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link @: learning english with voa news: Saturday, May 25, 2019

How are you doing?

Is it a human idea of creation? But the description as A picture shows a balanced sculpture built during the European

Stone Stacking Championships 2019 in Dunbar, Scotland, on April 21, 2019. (Photo by Andy Buchanan / AFP)

Like this, you'll see many things built up in places in the world since the historical era.

 Thanks a lot for both assistants Google Translate and G Grammarly.

 

FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/IBlUM-0NZZU

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2019 College Graduation Speeches Ask Students to Help Others

3 hours ago

Robert F. Smith, left, laughs with David Thomas, center, and actress Angela Bassett at Morehouse College on Sunday, May 19, 2019, in Atlanta, Georgia. (Bo Emerson/Atlanta Journal Constitution via AP)
Robert F. Smith, left, laughs with David Thomas, center, and actress Angela Bassett at Morehouse College on Sunday, May 19, 2019, in Atlanta, Georgia. (Bo Emerson/Atlanta Journal Constitution via AP)
 
2019 College Graduation Speeches Ask Students to Help Others
 

The time of year has come again when college students in the United States who have completed their study programs celebrate their success.

Every spring, U.S. colleges, and universities hold a special ceremony called commencement to honor students who graduate. During the ceremony, the students receive diplomas, the documents that recognize the completion of their studies.

Commencement ceremonies usually include guests who give speeches to express praise and offer advice to the new graduates.

The speakers are often successful or well-known and well-respected in fields such as business, politics or entertainment. Sometimes a commencement speaker is a former student of the college or university. The larger or more well-known a school is, the more likely their commencement speaker will be someone famous.

The 2019 commencement season, for example, has seen many popular writers, actors, and singers speak on issues the graduates may face in the years to come. But few have gained as much attention as this year’s speaker at the Morehouse College graduation ceremony in Atlanta, Georgia.

Morehouse is among a group of historically black colleges and universities, or HBCUs. HBCUs were established before the U.S. Civil Rights Act of 1964. They were designed to offer higher education to African-Americans because many schools in the country would not admit black students.

Morehouse’s 2019 commencement speaker was Robert F. Smith, founder of the investment company Vista Equity Partners. Earlier this year, Forbes magazine reported Smith to be the wealthiest African-American in the United States.

On May 19, Smith made a surprising announcement during his speech to the nearly 400 Morehouse graduates in attendance. He would be paying off all of their student loan debt.

On behalf of the eight generations of my family that has been in this country, we’re gonna put a little fuel in your bus,” Smith said, followed by cheers from the crowd.

The estimated cost of Smith’s promise is about $40 million. This is in addition to the $1.5 million he donated to Morehouse in January.

 

Twenty-two-year-old Aaron Mitchom graduated with a degree in finance. He told the Associated Press he had taken out $200,000 in student loans to pay for his education at Morehouse. He noted that in the weeks before graduation, he had calculated how long it would take him to settle that debt. His finding? Twenty-five years if he paid half of his expected earnings every month.

In one short moment, that responsibility disappeared. Mitchom said he began to cry as he sat among the graduates.

“I don’t have to live off of peanut butter and jelly sandwiches,” he said. “I was shocked. My heart dropped. We all cried. In the moment it was like a burden had been taken off.”

Most American college students and their families share major concern about student debt and the rising cost of higher education. The U.S. central banking system, or Federal Reserve, reports that student loan debt reached a record high this year of $1.5 trillion.

But Smith did not give his gift without expectations of his own. He asked the graduates to help others the way he had helped them, and said he hoped that “every class has the same opportunity going forward.”

“Because we are enough to take care of our own community,” Smith added. “We are enough to ensure that we have all the opportunities of the American dream. And we will show it to each other through our actions and through our words.”

Students in the School of International and Public Affairs wave flags at Columbia University's commencement, May 22, 2019 in New York. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan)
Students in the School of International and Public Affairs wave flags at Columbia University's commencement, May 22, 2019 in New York. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan)

Helping others was the subject of several commencement speeches that gained national attention this year.

Media leader and television producer Oprah Winfrey was the commencement speaker at Colorado College in Colorado Springs. She spoke about the importance of choosing to serve the greater good.

“The truth is, you cannot fix everything,” Winfrey said. “But what you can do, here and now, is making a decision, because life is about decisions. And the decision is that you will use your life in service; you will be in service to life. You will speak up. You will show up. You will stand up. You will sit in. You will volunteer. You will vote. You will shout out. You will help. You will lend a hand.”

Actor Kristen Bell spoke at the University of Southern California School of Dramatic Arts commencement on May 3.

“When you respect the idea that you are sharing the earth with other humans, and when you lead with your nice foot forward, you’ll win, every time,” said Bell. “It might not be today, it might not be tomorrow … But I promise you, it will appear exactly when you need it.”

I’m Pete Musto.
And I’m Dorothy Gundy.

Pete Musto wrote this story for VOA Learning English using materials from the Associated Press and other sources. Caty Weaver was the editor. We want to hear from you. What message would you give to recent college graduates? Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.

_______________________________________________________________

Quiz: 2019 College Graduation Speeches Ask Students to Help Others

Quiz: 2019 College Graduation Speeches Ask Students to Help Others

Start the Quiz to find out

 

_______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

graduate – v. to earn a degree or diploma from a school, college, or university

founder – n. a person who creates or establishes something that is meant to last for a long time, such as a business or school

on behalf of – n. as a representative of someone

degree – n. an official document and title that is given to someone who has successfully completed a series of classes at a college or university

calculate(d) – v. to find a number or answer by using mathematical processes

peanut butter and jelly sandwiche(s) – n. two pieces of bread with a creamy food made from peanuts and a sweet and soft food made by boiling sugar and fruit juice until it is thick between them

burden – n. someone or something that is very difficult to accept, do, or deal with

opportunity – n. an amount of time or a situation in which something can be done

.....................................................

Are You Stuck 'Between a Rock and a Hard Place?'

3 hours ago

A picture shows a balanced sculpture built during the European Stone Stacking Championships 2019 in Dunbar, Scotland, on April 21, 2019. (Photo by Andy Buchanan / AFP)
A picture shows a balanced sculpture built during the European Stone Stacking Championships 2019 in Dunbar, Scotland, on April 21, 2019. (Photo by Andy Buchanan / AFP)
 

Now, the VOA Learning English program, Words and Their Stories.

On this program, we explore the origins and usage of common expressions in American English.

And we are happy that you have decided to learn English. It is a good choice. There is really no downside in learning a new language, especially a useful one. But not all choices are as harmless. Some decisions have no good choice.

Today we will talk about those.

English has many words and expressions that describe those times when you must make a choice but all of your options are terrible!

For starters, you can say you are between a rock and a hard place. This is when you must decide between two things that are equally unpleasant.

Greek origin

Many cultures have their own version of this story. But one of the most famous is the Greek story of Scylla and Charybdis.

You consider me the young apprentice
Caught between the Scylla and Charybdis
Hypnotized by you if I should linger
Staring at the ring around your finger

(The Police sing the song “Wrapped Around Your Finger.”)

The online resource Encyclopedia Britannica explains that in Greek mythology, Scylla and Charybdis were two immortal monsters. They terrorized ships that tried to travel the Strait of Messina, a narrow waterway between Sicily and the Italian mainland.

Scylla is the personification -- the human representation of a non-human thing -- of sharp rocks and other objects along the coast. Scylla destroyed ships that came too close.

Charybdis is the personification of a whirlpool, a dangerous water formation in seas and oceans. Charybdis also destroyed ships that came too close but in a very different way.

But both could kill you! And they were located so close to each other that they gave sailors an almost impossible choice. Avoiding Charybdis meant passing too close to Scylla and vice versa.

And that is what “being between a rock and hard place” means. You are in an impossibly difficult situation with no good choices.

So really, you must choose between the lesser of two evils.

Now, let’s hear this used in a conversation between two friends. A woman is planning a birthday party for her son. And a friend who offers to help finds himself in a dilemma, a real pickle – you know a difficult situation! He has a hard decision to make.

Can I help with the birthday party?

Oh yes! Thank you so much!

Of course! It’s your son’s birthday. I’m happy to help.

Well, I need to take my dog to the vet later today. But I also promised my son that I would take him and his friends out for ice cream after the party. So, can you either take the dog or the kids?

Ah … how many kids?

Seven. No wait. Eight. And they will probably all be ready for a nap.

So they’ll be tired and quiet?

No. They will be irritable and over-excited because they’ve had too much sugar.

Argh. That sounds terrible. But then again, I’m not really a dog person. Is she good in the car?

She hates it! But not as much as she hates the doctor. She will probably bark the whole time.

Okay. So, I can either take an unhappy, barking dog to the vet. Or I can take a car full of overly excited six-year-olds out for messy ice cream.

Right. But I’ll pay for the ice cream and I’ll pay to have your car cleaned afterward – no matter which one you choose.

(sighs)

Well?

I don’t know! I have a dilemma. I'm still weighing my options. They are both so bad!

I didn’t mean to put you between a rock and a hard place. But you did offer.

Now, you may have also heard the expression: Damned if you do, damned if you don’t!

This may sound the same as “being between a rock and a hard place” but we use it a little differently.

If you are damned if you do, damned if you don’t – it means that no matter what you do, someone is going to be angry or upset with you. Being between a rock and a hard place involves your choice between two terrible choices.

Now whenever you have to choose between these expressions, you will know which one to use. And luckily choosing between them will not put you between a rock and a hard place.

And that brings us to the end of this Words and Their Stories.

Is there a time when you found yourself between a rock and a hard place? Let us know in the comments section using the words and expressions you heard here.

Until next time … I’m Anna Matteo!

Between a rock and a hard place
Whether I like it or not I'm digging my grave
Friends ask me why I choose to stay
Between a rock and a hard place ...
 

Anna Matteo wrote this script. Ashley Thompson edited it. At the end of the program. The song at the end is Daniel Ramirez singing “Rock and a Hard Place.”

________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

option – n. the opportunity or ability to choose something or to choose between two or more things

terrible – adj. extremely bad

immortal – adj. not capable of dying: living forever

personification – n. representation of a thing or abstraction as a person or by the human form

whirlpool – n. a rapid swirl of water with a low place in the center into which floating objects are drawn

vice versa – adv. with the order changed

irritable – adj. becoming angry or annoyed easily

weighing my options – idiomatic expression: thinking carefully about options or choices

vet – n. short for a veterinarian, a doctor that treats animals

dilemma – n. a usually undesirable or unpleasant choice a problem involving a difficult choice

pickle – n. a difficult situation

 .....................................................

 

English at Work

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

An Introduction

EPISODE 160701 / 01 JUL 2016

Meet Anna, Paul, Denise, and Tom.

English at Work focuses on English communication in the office. Join Neil in this special introductory programme as he finds out about the characters who work in the offices of Tip Top Trading.

Here are the key phrases in this episode:

  • A good example that comes to mind...
  • I'm particularly proud of...
  • Timekeeping is important to me.

Listening Challenge

What kind of company is Tip Top Trading?

The answer is at the bottom of the transcript below:

Transcript

Narrator
Hi, I'm Neil. Thanks for joining me on English at Work - a new series of programmes set in an office, full of top tips to help you learn some useful business language which you could use in the workplace. In the next few minutes you can join me on an introductory tour around one of London's biggest imitation plastic fruit manufacturers, called Tip Top Trading. We're going to hear from some of the employees that work so hard to keep the business running smoothly. So come on then! Let's step into the office and eavesdrop on Tip Top Trading's possible newest recruit. I say 'possible' because she is still being interviewed for the job of Sales Executive…

Anna
Firstly, this job is an ideal match for my skills and experience: I've spent several years working in sales and I get on with people easily. Well, I mean, apart from the ones I don't like of course! Secondly, I know Tip Top Trading is one of the fastest-growing companies in London, and I want to be part of that.

Paul
That's absolutely right. Tip Top Trading is the fastest-growing company in the plastic fruits sector.

Narrator
Well said, Anna! If she gets that job I'm sure she'll be an asset to the company. The decision is in the hands of Manager, Paul, who we heard there. He's a nice guy really, a little disorganised, but when things go wrong he's got to take charge…a bit like this…

Paul
Yesterday was not a great day. Two clients came in with serious complaints. Mrs Kumquat received a delivery of imitation bananas that were purple – not very convincing, and Mr Lime ordered grapefruits, but got pineapples. Tom!

Tom
Yeah, listen...

Paul
Were you responsible for these errors?

Tom
Well... yes, but -

Paul
Look, mistakes happen. But it seems that Mrs Kumquat left our offices even angrier than when she came in and she says she will never use Tip Top Trading again!

Tom
I tried my best.

Paul
Hmmm.

Narrator
Ah yes, Tom! I hadn't warned you about Tom, one of the company's top Sales Executives – he's good….

Tom
[on phone] Tom speaking. Yah! Frankie! So what's the latest, are we on? 

Narrator
…but his interpersonal skills need working on. Listen to this!

Tom
My computer has crashed. I've lost my phone. And there's a big, BIG problem with my timetable. I have two meetings scheduled at the same time with two extremely important clients. I can't do them both at once!

Narrator
See what I mean! Now, every office needs a good office assistant – and Tip Top Trading is no exception. It's got Denise, who's there to assist, organise and sometimes make the tea…

Denise
Oh sorry excuse me, here's your tea Paul.

Paul
Thanks Denise.

Narrator
But goodness! She likes to talk…

Denise
Really! "Denise do this! Denise do that!"\I'm telling you Sharon, I've almost had enough! I get treated like I'm some kind of servant!

Narrator
That's Denise! I think we'll just leave the office now and let them get on with their work. So that's Tip Top Trading. There are plenty of other people we'll meet along the way – so go on – why don't you join me for English at Work from bbclearningenglish.com. See ya!

Listening Challenge - Answer

What kind of company is Tip Top Trading?
Tip Top Trading is a plastic fruit manufacturer.

Try Next 

Shakespeare Speaks small inlin... Stop Saying small inline promo... Lingohack small inline promo i...

 

Credits 

Series Producer/Writer: Rob Carter - BBC Learning English

Animator: Rosie Miles (http://www.rosiesmiles.com/)

Actors: The team at BBC Learning English

Latest English at Work

  • The Wedding Day

    The Wedding Day

    EPISODE 171004 / 04 OCT 2017

    It's Anna and Tom's big day! Will Anna say 'I do'?

  • Last call for Tom

    Last call for Tom

    EPISODE 170927 / 27 SEP 2017

    Just as Tom leaves to start a new life in Australia, Anna realises her true feelings. Will she be able to catch him before he's gone for good?

  • Something's missing

    Something's missing

    EPISODE 170920 / 20 SEP 2017

    Tom's walked out after Anna rejected his marriage proposal. Will things at Tip Top Trading ever be the same again?

  • Tom's tantrum

    Tom's tantrum

    EPISODE 170913 / 13 SEP 2017

    Anna said 'yes', but was she accepting Mr Socrates' job offer or agreeing to marry Tom?

  • Anna's decision

    Anna's decision

    EPISODE 170906 / 06 SEP 2017

    It's decision time for Anna! Will she accept the offer to become the new boss at Tip Top Trading?

................................................

 

 

  • Former prime minister Chuan Leekpai walks through a group of MPs after being elected as House Speaker on the first day of the Lower House meeting on Saturday.//Rachanon Intharagsa
  • Photo : Rachanon Intharagsa
  • Pheu Thai candidate for House speaker Sompong Amornwiwat sits during vote counting on Saturday.//Rachanon Intharagsa
  • Former prime minister Chuan Leekpai walks through a group of MPs after being elected as House Speaker on the first day of the Lower House meeting on Saturday.//Rachanon Intharagsa
 

Chuan elected speaker of lower house on dramatic day

Breaking News May 25, 2019 19:30

By The Nation

3,321 Viewed

Ex-premier Chuan, the candidate proposed by the pro-junta Phalang Pracharat Party, secured 258 votes to 235 for Pheu Thai nominee Sompong Amornvivat. One MP abstained.

The election of the lower house speaker, the only item on the agenda at the first meeting of MPs, took more than eight hours after Phalang Pracharat proposed a postponement of the vote for unspecified reasons.

There were simmerings of discontent in the pro-junta camp after Phalang Pracharat reportedly wanted to field its MP, Suchart Tancharoen, for the post of speaker but the the bloc nominated Chuan at the last minute.

Pheu Thai MP Jirayut Huangsap objected to the proposal to put off the vote. A prolonged debate between the two blocs led to pro tem speaker Chai Chidchob, the most senior MP and former house speaker, adjourning the house.

After a two-hour break, the house voted on the first motion to decide whether or not to reschedule the election of speaker.

The anti-junta camp, comprising seven parties that had signed a pact earlier, voted against deferring the election.

Finally, the house voted 248 to 246 with two absentions to elect the speaker on Saturday. Some of the pro-Suchart MPs also voted against the postponement.

The Phalang Pracharat-led bloc tried to swing the vote in its favour but failed.

The house hence had to vote to choose between Democrat Chuan and Pheu Thai’s Sompong.

.................................................

 

US President Donald J. Trump (R) and First Lady Melania Trump disembark from Air Force One as they arrive at Haneda International Airport in Tokyo, Japan, 25 May.//EPA-EFE
US President Donald J. Trump (R) and First Lady Melania Trump disembark from Air Force One as they arrive at Haneda International Airport in Tokyo, Japan, 25 May.//EPA-EFE

Trump arrives for sumo summit with Abe

Breaking News May 26, 2019, 01:00

By AFP

Air Force One touched down in Japan just before 5pm local time (0800 GMT) on a sunny Tokyo afternoon and a

smiling Trump descended with his wife Melania for a red-carpet greeting led by Japanese Foreign Minister Taro

Kono.

Trump went directly to a meeting of Japanese business executives and lost little time in arguing for a trade

relationship between the world's top and number-three economy that would skew more in Washington's favour.

"Japan has had a substantial advantage for many, many years. But that's OK, maybe that's why you like us so

much," Trump told the executives.

After a bilateral trade deal currently under negotiation has been signed, it will be "a little bit more fair," vowed the

president.

Japanese and US officials hail as "unprecedented" the relationship between Trump and his "golf buddy", Prime

Minister Shinzo Abe, and the pair will again find time for a round to cement their diplomatic bromance.

Just over an hour before Trump arrived, a 5.1-magnitude earthquake rattled buildings in Tokyo, with the epicentre

very close to where the leaders are due to tee off.

The official centrepiece of the trip is Trump's meeting on Monday with Japan's new Emperor Naruhito, who only

ascended the Chrysanthemum Throne at the beginning of the month following his father's historic abdication for

health reasons.

"With all the countries of the world, I'm the guest of honour at the biggest event that they've had in over 200 years,"

said Trump before his departure.

But the visual highlight is more likely to be Trump's visit on Sunday to the final day of the summer "basho" or sumo

tournament where he is expected to present the cup to the winner.

Japanese wrestler Asanoyama will receive the "president's cup" -- weighing 60-70 pounds (27-32 kilos) and

measuring 54 inches (1.4 metres) -- after his win as Trump was arriving on Saturday gave him a 12-2 record and put

him out of reach on the final day.

Trump's appearance at the hallowed sumo hall has presented a logistical, security and protocol nightmare, ranging

from where he sits to how he should be protected if the crowd start throwing chair pillows -- as tradition dictates

when a Grand Champion (yokozuna) falls.

The leaders will play golf before going to the sumo and then repair with their wives to a restaurant in Tokyo's

Roppongi entertainment district, where the menu features skewers of prime sirloin beef at 5,184 yen ($47) for two.

- 'Never been closer' -

Abe has just recently returned from Washington and Trump himself will be coming back to Japan in just over a

month for the Group of 20 leaders' summit in the western city of Osaka.

The relationship between the former war-time foes "has never been stronger, has never been more powerful, has

never been closer," Trump said.

"This is an exciting time for commerce between the two countries that we both love."

The formal diplomatic part of the trip is limited to a short bilateral meeting and a working lunch on Monday, after

which the two leaders will brief the media.

They are also poised to meet families of people abducted by North Korea during the Cold War era to train

Pyongyang's spies, an emotive issue in Japan that Abe has pressed Trump to raise in talks with the North's leader

Kim Jong Un.

Trump will also address troops at a US base in Japan, highlighting the military alliance between the two allies at a

time when tensions are running higher with North Korea after the failure of the Hanoi summit in February.

Hours before Trump landed, hawkish National Security Advisory John Bolton told local media there was "no doubt"

Pyongyang's recent missile tests had violated UN Security Council resolutions but insisted Washington is still ready to

resume talks.

But analysts expect little progress on the main issue that divides Japan and the US: trade.

US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer is expected to hold talks with his Japanese counterpart on the sidelines

of the visit but with Abe facing upper house elections in the coming months and Trump battling China, both are

likely to avoid concessions.

Some observers suspect Abe is rolling out the red carpet to present Japan as the most favourable of the countries

currently engaged in trade disputes with Washington.

"Japan's strategy is to proceed with negotiations in a cool-headed manner," in contrast to the aggressive tit-for-tat

tariff retaliations between the US and China, Shujiro Urata, a trade expert and professor at Tokyo's Waseda

University told AFP.

.........................................................

FINISHED

May 26, 2019

 



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กฎกติกาการเขียนเรื่องและแสดงความคิดเห็น
1 การเขียน หรือแสดงความคิดเห็นใด ๆ ต้องไม่หมิ่นเหม่ หรือกระทบต่อสถาบันชาติ ศาสนา และพระมหากษัตริย์ หรือกระทบต่อความมั่นคงของชาติ
2. ไม่ใช้ถ้อยคำหยาบคาย ดูหมิ่น ส่อเสียด ให้ร้ายผู้อื่นในทางเสียหาย หรือสร้างความแตกแยกในสังคม กับทั้งไม่มีภาพ วิดีโอคลิป หรือถ้อยคำลามก อนาจาร
3. ความขัดแย้งส่วนตัวที่เกิดจากการเขียนเรื่อง แสดงความคิดเห็น หรือในกล่องรับส่งข้อความ (หลังไมค์) ต้องไม่นำมาโพสหรือขยายความต่อในบล็อก และการโพสเรื่องส่วนตัว และการแสดงความคิดเห็น ต้องใช้ภาษาที่สุภาพเท่านั้น
4. พิจารณาเนื้อหาที่จะโพสก่อนเผยแพร่ให้รอบคอบ ว่าจะไม่เป็นการละเมิดกฎหมายใดใด และปิดคอมเมนต์หากจำเป็นโดยเฉพาะเรื่องที่มีเนื้อหาพาดพิงสถาบัน
5.การนำเรื่อง ภาพ หรือคลิปวิดีโอ ที่มิใช่ของตนเองมาลงในบล็อก ควรอ้างอิงแหล่งที่มา และ หลีกเลี่ยงการเผยแพร่สิ่งที่ละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นรูปแบบหรือวิธีการใดก็ตาม 6. เนื้อหาและความคิดเห็นในบล็อก ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับทีมงานผู้ดำเนินการจัดทำเว็บไซต์ โดยถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบทางกฎหมายเป็นการส่วนตัวของสมาชิก
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OKnation ขอสงวนสิทธิ์ในการปิดบล็อก ลบเนื้อหาและความคิดเห็น ที่ขัดต่อความดังกล่าวข้างต้น โดยไม่ต้องชี้แจงเหตุผลใดๆ ต่อเจ้าของบล็อกและเจ้าของความคิดเห็นนั้นๆ
   

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