*/
  • นายยั้งคิด
  • ranking : สมาชิกทั่วไป
  • email : sunnytrack@hotmail.com
  • วันที่สร้าง : 2008-07-01
  • จำนวนเรื่อง : 4240
  • จำนวนผู้ชม : 1569786
  • จำนวนผู้โหวต : 466
  • ส่ง msg :
  • โหวต 466 คน
วันพุธ ที่ 24 กรกฎาคม 2562
Posted by นายยั้งคิด , ผู้อ่าน : 193 , 10:59:46 น.  
หมวด : การศึกษา

พิมพ์หน้านี้
โหวต 2 คน wullopp , สิงห์นอกระบบ โหวตเรื่องนี้

link @: learning english with voa news: Tuesday, July 23, 2019

 

 

Once again, I'd like to invite you to follow up on the working of G Grammarly. Because of its alway line the red line

included the advice under the word that you write mistake or the word in information you've read. That it is useful

that you've received.

 

 Thanks a lot to Google Translate and G Grammarly at one as ever.

 

FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/IBlUM-0NZZU

.................................................

US Schools Become the Target of Cyberattacks

July 23, 2019

FILE - The board of education offices in Avon, Conn. is seen in this July 12, 2019 photo.
FILE - The board of education offices in Avon, Conn. is seen in this July 12, 2019 photo.

Cyber attackers are increasingly targeting school systems around the United States. The effects of such attacks worsen as more American schools use technology for teaching.

A recent example comes from Connecticut. Cyber attacks cut internet connection to the Avon Public School system several times a day over a six week period.

The attackers did not capture sensitive information from the school system. But the damage was still costly. Classroom teaching plans that required the internet were halted.

Robert Vojtek is the school system’s technology director. He sought help from the Federal Bureau of Investigation or FBI.

“The first time I called the FBI, their first question was, ‘Well, what did it cost you?’” he said. Vojtek explained that teaching and learning stopped for some 4,000 students. He asked, “How do you put a price tag on that?”

The FBI says schools are targeted because they hold sensitive data and provide important public services.

It said in a written statement that the attackers are criminals seeking profit, young people playing jokes and possibly even foreign governments.

Attacks against schools have become common, the FBI said, but it is impossible to know how often they happen because many are never reported.

Schools with few or no information security employees are often surprised to find themselves as targets.

Coventry local school system in Ohio has about 2,000 students. In May, it had to close schools as it worked - with FBI support - to fight a virus that had infected its computer system.

The school system did not have cybersecurity insurance, said its technology director, Kelly Kendrick. Her three-person department is still working to repair devices affected by the attack.

FBI officials told the school system that the attackers apparently did not get sensitive information. But Kendrick said it was clear they were after data of some kind.

“Why this little school in Akron, Ohio? Why was it a target?” Kendrick said. “It has really opened my eyes to how data of any kind is marketable, sellable.”

In September, the FBI issued a public service announcement. The announcement warned against the widespread collection of student identification data and other information, including educational progress reports and classroom activities. Such data could affect privacy and safety is compromised, the FBI said.

Stolen data could lead to tracking, identity theft, and other threats, it said.

Punishment for cyberattacks can be severe.

In March, Olukayode Lawal, a Nigerian man living in Smyrna, Georgia, was sentenced to 10 months in prison. He was also ordered to leave the country. Lawal was found guilty of involvement in a plan to steal money using tax information of Connecticut school employees.

In North Dakota, a third of schools were hit with a malware attack last year. The attack was traced to North Korea, although it is unclear if it began there.

Sean Wiese is North Dakota’s chief information security officer.

He said school cyber systems “may be considered easy targets because they’re a little bit more open” than traditional business culture.

“I do feel that is changing, just not quickly enough,” Wiese added.

I’m John Russell.

Michael Melia reported on this story for the Associated Press. John Russell adapted the story for Learning English. Caty Weaver was the editor.

Quiz - US Schools Become the Target of Cyberattacks

Quiz - US Schools Become the Target of Cyberattacks

Start the Quiz to find out

Words in This Story

cyber – adj. related to computers or computer networks

insurance – n. an agreement in which a person makes regular payments to a company and the company promises to pay money if the person is injured or dies, or to pay money equal to the value of something (such as a house or car) if it is damaged, lost or stolen

malware – n. short for “malicious software”; malware causes damage to a computer or computer network

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section.

S. Korea, Russia Differ Over Warning Shots Fired at Aircraft

July 23, 2019

This image released by Joint Staff, Ministry of Defense, shows Russian A-50 airborne early warning and control aircraft flying near the Korean-controlled island called Takeshima in Japanese Tuesday, July 23, 2019.
This image released by Joint Staff, Ministry of Defense, shows Russian A-50 airborne early warning and control aircraft flying near the Korean-controlled island called Takeshima in Japanese Tuesday, July 23, 2019.

South Korea says it fired 360 warning shots Tuesday after a Russian military plane violated South Korea’s airspace two times.

Russian officials quickly disputed the claim. They also said Russia was carrying out joint air exercises with China.

South Korea says three Russian military planes entered the South’s air defense area off its east coast. It says one of the Russian planes flew into South Korean airspace.

South Korean reports say several South Korean fighter planes then flew to the area. They fired warning shots with machine guns and flares.

Defense officials in Seoul said the Russian plane left the area after about three minutes. But they said the plane later returned and violated the country's airspace again for four minutes. The officials said the South Korean fighter planes then fired more flares and warning shots.

South Korea said it was the first time a foreign military plane had violated its airspace since the end of the Korean War in 1953.

The commander of Russia’s long-range air forces denied both the report that planes had violated South Korean airspace and the report of shots.

Russia’s Defense Ministry said it does not recognize South Korea’s claim to the air territory. The Chinese Foreign Ministry said the area was not territorial airspace and that all countries enjoy freedom of movement in it.

The airspace that South Korea says the Russian warplane violated is above a group of South Korean-held islands about halfway between South Korea and Japan. Japan also claims ownership of the islands.

Japan protested to South Korea for firing warning shots over Japanese airspace. It also protested to Russia for violating its airspace.

South Korea answered that it cannot accept the Japanese statement, repeating that the islands are South Korean territory.

I’m Ashley Thompson.

 

Ashley Thompson adapted this story based on reports by The Associated Press and Reuters. Caty Weaver was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments section, and visit our Facebook page.

Words in This Story

flare - n. a very bright light that is used to give a signal, to light up something, or to attract attention

long-range - adj. able to travel or be used over great distances


.....................................................

6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Dating apps

EPISODE 190214 / 14 FEB 2019

Introduction

Research shows that fewer than 5% of people who have used dating apps, actually go out on a date with someone they met through them. Neil and Dan discuss the reasons for it and teach you related vocabulary.

This week's question

Around the world last year how much was spent on dating apps? Was it: 

a) less than half a billion dollars                   

b) between half a billion and a billion dollars 

c) over a billion dollars

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

motives
reasons for doing something 

makes sense
is understandable and not a surprise 

out of curiosity
for no real reason other than a casual interest 

disillusioned
no longer satisfied with something but disappointed by it 

jaded
a feeling of being tired and bored by something 

callous
emotionally hard and uncaring

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word for word transcript

Neil
Hello. And welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil. 

Dan
And I'm Dan. 

Neil
Now then, Dan. What do you think of dating apps - you know, apps on your phone that help you find a romantic partner? 

Dan
I can't say I've ever used them myself. How about you? 

Neil
Neither have I, but I've got friends who have, very successfully. Lots of weddings. 

Dan
Great! 

Neil
Now, research shows that fewer than 5% of people who have used dating apps, actually go out on a date with someone they met through them. We’ll find out the reasons for this shortly, but first, a question. Even though dating apps are not used as much as we might think, they are still big business, but do you know how big? Around the world last year how much was spent on them? Was it: 

a) less than half a billion dollars.                    

b) between half a billion and a billion dollars or

c) over a billion dollars? 

Any ideas, Dan? 

Dan
Well, this is purely a guess, but let’s say over a billion dollars. 

Neil
Well, we’ll have the answer at the end of the programme. Elizabeth Tinnemans is a researcher who studied the use of a particular dating app. She spoke on the BBC's You and Yours radio programme on Radio 4. Her study confirmed that comparatively few people who used the app used it to arrange to meet up with someone. She talked about people’s motives for using the app. Motives isa word which means‘reasons’ - so what were those motives

Elizabeth Tinnnemans
We found from all the people that we surveyed that only slightly more than half of them actually met up with someone. So it doesn't look like a lot of people are using it to meet up but it makes sense because we also looked at why they were using a dating app and the most popular and most common motives were using it out of curiosity and using it to pass time or entertainment. So they're not actively using these dating apps to meet people like swiping with friends is something that happens fairly often, especially among millennials. 

Neil
Tinnemans said that people use the app to pass the time and simply for entertainment. What other motives did she mention, Dan? 

Dan
Well, she said that people used it out of curiosity. If you do something out of curiosity you're just interested in seeing what it is and what it does. Maybe you’ve heard about something and although you don’t want to actually try it, you do want to see what it’s all about. For example, when I was travelling once, out of curiosity, I went to see people bungee jumping, but it was never something I was going to do myself. 

Neil
Was the lack of actual dating through the dating app a surprise? 

Dan
No, she said that because they looked at the motives, the result makes sense. When something makes sense, it’s understandable, it’s not surprising. 

Neil
There is another view as to why people are not using dating apps for actual dating. This is Zoe Strimpel who is a dating historian. She argues that because there is so much choice and so many opportunities to find a partner through an app, it can make the dating process unpleasant and people get tired of it. 

Zoe Strimpel
People are being horribly disillusioned. I think people have also started to feel jaded. People are feeling that they're aware that these relationships are often very callous and that's to do with the sort of incredible sense of choice. 

Neil
She says that people feel disillusioned and jaded. What does she mean? 

Dan
When you are disillusioned it means that you are unhappy with and disappointed by something because it isn’t as good as it used to be or it’s not as good as you thought it was going to be. If you have any experiences like that you become jaded which means you become bored and lose interest in something. 

Neil
She also commented that the dating experience can be callous

Dan
This means that emotionally it can be very tough and you have to be ready to accept rejection or to reject people yourself and this is not always done in the kindest way. 

Neil
Here’s Zoe Strimpel again. 

Zoe Strimpel
People are being horribly disillusioned. I think people have also started to feel jaded. People are feeling that they're aware that these relationships are often very callous and that's to do with the sort of incredible sense of choice. 

Neil
OK. Time to review today’s vocabulary, but first, let’s have the answer to the quiz question. I asked how much was spent on dating apps last year. Was it: 

a) less than half a billion dollars.                    

b) between half a billion and a billion dollars or

c) over a billion dollars? 

Dan, you said? 

Dan
I said c) over a billion dollars. 

Neil
Well, the total was just under $600m so the correct answer was b) between half a billion and a billion dollars. Good guess if you got that one right! Right, now it's time to recap today’s vocabulary. Our first word today was motives. A motive is your reason for doing something. 

Dan
If something makes sense it is not a surprise and you can understand it. 

Neil
The next phrase was out of curiosity. This is when you do something for no particular reason other than you are interested in seeing it or trying it. 

Dan
Then had disillusioned. This is a feeling you get when something isn’t as good as it used to be or as good as you expected it to be and you become disappointed by it. 

Neil
And that can lead to your being jaded, which isa feeling of dissatisfaction and boredom with something that has been going on for a while. 

Dan
And finally there was callous - an adjective which means uncaring and cold-hearted. 

Neil
Well, I hope you aren’t disillusioned with 6 Minute English and will join us again next time In the meantime finding bbc learning English online and on social media and on our own app – and before you ask, it’s not a dating app!  Bye for now. 

Dan
Bye bye!


....................................................

 

 
Jul 24. 2019
Gerald Margolis, managing director of Philip Morris Thailand.
Gerald Margolis, managing director of Philip Morris Thailand.
Facebook Twitter

By Jintana Panyaarvudh
The Nation 

Leading cigarette importer Philip Morris Trading (Thailand) is calling on the new government and policymakers to start talking with the tobacco industry, so both sides can work on finding constructive solutions to reduce harm caused by
smoking.

This suggestion came shortly after the government announced its new Cabinet, which the tobacco giant hopes will consider innovative “smoke-free products” for smokers, who otherwise would continue smoking, in its determination to build a smoke-free society. 

Thailand has banned the import, sale and servicing of e-cigarettes since 2014, with violators facing arrest and a jail sentence. Philip Morris’s smoke-free products could also be included in this banned category.

Gerald Margolis, managing director of Philip Morris Thailand, said the company wanted to call on the government to make way for a discussion that is backed by findings about the impact of smoking and encourage policymakers to review scientific evidence indicating that smoke-free products are a safer alternative to cigarettes and could significantly reduce risks once smokers switch completely to e-cigarettes. 

“With current developments in technology and science, it’s a great opportunity that we could get away from some ideological dialogues that we have had in the past and have more talks about fact and science instead to help create a smoke-free future in Thailand,” said Margolis during a group interview on Monday. 

Philip Morris International, along with its sister organisation in Thailand, is working to create a smoke-free environment by planning to completely discontinue the production and distribution of combustible cigarettes and replace it with smoke-free products as soon as possible, according to Margolis.

Since 2008, Philip Morris has invested more than Bt1.8 trillion to develop smoke-free products or “heat-not-burn” cigarettes that remain well below the point of combustion when lit.

Scientific research has found that the primary source of harm from smoking comes from harmful chemicals in the smoke from a burning cigarette, not the nicotine that is consumed. 

Aerosol from Philip Morris smoke-free product, left and centre, versus tar from smoke from a cigarette, right.

Hence, Philip Morris developed smoke-free cigarettes under the idea that if the combustion process is eliminated, then the risks can be reduced. 

“If you smoke, the best thing to do is to quit. If you don’t smoke you should not start. And of course if you don’t quit, the better alternative will be to switch to better alternatives [that are less harmful],” he said, emphasising the company’s push for a smoke-free future. 

In the past, the tobacco firm held regular discussions with the Commerce Ministry and Excise Department to share its scientific results and studies on alternative products, but it never held face-to-face meetings with public health agencies. 

Margolis said moves to cut down on tobacco-related harm and promote smoke-free products was mostly successful in countries where scientific findings were shared with and embraced by public health agencies, and companies like Philip Morris were allowed to share related information with consumers so they could learn about the products and their benefits. 

For instance, Public Health England launched a campaign telling smokers in the UK that vaping is not as harmful as smoking, while New Zealand government launched a website educating people on e-cigarettes and a campaign encouraging smokers to switch to vaping. 

During the interview, Margolis also presented independent findings from some international health organisations which found that smoke-free products can significantly reduce health risks.

Recently, the US Food and Drug Administration confirmed that the Philip Morris “heat-not-burn” cigarettes were appropriate for the protection of public health and has authorised its sale in the United States. 

Ban making little difference

Margolis said the nearly 11 million smokers in Thailand deserve a legitimate right to access these smoke-free products so we can make every day a “no-smoking day”.

He also pointed out that despite strict measures, the number of smokers has hardly changed – in 2015 it was 19.9 per cent, which dropped to just 19.1 per cent in 2017.

Under the National Tobacco Control Plan, Thailand aims to reduce the number of smokers to 16.7 per cent within this year. 

Margolis said he really hopes the new government will review its ban on e-cigarettes and other alternative products, citing new Public Health Minister Anutin Charnvirakul’s progressive election campaign to promote cannabis farming or a “cannabis liberalisation policy”. 

“It would be very ironic if you can smoke marijuana, but smokers are given no access to other alternatives to cigarettes,” Margolis said. 

Since 2008, Philip Morris has invested more than Bt1.8 trillion to develop smoke-free products

In a move towards lifting a ban on e-cigarettes and legalising it as a “controlled” instead of “banned” substance, the Commerce Ministry’s Department of Foreign Trade late last year tasked the Tobacco Control Research and Knowledge Management Centre with studying legal hurdles affecting the implementation of the ban. 

Opponents, especially officials from the Public Health Ministry, insist that e-cigarettes remain prohibited, saying the devices are hazardous to health and could encourage young people to start smoking.

Margolis, however, defended this by saying cigarette alternatives were specifically designed for adult smokers, adding that the design, flavour and packaging are in no way attractive to youth, non-smokers or even former smokers. 

Pre- and post-market studies on all of Philip Morris’s alternative cigarettes being sold in 48 countries also found that the youth are not attracted to these products.

He said a study conducted by a third party in Japan, where Philip Morris’s smoke-free products can be sold, showed that actual usage of the product by young people was less than 0.1 per cent. 

“At Philip Morris, we are strongly against young people having access to any tobacco products, be it cigarettes or heat-not-burn cigarettes or e-cigarettes. Because of that, we advocate, obey and usually go beyond the wall in terms of marketing code. And for this new category, it’s no different,” he said.


...................................................................

 FINISHED

July 24, 2019

 

 



แสดงความคิดเห็น


ถึง บล็อกเกอร์ ทุกท่าน โปรดอ่าน
   ด้วยทาง บริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ จำกัด (มหาชน) ได้ติดต่อขอความร่วมมือ มายังเว็บไซต์และเว็บบล็อกต่าง ๆ รวมไปถึงเว็บบล็อก OKnation ห้ามให้มีการเผยแพร่ผลงานอันมีลิขสิทธิ์ ของบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ บนเว็บ blog โดยกำหนดขอบเขตของสิ่งที่ห้ามทำ และสามารถทำได้ ดังนี้
ห้ามทำ
- การใส่ผลงานเพลงต้นฉบับให้ฟัง ทั้งแบบควบคุมเพลงได้ หรือซ่อนเป็นพื้นหลัง และทั้งที่อยู่ใน server ของคุณเอง หรือ copy code คนอื่นมาใช้
- การเผยแพร่ file ให้ download ทั้งที่อยู่ใน server ของคุณเอง หรือฝากไว้ server คนอื่น
สามารถทำได้
- เผยแพร่เนื้อเพลง ต้องระบุชื่อเพลงและชื่อผู้ร้องให้ชัดเจน
- การใส่เพลงที่ร้องไว้เอง ต้องระบุชื่อผู้ร้องต้นฉบับให้ชัดเจน
จึงเรียนมาเพื่อโปรดปฎิบัติตาม มิเช่นนั้นทางบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ จะให้ฝ่ายดูแลลิขสิทธิ์ ดำเนินการเอาผิดกับท่านตามกฎหมายละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์
OKNATION



กฎกติกาการเขียนเรื่องและแสดงความคิดเห็น
1 การเขียน หรือแสดงความคิดเห็นใด ๆ ต้องไม่หมิ่นเหม่ หรือกระทบต่อสถาบันชาติ ศาสนา และพระมหากษัตริย์ หรือกระทบต่อความมั่นคงของชาติ
2. ไม่ใช้ถ้อยคำหยาบคาย ดูหมิ่น ส่อเสียด ให้ร้ายผู้อื่นในทางเสียหาย หรือสร้างความแตกแยกในสังคม กับทั้งไม่มีภาพ วิดีโอคลิป หรือถ้อยคำลามก อนาจาร
3. ความขัดแย้งส่วนตัวที่เกิดจากการเขียนเรื่อง แสดงความคิดเห็น หรือในกล่องรับส่งข้อความ (หลังไมค์) ต้องไม่นำมาโพสหรือขยายความต่อในบล็อก และการโพสเรื่องส่วนตัว และการแสดงความคิดเห็น ต้องใช้ภาษาที่สุภาพเท่านั้น
4. พิจารณาเนื้อหาที่จะโพสก่อนเผยแพร่ให้รอบคอบ ว่าจะไม่เป็นการละเมิดกฎหมายใดใด และปิดคอมเมนต์หากจำเป็นโดยเฉพาะเรื่องที่มีเนื้อหาพาดพิงสถาบัน
5.การนำเรื่อง ภาพ หรือคลิปวิดีโอ ที่มิใช่ของตนเองมาลงในบล็อก ควรอ้างอิงแหล่งที่มา และ หลีกเลี่ยงการเผยแพร่สิ่งที่ละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นรูปแบบหรือวิธีการใดก็ตาม 6. เนื้อหาและความคิดเห็นในบล็อก ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับทีมงานผู้ดำเนินการจัดทำเว็บไซต์ โดยถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบทางกฎหมายเป็นการส่วนตัวของสมาชิก
คลิ้กอ่านเงื่อนไขทั้งหมดที่นี่"
OKnation ขอสงวนสิทธิ์ในการปิดบล็อก ลบเนื้อหาและความคิดเห็น ที่ขัดต่อความดังกล่าวข้างต้น โดยไม่ต้องชี้แจงเหตุผลใดๆ ต่อเจ้าของบล็อกและเจ้าของความคิดเห็นนั้นๆ
   

กลับไปหน้าที่แล้ว กลับด้านบน