*/
  • นายยั้งคิด
  • ranking : สมาชิกทั่วไป
  • email : sunnytrack@hotmail.com
  • วันที่สร้าง : 2008-07-01
  • จำนวนเรื่อง : 3992
  • จำนวนผู้ชม : 1479610
  • จำนวนผู้โหวต : 459
  • ส่ง msg :
  • โหวต 459 คน
วันเสาร์ ที่ 13 เมษายน 2562
Posted by นายยั้งคิด , ผู้อ่าน : 192 , 09:12:01 น.  
หมวด : การศึกษา

พิมพ์หน้านี้
โหวต 0 คน

Today is Songkran Day, and also the new year of Thai traditional NEW YEAR.

However, it changed to January 1 many decades ago. Please follow about Songkran Day next.

 Many thanks to Google Translate and G Grammarly as ever.

 


Sometimes you have to speak English with strangers you meet on the road.

 

 

Songkran Festival 2019 and 2020

The Songkran Festival is a national holiday in Thailand. It marks the beginning of the Thai New Year. The word Songkran is derived from the Sanskrit work samkranti, which means astrological passage. It is a traditional Buddhist festival, and it is usually celebrated between 13 and 16 April unless the dates are modified by an official government announcement.

..................................................

 

 FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/O8yyiEfHIRA

................................................

Using Either, Or and Neither, Nor

4 hours ago

Ask a Teacher
Ask a Teacher
 

Today on Ask a Teacher, we answer a question from Mehdi in Iran. He writes:

Question: Please explain about either/or and neither/nor. – Mehdi, Iran

Answer:

Dear Mehdi,

The words eitheror and neither are kinds of conjunctions, or words that join parts of a sentence together.

Either…or

English speakers use either … or to talk about a choice between two things. On a beautiful spring day, one can say, "I will either ride my bicycle or walk to work." In this example, the structure with verbs is:

EITHER verb OR verb

You can also use either…or with nouns. For example, when it is time to eat lunch, I may tell my coworker, "I feel like eating eitherChinese or Indian food today. The structure is:

EITHER noun OR noun

We understand that the speaker will choose only one of the two things.

Neither…nor

We use neither … nor when the speaker will not choose from the options given. My friend is getting married at a seaside town in New Zealand. She says, “Neither rain nor snow will ruin the wedding.” The structure is the same here:

NEITHER noun NOR noun

You can use neither…nor with verbs, too. One can say, "My brother is very healthy - he neither smokes nor drinks." The structure is:

NEITHER verb NOR verb

But if a sentence already has a negative word like "not," it is more common to use either. For example, “Sandy does not play either football or cricket.”

There are two ways of pronouncing either and neither. People in both the United States and Britain may say either with /i:/ at the beginning, as in "EE-thur" or with /ai/ at the beginning as in "EYE-thur." Choose one pronunciation and stay with it, so you will say the pair of words as "ee-thur" and "neethur" or say this pair: "eyethur" and "nyethur."

And that's Ask a Teacher.

I’m Jill Robbins.

 

Dr. Jill Robbins reported on this story for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

Do you have a question for Ask a Teacher? Write to us in the comments area and tell us your name and country. If you would like, you can also tell us one thing about yourself.

________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

option – n. the opportunity or ability to choose something or to choose between two or more things

Can you make a sentence with either/or? How about with neither/nor? Write to us in the Comments Section.

................................................

Recently hatched flamingo chicks on Kamfers Dam were flown hundreds of kilometers away to prevent them from dying. There, workers say it will take months to rehabilitate the chicks.

............................................

 

Activity 1

In case vs If

Do you have a minute to spare to learn some English? James explains to us the difference between in case and if. Give us 60 seconds and we'll give you the English!

Watch the video and complete the activity

Did you like that? Why not try these?

EIAM Teaser English Class BBC English Class

In case vs if

Conjunctions
Both in case and if are conjunctions. They are used to join clauses together into sentences. The in case or if clause often goes in the middle of a sentence, but it can go at the beginning. In this case, separate the clauses with a comma.

  • Take a bottle of water in case you get thirsty.
  • In case you get thirsty, take a bottle of water
  • Call the police if you need assistance.
  • If you need assistance, call the police.

In case
We use in case when we want to talk about something that might happen later. This is often an action taken as a precaution in order to prevent some later problem that we have predicted. In other words: Do this because that could happen in the future. 

  • I'll call you in case I need help with my homework.
  • I'll take an umbrella in case it rains.

If
We use if to talk about reacting to something that has happened already. In this case, first something occurs and then we take action to deal with it. In other words: This happened, so do that.

  • I'll call you if I need help with my homework.
  • I'll take an umbrella if it rains.

____________________________________________________________________________________________

To do

Try our quiz to see how well you've learned today's language. 

English In A Minute Quiz

3 Questions

Test your understanding of this lesson with our quiz!

 
................................................

 

 

  • Jatusadom Techasaowapak, who is over 60,Ja stacks books at a Se-ed store. Se-ed, a publishing and book selling company, was the first to start hiring seniors almost three years ago. Nation/Suphakit Khumkun
  • Former educator Chayasamon Subsookbovorn, 61, has a new career working at Tesco Lotus’ Laksi branch. She’s among 1,200 seniors brought back into the workforce since mid-March under a Labour Ministry programme. The target for the year is 100,000.
  • Jatusadom Techasaowapak, who is over 60,Ja stacks books at a Se-ed store. Se-ed, a publishing and book selling company, was the first to start hiring seniors almost three years ago. Nation/Suphakit Khumkun
  • Former educator Chayasamon Subsookbovorn, 61, has a new career working at Tesco Lotus’ Laksi branch. She’s among 1,200 seniors brought back into the workforce since mid-March under a Labour Ministry programme. The target for the year is 100,000.

SPECIAL REPORT: The workforce’s grey engine

national April 13, 2019 01:00

By Phatarawadee Phataranawik 
The Nation Weekend 

The government’s efforts to keep more seniors on the job are bound to pay dividends for our ageing society

Former educator Chayasamon Subsookbovorn, 61, has a new career working at Tesco Lotus’ Laksi branch. Nation/Krobphuk Phromrekha

Six months into her retirement, former educator Chayasamon Subsookbovorn found herself constantly watching Netflix and getting genuinely depressed. She climbed out of the gloomy hole two weeks ago, landing a job at her local Tesco Lotus. 

“I feel really happy now that I’m active again,” the 61-year-old told The Nation Weekend. 

“I’m still strong and I believe my experience can help improve society,” she said. “And it’s good for my own mental fitness to be interacting with younger people. I’m not only earning some money, I’m gaining new friends.”

Money wasn’t an issue for Chayasamon, who gets a monthly pension and other social benefits. Working in client services at Tesco, she’s paid Bt300 a day, which is 100 times less than what she earned hourly as a university lecturer.

Chayasamon, who has a PhD in education administration from King Mongkut’s Technology North Bangkok, is among thousands of people age 60 and up who are being rehired into the workforce under the government’s Ruam Palang Pracharat campaign. 

The scheme is aimed at getting retired seniors back on the job and easing the cost burden of Thailand’s ageing society. Both private and public employers are keen to support the campaign. 

Thailand is among countries with rapidly increasing “grey populations”. The nearly 12 million Thais already over 60 represent 17 per cent of the total populace. 

We’ll be a full-fledged ageing society by 2021 with 13.1 million seniors – 20 per cent of the population, according to the National Economic and Social Development Board. By 2031 this will be a “super-ageing society”, 28 per cent elderly.

Petcharat Sinuay, director general of the Labour Ministry’s Employment Department, praised the Ruam Palang Pracharat programme in an interview with The Nation Weekend.

“We want to establish a sustainable, healthy ageing society,” she said. “The Bt208-million campaign is expected to create more than 100,000 jobs for seniors, of which 80,000 will be part-time. Money will also be spent on training, giving seniors new work skills.”

Since its launch in mid-March, more than 1,200 jobs have been created, Petcharat said. The ministry has signed agreements with eight government agencies, three provincial organisations and 12 private firms to provide jobs for seniors, including many as researchers, legal consultants, interpreters and even masseurs.

Embracing the scheme along with Tesco Lotus are the Se-ed bookshop chain, Index Living Mall, Toshiba, Mezzo restaurants, Central Group, CP All, the Thai Retailers Association, Bangchak Green, which deals in petroleum, and Berli Jucker, which makes consumer products.

Praiwan Polwan, director general of the Social Development and Human Security Ministry’s Department of Older Persons, said seniors are increasingly looking to return to the workforce so that their time is spent more valuably. 

“Many also want to earn some money so their families don’t have to pay as much for their upkeep. They prefer jobs that are close to where they live. This scheme finds them jobs that fit their interests and abilities and it makes sure their rights are protected too.”

More for their wellbeing than a matter of rights, seniors hired through the programme work no more than seven hours a day and six days a week, and their shifts are flexible. 

They have to be paid a minimum of Bt45 per hour and they receive free health checks and other social benefits. 

Private firms hiring them full-time can claim tax deductions worth twice the senior’s salary, up to a maximum Bt15,000.

The other big pluses for seniors are retaining their mental agility and keeping physically fit.

“It was a challenge getting used to working with a younger boss,” said a 64-year-old employed at a Se-Ed outlet in Bangkok who asked that his name not be published. “But learning to deal with the generation gap makes me happy. I love it here.”

He’s been at the bookshop for more than two years because Se-Ed pioneered the concept of hiring older persons long before it became government policy. It employs 16 seniors around the country. 

Jatusadom Techasaowapak, who is over 60,Ja stacks books at a Se-ed store. Se-ed, a publishing and book selling company, was the first to start hiring seniors almost three years ago. Nation/Suphakit Khumkun

Patrawut Thongtan, the chain’s manager of human resources, said there’s a high turnover among its senior employees because many have health issues.

“But having them around is a great help,” he said. “Senior staff members help the younger ones how to handle customers smartly and gently.

“With the tax deduction now on offer, we hope other companies will begin hiring seniors to fill the gap that’s opening with fewer young people entering the workforce.”

The gap is widening, a combined result of the ageing population and falling birth rate.

The United Nations has forecast that the proportion of seniors in Southeast Asia will double in the next two decades, from an average of 7.7 per cent in 2015 to 15.5 in 2035, on a par with global expectations. 

The proportion in Thailand will be 23.4 per cent, second in the region only to Singapore’s 31.7. The proportion in Laos and the Philippines will be lowest at about 9 per cent.

The Thai government’s preparations for our “grey future” have included raising the mandatory retirement age to 70 in professions of highly valued expertise, such as court judges. The retirement age could also rise to 63 for government officials.

The National Economic and Social Development Board meanwhile reckons there were 4.36 million seniors still on the job last year, with almost 62 per cent of them running their own businesses.

Comparisons across the region place Singapore above all other nations when it comes to getting seniors back into the workforce. Its Manpower Ministry says 26.8 per cent of people either working or looking for a job in 2017 was age 65 and up, a dramatic rise from 14.3 per cent in 2006.

The “labour force participation rate” in Japan, which has one of the world’s fastest-ageing populations, was 22.8 per cent in 2015, in South Korea 31.5 per cent.

In Singapore, rising education levels, low unemployment, long life expectancy and high standards of healthcare allow seniors to continue holding meaningful jobs well past the official retirement age of 62.

Arrangements like these are good for citizens of every country. Maintaining an older workforce not only helps the seniors and their families, studies have shown, but it’s beneficial to the economy.

“When the population aged over 60 goes up by 10 per cent, per-capita income slows by 5.5 per cent,” the Bank of Thailand said in a recent report, citing overseas observations.

As well, most Thais enter old age without adequate savings for retirement, and the state subsidy of at least Bt600 a month for seniors isn’t enough to survive on.

“The economy requires the participation of older workers because of demographic changes,” said Petcharat of the Labour Ministry. “There are far fewer young workers today compared to the past.”

 .........................................................

British tourist repaid Bt255,000 after restaurant bill error

Around Thailand April 12, 2019 19:00

By The Thaiger

A British tourist has been repaid Bt255,000 following an accidental over-payment at an Indian restaurant in Krabi this week.

The 48-year-old British man, identified only as Simon, and his 10 friends, went to a restaurant near Noppara Thara Beach in Krabi on Tuesday night for dinner.

After they have finished the meal Simon put the Bt2,857 bill on his credit card.

But an amount of 257,857.12 was entered in error and Simon entered his PIN, pressed OK and signed the receipt without checking. He did not realise that he had overpaid the restaurant by about Bt255,000.

The manager Aporn Sarem, 32, noticed the error at closing time when she was checking the accounts. Her Indian husband tried to search for the British tourists but was unable to find them.

Aporn contacted Krabi tourist police and Krabi immigration who managed to track down the tourists at a hotel nearby in Ao Nang.

Simon received the overpaid amount yesterday, in cash. He and his friends said thank you to the restaurant proprietors and said they would definitely be coming back to Krabi again.

........................................................

FINISHED

April 13, 2019

 



แสดงความคิดเห็น


ถึง บล็อกเกอร์ ทุกท่าน โปรดอ่าน
   ด้วยทาง บริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ จำกัด (มหาชน) ได้ติดต่อขอความร่วมมือ มายังเว็บไซต์และเว็บบล็อกต่าง ๆ รวมไปถึงเว็บบล็อก OKnation ห้ามให้มีการเผยแพร่ผลงานอันมีลิขสิทธิ์ ของบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ บนเว็บ blog โดยกำหนดขอบเขตของสิ่งที่ห้ามทำ และสามารถทำได้ ดังนี้
ห้ามทำ
- การใส่ผลงานเพลงต้นฉบับให้ฟัง ทั้งแบบควบคุมเพลงได้ หรือซ่อนเป็นพื้นหลัง และทั้งที่อยู่ใน server ของคุณเอง หรือ copy code คนอื่นมาใช้
- การเผยแพร่ file ให้ download ทั้งที่อยู่ใน server ของคุณเอง หรือฝากไว้ server คนอื่น
สามารถทำได้
- เผยแพร่เนื้อเพลง ต้องระบุชื่อเพลงและชื่อผู้ร้องให้ชัดเจน
- การใส่เพลงที่ร้องไว้เอง ต้องระบุชื่อผู้ร้องต้นฉบับให้ชัดเจน
จึงเรียนมาเพื่อโปรดปฎิบัติตาม มิเช่นนั้นทางบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ จะให้ฝ่ายดูแลลิขสิทธิ์ ดำเนินการเอาผิดกับท่านตามกฎหมายละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์
OKNATION



กฎกติกาการเขียนเรื่องและแสดงความคิดเห็น
1 การเขียน หรือแสดงความคิดเห็นใด ๆ ต้องไม่หมิ่นเหม่ หรือกระทบต่อสถาบันชาติ ศาสนา และพระมหากษัตริย์ หรือกระทบต่อความมั่นคงของชาติ
2. ไม่ใช้ถ้อยคำหยาบคาย ดูหมิ่น ส่อเสียด ให้ร้ายผู้อื่นในทางเสียหาย หรือสร้างความแตกแยกในสังคม กับทั้งไม่มีภาพ วิดีโอคลิป หรือถ้อยคำลามก อนาจาร
3. ความขัดแย้งส่วนตัวที่เกิดจากการเขียนเรื่อง แสดงความคิดเห็น หรือในกล่องรับส่งข้อความ (หลังไมค์) ต้องไม่นำมาโพสหรือขยายความต่อในบล็อก และการโพสเรื่องส่วนตัว และการแสดงความคิดเห็น ต้องใช้ภาษาที่สุภาพเท่านั้น
4. พิจารณาเนื้อหาที่จะโพสก่อนเผยแพร่ให้รอบคอบ ว่าจะไม่เป็นการละเมิดกฎหมายใดใด และปิดคอมเมนต์หากจำเป็นโดยเฉพาะเรื่องที่มีเนื้อหาพาดพิงสถาบัน
5.การนำเรื่อง ภาพ หรือคลิปวิดีโอ ที่มิใช่ของตนเองมาลงในบล็อก ควรอ้างอิงแหล่งที่มา และ หลีกเลี่ยงการเผยแพร่สิ่งที่ละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นรูปแบบหรือวิธีการใดก็ตาม 6. เนื้อหาและความคิดเห็นในบล็อก ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับทีมงานผู้ดำเนินการจัดทำเว็บไซต์ โดยถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบทางกฎหมายเป็นการส่วนตัวของสมาชิก
คลิ้กอ่านเงื่อนไขทั้งหมดที่นี่"
OKnation ขอสงวนสิทธิ์ในการปิดบล็อก ลบเนื้อหาและความคิดเห็น ที่ขัดต่อความดังกล่าวข้างต้น โดยไม่ต้องชี้แจงเหตุผลใดๆ ต่อเจ้าของบล็อกและเจ้าของความคิดเห็นนั้นๆ
   

กลับไปหน้าที่แล้ว กลับด้านบน