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link @: learning english with voa news: Saturday, May 18, 2019

Do you really know about the meaning of the word 'holiday'? How about you to review it from the dictionary below.

 Many thanks again today to Google Translate and G Grammarly.

 

 

Word origin of 'holiday'
Old English hāligdæg, literally: holy day

Holiday in British

(ˈhɒlɪˌdeɪ  )
 
noun
Billie. real name Eleanora Fagan;known as Lady Day. 1915–59, US jazz singer
Collins English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers

Holiday in American

(ˈhɑləˌdeɪ  )
 
Billie(born Eleonora Fagan Holiday) 1915-59; U.S. jazz singer
also called Lady Day
Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Copyright © 2010 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.

holiday in American

(ˈhɑləˌdeɪ  )
 
noun
1. 
2. 
a day of freedom from labor; day set aside for leisure and recreation
3. [often pl.] Chiefly British
a period of leisure or recreation; vacation
4. 
a day set aside by law or custom for the suspension of business, usually in commemoration of some event
adjective
5. 
of or suited to a holiday; joyousmerry
the holiday spirit
verb intransitive
6. Chiefly British
to take a vacation or vacation trip
 
 
Word origin of 'holiday'
< ME holidei, with shortened first vowel < OE hāligdæg: see holy & day

Example sentences containing 'holiday'

 These examples have been automatically selected and may contain sensitive content. Read more…
Fingers crossed the couple will enjoy many more holidays together after this.The Sun (2017)
They just look like any other school pupils out on their bikes during the school holidays.The Sun (2016)
People are booking their summer holiday for nextyear now.Times, Sunday Times (2016)
It was their first holiday abroad together.Times, Sunday Times (2016)
We take frequent holidays nearer to home for some winter sunshine.Times, Sunday Times (2016)
My friend was away on holiday.The Sun (2016)
Funnily enough, my very first holidays were working ones.Times, Sunday Times (2016)
There are discounts on flights and holidays to more than 100 destinations worldwide.The Sun (2016)
If it was not renewed, the company would be unable to continue selling package holidays.Times, Sunday Times (2016)
Demand for new video game releases was weakerthan expected in the holiday period, it said.Times, Sunday Times (2017)
Show more...
 
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FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream
https://youtu.be/IBlUM-0NZZU
 
 
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The Language of Air Travel

4 hours ago

A commercial aircraft prepares to land over a city.
A commercial aircraft prepares to land over a city.
 

Believe it or not – Aviation English is one of the most in-demand forms of English around the world. Why? Because English is the language of the skies.

The International Civil Aviation Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations. In 2003, the organization set a deadline of March 2008 for pilots and air traffic controllers at international airports to pass English proficiency exams. A high level knowledge of English continues to be required in international aviation today.

Some form of Aviation English is commonly used by many people working in the industry. But pilots and air traffic controllers must also learn a special form of English to communicate with each other by radio and -- more recently -- by computer. This coded language is a combination of technical terms and plain English. For example, the term “Roger” means “message received” and “Wilco” means “I will comply.” The good news is that there are only around 300 such terms.

Aviation English differs from Standard English in a few other important ways. For example, it typically avoids question forms and negative forms. There is also almost no use of modal verbs, such as the word “can.” And, since this language is made of short, direct commands and responses, subject pronouns, such as “you” and “I,” are not used.

Passengers walk through a busy international airport.
Passengers walk through a busy international airport.

Few pilots know this specialized language better than Clarence “Clyde” Romero.

A native of New York City, he worked as a pilot for 38 years before retiring in 2015. He began his career in the U.S. Air Force, first as a pilot then a flight instructor. Later, he became a commercial airline pilot and captain with Piedmont Airlines, followed by U.S. Airways and American Airlines.

Clyde Romero now lives in Atlanta, Georgia. He joins us by phone to tell us about aviation communication and some of his experiences as an active pilot.

Mr. Romero – thanks so much for speaking with us today.

CLYDE ROMERO: No problem.

AB: Can you start by telling us a little bit about the language of pilots and air traffic controllers?

CLYDE ROMERO: OK, there’s a phonetic alphabet that you have to be familiar with. So, in other words, you never say “a” over the radio, you say, “Alpha.” You never say “z” over the radio, you say “Zulu.” So, you have to be familiar with the phonetic alphabet, so that if you have to spell something out, that’s how you spell it.

You’re very specific when you say numbers and when you speak because you have to make sure the other person really understands it. You would say “niner” instead of “nine,” and then, if you had to say “19,” you don’t say “19” over the radio, you say “Roger that. It’s one-nine.”

AB: OK, great. So the alphabet is phonetic and numbers are said individually. Give us an example of a message or communication between a pilot and air traffic controller.

CLYDE ROMERO: I’ll give you an example. You could be on a gate, saying, “Roger. This is American Airlines 551, requesting pushback, Delta 21, LaGuardia.” So he [the air traffic controller] knows what flight number you are, what gate you’re at, you want a pushback, and you’re going to LaGuardia [Airport]. ​

Airline Captain Clyde Romero
Airline Captain Clyde Romero

AB: OK. So, there is a lot of information in very few words. Could you give examples of where English language challenges may play out on the job?

CLYDE ROMERO: The biggest challenge that people who are -- where English is not their primary language -- is that, in the aviation field, people tend to talk fast. And, unless you have the ear for it, you’ll miss a lot. Even people who English is their normal language, we’ll have people say, “Say again,” and that’s a normal term that pilots use all the time. So, if you can imagine somebody where English is not their primary language and people are talking fast, you can see how things could get missed.​

And, where this is really important is during emergencies."

AB: So, given the speed and technical nature of the language, do you have any suggestions or encouragement for non-native English speakers who are interested in the field?

CLYDE ROMERO: Aviation terms and phrases is a language unto itself.

I would recommend that they listen to air traffic control people. They have numerous places where you can listen in on the radio and how they talk and how they interact. And, it’s like anything else. It’s a foreign language. So, how do you learn a foreign language? You start hearing it and you start mimicking it, and then you learn about it.

AB: Great! Now – every job has humorous moments. Are there any humorous stories that involved miscommunication from your time as an airline pilot?

CLYDE ROMERO: Yeah, well, I’ll give you a story. We were going into L.A. – Los Angeles. And there’s an arrival called the La Jolla Arrival. But, when you look at it, it’s spelled with a J – it’s spelled J-O-L-L-A. Okay, so, we’re going into L.A. and I’m flying the airplane and the other guy [pilot] is on the radios and he’s never been into L.A. and we’re on the La Jolla Arrival.

But he said, “Well, we’re on the La-JOLL-a Arrival.” Well, air traffic control said, “Well, out here in California, we say our Js like Hs. You’re on the La-HOY-a arrival.”

So, I picked up the radio and said, “Oh, really? So it’s Hanuary, Hune and Huly out here?” So after I said that, naturally, I’m not the only one on the radio. There’s Delta, American, Eastern – everybody else. And they said, 'Wow, American, you got him good there, didn’t you?' So that’s a true story."

Passengers relax during a flight.
Passengers relax during a flight.

AB: Now that’s a good one! So, when you speak to air traffic control, all of the other airlines can hear your radio talking.

CLYDE ROMERO: Yeah, when you’re on center frequency, there could be as many as two or three hundred airplanes on that same frequency, so you’re hearing everybody talk along with yourself. So what that does to you, it builds situation awareness around you [about] what's going on.

AB: Just out of curiosity, how many messages might you hear in one minute?

CLYDE ROMERO: In one minute, probably 50. If it’s busy, it could be more than that. And a lot of times you don’t have the time to respond. If they say, “American 785, turn right, heading 250, break. Delta 521, descend and maintain 2000 feet. Eastern 521 you’re clear to approach runway 13 LaGuardia, break.” And that’s what you hear. That’s exactly how fast they will talk. And you will not have time to respond. Any of the big airports, 95 percent of the time, you will not have a chance to respond. You will just do it."

AB: Mr. Romero, thanks again for speaking with us.

CLYDE ROMERO: OK, great. I’m glad I could be of assistance.

I’m Alice Bryant.

 

Alice Bryant wrote this story for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

Do you work in or are you interested in working in the aviation field? Write to us in the Comments section below or visit our Facebook page.

_____________________________________________________________

Helpful Words and Terms

 

air traffic control (ATC) – a system through which workers on the ground give instructions by radio to aircraft pilots 
altitude – n. the height of something (such as an airplane) above sea level 
arrival – n. the act of coming to or reaching an airport 
break – a term used to note separation between parts of a message ​
cabin – n. the part of an airplane where the passengers sit 
center frequency – n. the central radio communications used by pilots and air traffic controllers 
clearance – n. official permission for a pilot or airplane to do something 
crew – n. the group of people who operate an airplane, train or ship 
gate –​ n. refers to the place (inside or outside an airport) for departure or arrival 
land – v. to return (an aircraft) to the ground after a flight 
mayday – a distress signal, preferably spoken three times; a word used to call for help when an airplane is in danger 
over – a term used in radio communications to show that a message is complete 
pushback – n. the movement of an airplane from a parking spot, usually with help from a specialized ground vehicle 
runway – n. a long strip of ground where aircraft take off and land 
Roger – means: “I have received all of your last message” 
say again – means: “Repeat all, or the following part, of your last message” 
stand by – means: “Please wait” 
takeoff – n. the moment when an aircraft leaves the ground and begins to fly 
taxiing – n. movement of an airplane at low speed on wheels along the ground 
Wilco – means: “I will comply” ​

A pilot and captain fly an aircraft.
A pilot and captain fly an aircraft.

_______________________________________________________________

Finding the Right Program

Any good Aviation English training program should contain activities that address six language skill areas: pronunciation, structure, vocabulary, fluency, comprehension and interactions.

Types of activities the program should have:

1. Interactive listening exercises. These exercises should make the learners give spoken responses.

2. Information exchange and role-play activities.

3. Speaking practice for vocabulary and grammar (structure).

4. Using tools (such as charts) and numerical data (tables and displays) to make students speak in a way that mirrors the work environment of pilots and air traffic controllers.

5. Group problem solving activities.

Source: ICAO

Aviation English Exams

Aviation professionals are required to take English proficiency exams every few years. ICAO divides English proficiency into 6 levels. Pilots and air traffic controllers must maintain at least ICAO Level 4.

There are two possible exams:

ELPAC – English Language Proficiency for Aeronautical Communication. This one meets the ICAO standards and language proficiency requirements.

TEA – Test of English for Aviation. Mayflower College in Britain designed this test, though it is not endorsed by ICAO.

Your aviation school decides which of these exams you must take.

......................................

 WORDS

News Words: Stray

May 16, 2019
 
 

With the large population in Cairo, comes a lot of traffic, pollution and stray dogs. The dogs are thought of as dangerous and dirty. A local man has opened two dog shelters in Cairo. "We are just a group of people who go to the streets, rescue injured stray dogs, and cure them."

............................................
 

 WORDS

News Words: Stray

May 16, 2019

With the large population in Cairo, comes a lot of traffic, pollution and stray dogs. The dogs are thought of as dangerous and dirty. A local man has opened two dog shelters in Cairo. "We are just a group of people who go to the streets, rescue injured stray dogs, and cure them."

Accessibility links

Unit 1: English In A Minute
Give us a minute and we'll give you English

SELECT A UNIT

  1. 1

Session 56

Welcome to English In A Minute. Give us a minute and we'll give you a hot tip about English. Grammar, vocabulary... there's so much to learn! And all taught by your favourite BBC Learning English staff!

Session 56 score

0 / 3

Activity 1

In the end vs At the end

Do you have a minute to spare to learn some English? James is jumping to explain the difference between in the end and at the end. Give us 60 seconds and we'll give you the English!

Watch the video and complete the activity

Did you like that? Why not try these?

EIAM Teaser 6minvocab_11_reporting_verbs.jpg 6mingram_20_narrative_tenses.jpg

In the end vs At the end

At the end
At the end
 in reference to time means 'at the final moment'. To use at the end with a specific time or situation, use 'of'. It can also be used to talk about the physical position of something.

  • We're going to go to the beach at the end of the month
  • I know I pay you at the beginning of the week, but I want to pay at the end.
  • I'm sorry. There's a queue here. Please go and join at the end.

In the end
In the end
 can mean 'eventually' - something that will surely happen after an undetermined amount of time. We can also use it as a kind of conclusion to mean 'after considering all relevant information'

  • What happened in the end?
  • In the end, we decided not to go to the beach.
  • In the end, history will remember what it wants regardless of our choices.

____________________________________________________________________________________________

To do

Try our quiz to see how well you've learned today's language. 

English In A Minute Quiz

3 Questions

Test your understanding of this lesson with our quiz!

 
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Serial winner: Pep Guardiola's Manchester City claimed the first ever domestic treble in English football
AFP / Daniel LEAL-OLIVAS
Serial winner: Pep Guardiola's Manchester City claimed the first ever domestic treble in English football AFP / Daniel LEAL-OLIVAS

Man City treble better than Champions League for Guardiola

sports May 19, 2019 07:37

By By Agence France-Presse

Pep Guardiola hailed Manchester City's feat of claiming the first ever domestic treble in English football as a bigger achievement than winning the Champions League after an emphatic 6-0 thrashing of Watford at Wembley in the FA Cup final.

Raheem Sterling and Gabriel Jesus each scored twice, while David Silva and Kevin de Bruyne netted to cap a glorious campaign with the biggest margin of victory in a FA Cup final since 1903.

City also lifted the Community Shield in August for a clean sweep of domestic silverware, but again missed out on the Champions League as Tottenham edged their quarter-final tie on away goals.

Winning the European Cup for the first time in the club's history remains the holy grail for Guardiola, but he believes his side have raised the bar in England for consistent brilliance.

"It means being consistent every three days during 10 months," said Guardiola. "I love the Champions League but do that (the treble) is more difficult than winning the Champions League."

Watford's wait to win their first ever major piece of silverware goes on as after going behind they had little answer to Guardiola's relentless champions.

It could have been very different for the Hornets had Roberto Pereyra not missed the first big chance of the game when he fired too close to Ederson with just the City goalkeeper to beat.

"You have to score that chance if you want some chance to win the game," admitted Watford boss Javi Gracia.

Gracia's men also played a big part in their own downfall for the opening goal on 26 minutes from which City never looked back.

The diminutive figures of David Silva and Sterling both won headers against taller defenders before the ball broke for the Spaniard to fire across Heurelho Gomes.

City control then turned into total dominance as a gloriously crafted second gave Watford a mountain to climb.

- Super sub De Bruyne 

Bernardo Silva's curling cross picked out Jesus at the back post and the Brazilian was finally credited with the goal after the match despite Sterling making sure by smashing the ball into the net.

Gerard Deulofeu had been Watford's star of a remarkable semi-final comeback from 2-0 down against Wolves and had the chance to spark the game back into life just before the hour mark, but scuffed his shot wide.

And again Watford's profligacy was quickly punished.

City's strength in depth was in evidence as Guardiola could afford the luxury of leaving Sergio Aguero on the bench for Jesus and introduce De Bruyne 10 minutes into the second half.

Jesus' unselfishness allowed the Belgian, who won man-of-the-match despite not starting, to end an injury-ravaged season on a high by rounding Gomes to fire City's third into an empty net.

And the roles were reversed 22 minutes from time when De Bruyne's pass released Jesus in behind to get the goal his performance deserved.

Sterling then rubbed more salt into Watford wounds in the final 10 minutes as he converted Bernardo Silva's low cross and then fired home at the second attempt three minutes from time.

"I grew up here and saw this stadium get built. It's a massive dream come true to win trophies here," said Sterling."

City have now won all 11 meetings between these two sides by a combined score of 38-6 since the club's Abu Dhabi takeover a decade ago.

Questions will continue to be asked of the legitimacy of how City amassed such a great side with UEFA, FIFA and FA investigations pending into City's conduct off the field.

"We are not guilty until proven," added Guardiola. "That money helps to buy incredible players we have, after that we wait.

"If we are punished we will accept it. But I listen (to) my chairman, my CEO. They gave me the arguments why we are investigated and I trust them."

But on the field, the status of the side Guardiola has moulded as one of England's greatest is now secure.

 ......................................................
 
Hollywood star Arnold Schwarzenegger was chatting with fans at the Sandton Convention Centre in Johannesburg when a man took a flying leap and kicked him high in the back.PHOTO: AFP
Hollywood star Arnold Schwarzenegger was chatting with fans at the Sandton Convention Centre in Johannesburg when a man took a flying leap and kicked him high in the back.PHOTO: AFP

Schwarzenegger attacked at South Africa sports event

ASEAN+ May 19, 2019 07:51

JOHANNESBURG (AFP) - Hollywood star Arnold Schwarzenegger was attacked on Saturday (May 18) by a man who kicked him in the back at a sports event in South Africa that the action hero was hosting.

The bodybuilder and former politician was chatting with fans at the Sandton Convention Centre in Johannesburg when a man took a flying leap and kicked him high in the back.

"Thanks for your concerns, but there is nothing to worry about," Schwarzenegger, 71, said on Twitter.

"I thought I was just jostled by the crowd, which happens a lot. I only realized I was kicked when I saw the video like all of you. I'm just glad the idiot didn't interrupt my Snapchat." Schwarzenegger was in Johannesburg for the annual Arnold Classic Africa, an international multi-sports festival.

"He was sadly and unexpectedly attacked by a crazed fan as he was doing a walk-through to support athletes," the organisers said, adding the attacker - who was immediately apprehended - was known to police for similar incidents in the past.

 ............................................
 

Thailand's Jazz plays sweet music to share second at PGA

Breaking News May 19, 2019 09:45

By Agence France-Presse 
Bethpage, United States

Thailand's Jazz Janewattananond was in misery after two rainy practice days at the PGA Championship, only to have the skies clear and make his dreams come true.

The 23-year-old from Bangkok fired a three-under par 67 Saturday to share second on five-under 205 entering Sunday's final round at firm and dry Bethpage Black.

"On Monday, it was raining. Tuesday was raining. The course plays so tough because the rough was so long. The ball don't go anywhere," Jazz said.

"I was having a nightmare. How am I going to play this golf course? I'm not going to break 80."

 
 

Jazz shattered that idea, and while his 54-hole total is seven strokes behind leader Brooks Koepka, this week is already a success.

"This exceeds my expectation already," Jazz said.

Jazz, who won January's Singapore Open and stands second on the Asian Tour Order of Merit, plays in Sunday's penultimate group alongside Luke List, whose hometown is the same as the Masters -- Augusta, Georgia.

Jazz, whose only other US event was the 2017 US PGA Colonial in Texas, is loving the vocal New York crowds.

"People keep shouting love you. They love me here," Jazz said. "Trying to say my last name. I heard all sorts. Some pretty good ones. I heard some really funny ones. So keep it coming."

Jazz, who missed last year's British Open cut in his only prior major, turned professional at 14 in order to play more events.

"In Asia, we struggle to get a good amateur event. We don't have it there," Jazz said. "I play some over here, and it's amazing.

"Back in Thailand, back in Asia, we don't have that. We play once a month. Once a month is good. Sometimes we don't have it for three or four months.

"So turning pro is kind of like getting yourself into more tournaments but you're not really playing it. You still feel like an amateur playing."

Jazz ranks 16th on the qualifying list for this December's Presidents Cup matches in Melbourne, when a US squad captained by Tiger Woods takes on an Internationals (non-European) team guided by South Africa's Ernie Els.

With a strong PGA showing likely to vault him up the point list, Jazz might find himself going against Masters champion and 15-time major winner Woods before the year is over.

Woods, 43, won his first major title at the Masters in 1997 -- when Jazz was just 17 months old. Woods' mother, Kultida, was born and grew up in Thailand before moving to the US in her mid-20s.

"It's on the back of my mind for sure," Jazz said. "I played with Ernie a couple weeks back and he just told me to keep playing good. So I'll see about that."

....................................................

FINISHED

May 19, 2019

 

 
 

 



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กฎกติกาการเขียนเรื่องและแสดงความคิดเห็น
1 การเขียน หรือแสดงความคิดเห็นใด ๆ ต้องไม่หมิ่นเหม่ หรือกระทบต่อสถาบันชาติ ศาสนา และพระมหากษัตริย์ หรือกระทบต่อความมั่นคงของชาติ
2. ไม่ใช้ถ้อยคำหยาบคาย ดูหมิ่น ส่อเสียด ให้ร้ายผู้อื่นในทางเสียหาย หรือสร้างความแตกแยกในสังคม กับทั้งไม่มีภาพ วิดีโอคลิป หรือถ้อยคำลามก อนาจาร
3. ความขัดแย้งส่วนตัวที่เกิดจากการเขียนเรื่อง แสดงความคิดเห็น หรือในกล่องรับส่งข้อความ (หลังไมค์) ต้องไม่นำมาโพสหรือขยายความต่อในบล็อก และการโพสเรื่องส่วนตัว และการแสดงความคิดเห็น ต้องใช้ภาษาที่สุภาพเท่านั้น
4. พิจารณาเนื้อหาที่จะโพสก่อนเผยแพร่ให้รอบคอบ ว่าจะไม่เป็นการละเมิดกฎหมายใดใด และปิดคอมเมนต์หากจำเป็นโดยเฉพาะเรื่องที่มีเนื้อหาพาดพิงสถาบัน
5.การนำเรื่อง ภาพ หรือคลิปวิดีโอ ที่มิใช่ของตนเองมาลงในบล็อก ควรอ้างอิงแหล่งที่มา และ หลีกเลี่ยงการเผยแพร่สิ่งที่ละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นรูปแบบหรือวิธีการใดก็ตาม 6. เนื้อหาและความคิดเห็นในบล็อก ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับทีมงานผู้ดำเนินการจัดทำเว็บไซต์ โดยถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบทางกฎหมายเป็นการส่วนตัวของสมาชิก
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OKnation ขอสงวนสิทธิ์ในการปิดบล็อก ลบเนื้อหาและความคิดเห็น ที่ขัดต่อความดังกล่าวข้างต้น โดยไม่ต้องชี้แจงเหตุผลใดๆ ต่อเจ้าของบล็อกและเจ้าของความคิดเห็นนั้นๆ
   

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