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link @ : learning english with voa news : Monday, March 11, 2019

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 How are you doing ?

Surely, I think most of you never know the word 'anti-vaxxer' before. However, you can find its meaning at the story:

Measles Progress At Risk Worldwide in this webpage as you need.

 Thanks a lot to Google Translate together with G Grammary.


My one granddaughter @ the riverside.

Measles Progress At Risk Worldwide

4 hours ago

 FILE - In this Feb. 16, 2019, file photo, Philippine National Red Cross and Health Department volunteers conduct house-to-house measles vaccination to children at an informal settlers community in Manila, Philippines.
FILE - In this Feb. 16, 2019, file photo, Philippine National Red Cross and Health Department volunteers conduct house-to-house measles vaccination to children at an informal settlers community in Manila, Philippines.
 

From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

Measles can spread easily from person to person, but it is a fully preventable disease.

The World Health Organization notes that a safe, effective vaccine has protected billions of children against measles over the past 50 years.

However, all that progress is now at risk.

Katherine O’Brien is the director of Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals at the WHO. She says that progress is at risk because of a failure to vaccinate children in all parts of the world. 

"Measles as a virus is one of the most contagious infections that there is. For every case of measles that occurs in a setting where people are not immune, nine to 10 additional cases will occur simply because of exposure to that case."

Measles is a virus. It lives in the nose and throat mucus of an infected person. “It can spread to others through coughing and sneezing,” reports the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Measles is spread through droplets in the air. The virus can live for up to two hours on surfaces where the infected person coughed or sneezed. If other people touch the surface or breathe the same air, they can get sick.

Signs of the disease

Signs of measles include:

  • high body temperature
  • coughing
  • runny nose
  • red, watery eyes
  • small, white areas on the inside of the mouth
  • a discoloration of the skin (It begins on face and spreads downward.)

A skin rash is the clearest sign that a person has the disease. However, the person can be contagious for up to four days before the rash appears. So, the infected person may not know they are sick and then pass the virus to others.

How many cases worldwide?

The WHO says 229,000 cases of measles were reported last year worldwide. But WHO officials are not sure of the exact number. They say the number of reported cases represents less than 10 percent of actual cases.

So, the disease is infecting millions of other people. And millions are not getting vaccinated. In 2017, the WHO reported that more than 19.9 million people were not protected against the measles.

Katrina Kertsinger is a WHO medical officer in the Expanded Program on Immunization. She says there have been measles outbreaks in all parts of Africa, including the island of Madagascar.

The WHO reports that in poor countries, many children do not get vaccinated because they do not live near health clinics. In wealthier countries, the measles vaccine is widely available. But some parents sometimes choose not to have their children vaccinated because of claims that the vaccine is dangerous.

Jocelyn Smith cares for her 11-month-old son, Mason at their home in Camas, Wash., Jan. 30, 2019. Smith has been afraid to take Mason out of the house during a measles outbreak in southwest Washington because he is too young to receive the measles vaccine
Jocelyn Smith cares for her 11-month-old son, Mason at their home in Camas, Wash., Jan. 30, 2019. Smith has been afraid to take Mason out of the house during a measles outbreak in southwest Washington because he is too young to receive the measles vaccine

Anti-vaxxer movement in the U.S.

In the United States, health officials are urging parents to get their children vaccinated for measles. Some parents object to vaccines for moral, religious, personal or philosophical reasons.

U.S. health experts announced 19 years ago that the disease was no longer a threat to the public. Yet 18 states give parents the right not to vaccinate their children.

One such state is Washington in the Pacific Northwest. A recent outbreak of measles there has health officials working hard to contain it. On February 5, there were 50 cases of measles reported in Washington.

Signs posted at a clinic in Vancouver, Washington warns patients and visitors of a measles outbreak. A measles outbreak near Portland, Ore., has revived a bitter debate over personal belief exemptions to childhood vaccinations, 2019. (File Photo)
Signs posted at a clinic in Vancouver, Washington warns patients and visitors of a measles outbreak. A measles outbreak near Portland, Ore., has revived a bitter debate over personal belief exemptions to childhood vaccinations, 2019. (File Photo)

In the U.S., rural areas often have higher numbers of unvaccinated children. But there are also large numbers in some big cities, such as Houston, Austin and Seattle.

Measles makes people very sick, and it is especially dangerous for young children. It can lead to other health problems such as pneumonia or encephalitis. Encephalitis is a swelling, or enlargement, of the brain. It can be deadly or lead to permanent disability.

Doctors, including the U.S. Surgeon General Jerome Adams, are urging parents to get their children vaccinated.

"As the United States Surgeon General, I want everyone to know that the best protection against measles is getting vaccinated."

And that’s the Health & Lifestyle report. I’m Anna Matteo.

 

For VOA News, Carol Pearson reported from Washington, DC and Lisa Schelin reported from Geneva. Anna Matteo adapted their reports for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

______________________________________________________________

Measles Progress At Risk Worldwide

Measles Progress At Risk Worldwide

Start the Quiz to find out

Words in This Story

contagious – adj. having a sickness that can be passed to someone else by touching

immune – adj. not capable of being affected by a disease

exposure – n. the fact or condition of being subject to some effect or influence

mucus – n. a thick liquid that is produced in some parts of the body (such as the nose and throat)

cough – v. to force air through your throat with a short, loud noise often because you are sick

sneeze – v. to suddenly force air out through your nose and mouth with a usually loud noise because your body is reacting to dust, a sickness, etc.

rash – n. a group of red spots on the skin that is caused by an illness or a reaction to something

outbreak – n. a sudden start or increase of fighting or disease

anti-vaxxer - a person who opposes vaccinations or laws that mandate vaccination

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ENGLISH IN A MINUTE

English in a Minute: Toss-Up

March 09, 2019
 
 
March 09, 2019 EMBED EMBED The code has been copied to your clipboard.
 
 
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The English We Speak

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

To take the rough with the smooth

EPISODE 190311 / 11 MAR 2019

Summary 

Feifei gets a promotion but fears that there will be both good and bad things when working at a higher grade. Neil's not best pleased but as least has a great phrase to describe the situation. Find out more about it in this programme.

Transcript 

Feifei
Hello, this is The English We Speak and I'm Feifei. 

Neil
And hello, I'm Neil. 

Feifei
Hey great news, Neil! 

Neil
Oh yes, what's that? 

Feifei
I got a promotion. 

Neil
Oh well done. Congratulations and all that. 

Feifei
Come on, Neil – you were never going to get one. And anyway, it's not all good news. 

Neil
A promotion – a pay rise, more power – how is that not all good news? 

Feifei
Well, it means longer hours, harder work, having to work with you more. I expect you have some English expression to describe that!

Neil
I do, Feifei. You have to take the rough with the smooth. It means you have to accept the bad or unpleasant things in a situation as well as the good things. In other words, you can't have everything. 

Feifei
Thanks for the sympathy, Neil. 

Neil
Here are some good things though, Feifei: examples! 

Examples
A: I'm going to use my qualification to get a really good job, but I've lots of studying to do before I get it.

B: Well you have to take the rough with the smooth but good luck! 

Having kids is very fulfilling but it can be challenging too, especially the lack of sleep – but I guess I have to take the rough with the smooth! 

Feifei
This is The English We Speak from BBC Learning English and we're learning about the phrase 'to take the rough with the smooth' which means you have to accept the bad things in a situation as well as the good things. 

Neil
So poor you, Feifei – you've got a great news promotion but you're going to have to work longer. So fewer lunches with me, less time at the pub… 

Feifei
The expression for that would be 'to take the smooth with the smooth'. But do you know what – this programme is a good example of taking the rough with the smooth. 

Neil
So you mean there are some good things and some bad things? Hmm, so what are they? 

Feifei
Well, the rough things are presenting with you… 

Neil
And the smooth things?

Feifei
The smooth things – the good things – are it's a short programme and it's nearly over. It's time to go, Neil. 

Neil
Thank goodness. Enjoy your promotion then – hope it goes smoothly 

Feifei
It will! Bye. 

Neil
Bye.

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Insurgents behind South bombing spree, not politics

national March 12, 2019 01:00

By The Nation

2,086 Viewed

Senior government officials said the series of bomb blasts over the weekend in the southern provinces of Phatthalung and Satun were related to insurgency activities in the predominantly Muslim region, and had no connection with the upcoming election.

The South has been racked by violence since early 2004. 

Deputy Prime Minister Prawit Wongsuwan met the steering committee on the deep South before flying to the two provinces.

Though no suspects have been arrested, Prawit said the committee had concluded that the recent incident was related to the ongoing violence in the region and had nothing to do with politics. 

“Since they could not do it [engage in violence] in the deep South, they moved to new locations,” Prawit said yesterday. 

National Police chief Chakthip Chaijinda and his deputy Srivara Ransibrahmanakul also flew to the two provinces, and came to the same conclusion that the bombings had nothing to do with politics or the upcoming election. 

Srivara added there were no early warnings from the intelligence and the police had no clue who was behind the bombings. 

Improvised explosive devices, or pipe bombs, either exploded or were found at 11 locations in Phatthalung province. Seven more were found in the neighbouring province of Satun, of which five exploded.

Police inspect the area after an overnight explosion outside a provincial police station in the southern Thai province of Satun on March 10, 2019. // AFP PHOTO

Since early 2004, insurgents have orchestrated violence mostly in the southernmost provinces of Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and parts of Songkhla, killing nearly 7,000 people. It’s rare to see such incidents take place in other provinces in the South. 

Phatthalung is predominantly Buddhist and Satun is mostly populated by Malay-Muslims and relatively peaceful. 

Prawit’s adviser, Panitan Wattanayagorn, said military intelligence had recently noticed that insurgents from the deep South were starting to attack the upper South, adding they had safe houses in several locations in the new areas. 

“We also have good relations with neighbouring countries to provide strict checks at border crossings,” he said. 

Security officials in Satun and Phatthalung fanned out yesterday to collect more evidence from the bombing sites as well as seek more clues and leads about the suspects. Officials have reportedly questioned many people in the area, but have failed to pinpoint any suspects so far. Images from surveillance cameras at the scene have also failed to provide any useful leads, as the persons captured on film mostly wore helmets to cover their faces, officials said. 

Meanwhile, in Narathiwat province, officials found banners in Malay that read: “110 tahun tergadainya bangsa patani” or 110 years of sacrificing Patani, hanging in several locations. Similar words were seen sprayed on walls in many locations.

The insurgents want to use these banners as a symbol to mark the Anglo-Siamese Treaty signed on March 10, 1909 between then-Siam and the British empire handing the Sultanate of Patani over to Siam, an official said. 

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‘Flying’ motorbike ends up stuck in power lines in Surin

Around Thailand March 11, 2019 18:30

By The Nation, 
The Thaiger

A motorcycle ended up entangled in power lines, four metres up in the air, following an accident in Surin province on Sunday night.

Emergency responders, having been notified of the accident in Karb Cherng village, arrived to find a motorbike entangled in electrical wires four metres from the ground, and a damaged pickup truck nearby. 

Five people were injured in the incident.

The pickup truck had been carrying the motorbike in the back tray, along with passengers. Another motorcycle had changed lane without warning, according to the driver, causing him to swerve and lose control, and resulting in the bike he was transporting being flung into the air.

Source: Thethaiger.com

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FINISHED
 
March 12, 2562 
 
 


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