing to their hair, she says:

“They have these big afros so it could be 1960, it could be 2018.”

James Terrell’s style is more abstract. Mami Wata, the first painting visitors see in the new exhibit, shows a woman rising from the ocean. Terrell explains the painting.

“Mami Wata is a goddess of the sea…. There's no light going through; there’s not a lot of color being seen, as opposed to the other ones. So, it’s just showing the time of the slaves being brought to America.”

But the artist says he also likes to play with color. Growing up, Terrell attended a church with colored glass in many windows. Because of that experience, he learned how light goes through the windows. He makes lines in his painting that look like the lines between pieces of colored glass in the church windows.

Terrell’s works show how he sees himself as an African American.

He says he wants the people in his painting to look happy, hopeful and strong.

Visitors to the art exhibit say they see themselves and their family members in the works. They like the different kinds of people in the paintings because they know that many Americans come from other countries and cultures.

The artists hope to take their exhibit to other states and around the world.

I’m Jill Robbins.

 

Faiza Elmasry reported on this story for the Associated Press. Jill Robbins adapted it for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

 

kid – n. young person

plantation – n. a large area of land especially in a hot part of the world where crops (such as cotton) are grown

butler – n. the main male servant in the home of a wealthy person

afro – n a hairstyle of tight curls in a full evenly rounded shape

abstract – n. expressing ideas and emotions by using elements such as colors and lines without attempting to create a realistic picture

slave – n. someone held in servitude

symbolize – v. to represent

What do you think of the pictures made by the Terrells? Do they remind you of any art in your own culture? We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section.

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Unit 1: The Experiment

SELECT A UNIT

  1. 1

Session 13 

The Experiment is a collection of short series that are a little different to our usual programmes - but still help you improve your English.

Our fourth series, Phrase Frenzy, gives you a chance to test your knowledge of English idioms by looking at some pictures - but be quick, you only have 15 seconds to identify each idiom!

Session 13 score

0 / 3

Activity 1

Phrase Frenzy - animals

[Images: Getty images]

Animals

Watch this video and try to work out three English idioms from the pictures you see.

But be quick, you only have 15 seconds per phrase.

The answers are on the video and also shown below, so no cheating!

Watch the video and complete the activity

Show transcript

Did you enjoy that? You might like these…

Small talk sex1920 X 1080 copy warts.jpg put someone on the map

To do

Try our quiz to see what you've learnt about animal-related idioms:

How well do you know English idioms?

3 Questions

Watch the video above and then see which idioms you know

 
Animal idioms

a bird's eye view
to be able to see clearly from a high place.

straight from the horse's mouth
hear information directly from the person responsible for it.

to let the cat out of the bag
to let a secret be known, especially by mistake.

End of Session 13

Join us in Session 14 of The Experiment for another idiom challenge with Phrase Frenzy on the theme of sport.

Don't forget to share this video with your friends on social media.

Activity 1

Phrase Frenzy - animals

[Images: Getty images]

Animals

Watch this video and try to work out three English idioms from the pictures you see.

But be quick, you only have 15 seconds per phrase.

The answers are on the video and also shown below, so no cheating!

Watch the video and complete the activity

Show transcript

Did you enjoy that? You might like these…

Small talk sex1920 X 1080 copy warts.jpg put someone on the map

 

To do

Try our quiz to see what you've learnt about animal-related idioms:

How well do you know English idioms?

3 Questions

Watch the video above and then see which idioms you know

 

Animal idioms

a bird's eye view
to be able to see clearly from a high place.

straight from the horse's mouth
hear information directly from the person responsible for it.

to let the cat out of the bag
to let a secret be known, especially by mistake.

End of Session 13

Join us in Session 14 of The Experiment for another idiom challenge with Phrase Frenzy on the theme of sport.

Don't forget to share this video with your friends on social media.

DOWNLOAD CENTRE

Latest course content

 ........................................

 

Burnley's English defender Charlie Taylor (R) blocks a shot from Liverpool's English midfielder Jordan Henderson (L). / AFP
Burnley's English defender Charlie Taylor (R) blocks a shot from Liverpool's English midfielder Jordan Henderson (L). / AFP

Liverpool restate Premier League credentials as Arsenal end Man Utd run

sports March 11, 2019 07:56

By AFP

Liverpool cut Manchester City's lead at the top of the PremierLeague to a single point on Sunday as Manchester United slipped to their first domestic defeat under Ole Gunnar Solskjaer at Arsenal.

Chelsea earlier needed a last-gasp equaliser from Eden Hazard to earn a 1-1 draw against Wolves as the race for the four Champions League qualification spots heats up.

Just four points separate third-placed Tottenham, on 61 points, and Maurizio Sarri's Chelsea in sixth, with Arsenal in fourth position and United in fifth.

A disappointing run of results has badly dented Liverpool's bid for a first English league title since 1990 and fans' nerves were jangling after they fell behind against struggling Burnley at Anfield on Sunday.

But Roberto Firmino and Sadio Mane both scored twice as Jurgen Klopp's team battled back to win 4-2, lifting them to 73 points, one behind Pep Guardiola's City, who saw off Watford on Saturday.

"The message from today is that nobody gets rid of us," said a defiant Klopp, whose team had won just two of their previous six Premier League matches. "We had the perfect mixture of fighting the opponent and playing football.

"All we have to do is make sure that we stay in this really interesting competition on top of the table. We have no problem with confidence, we're in a good moment."

United travelled to the Emirates Stadium brimming with confidence after their astonishing Champions League comeback against Paris Saint-Germain in midweek.

Solskjaer had won 13 and drawn two of his previous domestic 15 league and cup fixtures since succeeding the sacked Jose Mourinho in mid-December but they fell behind in the 12th minute, when Granit Xhaka's strike from distance swerved through the air to wrong-foot United goalkeeper David de Gea.

- Champions League race -

Both teams went close thereafter, with Fred hitting a post and Romelu Lukaku guilty of wasting some gilt-edged chances but the home side doubled their lead midway through the second half when Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang scored from the penalty spot after Fred was penalised for bringing down Alexandre Lacazette.

Arsenal's 2-0 victory lifted Unai Emery's side into fourth, just one point behind north London rivals Spurs and meant they leapfrogged United in the process as they target a return to the Champions League after two seasons away from Europe's top club competition.

"We created so many more chances today than when we beat them in the FA Cup," said Solskjaer. "Sometimes it happens, we hit the woodwork twice and had five very big chances ourselves. The referee will be disappointed when he sees it as I don't think it is a penalty.

"We just had to go for it towards the end, but we were not really at it and it is one of those days where you have to dust yourselves down from."

Emery said his players had given their all "against the best team at this moment".

"We were playing very competitive for 90 minutes and I think we deserved this victory," he said. "We can be happy today. We knew Manchester United could use different tactics but we wanted to impose our gameplan and I think we did that."

The win was soured by an incident in which a fan ran onto the pitch and appeared to push United's Chris Smalling after the spot-kick. It followed an incident in the earlier Championship game, when Aston Villa captain Jack Grealish was punched by a pitch invader during the match against Birmingham.

Arsenal later announced the fan had been arrested.

Earlier, Hazard came to Chelsea's rescue in injury time, firing in from long range to grab a point against Wolves at Stamford Bridge.

Chelsea enjoyed the bulk of the possession but Wolves took the lead through Raul Jimenez in the 56th minute with their first shot on goal after an incisive counter-attack and looked on track for an impressive win until Hazard struck.

City beat Watford 3-1 on Saturday thanks to Raheem Sterling's 13-minute hat-trick but Spurs, on the fringes of the title race just two weeks ago, slumped to their third Premier League defeat in just four games against Southampton.

There were also wins on Saturday for Brighton, Cardiff, Bournemouth, Leicester and Newcastle.

 .................................................

Manchester United's Brazilian midfielder Fred (R) tangles with Arsenal's Swiss midfielder Granit Xhaka (L). / AFP
Manchester United's Brazilian midfielder Fred (R) tangles with Arsenal's Swiss midfielder Granit Xhaka (L). / AFP

Arsenal inflict first domestic defeat on Solskjaer to surge into top four

sports March 11, 2019 07:54

By AFP

Ole Gunnar Solskjaer blamed Manchester United's lack of ruthlessness as the Norwegian suffered his first domestic defeat as caretaker manager in a 2-0 loss at Arsenal on Sunday.

Granit Xhaka's early strike and Pierre Emerick-Aubameyang's penalty 21 minutes from time saw Gunners leapfrog United into the Premier League top four.

Unai Emery's men also close to within just a point of third-placed Tottenham and now hold the upper hand in the race for Champions League qualification.

Arsenal do not face any of the top six in their remaining eight league games, whilst United host title-chasing Manchester City and Chelsea in the coming weeks on top of their Champions League and FA Cup commitments.

"You have to be disappointed with the result, but the performance was a good one," said Solskjaer.

"The first goal always dictates how the game goes. We created chances, big chances, hit the woodwork twice, (Bernd) Leno played well.

"In terms of what you can control, we shouldn't be too disappointed."

European trips to France for both sides in midweek produced vastly contrasting results as United shocked free-spending Paris Saint-Germain 3-1 to progress to the quarter-finals of the Champions League.

The Gunners on the other hand went down 3-1 to Rennes to give themselves a mountain to climb in Thursday's second leg to reach the last eight of the Europa League.

Emery made five changes from that side and was rewarded with a vital victory.

"We are going to play difficult matches and being consistent is very important," said Emery. "At the moment I think we are playing consistently, but we need to be calm and patient."

- De Gea not distracted -

After a bright start, Arsenal were nearly hit with a sucker punch when with United's first attack, Romelu Lukaku turned Luke Shaw's cross onto the crossbar for the first of a series of wasted chances for the Belgian striker.

However, at the other end it was the normally flawless David de Gea who was at fault for the opener as the Spaniard failed to read the swerve on Xhaka's long-range strike 12 minutes in.

Solskjaer, though, rejected suggestions ongoing contract talks over a new deal for the United goalkeeper has effected his concentration.

"David's really focused and concentrated, he's too professional to let his mind wander," insisted Solskjaer.

United seemed to feel the after-effects of their heroics in Paris early on, but soon clicked into gear to look more like the side that had suffered just one defeat in Solskjaer's first 17 games in charge.

Fred's curling effort from outside the box clipped the post before Lukaku tried to round Bernd Leno, but the Arsenal goalkeeper stood up well to block.

The German stopper had an unconvincing start to life as Arsenal number one, but has looked ever more assured in recent weeks and made another huge save to deny Lukaku once more from close range six minutes into the second-half.

United were utterly dominant for the first 20 minutes of the second period, but to Solskjaer's frustration conceded a penalty when Alexandre Lacazette charged into the area and hit the floor under minimal contact from Fred.

"I don't think there is enough contact to warrant the penalty," said Solskjaer, while even Emery categorised the award as "soft."

Aubameyang missed a last-minute penalty to win the north London derby against Tottenham last weekend, but made no mistake to leave the visitors a mountain to climb.

"I knew it would be tough, but I was really confident," said the Gabon international.

Solskjaer's time at United as a player and over the past three months as boss has been littered with late drama, none more so than at PSG on Wednesday.

That was a Champions League night that will live long in the memory, but there was no turnaround this time to leave the Red Devils with plenty of work to do just to qualify for the competition next season.

 ...................................................

FINISHED

March 11, 2019

 



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