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What about "Trees talking to trees" article on BBC NEWS English Learning today? That the story begins as following;


Walk into the wood and you enter a peaceful, familiar world. But what if you look down? Beneath every forest and

wood, there is a kind of mysterious underground social network.

Let’s peel back the earth to take a look. There are the tree roots and then mingling among them, along with bacteria,

are thousands of superfine threads of fungi, known as hyphae.

Hope you read such article quite well and get an understanding of the trees.

 Many thanks to Google Translate and G Grammarly again today.

 

FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/IBlUM-0NZZU

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US Sports Teams Use High-Tech Treatments to Reduce Injuries
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US Sports Teams Use High-Tech Treatments to Reduce Injuries

May 22, 2019

In this April 12, 2019, photo, Washington Redskins head athletic trainer Larry Hess demonstrates a salt water float orb inside a recovery room at the team's NFL football training facility in Ashburn, Va. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
In this April 12, 2019, photo, Washington Redskins head athletic trainer Larry Hess demonstrates a salt water float orb inside a recovery room at the team's NFL football training facility in Ashburn, Va. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
 
US Sports Teams Use High-Tech Treatments to Reduce Injuries
 
 

One of the biggest struggles for professional sports teams is finding ways to keep their players from getting injured. Major injuries can greatly affect a team’s overall success and profitability.

One team that has suffered many injuries in recent years is the Washington Redskins of the National Football League, or NFL. During the past two seasons, the Redskins lost more players to injury than any other NFL team.

Washington officials say they have learned that reacting to an injury after it happens is not good enough. They are now attempting to lower the risk of players getting injured in the first place.

With this goal in mind, the team’s trainers are now offering players treatments that use technology-based sports medicine.

Washington Redskins linebacker Reuben Foster rides a cart off the field after suffering an injury during a practice at the team's NFL football practice facility, Monday, May 20, 2019, in Ashburn, Va. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
Washington Redskins linebacker Reuben Foster rides a cart off the field after suffering an injury during a practice at the team's NFL football practice facility, Monday, May 20, 2019, in Ashburn, Va. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)

Redskins head trainer Larry Hess showed off some of the high-tech equipment recently to a reporter who visited the team’s headquarters in Ashburn, Virginia.

Hess says the treatments are aimed at strengthening the body as a whole.

“There are things in here that are setting their body up to perform better in the weight room, to perform better in their meetings mentally,” he said. “Mental preparedness - that’s where our advantage is.”

Hess said an important part of the injury prevention program involves something that many people struggle with – getting enough sleep and relaxation.

Hess said he learned a lot about this idea while visiting several English Premier League football clubs. He said the clubs told him they consider quality sleep a huge part of keeping players healthy and injury free.

In this April 12, 2019, photo, Washington Redskins director of player recovery and assistant athletic trainer Hutch Call demonstrates a full body light pod at the team's NFL football training facility in Ashburn, Va. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
In this April 12, 2019, photo, Washington Redskins director of player recovery and assistant athletic trainer Hutch Call demonstrates a full body light pod at the team's NFL football training facility in Ashburn, Va. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)

The Redskins decided to partner with Bedgear, a New York-based company that works with other U.S. sports teams. Bedgear sells products it describes as “performance bedding.” Its specially-designed beds and pillows are made to provide strong neck and back support for better sleep. The products are also designed to moderate sleeping temperatures.

Team officials say the bedding products combined with other methods are helping the team make progress in fighting injuries. Hess noted that the Redskins were able to reduce soft-tissue injuries, such as damage to muscles, by more than 50 percent last season.

The team now operates a “recovery room” at its Ashburn training center. The room is always open and a place for players to rest up after a physical workout.

In this April 12, 2019, photo, Washington Redskins head athletic trainer Larry Hess leads a tour of a recovery room at the team's NFL football training facility in Ashburn, Va. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
In this April 12, 2019, photo, Washington Redskins head athletic trainer Larry Hess leads a tour of a recovery room at the team's NFL football training facility in Ashburn, Va. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)

After a game, there is a three-part “restoration” process. It starts with the player spending at least 12 minutes lying down inside a large covered machine. The device uses three kinds of infrared light to help repair cells all over the body. Hess said that studies have shown it is good for helping players regain strength and recover better from intense weight room workouts.

The next step involves cryotherapy, in which the body is put inside equipment that produces extreme cold. During the treatment, a player can feel like he is having difficulty breathing because the cold tricks the body into sending blood to major organs to survive. There have been studies linking cryotherapy to improved and faster recoveries from sports injuries.

In the third part of the treatment process, a player enters a large tank filled with water mixed with 450 kilograms of salt. He floats in the water and salt mixture in complete darkness, usually with soft music playing. The experience is designed to temporarily reduce the player’s sensitivity to help him reach a state of total relaxation.

In this photo provided by the Washington Redskins defensive coordinator Greg Manusky, right, and cornerback Greg Stroman are fitted for custom Bedgear mattresses in Ashburn, Va., Sept. 24, 2018. (Garrett Campbell/The Washington Redskins via AP)
In this photo provided by the Washington Redskins defensive coordinator Greg Manusky, right, and cornerback Greg Stroman are fitted for custom Bedgear mattresses in Ashburn, Va., Sept. 24, 2018. (Garrett Campbell/The Washington Redskins via AP)

Hess said the floating experience is supposed to recreate the weightless feeling of a baby still inside its mother. “It’s an amazing experience,” he said. He added that the feeling can be compared to floating in the Dead Sea.

“Our goal is to get them to that pre-sleep state to shut their body down,” Hess said. “It will lower their heart rate. The temperature of the water replicates your body temperature. Really we’re taking all sensation out.”

Redskins head coach Jay Gruden says the players choose which treatments they want to use. He has spent time in the recovery room himself and liked the results.

Gruden says he believes the treatments can provide his players with yet another way to help their bodies recover and prevent injuries for years to come. “Even if it gives them a mental state of mind where, ‘Hey, I feel pretty good,’ then let’s give them every avenue to feel that way,” he said.

I’m Bryan Lynn.

 

The Associated Press reported this story. Bryan Lynn adapted it for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments section, and visit our Facebook page.

 

Quiz - US Sports Teams Use High-Tech Treatments to Reduce Injuries

Quiz - US Sports Teams Use High-Tech Treatments to Reduce Injuries

Start the Quiz to find out

______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

professional – adj. related to connected to a job

advantage – n. something that will help someone succeed at something

relaxation – n. the loss of tension in the body

pillow – n. a soft support for the head of someone lying down

restoration – n. the act of repairing or bringing something back

amazing – adj. causing wonder or surprise

replicate – v. do something again in exactly the same way

avenue – n. a possible way of doing something

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Cave Wall Markings Show Stickball is More Than Just a Sport
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Cave Wall Markings Show Stickball is More Than Just a Sport

May 22, 2019

An inscription on the Manitou Cave wall, written in the Cherokee syllabary, identifies writers as stickball team leader and is dated April 30, 1828. (Photo courtesy Beau Carroll, archaeologist, Eastern Band of Cherokee)
An inscription on the Manitou Cave wall, written in the Cherokee syllabary, identifies writers as stickball team leader and is dated April 30, 1828. (Photo courtesy Beau Carroll, archaeologist, Eastern Band of Cherokee)
 
Cave Wall Markings Show Stickball is More Than Just a Sport
 

On April 30, 1828, a group of Cherokee men met inside a cave near the present-day city of Fort Payne, Alabama. The men went there to take part in a ceremony before they played a game of stickball. To record the event, team leaders wrote words and expressions on the cave’s stone walls. They used a writing system for Cherokee that Sequoyah, a member of the tribe, invented.

Cherokee and non-Native researchers have now studied the wall inscriptions and explained the importance of the game. They wrote about it in a report appearing in the British publication, Antiquity.

Beau Duke Carroll belongs to the Eastern Band of Cherokee in North Carolina. He also wrote part of the report.

"The early Cherokee were really smart," he said.

Carroll is an archaeologist with the tribe's Historic Preservation Office. He explained why people have called stickball "the little brother to war."

"They would recognize that if somebody was killed in war, whatever skills he had, whatever service he was to tribe and family, wouldn't be provided anymore," he said. "They realized they would rather find another way to solve conflicts over land or other disputes—and I'm sure opposing tribes and communities felt the same way."

That 'other way' was stickball, one of the most violent sports on the planet.

How to play the game of stickball

The rules sometimes differ from one game to the next, but follow these general lines: Team members used to wear only loincloths but today they wear shorts. Each player carries two long wooden sticks with woven cups at one end. They use a stick to gain control of and move a small ball toward goals at either end of the playing field.

In one version of the game, played by the Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma, players get points by striking the wooden image of a fish which tops a 7 and a half meter high pole at the center of the field.

Soldiers from the 120th Engineer Combat Battalion, headquartered in Okmulgee, Oklahoma, play stickball, 2004. Camp Taqaddum, Iraq, Sept. 17, 2004. (US Defense Dept.)
Soldiers from the 120th Engineer Combat Battalion, headquartered in Okmulgee, Oklahoma, play stickball, 2004. Camp Taqaddum, Iraq, Sept. 17, 2004. (US Defense Dept.)

Players may not use their hands to catch the ball, but they may use them to block and take down opponents. Because players wear no shoes or protective equipment, small injuries are common.

"Stickball isn't just a game," Beau Carroll says, "it's a ceremony itself."

"The Ball Players," painting by 19th century artist George Catlin, depicts Choctaw, Sioux, and Ojibwe stickball players.

A ceremony comes before the game

Before a game, a religious leader leads the players in prayer. They pray to weaken their opponents and ensure victory.

Carroll only describes part of the ceremony in the published report because the tribe thinks of other parts as spiritual. They do not want to talk about those parts in detail.

"Basically, they performed the same rituals as they would before going to war," he said. Part of the ceremony, called "going to water," involved cleaning the body and mind by water before, during and after the game.

"It's a ritual that's part of everyday life--even today," he said.

 

The video above shows the Wolftown team of Eastern Band Cherokee at Baggataway At the Mounds, part of Angel Mounds' Native American Days, September 28, 2013

Oppression meant ceremonies must be secret

By 1828, when the players wrote on the cave’s walls, the Cherokee were being pressured to give up traditional beliefs and ceremonies. The pressure came from the U.S. government, Christian religious workers and Christianized tribe members.

There was punishment for people who performed ceremonies. "If they decided that you weren't being Christian enough, then they'd pull their support and your whole family would starve," said Carroll.

Alabama’s Manitou Cave was the ideal place to perform banned ceremonies. It was far away from big cities; it had spiritual meaning to the tribe’s members, and they thought of it as a doorway to the underworld. The underworld was a place where it was thought the spirits of the ancestors and other supernatural beings lived.

The writing on the cave is done in burnt wood or cut into a dark surface. One set tells the date of the game. Another tells about the players. It says some of them are "those that have blood come out of their nose and mouth," suggesting the team was playing poorly. This set of writings is signed in English, by the team leader, "Richard Guess," who was probably Sequoyah's son.

Engraved Cherokee syllabary inscription from 1.5km into Manitou Cave is signed,
Engraved Cherokee syllabary inscription from 1.5km into Manitou Cave is signed, "Richard Guess," believed to be the son of Cherokee syllabary inventor Sequoyah, also known as George Guess or Gist.

Importance of native understanding

The inscriptions in Manitou Cave are important, say the writers of the report, because they offer a window into a time when Cherokee culture was trying to survive. They are also important because, while it was non-Native researchers who first discovered the inscriptions, it was Cherokee researchers who could really understand and explain them.

Two years after the game, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act. In 1838, government agents forced thousands of Cherokee living east of the Mississippi River westward to what is today Oklahoma. Several thousand people died along the way, which is now known as the "Trail of Tears."

Carroll’s family was part of a small group who were able to stay in North Carolina. Today, they are known as the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians.

The Cherokee Nation and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians are the only other Cherokee tribes that the federal government recognizes. Both are based in Oklahoma—and both play stickball today.

Europeans learned how to play the game, which has changed into the modern sport of lacrosse. Today’s lacrosse team members wear heavy protective gear.

"They had to change it," said Carroll, "to better suit people who couldn't stand getting hurt."

I’m Jill Robbins.

 

Cecily Hilleary reported on this story for VOA News. Jill Robbins adapted it for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

_____________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

 

inscription – n. words or expressions written on a book or other object

smart – adj. demonstrating or showing intelligence

loincloth – n. a small piece of cloth that covers the part of the body between the lowest bones in the ribcage and the hipbones

cup – n. a small container, often used for drinking

ritual – n. a religious ceremony; the order of performing a religious ceremony or observance

What games do the children around you play? We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section.

Comments sorting:

Your opinion

.....................................................

 

Lingohack

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Trees talking to trees

EPISODE 190522 / 22 MAY 2019

The story…

Trees talking to trees

Learn language related to…

nature

Need-to-know language

fungi – type of organism that feed on decaying material or other living things

nutrients – substances that living things need to survive and grow

subterranean - underground

vulnerable – at risk of being hurt or damaged

flourish – grow successfully

Answer this…

Carbon is a greenhouse gas. What sucks it up?

Transcript

Walk into a wood and you enter a peaceful, familiar world. But what if you look down? Beneath every forest and wood, there is a kind of mysterious underground social network.

Let’s peel back the earth to take a look. There are the tree roots and then mingling among them, along with bacteria, are thousands of superfine threads of fungi, known as hyphae.

And research has shown that they are all interconnected. They can help each other by sharing nutrients. And they can even warn of approaching threats. And scientists have described this as if the trees are talking to one another.

Now Dr Thomas Crowther and his team have mapped this subterranean social network of fungi on an epic global scale. He likens it to producing an MRI scan of the world's forests.

There are two main types of fungal network. They both suck up the greenhouse gas carbon - a key factor in climate change. Systems in woods like here in the UK absorb more than ones in tropical climates. But they’re more vulnerable to rising temperatures.

There is an effective way to help fight climate change and that's by planting trees. The new map of the wood-wide web can now be used to guide the planters. Know the right network to plug the tree into and it will flourish.


Did you get it?

Carbon is a greenhouse gas. What sucks it up?

It’s the fungal networks that suck up carbon, which is a greenhouse gas and a key factor in climate change.

Latest Lingohack

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  • File photo
  • Photo credit :FB Wirat Ratburi

National census finds more people living on streets

national May 23, 2019 0

By The Nation

SINCE THE weakening economy may result in more job losses and an increase in homeless people, the Social Development and Human Security Ministry has decided to conduct a census and work towards improving the quality of their lives.

The ministry had previously spent Bt118 million on building three temporary shelters in Bangkok, Chiang Mai and Khon Kaen to provide housing for 698 homeless persons. 

This time, the ministry along with Community Organisations Development Institute, the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration and nine related agencies dispatched survey teams between April 1 and May 15. The aim was to count the number of homeless persons in 60 provinces, which will be combined with a number of persons living in shelters. This data will then be analysed to formulate guidelines to sustainably improve the quality of life for the homeless. 

 The survey, dubbed the country’s largest census of homeless persons, reported that that were 686 people without a roof over their head in 60 provinces. It also found that homeless people usually travelled from Bangkok to other provinces by train. 

Bangkok, Chiang Mai and Khon Kaen were previously surveyed in 2015.

A team of officials was dispatched on May 16 to conduct a survey in another 16 provinces, including Chiang Mai, Khon Kaen, Nakhon Ratchasima, Udon Thani, Pathum Thani and Samut Prakan. 

So far, 112 homeless persons have been reported in Chiang Mai, a slight increase from the previous year. Though some have died in the interim, others have arrived from the Northeast and Central region looking for jobs. The areas with the highest number of homeless persons in Chiang Mai are the Three Kings Monument, Thapae Gate and Chang Pheuk Road.

The Khon Kaen team, meanwhile, split into six smaller teams to survey 71 locations in the Nakhon Khon Kaen municipal area and found 67 homeless persons, which when combined with results from the 19 provinces in the Northeast, brings the region’s total to 512. 

Suchin Aimin, president of the Homeless Association, said many factors contributed to the growing number of homeless people, namely family disputes, chronic ailments or disabilities. Most of these people make a living by scavenging garbage and selling recycled items, he said, adding that many have health issues and cannot access the healthcare system as they either don’t have Thai ID cards or have lost them. 

He welcomed the attempt to conduct a census on the number of homeless persons nationwide, so they can be provided with help. 

“I believe that by now, there must be 10,000 homeless people across the nation as the slump in economy has left many jobless,” he added. 

The census stemmed from a Cabinet resolution on March 8, 2016 over protests by the People’s Movement for a Just Society (P-Move). The resolution covered three main points: allocation of Bt118 million to buy land for temporarily shelters in Bangkok, Chiang Mai and Khon Kaen; quality of life development for the homeless; and a nationwide census to judge the actual scale of the problem so solutions can be found. 

EXPERIENCE 11 TRADE SHOWS UNDER ONE ROOF AT THAIFEX - WORLD OF FOOD ASIA 2019

business May 22, 2019

Discover a New Opportunity of Success in F&B Business World

One of the Asia’s biggest Food & Beverage Industry events, THAIFEX - World of Food Asia 2019 will return to gather a large number of entrepreneurs and business professionals in F&B industry under the same roof. The event features the potential venue for product and service exhibitions and business exchange platform between manufacturers, exporters, and partners from around the globe, providing opportunities for new partnership, global knowledge, and market trends to grow business successfully.    

Area: Total 131,000 sqm in 11 halls

 

Trade Visitors: 67,000 business professional 

Exhibitors: Almost 2,700 companies

Find 11 F&B Product Categories in One Place

 

THAIFEX - World of Food Asia 2019 gathers leading manufacturers in food & beverage industry from over 40 countries around the world, to meet all needs of wholesalers and retailers, department stores, supermarkets, restaurants, hotels and resorts, and other involved business practitioners in terms of new products and innovations under one roof. 11 F&B product categories at the event include Instant Food, Beverage, Snack, Seafood, Meat Products, Frozen Food, Rice & Grains, Vegetable and Fruits, Coffee and Tea, Food Service, and Food Innovation.      

 

Meet Your “Right” Partners 

At THAIFEX - World of Food Asia 2019, almost 2,700 leading exhibitors from international groups are waiting for you to introduce their new products and innovations, make a new partnership, and join forces to build the great success in F&B business world.

 

Experience New Global Trends

Besides food product exhibitions, THAIFEX - World of Food Asia 2019 offers learning opportunities and seminars under interesting topics. Visitors can learn more about F&B market trends and insights, consumer behaviors, and trade information, as well as business exchange in many aspects to step toward the greater success in future.

DON’T MISS A CHANCE TO SUCCESSFULLY GROW IN GLOBAL F&B BUSINESS. See you at THAIFEX - World of Food Asia 2019, from 28 May to 1 June 2019 at Impact Muang Thong Thani Bangkok, Thailand.     

•   Trade Day, from 28 - 31 May 2019 at 10:00AM - 06:00PM

•   Trade & Public Day, on 1 June 2019 at 10:00AM - 08:00PM

 

Organized by: Department of International Trade Promotion / The Thai Chamber of Commerce / Koelnmesse

www.thaifexworldoffoodasia.com

Hashtag: #Thaifex2019

FB/IG @thaifexworldoffoodasia

YouTube/in @THAIFEX-World of Food Asia

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FINISHED 

23rd May 2019

 



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