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 How are you doing?

 

There are many agricultural states in America. Luckily for this united states indeed. How about to know such states story?

 With many thanks to Google Translate and G Grammarly.

 

 

 

 

 
Wheat stalks in front of combine (© AP Images)(© AP Images)

 

U.S. farmers feed the world

Mar 6, 2019
Graphic showing top 5 U.S. agricultural exports (State Dept./J. Maruszewski)(State Dept./J. Maruszewski)

American farmers are selling more of their high-quality products to the rest of the world than ever before in the history of U.S. agriculture.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, speaking to farmers in Iowa on March 4 , said that U.S. farmers produce harvests “at levels the world would have been astounded by just a few years ago.”

The United States, the world’s top food exporter, shipped over $139.5 billion in agricultural products abroad in 2018, a $1.5 billion increase over 2017.

 

That’s good news for both American farmers and the nations who import high-quality, safe and reliable U.S. agricultural products and so can provide enough food for their entire populations.

What America grows

Anyone driving across the American Midwest — Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska and more — quickly learns that corn and soybeans are the most common crops grown in the United States and generate the highest agricultural export sales.

Drive across the states of Kansas, North Dakota, Montana and Washington and wheat fields dominate the landscape.

And visitors to Texas, Nebraska and Kansas see massive herds of cattle roaming these top three beef-producing states.

“The U.S. agriculture sector is extremely diverse,” said Bryce Cooke, an economist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. “The affordability and variety of the U.S. food supply reflects the productivity and diversity of the entire agricultural sector.”

Agricultural exports support more than 1 million American jobs in farming and ranching, as well as jobs in processing, packaging and transporting the crops.

Future of American farming

By 2050 the world demand for food is expected to increase by 60 percent. To meet this challenge, the U.S. will devise new agricultural practices, build new markets and remove unfair trade barriers.

World map showing top recipients of U.S. agricultural exports (State Dept./J. Maruszewski)(State Dept./J. Maruszewski)

“We also have the highest quality because of our free-market system,” Pompeo told the American farmers. “Companies value their brand in a market-based economy and work to protect that reputation. Competition and choice cause people to play by the rules.”

“I am confident that the next billion, and the billion after that, of people who will be fed around the world will also be fed by American innovation, creativity and hard work,” Pompeo said.

 

FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/IBlUM-0NZZU

 

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Study Finds Possible Link between Sugary Drinks, Cancer

3 hours ago

FILE: Sugary drinks for sale in a store in Kent, Washington. (AP Photo/Elaine Thompson)
FILE: Sugary drinks for sale in a store in Kent, Washington. (AP Photo/Elaine Thompson)
 
Study Finds Possible Link between Sugary Drinks and Cancer
 

People who drink a lot of sugary drinks have a high risk of developing cancer, researchers announced last week. However, the evidence cannot yet establish a direct connection between the two.

The researchers said the findings of a large study in France suggest that limiting the amount of sugar-sweetened drinks may help reduce the number of cancer cases.

Drinking sugary drinks have become more common worldwide in the last several decades. Sugar drinks are linked to obesity – the condition of being extremely overweight -- which increases a person’s cancer risk.

The study was published in the BMJ British medical journal. It looked at data from just over 100,000 French adults – 21 percent of the men and 79 percent women. The researchers noted how many sugary drinks each of them had, and followed them for up to nine years -- between 2009 and 2018. The researchers measured their risk for all types of cancer, and some individual ones such as breast, colon and prostate cancers.

The researchers adjusted for other possible cancer risks in each individual, including age, sex, educational level, family history, smoking, and physical activity levels.

The scientists found that a 100 milliliters increase in sugary drinks was linked to an 18 percent increased risk of overall cancer and a 22 percent increased risk of breast cancer.

The researchers looked at those who drank fruity juices and those who drank other sweet drinks. Both groups, they found, showed a higher risk of cancer overall.

For prostate and colorectal cancers, no link was found. The researchers said this might have been because there was only a limited number of cases of these cancers in the study group.

Experts not directly involved in the work said it was a well-run study, but noted that its results could not establish cause and effect.

Amelia Lake is an expert in public health nutrition at Britain’s Teesside University. She said that while this study does not provide a definite cause and effect between sugar and cancer, it does add to the importance of efforts to reduce sugar intake.

“The message from the totality of evidence on excess sugar consumption and various health outcomes is clear,” she said. “Reducing the amount of sugar in our diet is extremely important.”

The researchers themselves also noted that the results would need to be repeated in future large studies.

The World Health Organization recommends that people should limit how much sugar they have to less than 10 percent of their total energy intake.

Many countries, including Britain, Belgium, France, Hungary, and Mexico, have introduced or are about to introduce taxes on sugar with the aim of improving people’s health.

I’m Anne Ball.

 

Kate Kelland wrote this story for Reuters. Anne Ball adapted it for VOA Learning English.

Do you drink sugary drinks? Let us know what you think of this story. Write to us in the comments section below.

 

 

Quiz - Study Finds Possible Link between Sugary Drinks and Cancer

Quiz - Study Finds Possible Link between Sugary Drinks and Cancer

Start the Quiz to find out

______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

decade – n. a period of ten years

adjust – v. to make an amount or number more exact by considering other information — usually + for

cause and effect – phrase. A relationship between things where one is the result of the other

consume – v. to eat or drink something

various – adj. used to refer to several different or many different things

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July 15, 2019

July 15, 2019
A look at the best news photos from around the world.

A Hindu holy man sits within the Pashupatinath temple in Kathmandu, Nepal.
1A Hindu holy man sits within the Pashupatinath temple in Kathmandu, Nepal.
Team Italy competes in the highlight final during the 18th FINA World Swimming Championships at Yeomju Gymnasium, Gwangju, South Korea.
2Team Italy competes in the highlight final during the 18th FINA World Swimming Championships at Yeomju Gymnasium, Gwangju, South Korea.
A motorist drives past a destroyed house after a large earthquake that hit Surigao City, in southern island of Mindanao, Philippines. Fifty-one people were injured, and several homes, churches and other buildings were damaged.
3A motorist drives past a destroyed house after a large earthquake that hit Surigao City, in southern island of Mindanao, Philippines. Fifty-one people were injured, and several homes, churches and other buildings were damaged.
A commuter (L) walks down painted stairs at an entrance of the JR Kumagaya Station in Kumagaya, Saitama Prefecture, Japan.
4A commuter (L) walks down painted stairs at an entrance of the JR Kumagaya Station in Kumagaya, Saitama Prefecture, Japan.

Load more

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6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

What's on your to-do list?

EPISODE 190307 / 07 MAR 2019

Introduction

Pay bills, clean the house... these are boring tasks we all have to do regularly even if we don't feel like it. They're part of what we call 'life admin'. Neil and Rob discuss what could make life admin tasks more interesting and teach you related vocabulary.

This week's question

The website Hotels.com commissioned some research about how much time young adults – that's millennials - spend doing life admin. Do you know what proportion of their free time they spend doing life admin tasks? Is it…

a)    a quarter of a day

b)    a third of a day

c)    half a day? 

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

a chore
a boring, ordinary task you do regularly

admin
short for 'administration' –  the activities and tasks you have to do to make a business, organisation or just your life, run smoothly

aka
also known as 

utility company
a company that supplies something such as electricity, gas, or water to the public

procrastinate
delay doing things until later, probably because you don't want to do them 

super-doers
an informal term to describe people who get satisfaction out of doing life admin and do lots of it

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word for word transcript

Neil
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English, I'm Neil. And joining me it's Rob. 

Rob
Hello. 

Neil
Now Rob, would you say you're someone who is quite organised?

Rob
I'd like to think so.

Neil
What's the best way to organise everything?

Rob
You need a 'to-do' list – a list of all the jobs you need to do that you can work your way through.

Neil
That's a good idea and something we can include in today's discussion about life admin. Admin is short for administration – that describes the activities and tasks you have to do to make a business or organisation run smoothly – but life admin is administration you have to do to make your day-to-day life run smoothly – like doing housework, or paying a bill. And the first thing on my 'to-do' list is to ask you and the listeners, a question.

Rob
Yes, you wouldn't want to forget that.

Neil
So, the website Hotels.com commissioned some research about how much time young adults – that's millennials - spend doing life admin. Do you know what proportion of their free time they spend doing life admin tasks? Is it…

a) a quarter of a day

b) a third of a day

c) half a day?

Rob
Based on my personal experience, I would say about a quarter of a day.

Neil
Well, we'll see if you're the same as other people at the end of the programme. But as we all know, life admin is necessary but it can be a bit of a chore – a boring, ordinary task you do regularly.

Rob
Experts have studied the subject and looked at how we do it and how we can make it less boring. One of them is Elizabeth Emens, Professor of Law at Columbia University and author of The Art of Life Admin.

Neil
She's been speaking to the BBC Radio 4 programme, Woman's Hour, and described what she thought life admin is…

Elizabeth Emens, Professor of Law at Columbia University
Life admin is the office work of life, it's the invisible layer of work that is the kind of thing that managers and secretaries, aka admins, do for pay in the office but that everyone does in their own lives for free.

Rob
She calls life admin the invisible layer of work – so it's work, tasks or chores we carry out that people don't notice we're doing – or don't realise we have to do them it's extra work in our life.

Neil
And we don't get paid for it – unless we're at work when it is the role of someone to do it – such as secretaries or aka admins – aka is short for 'also known as' – so secretaries might also be known as admins – that is short for people who do administration.

Rob
Right, so we know life admin is boring and we don't get paid for it – and also, trying to renew your house insurance or trying to query a bill with a utility company can be frustrating and feels like a waste of time. A utility company by the way, is one that supplies something such as electricity, gas, or water to the public.

Neil
My problem is I never get round to doing my life admin – there are better things to do – so you could say I procrastinate – I delay doing things until later, probably because I don't want to do them.

Rob
You are what Elizabeth classifies as an 'admin avoider'. So this is where my to-do list comes in handy Neil. You have a written record of tasks that can be quite satisfying to cross off as you do them. But this is something Elizabeth Emens has found to work, at least for some people. Let's hear from her again. What type of people did she find get most satisfaction from completing a to-do list?

Elizabeth Emens, Professor of Law at Columbia University
If you've ever made a list and put things on it you've already done, just to cross them out, then you know the kind of 'done it' pleasure that goes with that. But actually I interviewed people, especially the super-doers that I interviewed, actually can find real pleasure in the actual doing of it - so trying to understand how we can get to that when we have to do it - how we can make it so that there is some meaning in it and some texture and there're ways of doing it that please us.

Neil
So she was describing the super-doers – these are the people who love admin and would spend an evening putting their book collection into alphabetical order!

Rob
Elizabeth mentioned that we should learn from the super-doers and get some 'done it' pleasure in doing our life admin. We need to find a meaning for doing it – in other words, what is represents – so we can see the benefit of completing our to-do list.

Neil
How we find pleasure from doing life admin is different for different people – so personally, I think I'll stick with being an 'admin avoider' – but that might explain why I just got charged extra for not paying my credit card bill on time!

Rob
Well, please don't avoid giving us the answer to the quiz question you asked us earlier.

Neil
Yes. Earlier I asked, researchers, commissioned by Hotels.com, polled 2,000 young professionals about their lives. How much of their free time do they spend doing life admin? Is it…

a) quarter of a day

b) a third of  a day

c) half a day?

Rob
And I said a) a quarter of a day.

Neil
Yes, they spend a quarter of their days carrying out tasks like doctor’s appointments, waiting in for packages to be delivered and doing household chores. Boring!

Rob
Unlike this programme Neil, which is not a chore – one of the words we discussed today.

Neil
Yes, our vocabulary today included chorea boring, ordinary task you do regularly.

Rob
We also mentioned admin, short for administration –  the activities and tasks you have to do make a business, organisation or just your life, run smoothly.

Neil
We heard aka – meaning 'also known as' – so for example, Rob aka The master of 6 Minute English!

Rob
Thanks very much Neil. Next we heard a  utility company. That's a company that supplies something such as electricity, gas, or water to the public. And we also heard how Neil likes to procrastinate – that's delay doing things until later, probably because he doesn't want to do them.

Neil
Finally, we mentioned super-doers – an informal term to describe people who get satisfaction out of doing life admin and do lots of it.

Rob
Like me.

Neil
Well, it's time to go now but there's plenty more to discover on our website at bbclearningenglish.com. Goodbye for now. 

Rob
Bye bye.

 ................................................
 
 
 

Little rain expected so save water, pleads Ministry

Jul 15. 2019
Facebook Twitter

By The Nation

466 Viewed

The Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives is calling on people everywhere to save water as this year’s rainy season is expected to remain drier than normal.
Anan called on farmers who have not yet sown seeds to postpone their usual activities.

Records show that medium and large reservoirs across the country are now just 49 per cent full, holding just 13,093 million cubic metres of disposable water.

Nakhon Ratchasima’s Phimai district, for example, is gripped by an ongoing drought despite the fact the country is well into its usual rainy season. Locals say the ongoing drought is the worst in 50 years: the Phimai Dam was less than 10 per cent full as of press time on Monday.

Without the water they need to even grow enough food to feed themselves many farmers have become so desperate they have even started going to the dam to collect snails to eat.

 

The Royal Irrigation Department’s director-general Dr. Thongplew Kongjun said his agency was now advising rice farmers to be self-sufficient. “If possible, use rainwater,” he said.

Dr Surasee Kittimonton, Director-General of the Royal Rainmaking and Agricultural Aviation Department, said his agency had already carried out more than 3,300 flights for cloud seeding over 149 million rai of farmland since March 1. “This is a very high number,” he saidฃฦ

...........................................................

 

July 16, 2019

 

 



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