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The weather temperature this morning is under thirty celsius. Means luckily for people to left a trouble about

the atmosphere. It caused by the rain rains last night. However, the wind outside does not blow.

Then you may still a little uncomfortable next.

 Two sources of assistants, Google Translate, and G Grammarly have to thanks as ever.

 

FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/IBlUM-0NZZU


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US Schools Consider New Methods for Dealing with Active Shooters

4 hours ago

Natalie Henry-Howell, second from left, and Thomas Howell, right, parents of Riley Howell, are comforted after a memorial service for Riley Howell in Lake Junaluska, N.C., Sunday, May 5, 2019. Family and hundreds of friends and neighbors are remembering H
Natalie Henry-Howell, second from left, and Thomas Howell, right, parents of Riley Howell, are comforted after a memorial service for Riley Howell in Lake Junaluska, N.C., Sunday, May 5, 2019. Family and hundreds of friends and neighbors are remembering H
 
US Schools Consider New Methods for Dealing with Active Shooters

Americans are remembering students who died in recent weeks while trying to stop gunmen at two schools in the United States. Some people have praised the students for their actions, calling them heroic.

Their actions demonstrate growing public support for guiding students on what they can do, in some situations, to stop armed attackers. Experts say educators should offer teachers and students as many choices as possible for how to deal with an active shooter - including fighting back.

On April 30, a gunman opened fire at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. The university sent students messages on their phones that read “Run, Hide, Fight.”

Riley Howell chose to fight. He lost his life trying to stop the shooter. The local police chief described the 21-year-old student as “the first and foremost hero.” He said if Howell had not tackled the gunman, more students could have died. Along with Howell, one other student died in the attack.

Nine days later, Kendrick Castillo was killed trying to stop a gunman who had entered the STEM School Highlands Ranch in Colorado.

The school sits less than 15 kilometers from Columbine High School. That is where, 20 years ago, two gunmen killed 12 students and a teacher.

Like Howell, the 18-year-old Castillo was described as a hero whose actions helped save lives.

Kendrick Ray Castillo, 18, was killed during a shooting Tuesday at the Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) School in Highlands Ranch, Colorado.
Kendrick Ray Castillo, 18, was killed during a shooting Tuesday at the Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) School in Highlands Ranch, Colorado.

The STEM school uses a “Locks, Lights, Out of Sight” method for dealing with active shooters. A school official would not say whether the school had ever suggested students fight back against an active shooter.

But student Brendan Bialy had thought about it on his own. And, on May 8, he joined Castillo in diving toward the gunman and taking the gun away. Bialy, who is also 18, survived the shooting.

The next day, he told reporters, “I don’t like the idea of running and hiding….Somebody like that, I’m going to fight them there.”

Brendan Bialy speaks about his part in stopping the attack at the STEM School Highlands Ranch during a news conference, May 8, 2019, in Englewood, Colo.
Brendan Bialy speaks about his part in stopping the attack at the STEM School Highlands Ranch during a news conference, May 8, 2019, in Englewood, Colo.

There always have been students willing to take action, notes Greg Crane. He founded a for-profit group called the ALICE Institute. The name ALICE is short for AlertLockdown, Inform, CounterEvacuate.

Crane says he created the institute in 2001 based on what had already been done by students who brought down shooters themselves.

Crane said many people have a “warrior mindset, a hero mindset.” He noted the importance of providing information and training so that, in Crane's words, “when they are the first one to stand up and start moving to do something, maybe they’re not alone.”

The institute’s training has been offered to educators from over 5,000 public school districts, Crane said. Often, police officers lead the training programs. Crane said the program does not teach ways of fighting back. Instead, it advises people to make noise, create disorder and confuse the attacker.

In the state of Maryland, Baltimore County Public Schools started offering ALICE this year.

If a shooter gets too close, students are told to find any object they can and throw it at the attacker. Students also should shout and make other loud noises. The idea is to create enough disorder to escape.

Young children are told not to make physical contact with the attacker. But teachers and older students have that choice, said George Roberts, the head of Baltimore County Public Schools.

Roberts said, “The adults are trained how to grab the arms, grab the legs” and get control of the attacker until police arrive.

“This more active response provides a level of choice,” Roberts added.

Roberts was principal at Maryland’s Perry Hall High School in 2012, when a student brought a gun into the meal room and wounded another student.

Karen Shepard has several children and grandchildren. Their Athens, Pennsylvania, school district adopted ALICE training this year. Shepard says she wants the children to know not to gather in just one part of the classroom if a gunman enters the room.

“They should barricade, they should have something in their hands,” Shepard said. “At least they’d have a fighting chance.”

It is not an easy discussion to have with students at any age, said Joseph Eradi. He was school superintendent in Newtown, Connecticut, after a gunman killed 26 people at an elementary school there.

Eradi said, ‘What we’ve learned over time is to provide staff and students with as many options as possible in the moment.”

He added, “You never want to take that common sense element out.”

I'm Ashley Thompson.

 

The Associated Press reported this story. Ashley Thompson adapted it for VOA Learning English. Caty Weaver was the editor.

 

US Schools Consider New Methods for Dealing with Active Shooters

US Schools Consider New Methods for Dealing with Active Shooters

Start the Quiz to find out

____________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

tackle - v. to forcefully seize (someone) and cause that person to fall to the ground

alert - adj. able to think clearly and to notice things

lock - v. to fasten the door, lid, etc., of (something) with a lock

counter - v. to do something in defense or in response to something — often + with

evacuate - v. to remove (someone) from a dangerous place

confuse - v. to make (someone) uncertain or unable to understand something

grab - v. to quickly take and hold (someone or something) with your hand or arms

principal - n. the person in charge of a public school

barricade - v. to block (something) so that people or things cannot enter or leave

option - n. the opportunity or ability to choose something or to choose between two or more things

 

Middle East Politics Having a Big Effect on Eurovision Song Contest

4 hours ago

Kate Miller-Heidke of Australia performs during a rehearsal for the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest in Tel Aviv, Israel, Monday May 13, 2019. (AP Photo/Sebastian Scheiner)
Kate Miller-Heidke of Australia performs during a rehearsal for the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest in Tel Aviv, Israel, Monday May 13, 2019. (AP Photo/Sebastian Scheiner)
 

 

Middle East Politics Having a Big Effect on Eurovision Song Contest
 

Performers from 41 countries gathered in Tel Aviv’s “Culture Square” last weekend for the opening ceremony for Eurovision 2019.

The 64th Eurovision Song Contest holds semi-final events this week in Tel Aviv, Israel’s show business capital. The contest will end on Saturday, when the winner is announced.

The Eurovision finals are being held in Israel because Israeli singer Netta Barzilai won the event last year. The winning country usually hosts the competition the following year.

Cypriot singer Tamta was the first contestant to walk the orange carpet in Culture Square. Reporters and camera crews followed her every move.

“Everyone is excited in my team. I’m really happy to be here,” she said.

 

 

DJ Darude of Finland said artists behind the scenes at the festival were “slapping high-fives and having a good time.”

 

 

Security and politics

The Eurovision song contest is taking place at a time of security concerns in Israel and calls for a boycott.

Contest organizers are worried about recent violence between Israel and Palestinians living in the Gaza Strip. For now, a ceasefire that went into effect over a week ago has been holding.

Security in and around Tel Aviv has been increased over fears that activists may try to disrupt the competition.

The Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions or BDS movement is a Pro-Palestinian group. It aims to pressure governments, companies, performers, and others to cut ties with Israel. It has called on singers and broadcasters to withdraw from the 2019 Eurovision finals.

No delegations have yet pulled out of the competition.

Israel has launched a counter-campaign, criticizing BDS and accusing some of the group’s supporters of hating Jews or having ties to militant groups such as Hamas. BDS leaders reject these claims.

Pop star Madonna is supposed to make a guest appearance at the Eurovision finals on Saturday. She has rejected calls to boycott the event.

“I’ll never stop playing music to suit someone’s political agenda,” she said in a statement to the Reuters news agency. “Nor will I stop speaking out against violations of human rights wherever in the world they may be.”

John Kennedy O’Connor wrote the official history of the Eurovision Song Contest. He noted that “there’s definitely more controversy around Israel’s contest than past ones.”

I'm John Russell.

The Associated Press and the Reuters news agency reported this story. John Russell adapted the reports for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

_____________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

contestant – n. a person who takes part in a contest

carpet – n. a floor covering

behind-the-scenes – phrase out of sight

high-five – n. the action of when two people raise one hand each, and push or hit the other person’s hand

disrupt – v. to cause (something) to be unable to continue in the normal way

counter – adv. in the opposite direction; in conflict with

agenda – n. a list of subjects or things to be discussed

controversy – n. a disagreement or prolonged dispute

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section.

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Accessibility links

Unit 1: The Experiment

Session 11

The Experiment is a collection of short series that are a little different to our usual programmes - but still help you improve your English.

Our third series, Small Talk, lets you know which subjects it's best to avoid when chatting to British people.

Session 11 score

0 / 3

Activity 1

Small Talk

Subjects to avoid in British small talk: Salary

They're the conversations we have by the lifts, at bus stops and over garden fences. We call it small talk - but that doesn't mean it's of little importance. In this episode we tackle another big conversational no-no - salary.

See what happens when Neil tries to ask Callum some financial details. BBC Learning English Producers Kee and Sam then explain what's wrong with Neil's small talk and how he could make it better in future.

 Watch the video and complete the activity

Did you enjoy that? You might like these…

Small talk sex1920 X 1080 copy warts.jpg put someone on the map

Small tips for making small talk:

Subjects to avoid in British small talk: sex, salary, politics

These are examples of the topics it's best not to ask about when you are making conversation with people you don't have a very close relationship with. They can make people feel awkward and the conversation may end suddenly!

Do: ask general questions about work

Use the information you have about someone as a place to start a conversation. You might ask how their job or college course is going. Then you could tell them something about your experience at work or college. If you know they have family, you could ask how they are and say something about your own family.

Don't: ask how much someone earns

British people tend to avoid discussing how much money they earn or have during small talk. And asking someone about their salary will probably make them feel very awkward and want to avoid you!

To do

Try our quiz to see what you've learnt about British small talk:

 

The Small Talk Quiz

3 Questions

See how much you've learnt about British small talk

 
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File photo
File photo

Smog crisis in North blamed on authorities’ top-down approach

national May 15, 2019 01:00

By Pratch Rujivanarom 
The Nation 

ACADEMICS PUT down the authorities’ failure to control this year’s smog crisis in the North to an inappropriate “command-and-control approach”, adding that this problem will persist if the strategy is not revised.

Naporn Popattanachai, director of Thammasart University’s Centre for Natural Resources and Environmental Law, said drought next year will worsen if the authorities do not change their approach and bring the public on board when it comes to dealing with air pollution. 

Though the smog season has come to an end with rains arriving in the North, Naporn said evidence such as PM2.5 (particulate matter less than 2.5 microns in size), hotspots and the duration indicate that the smog situation this year lasted longer and was more severe than previous years. This also proves that the government’s measures to control the problem have failed, he said. 

He added that the smog-tackling measures failed because they lacked a holistic approach and did not deal with the different sources, as the authorities only focused on banning outdoor fires, which eventually turned farmers against the authorities. 

“We observed that despite the ban, wildfires and hotspots took place anyway, intensifying the smog in the North,” he said. “This only proves that the authorities’ top-down command-and-control approach, forcing people not to burn farming waste in their fields and starting wildfires to gather forest products, is no longer effective as farmers are not interested in complying with the authorities.” 

Sonthi Kotchawat, a leading environmental health expert, said outdoor fires were responsible for 54 per cent of the overall PM2.5 emissions. 

Naporn, meanwhile, said the only way this situation can be reversed is if the authorities bring people on their side when it comes to tackling the problem from every source. 

“The authorities need to change their approach, and call on local people to work with them to achieve sustainable solutions to control outdoor fires and other sources of pollution,” he said. 

Admitting that the factors behind the smog crisis are very complicated and complex, he said they are still connected to several structural issues and involve multiple stakeholders, including influential big food companies, he said. In fact, he added, as consumers we should also be able to seek sustainable solutions to the chronic smog problem in the North. 

For instance, he said, maize farmers are forced to set fire to farm waste and encroach into forests to expand their fields because big food companies require larger harvests. Since they earn little for their crops, the farmers have no choice but to cut down their production costs by practising the cheaper slash-and-burn technique to prepare their farm for the next crop. 

“By imposing the right regulations to relieve farmers’ burden from contract farming, we can help them switch their farming techniques to more environmentally friendly ones and greatly cut down on the generation of pollution,” he suggested. 

He also added that the policies for tackling smog should be flexible, in order to adapt to the changing situation and allow all related stake holders to change their practices. 

One stateless schoolgirl on way to US, while second waits for her visa

national May 15, 2019 01:00

By THE NATION

THE 17-YEAR-OLD stateless schoolgirl Yonladee Phiyatat, who was granted Thai nationality last week and received her passport yesterday, is getting ready to participate in the Genius Olympiad in New York next month.

Ranong Governor Chatupoj Piyumputra and teachers from Stree Ranong School accompanied Yonladee to the Foreign Ministry’s Department of Consular Affairs in Bangkok to apply for her Thai passport. The department’s director-general Chatri Archjananun was at hand to welcome the group. 

After receiving the travel document, Yonladee said she was very happy and thanked everybody who helped her get it. Her next step is applying for a US visa for the upcoming trip. 

The girl’s request for Thai citizenship was quickly approved earlier last week, after she went public over her fear of losing the opportunity to participate in the contest. Her Facebook post immediately won her public sympathy and attention from relevant authorities. 

Despite being born and brought up in Thailand, Yonladee did not automatically receive Thai citizenship because her parents were foreign migrants. Now, finally a citizen, she has promised to do her best to win her country fame at the contest. 

Meanwhile, another Chiang Rai-based stateless schoolgirl, 18-year-old Nampeung Panya, who received her Thai citizenship around the same time as Yonladee, departed for the US yesterday to take part in the “Intel International Science and Engineering Fair” in Phoenix, Arizona today. 

Before leaving, the Mathayom 6 schoolgirl – who was born in Thailand to Shan migrant parents – vowed to make Thailand proud by presenting the school project for a rice seed-coating substance that boosts the grain’s water-holding capacity. She has been working on this innovation since she was in Mathayom 3. 

Nampeung, a student at Damrongratsongkroh School, nearly missed out on competing in the fair, as her application for a US visa had been turned down twice due to her statelessness. The determined girl had reportedly spent Bt10,000 weekly travelling back and forth from Chiang Rai to Bangkok to obtain the required documents. However, it was only after her story caught public attention, that the Provincial Administration Department fast-tracked her Thai citizenship, resulting in a US visa being issued for her on Monday.

The girl said she only wanted to get a US visa so she could present her team’s project at the fair, adding that she planned to later follow up on her Thai citizenship application, which she had submitted a year ago. Getting both her citizenship and the US visa in one go was a dream come true, she said. 

Nampeung said her parents never let her wait for opportunities to show up, but instead supported her studies, her school projects and use of the English language until her application to Chiang Mai University’s Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences was accepted.

Hence, she said, all stateless children who share the same fate as her should continue sharpening their potential, never look down on themselves and be prepared to meet the requirements when applying for Thai nationality.

“Once you obtain Thai citizenship, I urge you to repay the country that has given you a chance,” she said.

Tuenjai Deetes, who chairs the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) team working on stateless and ethnic minorities, congratulated Nampeung and commended related agencies, including the Interior and Foreign ministries, for helping her get the documents so she could fly to the US. 

Tuanjai said Nampeung’s case was a sign that related agencies and parties saw the importance of solving the legal status of stateless children and supporting their potential. It was also good that people are becoming aware of this issue, she said. 

She hoped that Nampeung’s case could be a model leading to a joint effort to tackle legal issues that deter stateless people’s access to basic rights, and that they are granted citizenship in a faster and more efficient manner. 

.........................................................

 
 

In the middle of the Napa Valley Wine Country, in the north of California, is the Berryessa Lake. It is an ordinary yet picturesque lake, and has even appeared in a James Bond film. But the bizarre discovery of a mysterious hole in the lake, captured unintendedly by a local’s drone, is spreading like wildfire on the Internet.


The strange phenomenon, which seemed to appear overnight, concerned the man who had first photographed it, and left many people with questions. How can a body of water have a hole in it? Is it real? These questions lead to some very surprising findings.
 
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FINISHED

May 15, 2019

 



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