It’s springtime in Washington, D.C. and I’m so excited! There are a lot of places to enjoy nature, like the National Arboretum and Rock Creek Park.
Some spring days here are rainy. But other days are full of sunshine. The other day, it was sunny and beautiful. So, I walked to Rock Creek Park. And what did I see!? A blue heron. I took a picture but the bird was too far. So I ran closer and took another. Perfect.
You just heard me use the words other, the other and another.
As an English learner, you have probably used these words many times but may still be unsure if you are using them correctly.
In today’s program, we will help clear up any uncertainty you may have.
Other, the other and another are used to talk about a person or thing that is additional or different. They can act as determiners or pronouns.
Determiners and pronouns
That’s important for today’s program.
Determiners are words placed before nouns to show which person or thing is being referred to. For example, in “other days,” the word other is the determiner and days is the noun.
English has more determiners. The words a, an, the, our, your, both and any are just a few examples.
Pronouns are words that are used instead of nouns or noun phrases. For instance, I said, “So I ran closer and took another.” There, the word another acts as a pronoun and replaces the noun picture.
Now, let’s explore each word.
We’ll begin with other.
The word other is indefinite. The simpler way to say that is it describes nouns in a non-specific way.
Other can mean “additional” or “different kinds of.”
Noncount and plural nouns
As a determiner, other can be used with noncount nouns and plural nouns. You may remember an earlier Everyday Grammar program on noncount nouns.
Here's other with the noncount noun luggage:
Do you have other luggage to check?
And here it is with the plural noun plans:
Other plans offer unlimited monthly data.
One and ones
It is also very common to use the determiner other with the pronouns one and ones. When we do this, we must put an additional determiner before other.
Here it is with the pronoun one:
That picture's a little drab. I like that other one better.
And here it is with ones:
These are not the right keys. Could you look for the other ones?
Did you notice that none of the examples uses the plural form others? When it is a determiner, other never takes plural form.
As a pronoun
Other can also act as a pronoun. For this use, the plural form, others, is more common, as in this example:
This shirt has a hole in it. Do you have others?
Now, let’s talk about the other.
A minute or two ago, you heard an example that used this phrase.
The other is definite; it refers to specific people or things.
As a determiner, the other can be used with singular and plural nouns.
With singular nouns, it can mean the second of two choices, as in this example:
That green is a little drab. I like the other color better.
It can also mean the opposite direction or side, as in this:
My apartment is on the other side of D.C.
With a plural noun, the other refers to the remaining people or things, as in this:
Where are the other keys? These are not working.
As a pronoun
The phrase the other can also act as a pronoun – singular or plural. Listen to two examples:
This hat looks better than the other.
Keep this copy of the script. I’ll take the others.
Now, let’s talk about another.
The word another is made from two words: an and other. The word an tells us that another is indefinite. It doesn’t refer to specific person or thing.
Another can mean “one more” or “different from the first or other one.”
It is always singular and we use it with singular nouns.
Listen to two examples:
I’ll take another cup of coffee, please.
Is there another gas station near here?
As a determiner, another is also commonly used with the singular pronoun one. Listen to a short exchange:
Would you like a second cup of coffee?
Sure, I’ll have another one.
As a pronoun
We can also use another as a pronoun.
You’ll recognize the next exchange:
Would you like a second cup of coffee?
Sure, I’ll have another.
Well, that was a lot of information! Visit our website for a few tips plus a practiceexercise.
I’m Alice Bryant.
Alice Bryant wrote this story for Learning English. Caty Weaver was the editor.
another key (is)
other keys (are)
the other key (is)
the other (is)
the other keys (are)
the others (are)
As a determiner, other does not take the plural form (no -s at end):
other keys (right)
others keys (wrong) the others keys (wrong)
A determiner is needed before other when it is used with a singular noun:
the other day (right)
other day (wrong)
When the noun is indefinite (unspecific), use another.
another picture (right)
other picture (wrong)
The an in another means “one.” Another is always singular. Use it only with singular nouns:
another bicycle (right)
another bicycles (wrong)
Now, you try it! Choose one of these answers for each sentence: another, other, the other, others, the others. Write your answers in the comments section. Note: One of the sentences has two possible answers.
1. Some people like to go home after work. ______ like to meet up with their friends.
2. Sorry, there are no empty seats on this side of the room. There may be seats on _____ side.
3. I love this city. There is no _____ place like it!
4. That dress is not formal enough for the wedding. Do you have ______?
5. Your computer is so old. Maybe you should buy ______.
6. You met one of my sisters. But I have _____ one who lives in Boston.
7. These boxes are for dishes. _____ are for cups and glasses.
8. Are there any _____ questions?
Words in This Story
uncertainty – n. the quality or state of being doubtful
refer – v. to have a direct connection or relationship to something
phrase – n. a group of two or more words that express an idea but do not form a complete sentence
plural – adj. relating to a form of a word that refers to more than one person or thing
drab – adj. not bright or colorful
notice – n. to become aware of something by seeing or hearing it
singular – adj. relating to a form of a word that refers to one person or thing
script – n. the written form of a video, television show, play or something else
tip – n. a piece of advice or useful information
practice – v. to do something again and again in order to become better at it
March 14, 2019
6 Minute English
Debating veganism: How to change someone's opinion
EPISODE 190314 / 14 MAR 2019
Veganism is a controversial issue with strong opinions in favour and against. However, these opinion are less based on facts than you might think. What are they based on? And how can we convince someone to change an opinion? Dan and Rob find out and teach you new vocabulary.
This week's question
Which one of these items can a lacto-ovo-vegetarian eat?
b) fish or
Listen to the programme to find out the answer.
something that is popular but only for a short time
something that has become accepted by most people as normal
a situation that causes people to divide into two groups with opposing views
something that society thinks is wrong or not acceptable
relates to things that are not as important as the main argument but are connected to it / situated on the edge
good or good enough
Note: This is not a word for word transcript
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Dan and joining me is Rob.
Here at BBC Learning English, we're always discussing diets.
I am on a sea-food diet. When I see food, I just have to eat it!
I suppose there's no chance of converting you to a vegan diet, is there? That seems be the most talked about food fad at the moment – a fad is something that is popular but only for a short time.
Of course, veganism – that's not eating or using any products that come from animals – may be more than a fad. It could be a lifestyle that improves our health and the planet. And it could be here to stay. But personally, me becoming a vegan would take some persuading.
I'm sure it would. And in this programme we'll be discussing the debate about veganism and how it's sometimes difficult to change people's minds. But first a question to answer. We've mentioned what a vegan eats but what about a lacto-ovo-vegetarian? Which one of these items can they eat? Is it:
b) fish or
I'll say b) they can eat fish.
Well, you’ll have to wait until the end of the programme to find out. But now back to veganism. According to some national surveys, there are now around 3.5 million full-time vegans in the UK... and the number is growing!
And what was recently a radical lifestyle choice is slowly moving into the mainstream – or has become accepted by most people as normal.
Advocates of veganism say their healthy lifestyle would also free up space and resources for growing food and it would help reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Yeah, but come on Dan. Having a meat-free diet means you might not get all the nutrients you need.
Well, this is all part of the debate, Rob. There's always two sides to an argument and it's something that's been discussed on BBC Radio 4's Farming Today programme. They spoke to Dr Jutta Tobias Mortlock, a senior lecturer in organisational psychology at London's City University, who explained why views about veganism are so polarised – that 'means causing people to divide into two groups with opposing views'.
Dr Jutta Tobias Mortlock
This issue touches on personal beliefs, and beliefs always trump facts and so, often when we talk about beliefs, we're touching on important values. Values are the things that guide our opinion over what's right versus what's wrong. And so whenever people argue over whether it's right or wrong to eat meat, they are in fact not debating the facts around this issue, they're actually debating the beliefs about what's moral or immoral about this.
So it seems in the whole debate about veganism we are basing our views on beliefs. A belief is something we feel is true or real. Our beliefs are based on our values – those are the things we think are right and wrong.
And when we argue over the rights and wrongs of veganism, we base it on our values – not hard facts. We talk about our view on what is immoral – so what society thinks is wrong or not acceptable. But basically, there is no right or wrong answer.
That's why we need facts, Rob.
So Dan, what can I do if I want to win you over to becoming an omnivore, like me?
According to Dr Jutta, there are two main routes to winning someone over: a direct, fact-based approach or a 'peripheral route', which might be more effective. Let's hear her explain how it works.
Dr Jutta Tobias Mortlock
If I'm working with you and I'm trying to get you to come round to my side, I might not focus on the central facts. I might focus on the peripheral stuff around how I'm constructing my argument. I'd look for ways of how they overlap as people, like what do they have in common? And that's a way to debate an issue such as this controversial one in a way to get people to feel connected to each other and to actually feel that they value each other as decent human beings.
Interesting! This is a more subtle way of winning an argument. She says we should focus on the peripheral stuff – these are the things that are not as important as the main argument but are connected to it.
So we could say we're looking for common ground – things that both sides agree on or at least understand. Dr Jutta talked about making both sides feel connected. And it's a good point. Even if you don't want to be a vegan, you should respect someone's choice to be one.
Yes, it's all about valuing someone as a decent human being. Decent means 'good and having good moral standards'. Like us, Dan!
Well, they're wise words, Rob! Of course, it would be morally wrong – immoral – not to give you the answer to our quiz question. Earlier I asked which one of these items can a lacto-ovo-vegetarian eat.
I said b) fish.
Sorry, no – that's something they can't eat – but they can eat cheese. A lacto-ovo-vegetarian is a person who eats vegetables, eggs, and dairy products but does not eat meat.
No meat! No steak! How can they enjoy eating?!
Rob, remember as a decent human beings, we respect all views here.
Just joking – but now I'm deadly serious about reviewing some of the vocabulary we've discussed today.
OK. Our first word was fad. A fad is something that is popular but only for a short time.
Next, we mentioned mainstream. Something that is mainstream has become accepted by most people as normal.
Then we had polarised – that describes a situation that causes people to divide into two groups with opposing views.
A belief is something we feel is true or real. And immoral describes something that society thinks is wrong or not acceptable.
We also mentionedperipheral, which relates to things that are not as important as the main argument, but are connected to it. It also means situated on the edge.
And finally, decent means good or good enough.
Don't forget you can learn more English with us on our website at bbclearningenglish.com.
Bye for now.
PM fears for northerners’ safety amid tropical storms
national March 15, 2019 09:00
By The Thaiger
Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha says he is concerned for public safety because of tropical storms that have been forecast for the northern regions until next Tuesday.
He has instructed the authorities to take preventive and relief measures against damage.
Government spokesman Lt Gen Werachon Sukondhapatipak said the prime minister is concerned about northern Thailand, especially until March 19.
Tropical storms are expected in the northeast and east and due to move to the northern and central regions and Bangkok.
Prayut called on residents to follow advice from the Meteorological Department and avoid open spaces, big trees and unstable structures. Farmers were advised to prepare for possible damage.
The premier instructed the Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives and the armed forces to continually monitor the situation and alert those at risk while taking preventive and relief measures.
The weather for southern Thailand, including the Andaman coast, is for potential thunderstorms but is mostly fine, according to the Meteorological Department.
EC ‘brave’ to send Thai Raksa Chart to Constitutional court, says former commissioner Somchai
Breaking News March 01, 2019 19:16
By Kas Chanwanpen
While others have criticised the Election Commission’s decision to take the Thai Raksa Chart Party to the Constitutional Court to seek dissolution, former commissioner Somchai Sriwatanayakorn on Friday hailed the agency’s “courage”. Taking the case to the court at a later date could have brought about much political confusion, he said.
Speaking to the public forum “Thai Raksa Chart Party’s Possible Dissolution” held at Foreign Correspondents' Club of Thailand, Somchai said the EC commissioners may have put themselves at risk and could have to take responsibility for an “undesirable outcome” by rushing to take the case to court.
Drawing on his experience as a former commissioner, Somchai noted that should normally take from 15 to 30 days or more for a sub-committee to work through a case before the commission could make a decision.
Somchai said a case that took only one or two days for a decision, as occurred over Thai Raksa Chart’s possible dissolution, was rare. However, by not using a sub-committee to help determine the case, the EC could be putting themselves at risk, he added.
March 15, 2019