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Buddhists Commemorate Visakha Bucha Day today as a traditional doing as ever. Let's follow up about Visakha

Bucha Day below.

 Thanks a lot to Google Translate and G Grammarly again.

 

  Buddhists commemorate Visakha Bucha Day – Monday will be a holiday | The Thaiger


NEWS

THAILAND Buddhists Commemorate Visakha Bucha Day – Monday will be a holiday. 

Today is a public holiday in Thailand to mark Visakha Bucha Day, the most significant day in the Buddhist calendar, commemorating three defining events in the life of the Lord Buddha; his birth, attaining enlightenment at 35 years old, and then his death 45 years later, which all occurred on the full-moon day of the sixth lunar month.

Visakha Bucha Day is one of the most important Buddhist holidays in the Thai calendar and this year it takes place on May 18, 2019. It is important as it was the day of three important incidents that occurred during the life of Lord Buddha. They all happened on the full moon of the sixth lunar month.

This evening, Buddhists gather at temples to perform the ‘wian tien’ ritual, walking in circles three times around the main temple building with lighted candles.


Because Visakha Bucha Day falls on a Saturday this year, Monday will be a public holiday.

 

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Taiwan Approves Same-Sex Marriage in First for Asia

4 hours ago

Same-sex marriage supporters celebrate after Taiwan became the first place in Asia to legalize same-sex marriage, outside the Legislative Yuan in Taipei, Taiwan May 17, 2019. (REUTERS/Tyrone Siu)
Same-sex marriage supporters celebrate after Taiwan became the first place in Asia to legalize same-sex marriage, outside the Legislative Yuan in Taipei, Taiwan May 17, 2019. (REUTERS/Tyrone Siu)
 
Taiwan Approves Same-Sex Marriage in First for Asia
 

Taiwan’s legislature voted Friday to legalize same-sex marriage. It became the first country in Asia to recognize the rights of same-sex couples.

The new legislation gives couples many of the tax, health insurance and child care rights available to male-female married couples.

Before the vote, Taiwanese lawmakers were under pressure from two sides: gayactivists and religious groups opposed to the measure.

Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen supported the same-sex marriage bill. She wrote: “On May 17th, 2019 in Taiwan, Love Won. We took a big step toward true equality, and made Taiwan a better country.” Her comments appeared on the American news and social media service Twitter.

“It’s a breakthrough, I have to say so,” said Shiau Hong-chi. He is a professor of gender studies and communications management at Shih-Hsin University in Taiwan.

Thousands of people demonstrated Friday morning in the rainy streets outside the parliament building before the vote. Many protesters carried signs reading “The vote cannot fail.” About 50 opponents sat nearby and gave speeches in support of marriage between only men and women.

Taiwan’s Constitutional Court ruled in May 2017 that the constitution permits same-sex marriages. The court gave parliament two years to amend the island’s marriage laws.

The court order got gay rights groups pushing for fair treatment. It also increased activism by Christian groups and supporters of traditional Chinese family values. They note the importance of marriage and producing children.

The first same-sex marriage law in Asia

Religion, conservative values and political systems that discourage gay activism have slowed moves toward same-sex marriage in many Asian countries. However, Thailand is exploring the legalization of same-sex civil partnerships.

“This will help (fuel a) debate in Thailand, and hopefully will help Thailand move faster on our own partnership bill,” said Wattana Keiangpa of the Asia Pacific Coalition on Male Sexual Health.

Phil Robertson is the deputy Asia director for Human Rights Watch. He said Taiwan’s actions should kick “off a larger movement across Asia to ensure equality.”

Taiwan’s acceptance of gay relationships began in the 1990s. That is when leaders of the Democratic Progressive Party supported the cause to help Taiwan stand out in Asia as an open society.

Taiwan is a self-governing democracy with a strong civil society. The island’s political system supports rights for sexual and ethnic minorities, women, and others.

Yet mainland China claims the island as part of its territory. The mainland is under the control of the Chinese Communist Party. Party officials have repeatedly discouraged even the discussion of legalizing same-sex marriage.

News of Taiwan’s new law, however, was a popular issue on social media in China. The Twitter-like website Weibo had more than 100 million views.

A same-sex marriage supporter holds rose to mourn those who committed suicide due to discrimination during a parliament vote on three draft bills of a same-sex marriage law, outside the Legislative Yuan in Taipei, Taiwan May 17, 2019.
A same-sex marriage supporter holds rose to mourn those who committed suicide due to discrimination during a parliament vote on three draft bills of a same-sex marriage law, outside the Legislative Yuan in Taipei, Taiwan May 17, 2019.

Continued opposition

Opponents in Taiwan raised fears of insurance scams and children confused by having two mothers or two fathers. Both sides of the issue have held colorful street demonstrations and tried to influence lawmakers.

“This is going to cause a lot of morality problems,” said Lin Shih-min. He is with the Taiwan political action group Stability of Power, which opposed the law. “Children…have the right to grow up with both a mother and a father,” he said.

In November of 2018, a majority of Taiwanese voters rejected same-sex marriage in a special referendum. However, legislators supported the idea and voted separately on each item largely along party lines. They said it followed the law as well as the spirit of the island-wide vote.

“We need to take responsibility for the referendum last year and we need to take responsibility for people who have suffered from incomplete laws or faced discrimination,” said Hsiao Bi-khim, a ruling party legislator. She spoke during the three-hour parliament meeting.

At least 20 same-sex couples are planning a mass marriage registration in Taipei on May 24, said a representative of the group Marriage Equality Coalition Taiwan. They will hold a large gathering the next day on a street outside the presidential office, the organizer said.

The law will help Jay Lin and his partner. They want to marry and be joint parents of their two 2-year-old sons. They plan to register for a marriage permit after May 24.

“A lot of gay parents are excited about that already,” said Lin, a Taipei-based technology worker.

I’m Susan Shand.

 

The Associated Press reported this story. Susan Shand adapted it for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.

________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

couple - n. two people who are married or who have a romantic or sexual relationship

insurance - n. an agreement in which a person makes regular payments to a company and the company promises to pay money if the person is injured or dies, or to pay money equal to the value of something (such as a house or car) if it is damaged, lost, or stolen

gay - adj. : sexually attracted to someone who is the same sex

gender - n. the state of being male or female

discourage - v. to try to make people not want to do (something)

view - n. something that is seen on a website

scam - n. to deceive and take money from

confuse - v. to make (someone) uncertain or unable to understand something

referendum - n. a public vote on a particular issue

item - n. an individual thing

 

May 17, 2019

May 17, 2019
A look at the best news photos from around the world.

Same-sex marriage supporters celebrate after Taiwan became the first place in Asia to legalize same-sex marriage, outside the Legislative Yuan in Taipei, Taiwan.
1Same-sex marriage supporters celebrate after Taiwan became the first place in Asia to legalize same-sex marriage, outside the Legislative Yuan in Taipei, Taiwan.
Visitors look out a window of the Xiangshan hotel designed by Chinese-American architect I.M. Pei and built in 1982 in Beijing, China. A spokesman confirmed on Thursday that Pei has died at the age of 102. 
2Visitors look out a window of the Xiangshan hotel designed by Chinese-American architect I.M. Pei and built in 1982 in Beijing, China. A spokesman confirmed on Thursday that Pei has died at the age of 102. 
Activists supporting the sea rescue of migrants in the Mediterranean Sea attach a huge life vest to the
3Activists supporting the sea rescue of migrants in the Mediterranean Sea attach a huge life vest to the "Molecule Man" sculpture in Berlin, Germany.
A photographer takes a picture of the artwork
4A photographer takes a picture of the artwork "Straight" of Chinese artist Ai Weiwei at the exhibition "Everything is art. Everything is politics" at Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen in Dusseldorf, Germany, May 16, 2019.

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VOA60: May 17, 2019

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1

Unit 1: Go beyond intermediate with our new video course
Onward and upward

Grammar Reference

 

1) The third conditional

We use the third conditional to talk about imagined past events: things that might have happened in the past, but didn’t happen.

If I’d known it was your birthday, I’d have bought you a present.
If the taxi had arrived on time, he wouldn’t have missed the plane.

A conditional sentence has two parts. In the third conditional, the if part is the imaginary situation in the past, and the main part is what could have happened (but didn’t happen) as a result. We make the third conditional with if + past perfect, and would have + past participle.

If I’d known it was your birthday… (This is the imaginary situation in the past)

I’d have bought you a present. (This is the imaginary result of the situation in the past)

The two parts can come in any order. When we write, we put a comma between the if part and the result part. You don’t use a comma when the result part comes first.

  • If I’d known it was your birthday, I’d have bought you a present.
  • I’d have bought you a present if I’d known it was your birthday.
  • If the taxi had arrived on time, Jack wouldn’t have missed the plane.
  • Jack wouldn’t have missed the plane if the taxi had arrived on time.

We use the past perfect in the if part to show the situation is imaginary and didn’t actually happen. The result part of the sentence tells us the imaginary result of this situation. 

If there had been any snow, we’d have gone skiing. (There wasn’t any snow; we didn’t go skiing.)

If it hadn’t been raining, we’d have had a picnic.(It was raining; we didn’t have a picnic.)

Form

Positive
If you’d asked me to marry you, I’d have said no.
We’d have been in trouble if we’d missed the last train.

Negative
She wouldn’t have become ill if she’d taken the medicine.
It would have been better if they hadn’t come to the party.
If you hadn’t been 
so friendly, I wouldn’t have talked to you.

Question
What would they have done if they’d lost 
their jobs?             
If I’d told 
him the truth, how would he have felt?

Short answer
In short answers, you use would/wouldn’t.
If you’d needed help, would you have asked me?
Yes, I would.
 / No, I wouldn’t.

Take note: past continuous

We can use the past continuous in the if part of the sentence.

If he’d been driving more carefully, he wouldn’t have had an accident. 
I wouldn’t have met my girlfriend if I’d been living abroad.

Take note: modals

We can use other modal verbs in the result part, for example mightMight shows we are less certain than when we use will.

We might have been happier if we’d bought the other house.
If he hadn’t got up so late, he might not have missed the train.

Take note: ‘I wish …’and ‘If only …’

We use I wish or If only with the past perfect when we are sorry about something that happened in the past, and we imagine doing things differently.
 
I wish I’d stayed in bed this morning. (I’m having a bad day today.)

If only I’d stayed in bed this morning.

I wish I’d picked the other horse! (My horse didn’t win the race.)

If only I’d picked the other horse!

Spoken English

In the third conditional, we usually use a short form of had and had not when we speak: I had = I'd, I had not = I hadn’t. We also use a short form of would and would not: I would = I'd, he would = he'd, I would not = I wouldn’t, etc.

We’d have been unhappy if we’d lost the game.

We wouldn’t have been happy if we hadn’t won the game.

The third conditional is sometimes confusing because I’d can mean both I had and I would – so listen carefully! And remember that I’d in the if part is I had, and I’d in the result part is I would.

2) Double contractions

In spoken English, people often use contractions like this: I will becomes I'll and you would becomes you'd. Double contractions are when we shorten three words, like this:

I would have -> I'd've

could not have -> couldn't've

might not have -> mightn't've

must not have -> mustn't've

cannot have -> can't've

you would have -> you'd've

he would have -> he'd've

she would have -> she'd've

we would have -> we'd've

they would have -> they'd've

 

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Pol Lt Colonel Dr Anchulee (Teerawongpaisan) Phetcharat
Pol Lt Colonel Dr Anchulee (Teerawongpaisan) Phetcharat

Police doctor in trouble over US birth-right tip

national May 17, 2019 13:39

By The Nation

A former deputy police spokeswoman could come under scrutiny by both the Royal Thai Police and the Medical Council of Thailand after suggesting on social media that Thai women can give birth in the United States using a legal loophole to obtain US nationality.

Pol Lt-General Withoon Nitiwarangkul, director of Police General Hospital, where Pol Lt Colonel Dr Anchulee (Teerawongpaisan) Phetcharat – colloquially known as Dr Air – serves in the Department of  of Psychiatry and Drug Dependence, said on Friday he had instructed public relations officials at the hospital to look into the matter. 

Their findings would determine whether Anchulee violating any rule, he said, and if so, would lead to an official probe. 

Withoon stressed that there was no fact-finding or disciplinary probe underway as yet.

Medical Council secretary-general Dr Itthiporn Khanacharoen said his agency was checking whether Anchulee’s “personal post” online had breached medical professional ethics.

Anchulee, who gave birth to a son earlier this month, drew criticism after posting a photo of herself pregnant on May 14 with a message inscribed on her belly in Thai. 

The caption invited interested mothers-to-be to give birth in the US to secure a better future and good opportunities for their child. It said they could get free counselling from a private-sector service. 

Anchulee deleted the post in the wake of numerous negative comments, including some questioning whether abuse of the claimed legal loophole was fair to American taxpayers.

The US constitution deems anyone born in the country an American citizen. Thousands of foreigners go there every year to give birth and thus gain for their children US citizenship and the privileges it offers, including free primary and secondary education. 

US citizens can also apply for permission for their parents, spouses and children under 21 who live abroad to relocate to the US. 

The Centre for Migration Studies puts the figure at 36,000 foreign women giving birth in the US each year, with many coming from China, Taiwan, South Korea, Nigeria, Turkey, Russia, Brazil and Mexico.

The administrator of the US-based Facebook page “CSI LA” criticised Anchulee’s post. 

“I don’t know if Dr Air knows she is breaking US law by posting such an invitation to pregnant women to give birth in the US,” it said. 

“US Immigration Police have been suppressing gangs for such ‘birth tourism’. Many Chinese agents were arrested and jailed. How can Dr Air [do this, since she serves] as a police officer and a doctor? Is it for financial gain, a commission fee from the private sector?”

 
 
  • Ajarn Decha Siriphat at his foundation before the walk starts. Photos by Piyaporn Wong.
  • Ajarn Decha Siriphat at his foundation before the walk starts. Photos by Piyaporn Wong.
 

SPECIAL REPORT: A work life anchored in Dhamma

national May 18, 2019 01:00

By PIYAPORN WONGRUANG 
THE NATION WEEKEND

DECHA SIRIPHAT HAS WORKED UNDER DHAMMA GUIDANCE TO EASE SUFFERING OF FARMERS AS WELL AS PATIENTS

DECHA Siriphat, now in his 70s, could have had a good time taking a rest from his work, climbing up to the treehouse at his Khao Khwan Foundation in Suphan Buri, listening to Mozart’s Godspell melodies or reading good books including Dhamma as he had always done.

Instead, the 71-year-old long-time sustainable agriculture advocate turned newly-endorsed traditional medicine practitioner, has taken on a new challenge to overcome: campaigning for a new round of legal amendments to the already newly amended Narcotics Law in order to free marijuana from any obstacles preventing its use for medical purposes.

So, instead of reading Dhamma and listening to Mozart in his treehouse, the advocate is busy discussing plans with his colleagues and supporters, who will in the next few days launch the country’s first long-distance Cannabis Walk Thailand to raise public awareness on marijuana and surrounding issues.

“If people looked at me from the lens of advocacy and were stuck at my image as a sustainable agriculture advocate, they would never understand why such an advocate has decided to campaign for a plant that has the stigma of narcotics. But if they looked at me as a Dhamma practitioner, they would understand why.

“Marijuana is a more critical issue to fight for than rice, because it’s a drug. Through a Dhamma lens, people can realise what I see in it – its value to help cure people – and wish to bring out to people. This is Dhamma’s way – giving or ‘hai than’ – as I always practice through my work,” said Decha, with his voice low but firm.

 

Decha’s work would not have been guided by Dhamma if he had not met the late revered monk, Buddhadasa Bhikkhu at Suan Mokkhaphalaram Temple in Surat Thani province, renowned for a modest middle path of Dhamma practice.

Born to and familiar with life in the rice fields as the son of a landlord in Suphan Buri, one of the country’s richest rice bowls, Decha could not know that he would one day return to his roots, working on sustainable rice production to save farmers.

Young Decha grew up playing in the rice fields of his father, which were leased to neighbouring farm families and well absorbed the lives of traditional Thai farmers. He learned about the indigenous rice varieties grown by the tenant farmers, long before he applied the knowledge to save them through his foundation’s work.

But the young Decha heavily inspired by the cowboy movies he watched, wished to ride like a cowboy and own a farmspread somewhere. He decided to pursue undergraduate study in livestock.

It took the young undergraduate from Khon Kaen University some four years to learn a cowboy’s way, working as a livestock official for the Agriculture Ministry.

Encountering injustice in bureaucratic life, Decha called it quits and moved back to his home to start his own farm. There, Decha practised a farming style similar to what is today known as sustainable farming, in which livestock are raised along with a variety of plant species to provide year-round income.

However, even as his farm was large, so were his livestock, raising concerns in mother that her son was committing bad karma, via raising and killing livestock.

Decha’s mother begged him to quit that farm and try something else, such as vegetable farming. She soon passed away and Decha decided to leave his livestock business to get ordained for her.

At Suan Mokkh, or the Garden of Liberation, Decha learned the Dhamma of Suan Mokkh’s way. And Buddhadasa Bhikkhu taught him that Dhamma could be practised anywhere when pursuing an ordinary life, and especially when working for other people.

“I didn’t know whether or not my mother could get ‘boon’ or ‘barmi’ from my monkhood, but it was good for my life. It was a turning point in my life,” recalled Decha as he reflected on his three month ordainment at the temple.

 

"Small is beautiful"

Upon returning to the layman's life, he left the livestock farm business to his brothers and turned to a new life advocating for the Appropriate Technology Association (ATA) that was inspired by the world-renowned educator EF Schumacher.

Decha spent five years promoting the “small is beautiful” idea inspired by Schumacher’s book of the same name, through using “appropriate technology” to guide alternative economics in Isaan areas.

It was there that Decha said his life journey really began, both physically and spiritually.

Decha travelled a lot to help people. He also exposed himself to new knowledge, both modern and indigenous, gleaned from the people and places on his travels at home and overseas.

Decha met a number of so-called “local wisdom leaders” as well as learning local wisdom held by communities. He learned about sustainable agriculture, for example, from wise local leaders, including Mahayoo Sunthornthai of Surin province, Decha’s first “kuru” of the practice of sustainable agriculture.

Seed banks of indigenous plant varieties became another mission for Decha.

His work life having become serious, Decha decided to set up his own organisation to translate his own ideas into practice. He set up the Technology for Rural and Ecological Enrichment Centre (TREE) at his home to disseminate ideas about sustainable agriculture, a buzz word at that time as people had no idea what it actually was.

His centre, in the late 1980s, was turned into a foundation for sustainable rice production. Its name, Khao Khawn (the spirit and soul of the rice), was derived from the sacred ritual of morale boosting for farmers using rice as a vehicle.

It was during these years that the country’s so-called alternative sustainable agriculture network was set up, with Decha spearheading and disseminating the idea of sustainable agriculture nationwide and through a number of the country’s critical policies, including the national social and economic development plans.

But Dhamma led, and hard work does not always guarantee success. Despite successful demonstrations in several areas, not all farmers followed his example.

It was their biases as much as a lack of knowledge that blinded them from the helpful path, Decha concluded.

Over the years, and working with allies, Decha found he had to switch between the so-called “cool” work to its opposite “hot” ones in order to push for change.

While promoting sustainable agricultural knowledge, Decha and his network had to step out to fight farm chemical firms and past governments to influence their decision-making on several farm issues, including excessive use of farm chemicals.

At Khao Khawn, Decha also set up a farmers’ school as a vehicle to deliver a vision of sustainable rice farming so as to help clear their biases and empower them.

 

A quest for the cure

It was his family members’ cancers that drew Decha to the narcotic plant of marijuana.

His mother had died of cancer, as did his uncles. Decha later delved into the alleged curative power of marijuana in an attempt to find other medical treatment that would leave him a little more chance of surviving cancer.

Decha started to self-study medicines based on marijuana, searching the internet for knowledge and case studies. He learned how to extract marijuana oil from a Canadian man who said it had helped him cure the cancer.

But the same formula of medicine did not work when he tried it in Thailand, using it on an acquaintance who was sick with the disease.

Decha then turned to “knowledge of the East”, consulting with a monk who he believed to be self-trained in Dhamma until he possessed an intuition, the supreme knowledge to learn and know things from meditation.

Decha consulted him on using medicines made from marijuana until he obtained his own formula. Mixed with cool extracted coconut oil, some few drops of marijuana oil performed a miracle. It helped cure another patient of his after six months of use, Decha claimed.

But this came with two other rules. The patient had to cease all injurious food and items, and he or she had to hold the Five Precepts.

The injurious food and items were believed to reinforce cancers, while the Five Precepts was believed to relieve “karma” contributing to the person’s illness.

After that patient, Decha then tried using the oil himself. He started to cure his deteriorating sight and his shaking hands returned almost to normal, he claimed. Decha has since claimed the power of medicines made with marijuana and began to distribute them to others for free through temples he knew.

“From what happened, I realised that this would be the best for me, who was prone to getting cancer. And then it could cure other illnesses, so I realised that its power was unlimited in curing people. So, I started to give the medicine to others,” said Decha.

Since last year, Decha’s marijuana medicines have been distributed in a few temples in Phichit province and Suphan Buri, while he launched training classes at his foundation.

The activities were last month disrupted when he was threatened with arrest as a result of the newly amended narcotics law.

The law allows only certain groups of people to produce marijuana-based medicine, and strict conditions are imposed to ensure the safety of patients. Among those are that the healer must be a medical practitioner, using either modern or traditional knowledge.

The conditions caused several public health and consumer advocacy groups to help push for the registration of Decha as a traditional medical practitioner so he could continue producing his medicines.

However, several other hurdles – rules and procedures – must first be cleared, demonstrating how difficult it is for a single traditional medical practitioner to produce a remedy.

The groups, including the notable BioThai, decided to push for additional changes to the law, with the key message focusing on the need to ensure the right of patients to access marijuana for medical purposes without any obstacles.

 

Cannabis Walk

The long Cannabis Walk will start on Monday and run for 20 days from Phichit province to Suphan Buri, with Decha taking the lead.

The problem, said Decha, is the viewpoint that marijuana should remain a narcotic under the law. Instead, it should be treated as a “controlled substances” in which it good properties are allowed to be utilised while its negative properties are put under control as they are with tobacco.

Decha does not place much hope that change will come within a day. People, he said, must help push for the change they want.

“For me, I’m just practising Dhamma like I always do. And as I practice Dhamma through my work as always, I think we will win because ‘the angels’ are on our sides.

“The point is to achieve a peaceful society, so any rules or regulation must be written to serve Dhamma and not greed. If not, we need to correct it.

“As the angels and Dhamma are by my side, there is nothing to fear,” said Decha, who several times in the past has confronted major interest groups while presenting his modest and calm personality.

Dr Wijarn Phanich, the country’s leading specialist in knowledge management for society, once said of Decha in the preface of the book, The Soul in Rice Grains, the Work and Life of Decha Siriphat; “A life based on the learning of Dhamma and led by Dhamma can truly transform into a life that benefits society at large, as demonstrated by Decha."

 

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FINISHED

May 18, 2019

 

 

 



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กฎกติกาการเขียนเรื่องและแสดงความคิดเห็น
1 การเขียน หรือแสดงความคิดเห็นใด ๆ ต้องไม่หมิ่นเหม่ หรือกระทบต่อสถาบันชาติ ศาสนา และพระมหากษัตริย์ หรือกระทบต่อความมั่นคงของชาติ
2. ไม่ใช้ถ้อยคำหยาบคาย ดูหมิ่น ส่อเสียด ให้ร้ายผู้อื่นในทางเสียหาย หรือสร้างความแตกแยกในสังคม กับทั้งไม่มีภาพ วิดีโอคลิป หรือถ้อยคำลามก อนาจาร
3. ความขัดแย้งส่วนตัวที่เกิดจากการเขียนเรื่อง แสดงความคิดเห็น หรือในกล่องรับส่งข้อความ (หลังไมค์) ต้องไม่นำมาโพสหรือขยายความต่อในบล็อก และการโพสเรื่องส่วนตัว และการแสดงความคิดเห็น ต้องใช้ภาษาที่สุภาพเท่านั้น
4. พิจารณาเนื้อหาที่จะโพสก่อนเผยแพร่ให้รอบคอบ ว่าจะไม่เป็นการละเมิดกฎหมายใดใด และปิดคอมเมนต์หากจำเป็นโดยเฉพาะเรื่องที่มีเนื้อหาพาดพิงสถาบัน
5.การนำเรื่อง ภาพ หรือคลิปวิดีโอ ที่มิใช่ของตนเองมาลงในบล็อก ควรอ้างอิงแหล่งที่มา และ หลีกเลี่ยงการเผยแพร่สิ่งที่ละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นรูปแบบหรือวิธีการใดก็ตาม 6. เนื้อหาและความคิดเห็นในบล็อก ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับทีมงานผู้ดำเนินการจัดทำเว็บไซต์ โดยถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบทางกฎหมายเป็นการส่วนตัวของสมาชิก
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OKnation ขอสงวนสิทธิ์ในการปิดบล็อก ลบเนื้อหาและความคิดเห็น ที่ขัดต่อความดังกล่าวข้างต้น โดยไม่ต้องชี้แจงเหตุผลใดๆ ต่อเจ้าของบล็อกและเจ้าของความคิดเห็นนั้นๆ
   

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