*/
  • นายยั้งคิด
  • ranking : สมาชิกทั่วไป
  • email : sunnytrack@hotmail.com
  • วันที่สร้าง : 2008-07-01
  • จำนวนเรื่อง : 4059
  • จำนวนผู้ชม : 1499210
  • จำนวนผู้โหวต : 460
  • ส่ง msg :
  • โหวต 460 คน
วันอังคาร ที่ 14 พฤษภาคม 2562
Posted by นายยั้งคิด , ผู้อ่าน : 155 , 08:16:36 น.  
หมวด : การศึกษา

พิมพ์หน้านี้
โหวต 1 คน Chaoying โหวตเรื่องนี้

How are you doing?

Do you believe that "Every moment of this new day is special? If you think so, it may your lovely morning.

 Many thanks to Google Translate and together with G Grammarly.

FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/IBlUM-0NZZU


..................................................

 

Doctors Operate on the Brain to Treat Drug Addiction

3 hours ago

FILE - A stereotactic device presses into the head of a brain surgery patient at Ruijin Hospital's functional neurosurgery center in Shanghai, Oct. 29, 2018. Doctors at Ruijin are experimenting with deep brain stimulation as a treatment for addiction.
FILE - A stereotactic device presses into the head of a brain surgery patient at Ruijin Hospital's functional neurosurgery center in Shanghai, Oct. 29, 2018. Doctors at Ruijin are experimenting with deep brain stimulation as a treatment for addiction.
 
Doctors Operate on the Brain to Treat Drug Addiction
 

Patient Number One is a thin man with all the hair removed from his head.

Years of drug use cost him his wife, his money and his self-respect.

Now, he meets with a surgeon who will operate on him in 72 hours. The doctor plans to cut two small holes in the man’s head and connect electrodes to his brain.

Doctors have long used the treatment, known as deep brain stimulation, or DBS, for movement disorders like Parkinson’s disease. Now, they are performing the first clinical trial of DBS for methamphetamine addiction at the Ruijin Hospital in Shanghai, China.

Patient Number One was the first patient in the study.

The surgeon plans to implant a device that acts like a pacemaker for the brain. It electrically stimulates targeted areas.

Researchers in Europe have struggled to get patients for their DBS addiction studies. In the United States, complex social and scientific questions have made it hard to move forward with studies of the treatment.

Eight registered DBS clinical trials for drug addiction are taking place around the world. Six of those are in China. That information comes from the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

Patient Number One, whose last name is Yan, said doctors told him the surgery was not dangerous. “But I still get nervous,” he said. “It’s my first time to go on the operating table.”

Dr. Li Dianyou uses a tablet computer to adjust the settings of a deep brain stimulation device implanted in the brain of a methamphetamine user named Yan, left, on Monday, Oct. 29, 2018, at Ruijin Hospital in Shanghai, China.
Dr. Li Dianyou uses a tablet computer to adjust the settings of a deep brain stimulation device implanted in the brain of a methamphetamine user named Yan, left, on Monday, Oct. 29, 2018, at Ruijin Hospital in Shanghai, China.

Treating Addiction in China

Before brain implants, there was brain lesioning. In China, families of heroin users paid doctors thousands of dollars to destroy small masses of brain tissue. Many patients had side effects, including emotional disorders and lost memories.

In 2004, China’s Ministry of Health ordered a stop to the use of brain lesioning.

DBS builds on that history. But unlike lesioning, which kills brain cells, DBS devices offer a treatment that is, at least in theory, reversible.

In China, DBS devices can cost less than $25,000. Many patients pay with money they have saved up.

Li Dian, you are Yan’s surgeon. “You can rest assured for the safety of this operation,” he told Yan. “It is no problem. When it comes to effectiveness, you are not the first one, nor the last one. You can take it easy because we have done this a lot.”

In fact, there are risks.

Yan could suffer brain damage. He could have had changes to his personality; he could have developed seizures. He may have even gone right back to drugs.

Bloodied white mesh covers the head of a methamphetamine user named Yan on Monday, Oct. 29, 2018, three days after he had a deep brain stimulation device implanted as part of a clinical trial at Ruijin Hospital in Shanghai, China.
Bloodied white mesh covers the head of a methamphetamine user named Yan on Monday, Oct. 29, 2018, three days after he had a deep brain stimulation device implanted as part of a clinical trial at Ruijin Hospital in Shanghai, China.

DBS in the US

Critics believe the surgery should not be permitted. They argue that these experiments fail to deal directly with the issues that drive addiction.

Scientists do not fully understand how DBS works. They still debate where they should place electrodes to treat addiction.

Two U.S. clinical trials on DBS for depression failed around five years ago. At least two U.S. laboratories dropped clinical trials of DBS for treating alcoholism over concerns about study design. The partial results did not seem to justify the risks, researchers told the Associated Press.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that over 500,000 Americans died of drug overdoses between 2008 and 2017. That is more than the total number of U.S. soldiers who died in World War II and Vietnam combined.

In February, the Food and Drug Administration approved a small trial of DBS for opioid use disorder.

The FDA did not comment on the action.

“People are dying,” said Ali Rezai, the leader of the study at West Virginia University’s Rockefeller Neuroscience Institute on Drug Abuse. “Their lives are devastated. It’s a brain issue. We need to explore all options.”

Nader Pouratian is a neurosurgeon at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is investigating the use of DBS for chronic pain. Pouratian said it is an “appropriate time” to research DBS for drug addiction, but only “if we can move forward in ethical, well-informed, well-designed studies.”

What is this machine doing inside my head?

Yan, Patient Number One, had his surgery about six months ago. He was awake when the doctor used a drill to cut through his skull. The noise made him shake.

Later the same day, he was given drugs so he could sleep through a second operation. Doctors implanted a battery pack in his chest to power the electrodes in his skull.

Hours after, Yan still had not woken up from the anesthesia. His father began crying. Doctors wondered if his drug use had changed how his body reacted to anesthesia.

Finally, 10 hours later, Yan opened his eyes.

Two days after the surgery, doctors turned on his DBS device.

When the device turned on, he felt energized. He stayed awake that night; he said he spent the whole night thinking about drugs.

The next day, Doctor Li used a tablet computer to adjust the machine connected to Yan’s head.

​The doctor asked how Yan felt. “Agitated,” Yan said.

Li made a few changes. “Any feelings now?” he asked.

“Pretty happy now,” Yan said.

Yan notes that he felt the changes the machine made. “It controls your happiness, anger, grief and joy,” he said.

Six months later, Yan said he is still off drugs. His skin has improved and he has gained some weight.

Sometimes, in his new life, Yan touches the hard cable wiring in his neck. It leads from the battery pack to the electrodes in his brain. And he wonders: What is the machine doing inside my head?

I'm John Russell.

And I’m Alice Bryant 

Erika Kinetz reported on this story for the Associated Press; Associated Press researcher Chen Si contributed to the report. John Russell adapted it for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

Quiz - Doctors Operate on the Brain to Treat Drug Addiction

Quiz - Doctors Operate on the Brain to Treat Drug Addiction

Start the Quiz to find out

 Words in This Story

electrode – n. a point through which electricity flows into or out of a battery or other device

addiction – n. the condition of growing dependent on something

pacemaker – n. a machine for activating or controlling the heartbeat

stimulate – v. to produce activity or greater activity

alcoholism – n. a medical condition in which someone drinks too much alcohol and becomes unable to live a normal and healthy life

opioid – n. opioids are a class of drugs that include opium, heroin, and synthetic drugs such as fentanyl

ethical – adj. involving questions of right and wrong behavior

drill – n. a tool used for making holes in hard substances

battery – n. a container with one or more cells in which chemical energy is made into electricity and used to make power

adjust – v. to change

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section.

........................................................

 May 09, 2019

News Words: Unique

 


..................................................

 

 

The English We Speak

 

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

 

Like riding a bike

 

EPISODE 1905 13 / 13 MAY 2019

 

Summary

Neil says rock climbing is like riding a bike. Feifei's confused - does that mean he carries a bike up the mountain?! All will be explained in The English We Speak.

Transcript

Feifei
Hello and welcome back to The English We Speak – I’m Feifei.

Neil
And I’m Neil – hello everybody.

Feifei
So Neil, word round the office is that you had quite an exciting weekend!

Neil
That I did! I went away this weekend to do some rock climbing!

Feifei
How exciting! I didn’t think that would be your kind of thing.

Neil
What are saying, Feifei? That I’m not in good shape?

OK, fair point. It has been a long time since I’ve been rock climbing, but I used to go all the time. I may not have the stamina any more, but I still have the technique. It was like riding a bike.

Feifei
What? You rode a bike while climbing? Or did you carry the bike up with you? What are you talking about, Neil?!

Neil
No, I was struggling to pull myself up the rocks, never mind a bike! What I meant is that it’s a skill I will always have and always remember.

Feifei
So we can say ‘It’s like riding a bike’ to mean that once you learn how to do something, you never forget it. Let’s take a look at some more examples.

Examples

Though it’s been a while since I made a video, I managed to do it easily – it was like riding a bike.

I used to do a lot of baking with my mother as a child, and recently I’ve got back in to it. It’s like riding a bike really.

I know it’s been a long time since you’ve done any knitting, but honestly, it’s like riding a bike.

Feifei
This is The English We Speak from BBC Learning English and we’re talking about the phrase ‘It’s like riding a bike’. It's used when we want to say that once you learn how to do something, you never forget it. So Neil said that rock climbing, an activity he used to do all the time, was like riding a bike.

Neil
That’s right, Feifei – it was difficult because it was tiring, but I remembered with ease how to tie the ropes and the best techniques. The idea is that once you have learnt to do something once, like riding a bike, you will never forget that skill.

Feifei
Well it seems that setting up the studio is not like riding a bike for you, Neil. The volume in my headphones is way too loud!

Neil
Oh dear, I think I’d best get away from here as fast as I before Feifei gets really mad! Where's my bike…? Thanks for joining us everyone!

Feifei
Bye!

 

 ..................................................

 

Hinoki Land // Photo from: HinokiLand's Facebook fanpage
Hinoki Land // Photo from: HinokiLand's Facebook fanpage

 

Culture Ministry in a spot of bother after naming a Japanese-inspired place as Thai heritage

national May 14, 2019 01:00

By NISANATH KUNGWANWONG 
THE NATION

 A POPULAR new tourist destination in Chiang Mai, Hinoki Land, has become controversial on social media after the Culture Ministry nominated the Japanese-inspired site as one of Thailand’s top 10 cultural destinations.

Many people posted comments saying, “Hinoki Land should not be included in the list, as it merely copies a Japanese tourist spot of the same name.”

The ministry’s Cultural Promotion Office recently announced the top 10 cultural destinations for people to visit. 

Hinoki Land // Photo from: HinokiLand's Facebook fanpage

The destinations were selected from popular places nationwide, ranging from a botanical garden to an architectural museum and an agricultural farm to a nightlife theatre.

Besides Hinoki Land in Chiang Mai’s Chaiya Prakan district, the other places are Chiang Rai’s Doi Tung, Jim Thompson Farm in Nakhon Ratchasima province, the Nong Nooch Tropical Garden in Chon Buri, the Buffalo Village in Suphan Buri, Woodland Muangmai in Nakhon Pathom province, Ancient City in Samut Prakan, the Siam Niramit theatre in Bangkok and the Phuket Fantasy theatre.

According to the announcement, the ministry selected these places in order to honour them for their cultural heritage. 

The ministry also aims to encourage the general public to promote cultural heritage at both local and national levels.

Criteria not known

However, the ministry did not mention the criteria for its selection, which led the public to wonder about the choices.

A Chiang Mai cultural promotion officer said her office had not nominated Hinoki Land, |but it that was done by the headquarters in Bangkok.

Hinoki Land // Photo from: HinokiLand's Facebook fanpage

Meanwhile, when contacted by The Nation, the Cultural Ministry declined to explain the criteria for selection, saying its officers were in a meeting to discuss the issue and would reveal the criteria today.

“I’m surprised that the Culture Ministry nominated Hinoki Land, which imitates Japan’s popular destination,” Phakkhanan Winitchai, director of Tourism Authority of Thailand’s Chiang Mai Office, said.

“The ministry should reveal the selection criteria. If the criteria claims to be based on Thai culture, it may not be credible. However, if the place was selected for its international value, it may pass.”

file photo
file photo

Anutin won’t back a PM dependent on senators

politics May 14, 2019,01:00

By THE NATION

BHUMJAITHAI LEADER SAYS HIS PARTY WILL SUPPORT A CANDIDATE WHO ENJOYS MAJORITY SUPPORT AMONG MPS 

Bhumjaithai leader Anutin Charnvirakul made it clear yesterday that his party will not support a PM candidate who does have the backing from a simple majority of MPs in Parliament.

Anutin, who has come under criticism over his silence in the formation of the government, clarified that no Bhumjaithai MP would vote for a candidate who relied on the Senate to become the head of the government.

Amid the ongoing uncertainty, the rival camps engaged in brinkmanship to form the government, while the Democrat Party and Bhumjaithai continued to maintain their silence on joining either bloc.

Neither the pro- nor the anti-junta blocs have been able to muster enough MPs to have a simple majority in the 500-member House of Representatives. The anti-junta bloc has 245 seats and its rivals 135.

Despite being more than 100 MPs short of a simple majority in Parliament, General Prayut Chan-o-cha, the PM candidate of Phalang Pracharat, told the press yesterday that the party’s government formation process was going on.

As the negotiations were mainly about the distribution of Cabinet seats, Prayut admitted that the party was considering how to allocate ministerial positions. The 11 minor parties, who will also be part of the lower house, announced yesterday they will join Phalang Pracharat to form a government and back Prayut’s bid to return as PM.

Phalang Pracharat leader Utama Savanayana joined a press conference |yesterday to receive the official documents endorsed by the 11 parties and expressed confidence that Phalang Pracharat would become the coalition leader.

Negotiations with both Democrat and Bhumjaitai parties were underway, Utama said, declining to disclose how the deal was being cut.

Meanwhile, the anti-junta Future Forward Party, which opposes Prayut’s return to power, remained hopeful that they could still block the general. 

Though some 11 minor parties have revealed their stance in favour of Prayut, Future Forward leader Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit said yesterday that it was still possible to gather some 375 MPs to vote for a PM against the junta-appointed Senate and the minority MPs.

Thanathorn said Future Forward was talking to different parties, including Democrat and Bhumjaitai, to join the anti-junta camp. 

He did not reveal how the negotiations were going.

Bhumjaithai leader Anutin yesterday led his party’s successful candidates to receive the official documents from the Election Commission (EC), approving their MP status, and told the press that the party had not discussed anything with Phalang Pracharat about setting up a government.

However, Bhumjaitai is scheduled to have a meeting next Monday and Anutin said that it was possible the party’s decision would be made on that day.

At the EC office, Anutin also met with anti-junta politician Seripisut Temiyavet, who had also come to receive his documents. 

Seripisut told Anutin in front of the media to join the bloc. “[You] can be the PM or the transport minister. Pheu Thai is okay with that.”

The Democrat Party, meanwhile, will make a decision only after it gets a new leader tomorrow.

............................................................

FINISHED

May 14, 2019

 

 



แสดงความคิดเห็น


ถึง บล็อกเกอร์ ทุกท่าน โปรดอ่าน
   ด้วยทาง บริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ จำกัด (มหาชน) ได้ติดต่อขอความร่วมมือ มายังเว็บไซต์และเว็บบล็อกต่าง ๆ รวมไปถึงเว็บบล็อก OKnation ห้ามให้มีการเผยแพร่ผลงานอันมีลิขสิทธิ์ ของบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ บนเว็บ blog โดยกำหนดขอบเขตของสิ่งที่ห้ามทำ และสามารถทำได้ ดังนี้
ห้ามทำ
- การใส่ผลงานเพลงต้นฉบับให้ฟัง ทั้งแบบควบคุมเพลงได้ หรือซ่อนเป็นพื้นหลัง และทั้งที่อยู่ใน server ของคุณเอง หรือ copy code คนอื่นมาใช้
- การเผยแพร่ file ให้ download ทั้งที่อยู่ใน server ของคุณเอง หรือฝากไว้ server คนอื่น
สามารถทำได้
- เผยแพร่เนื้อเพลง ต้องระบุชื่อเพลงและชื่อผู้ร้องให้ชัดเจน
- การใส่เพลงที่ร้องไว้เอง ต้องระบุชื่อผู้ร้องต้นฉบับให้ชัดเจน
จึงเรียนมาเพื่อโปรดปฎิบัติตาม มิเช่นนั้นทางบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ จะให้ฝ่ายดูแลลิขสิทธิ์ ดำเนินการเอาผิดกับท่านตามกฎหมายละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์
OKNATION



กฎกติกาการเขียนเรื่องและแสดงความคิดเห็น
1 การเขียน หรือแสดงความคิดเห็นใด ๆ ต้องไม่หมิ่นเหม่ หรือกระทบต่อสถาบันชาติ ศาสนา และพระมหากษัตริย์ หรือกระทบต่อความมั่นคงของชาติ
2. ไม่ใช้ถ้อยคำหยาบคาย ดูหมิ่น ส่อเสียด ให้ร้ายผู้อื่นในทางเสียหาย หรือสร้างความแตกแยกในสังคม กับทั้งไม่มีภาพ วิดีโอคลิป หรือถ้อยคำลามก อนาจาร
3. ความขัดแย้งส่วนตัวที่เกิดจากการเขียนเรื่อง แสดงความคิดเห็น หรือในกล่องรับส่งข้อความ (หลังไมค์) ต้องไม่นำมาโพสหรือขยายความต่อในบล็อก และการโพสเรื่องส่วนตัว และการแสดงความคิดเห็น ต้องใช้ภาษาที่สุภาพเท่านั้น
4. พิจารณาเนื้อหาที่จะโพสก่อนเผยแพร่ให้รอบคอบ ว่าจะไม่เป็นการละเมิดกฎหมายใดใด และปิดคอมเมนต์หากจำเป็นโดยเฉพาะเรื่องที่มีเนื้อหาพาดพิงสถาบัน
5.การนำเรื่อง ภาพ หรือคลิปวิดีโอ ที่มิใช่ของตนเองมาลงในบล็อก ควรอ้างอิงแหล่งที่มา และ หลีกเลี่ยงการเผยแพร่สิ่งที่ละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นรูปแบบหรือวิธีการใดก็ตาม 6. เนื้อหาและความคิดเห็นในบล็อก ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับทีมงานผู้ดำเนินการจัดทำเว็บไซต์ โดยถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบทางกฎหมายเป็นการส่วนตัวของสมาชิก
คลิ้กอ่านเงื่อนไขทั้งหมดที่นี่"
OKnation ขอสงวนสิทธิ์ในการปิดบล็อก ลบเนื้อหาและความคิดเห็น ที่ขัดต่อความดังกล่าวข้างต้น โดยไม่ต้องชี้แจงเหตุผลใดๆ ต่อเจ้าของบล็อกและเจ้าของความคิดเห็นนั้นๆ
   

กลับไปหน้าที่แล้ว กลับด้านบน