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         See you again, soldiers!

How are you doing?

As usually, people love peace and hate war. But it's necessary to know what the troops in the world were being. As well as China's troop in the present.

Many thanks to Google Translate and G Grammarly as ever.

Welcome to the modern military: China’s new combat units prepare for electronic warfare

More than 50 combat units of airborne troops, special forces, and electronic warfare experts take part in a week-long exercise at five locations

Minnie Chan
 

Minnie Chan  

Published: 7:00 am, 11 Jul 2018

 
 
The strategic support force of China’s People’s Liberation Army, which plays a key role in supporting the military's electronic warfare unit. Photo: Weibo
The strategic support force of China’s People’s Liberation Army, which plays a key role in supporting the military's electronic warfare unit. Photo: Weibo

Thousands of fresh graduates of new combat units from the People’s Liberation Army – China’s military – have begun a week-long drill in electronic warfare, experts said.

The war games, which started on Monday and test reconnaissance, electronic communication, cybersecurity, air strikes and other battle skills, are aimed at increasing ground troops’ understanding of modern warfare, and fostering new strategic ground force commanders after a sweeping PLA overhaul.

More than 50 combat units involving about 2,100 officers are taking part at five training bases. They include airborne troops, special forces and electronic warfare experts from ground forces from the Eastern, Western, Northern, Southern and Central command theatres, according to official social media accounts.

 
 

The ground force said the war games started simultaneously at the Zhurihe Combined Tactics Training Base in Inner Mongolia, and four military institutes in Chongqing, Hefei and Hebei provinces and the Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region.

 

FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

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...............................................

Becoming an English Teacher

June 15, 2019

FILE - Unidos Dual Language Charter School teacher Rosa Pellicer talks about her class in Forest Park, Georgia, Monday, Aug. 21, 2006. (AP Photo/Ric Feld)
FILE - Unidos Dual Language Charter School teacher Rosa Pellicer talks about her class in Forest Park, Georgia, Monday, Aug. 21, 2006. (AP Photo/Ric Feld)
 
by VOA
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By the year 2020, some two billion people in the world will be using English, or learning to use it.

Digital English language learning products and services are worth about $2.5 billion dollars a year.

That estimate comes from the British Council, an international cultural and educational program based in Britain.

The increasing demand for English has led many people to explore careers in teaching the language. Being a native speaker is not necessary to teach English. In fact, some experts say that being a non-native speaker can be very useful when teaching English.

Today, we speak with one of those experts. Her name is Babi Kruchin. She is a certified teacher trainer for the Certificate of Language Teaching to Adults, or CELTA from the University of Cambridge/Royal Society of Arts.

Babi Kruchin
Babi Kruchin

Babi Kruchin holds a Master’s Degree in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages, or TESOL from Hunter College in New York City. She has been teaching at the American Language Program at Columbia University since 1999.

VOA Learning English spoke to her by telephone recently. Our interview has been shorted for the purposes of this program.

JR: How did you get into your teaching career?

BABI KRUCHIN: So,I got into my field by accident. I was actually an art student in Brazil, and when I started college, the school where I had studied ESL as an after school program invited me to teach small kids. And, I started teaching small kids, and I enjoyed it…

In this Sept. 30, 2016 photo, teacher Regina Yang leads a bilingual Korean-English language immersion classes at Porter Ranch Community School in Los Angeles.
In this Sept. 30, 2016 photo, teacher Regina Yang leads a bilingual Korean-English language immersion classes at Porter Ranch Community School in Los Angeles.

JR: Where was the school?

BABI KRUCHIN: That school is called Lollipop, and it’s in Porto Alegre, Brazil – where I’m from.

JR: How did you get from teaching at that school to teach at Columbia University?

BABI KRUCHIN: So I taught at that school, then I transferred my major from art to languages. And then, I went - I wanted to live in an English speaking country, so I lived in the UK for a year where I did my CELTA training, which is a certificate program. Then I came back to Brazil, I continued teaching at a bigger school called Britannia, and then I started training teachers. I went from being a teacher to a teacher trainer in Brazil and I was training through the CELTA program. And then I moved to the U.S. and I decided to do a master’s in TESOL. And then my career kind of took off - I taught at many different programs in New York as an adjunct professor until I got a full-time position at Columbia.

JR: What skills do you need for your profession, aside from English language skills?

BABI KRUCHIN: So, I think first and foremost, yes, interpersonal communication skills. Because teaching is all about teaching other people. And a great awareness of who my students are at many levels, like at the personal level, at an academic level, at a critical thinking skills level… So, there is a lot of student awareness that goes hand in hand with teaching. So, in other words, there is the content and the person who is right in front of you, and you are addressing the person.

And then thinking of myself, I have to have great organizational skills, to organize materials, and the classes and the student assignments, so on and so forth. So I think if somebody wanted to go into teaching they would have to think about being organized, having interpersonal skills, to some degree, public speaking, because if you have a fear of speaking in front of other people, I wouldn’t recommend that career, because you are in front of a classroom and addressing them…

Some leadership skills because you do have to tell students what to do and how to go about doing tasks … and a great deal of creativity, I think, to create interesting lessons…

JR: How do you recommend that people develop their teaching skills? Is there a good resource for developing these skills?

BABI KRUCHIN: A resource is always feedback from colleagues… having peer observations or developmental observations. In other words, the idea that it is never ready, you are never done, you never know it all…

And also, keeping at the back of my mind that professional development is important, so attending conferences and reading in the field, and trying out new things. So, being aware of what's new. And I think a great deal of reflective thinking. I think with teaching, one needs to evaluate what happened. Sometimes at the beginning of your career, it's good to discipline one’s self and do it more rigorously – that’s writing reflective feedback of the lesson I've just taught. But then as you become more experienced, I think it's also very important to look back and say 'Was this a good class? Was this a good semester? What worked? What needs to be improved?'

JR: What recommendations do you have for those who are thinking of entering the teaching profession?

BABI KRUCHIN: I think the first question is: do you really want to be a teacher? I have somebody I know who thought they wanted to become a teacher, and when they actually went into the field, they realized the amount of work it is. It's a tremendous amount of work. So I think one needs to be aware of that – that you need to like it. Because if you don’t like it, it's not something you can just jump through the hoops.

And the other thing I think people need to be aware of is that in terms of compensation, teaching is a profession that is not very well paid, but also to think about how rewarding it is to meet people from different cultures… and to know that you learn all the time from your students.

JR: What recommendations do you have for English learners who would like to pursue a career in teaching English?

BABI KRUCHIN: Right, I would say that being a non-native speaker teacher of English as a second language is an asset. Because, like your students, you have gone through the process of learning the language. You are better equipped to understand what they are going through. Whereas if English is your first language, you may not empathize with what it is like to learn a second language. If you think not being a native speaker of English is an obstacle, you're wrong, because it is actually something that gives you another set of skills.

JR: Is there something that you would like to add with respect to becoming a teacher?

BABI KRUCHIN: No, I would say it's a very rewarding field because it is intellectually stimulating, and you are involved with other people, and you can use your creativity. I think those would be my final words.

JR: Thank you for taking the time to speak with us! Have a pleasant day.

BABI KRUCHIN: Ok, thanks. Nice talking to you, Bye!

JR: Yeah, good to talking to you too.

I'm John Russell.

 

John Russell wrote this story for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section.

______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

digital – adj. of or related to electronic technology

certify – v. to officially recognize; to confirm

master’s degree – n. a recognition given to a student by a college or university usually after completion of a graduate-level study program

interview – n. a meeting or discussion between two people, usually for information

kid – n. a child

transfer – v. to move from one place to another

adjunct – adj. added to a teaching staff for only a short time or in a lower position than other staff

interpersonal – adj. relating to or involving relations between people; existing or happening between people

awareness – n. knowledge of a fact or situation

academic – adj. related to or involving education

colleague – n. someone with whom one works in a business

peer – n. a person who belongs to the same age group or social group as someone else

evaluate – v. to judge the value or condition of (someone or something) in a careful and thoughtful way

compensation – n. payment given for doing a job

reward – v. to make a gift of something (to someone) in recognition for their services

asset – n. a valuable person or thing

empathize –v. to have the same feelings as another person : to feel empathy for someone — often + with

obstacle – n. a barrier

 

Teacher Diana Feke helps Mason Baker during lunch at the Eastham Community Center Claskamas County Children's Commission Head Start, April 9, 2012, in Oregon City.
Teacher Diana Feke helps Mason Baker during lunch at the Eastham Community Center Claskamas County Children's Commission Head Start, April 9, 2012, in Oregon City.

Finding the Right Program

Any good English training program should contain activities that address key language skill areas: reading, writing, speaking, listening, pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary, comprehension and interactions.

The program should also include information on classroom management and some kind of teacher preparation training.

Many American states require completion of a teacher preparation program in addition to a bachelor's or master's degree.

English Certifications and Degrees

There are a variety of certification and degree programs for teaching English. Only you can know which program would be correct for you. English teaching programs at colleges and universities often have the following terms:

ESL (English as a Second Language)

TESL (Teaching English as a Second Language)

TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages)

ESOL (English for Speakers of Other Languages)

Teaching English Language Learners (ELL)

 

Common certifications include CELTA,TESOL, and TEFL.

Different employers may require different qualifications. In some cases, undergraduate or graduate coursework in addition to a separate certification may be required.

Source: ESLTeacherEdu.Org

....................................................

Unit 1: English In A Minute

Give us a minute and we'll give you English

SELECT A UNIT

  1. 1

Session 60

Welcome to English In A Minute. Give us a minute and we'll give you a hot tip about English. Grammar, vocabulary... there's so much to learn! And all taught by your favourite BBC Learning English staff!

Activity 1

4 ways to use just

Do you have a minute to spare to learn some English? Saskia's  got the information we need - 4 ways to use just! Give us 60 seconds and we'll give you the English!

Watch the video and complete the activity

Show transcript

_______________________________________________________________________

Did you like that? Why not try these?

EIAM Teaser 6mingram_li_14_present_perfect_just_already_yet.jpg 6minvocab_li_2_adjectives_adverbs.jpg_______________________________________________________________________

4 ways to use 'just'

Things happening at the moment.
Just
 can be used for things happening at the moment.

  • I'm just finishing this video.
  • The weather is just changing. We can go out now.

Only
Just
 can mean only.

  • This book cost me just one pound.
  • I need just one more thing.

Exactly
Just
 often means exactly.

  • It's just four o'clock.
  • That's just what I wanted!

Emphasis
Just 
can be used to emphasise other words and expressions.

  • I just love this T-shirt.
  • Isn't this just the best day ever?

____________________________________________________________________________________________

To do

Try our quiz to see how well you've learned today's language. 

English In A Minute Quiz

3 Questions

Test your understanding of this lesson with our quiz!

 
 .................................................
 
 
People pray outside the government headquarters in Hong Kong on June 15, 2019. - Hong Kong's embattled leader on June 15 suspended a hugely divisive bill that would allow extraditions to China in a major climbdown after a week of protests./AFP
People pray outside the government headquarters in Hong Kong on June 15, 2019. - Hong Kong's embattled leader on June 15 suspended a hugely divisive bill that would allow extraditions to China in a major climbdown after a week of protests./AFP

Hong Kong braces for huge rally after leader climbdown

ASEAN+ June 16, 2019 01:00

By Agence France-Presse 
Hong Kong

Hong Kong is bracing for another mass rally Sunday as public anger seethes following unprecedented clashes between protesters and police over a controversial extradition law, despite a climbdown by the city's embattled leader.

Organisers are hoping for another mammoth turnout as they vowed to keep pressure on chief executive Carrie Lam, who suspended work on the hugely divisive bill Saturday after days of mounting pressure, saying she had misjudged the public mood.

Critics fear the Beijing-backed law will tangle people up in China's notoriously opaque and politicised courts as well as hammer the city's reputation as a safe business hub.

The international finance hub was rocked by the worst political violence since its 1997 handover to China on Wednesday as tens of thousands of protesters were dispersed by riot police firing tear gas and rubber bullets.

Lam stopped short of committing to permanently scrapping the proposal and the concession was swiftly rejected by protest leaders, who called on her to resign, permanently shelve the bill and apologise for police tactics.

On Sunday afternoon, protesters will march from a park on the main island to the city's parliament -- a repeat of a massive rally a week earlier in which organisers said more than a million people turned out.

Lam's decision to ignore that record-breaking turnout and press ahead with tabling the bill for debate in the legislature on Wednesday was the spark that lit the clashes which brought parts of the financial hub to a standstill.

The protest movement has morphed in recent days from one specifically aimed at scrapping the extradition bill, to a wider movement of anger at Lam and Beijing over years of sliding freedoms.

"The pro-democracy group will not stop at this point, they want to build on the momentum against Carrie Lam," political analyst Willy Lam, told AFP. "They will keep the heat on and ride the momentum."

Police said they had no choice but to use force to meet hardcore violent protesters who had besieged their lines outside the city's parliament on Wednesday.

But critics -- including legal and rights groups -- say officers used a small minority of violent protesters to launch a sweeping security crackdown against predominantly young, peaceful protesters and clear the streets.

Anger has also been fanned by Lam and senior officers calling those in the streets "rioters".

Protest leaders have called for police to drop charges against anyone arrested for rioting and other offences linked to Wednesday's clashes.

Lam has argued that Hong Kong needs to end the lack of an extradition agreement with the mainland and says safeguards were in place to ensure dissidents or political cases would not be accepted.

Opposition to the bill united an unusually wide cross-section of Hong Kong from influential legal and business bodies, to religious leaders and western nations.

 ...................................................
 
FINISHED
 
June 16, 2019
 
 


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