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  • โหวต 466 คน
วันจันทร์ ที่ 12 สิงหาคม 2562
Posted by นายยั้งคิด , ผู้อ่าน : 237 , 11:44:04 น.  
หมวด : การศึกษา

พิมพ์หน้านี้
โหวต 1 คน สิงห์นอกระบบ โหวตเรื่องนี้

....................................................

Today is a beautiful holiday in the country with meaningful for everyone, Mother Day. In this occasion, we think of

2 persons together, one is our mother and Queen Sirikit, a high respected mother in our mind on her birthday today.

The Queen Mother Sirikit alway devoted many things to society. Whereas our mother gives her kindness to us forever.

An example of the mother's loving is about "Mother knitting craft" for her son 16 years as following.

 Thanks a lot for Google Translate and G Grammarly as ever.

 

59 lines of love ties, multi-colored tie ties, mother knitting for more than 16 years
Scoop Thai Rath
Thai Rath Online
12 Aug 2562 05:30 hrs.
SHARE
 
16 years of warm love Colorful tie ball "Mother knitting craft" Almost every day, Wun Vien uses all 59 lines. Feeling like "Mother" with all the time. Heal life Considered sacred, sacred, not thought to anyone.

etc.

Japan Approves Test to Try to Grow Human Organs in Animals

August 11, 2019

Hiromitsu Nakauchi's research centers on creating animal embryos that contain human cells. If the experiments are successful, researchers hope to someday grow human-sized organs in animals like pigs and sheep.(AFP Photo/SAUL LOEB)
Hiromitsu Nakauchi's research centers on creating animal embryos that contain human cells. If the experiments are successful, researchers hope to someday grow human-sized organs in animals like pigs and sheep.(AFP Photo/SAUL LOEB)
 
Japan Approves Test to Try to Grow Human Organs in Animals
 
A Japanese researcher says the government has approved experiments that aim to grow human organs in animals.

Scientist Hiromitsu Nakauchi recently confirmed the approval to Japan’s Asahi Shimbun newspaper. Nakauchi leads a research team at the Institute of Medical Science of the University of Tokyo. He also heads a stem cell research center at Stanford University in California.

Nakauchi’s research centers on creating animal embryos that contain human cells. His team sought approval to grow human cells in animal embryos and then implant them into the uterus of animals.

The goal of the research is to use animals to grow full-grown organs that could be used in human medical treatments. If successful, such organs could fill a great need for humans who need organ replacement operations.

However, such experiments have been criticized by some scientists who have expressed concerns over ethics. Until this year, the Japanese government had banned the experimental growth of animal embryos with human cells for longer than 14 days. Officials were concerned that further research could lead to the birth of creatures with a mix of animal and human genes.

This is a Tuesday, Jan. 24, 2006 file photo of a laboratory mouse as it looks over the gloved hand of a technician at the Jackson Laboratory, in Bar Harbor, Maine. (AP Photo/Robert F. Bukaty, File)
This is a Tuesday, Jan. 24, 2006 file photo of a laboratory mouse as it looks over the gloved hand of a technician at the Jackson Laboratory, in Bar Harbor, Maine. (AP Photo/Robert F. Bukaty, File)

But the journal Nature reported Japan’s science ministry lifted that ban in March. It said the ministry had closely examined the issue and sought expert scientific guidance. That decision permits Nakauchi’s team to grow full organs. Nakauchi will start with an experiment to grow human pancreas organs in animals such as mice and rats, the Asahi Shimbun reports.

“Finally, we are in a position to start serious studies in this field after 10 years of preparation,” Nakauchi told the newspaper. He said the approval in Japan will permit his team to bring forward the research “based upon the know-how we have gained up to this point.”

But he added: “We don’t expect to create human organs immediately.”

Nature noted that while human-animal embryos have been created in the United States and elsewhere, they have not yet been fully brought to term. The U.S. permits this kind of research, Nature reported, but the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has banned financing for such experiments since 2015.

Nakauchi’s team plans to engineer embryos that are not able to grow their own pancreases. Human stem cells would be added to the embryos in an effort to get them to develop pancreases from the cells. The embryos would then be injected into the animals, with the hope that a human-cell pancreas will grow.

Hiromitsu Nakauchi's research centers on creating animal embryos that contain human cells. His team sought approval to grow human cells in animal embryos and then implant them into the uterus of animals. (AFP Photo/SAUL LOEB)
Hiromitsu Nakauchi's research centers on creating animal embryos that contain human cells. His team sought approval to grow human cells in animal embryos and then implant them into the uterus of animals. (AFP Photo/SAUL LOEB)

If the experiments are successful, researchers hope to someday grow human-sized organs in larger animals like pigs and sheep.

The Asahi Shimbun reports the new guidelines require researchers to take necessary steps to prevent the birth of a human-animal combination. Nakauchi said these guidelines will be followed, and claimed the experiments are controlled to prevent such research results.

He told Nature his methods will involve “targeted organ generation.” For example, he said the human cells will only be designed to affect the pancreas, not other organs or parts.

Nakauchi added: “The number of human cells grown in the bodies of sheep is extremely small, like one in thousands or one in tens of thousands.” At that level, he said “an animal with a human face will never be born.”

I’m Bryan Lynn.

 

Bryan Lynn wrote this story for VOA Learning English, based on reports from Nature and the Asahi Shimbun. Caty Weaver was the editor.

What are your thoughts on these experiments involving human cells and animals? Write to us in the Comments section, and visit our Facebook page.

Quiz - Japan Approves Test to Try to Grow Human Organs in Animals

Quiz - Japan Approves Test to Try to Grow Human Organs in Animals

Start the Quiz to find out

Words in This Story

ethics – n. ideas and beliefs about what type of behavior is morally right and wrong

journal – n. a periodical dealing especially with matters of current interest

know-how – n. knowledge of how to do something smoothly and efficiently

brought to term – phr. carry out fully; completed

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English in a Minute: Play Hooky

August 10, 2019

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6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Do you care if you're poor when you're old?

EPISODE 190711 / 11 JUL 2019

Introduction

Do you worry about your standard of living when you retire? How much money do you need to live the life you desire? How much money is enough money? These questions got Neil and Rob thinking as they talk about financial planning and teach you money-related vocabulary.

This week's question

When was the word millionaire first used in English? Was it:

a) 1600s

b) 1700s 

c) 1800s

The answer is at the end of the programme.

Vocabulary

cashflow forecast
a calculation of how much money you can expect to have at a particular time

income
money coming in from, for example, your salary

expenditure
money you have to pay out for your regular expenses such as rent, food, entertainment, transport, etc.

assets
the cash value of things that you own and your savings

liabilities
the cash value of your debts, for example on credit cards or other loans

to give someone a hand
to help someone

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word for word transcript  

Neil
Hello, and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil.  

Rob
And I'm Rob. 

Neil
In this programme we're talking about finance and in particular planning for our future lifestyles. 

Rob
I can barely afford my current lifestyle! 

Neil
Same here, but perhaps we’ll pick up some good tips today. Before that though, a question. Being a millionaire may be an impossible dream for most of us, but when was the word first used in English? Was it:
a) 1600s
b) 1700s, or
c) 1800s
What do you think, Rob? 

Rob
I’m going to guess that it’s the 1600s as there have always been very wealthy people. 

Neil
Well, I’ll reveal the answer later. Now, the BBC Money Box programme covers all sorts of financial features. Recently they were talking about lifestyle financial planning, which is planning your finances to meet the kind of lifestyle you want to have. Julie Lord leads a financial planning organisation and she talked about the process of lifestyle financial planning. How many numbers does she say you need to start with? 

Julie Lord
Well, we would start by saying that we need to put together a lifetime cashflow forecast or a model. You just need four numbers: your income, your expenditureassetsliabilities and then we project forward to show you what sort of lifestyle you will have if you do nothing at all and if indeed you do some of the things that - perhaps an ISA or a pension or any other kind of financial product - might help you with. 

Neil
So how many numbers do you need? 

Rob
She says that you start with just four numbers. 

Neil
That’s right. The first of these numbers is your income, this is the money that you have coming in, your salary, for example. 

Rob
Then there is the number for your expenditure. This is the money you have going out for rent, food, entertainment, transport and so on. 

Neil
The next number was for assets. This is the cash value of things that you own. For example property, cars, jewellery as well as savings and investments, that kind of thing. 

Rob
And finally there is liabilities. This is the money that you owe, for example on credit cards or loans. 

Neil
So if you know these details, she says they can come up with a lifetime cashflow forecast, which is a calculation of how much money you can expect to have in the future and if that is enough to meet your expectations. Do you have those details? Do you know your numbers, Rob? 

Rob
I have a very detailed spreadsheet where I do list my income and expenditure. So I do know from month to month how much money I need and how much I can spend. 

Neil
That sounds very organised! What does it tell you about your future? 

Rob
Well, it just reminds me of exactly how much money I don’t have. It’s quite depressing! How about you, Neil? 

Neil
Oh, I live in blissful ignorance. I have no idea how big my debts are. I try not to worry about it. I kind of think I’m much too young to worry about it now and that as if by magic it will all work out in the end. So it would be difficult for me to come up those four numbers. Anyway, let’s listen to Julie Lord again describing the lifestyle financial planning process. 

Julie Lord
Well, we would start by saying that we need to put together a lifetime cashflow forecast or a model. You just need four numbers: your income, your expenditureassets, liabilitiesand then we project forward to show you what sort of lifestyle you will have if you do nothing at all and if indeed you do some of the things that - perhaps an ISA or a pension or any other kind of financial product - might help you with.

Neil
Is lifestyle financial planning only for older people with a good pension? Not according to Julie Lord. 

Julie Lord
Well, it’s not all about old age, is it? I mean there are people… we have quite a number of younger clients who come to us and say 'we just want to get financially organised, we've heard about all this stuff, these financial products, no idea really what they are or, more importantly, what they’re going to do for us, so can you give us a hand to help us look forward to see what will happen'. 

Neil
So she also has younger clients who ask for her company’s help. 

Rob
Yes, she uses the phrase, give us a hand, which means to help someone. If you give someone a hand, you help them. 

Neil
Exactly, in the way that I give you a hand with 6 Minute English. 

Rob
Well, I think I give you a hand rather than the other way around, Neil. 

Neil
Really, well let’s not fall out about it. Let’s listen to Julie Lord again. 

Julie Lord
Well, it’s not all about old age, is it? I mean, there are people… we have quite a number of younger clients who come to us and say 'we just want to get financially organised, we've heard about all this stuff, these financial products, no idea really what they are or, more importantly, what they’re going to do for us, so can you give us a hand to help us look forward to see what will happen'. 

Neil
It’s nearly time now to review our vocabulary, but first, let’s have the answer to our quiz question. When was the word millionaire first used in English? Was it:
a) 1600s
b) 1700s, or
c) 1800s
What did you think, Rob? 

Rob
Well, I guessed and said it was the 1600s. 

Neil
Well, not a good guess this time, I’m afraid. It’s actually a lot later. It was the 1800s when it was first used in English, though it had appeared in French in the 1700s. Now on with the vocabulary. 

Rob
Yes, we had a lot of financial terms in this programme. We had cashflow forecast. This is a calculation of how much money you can expect to have at a particular time in the future. 

Neil
And the cash flow forecast is based on knowing your income, which is the money you have coming in and your expenditure, the money you have going out. 

Rob
You also need to know your assets, which is the value of things you own as well as savings and investments. This is balanced against your liabilities, which is the term for the money that you owe, for example on credit cards. 

Neil
And finally we had the expression to give someone a hand meaning to help someone. Well, that’s all from us in this programme. We look forward to your company next time. Until then, you can find us in all the usual places on social media, online and on our app. Just search for bbc learninglish. Bye, and thanks Rob for giving me a hand. 

Rob
No, thank you for giving me a hand. Bye!

.....................................................

 

 

On behalf of management and staff of The Nation online newspaper

Queen Mother credited for triumph of Thai silk 

Aug 11. 2019

Facebook Twitter

By Kupluthai Pungkanon
The Nation

1,142 Viewed

Fashion designer Ek Thongpraset ably demonstrated the enduring vision of Her Majesty Queen Sirikit, the Queen Mother, in preserving and promoting traditional Thai silk in a spectacular show of gorgeous apparel at Bangkok’s Iconsiam last week.
 

The three catwalk shows Ek presented were part of the “Thai Treasures” exhibition mounted in a birthday tribute to the Queen Mother by the Culture Ministry, Thai Rice Foundation under royal patronage and rice brand Tra Chat.

Professional models wore eight traditional costumes, eight outfits representing the four regions and 16 contemporary ensembles, all featuring high-quality silk and exquisite patterns full of sumptuous lines and geometric shapes.

Accentuating the glitz and glamour were jewellery accessories from Beauty Gems Ltd.

Deputy Prime Minister Wissanu Krea-ngam, who officially opened the exhibition continuing through Monday (August 12), stayed for the fashion shows.

Others in attendance included Culture Minister Itthiphol Kunplome, Kitsayapong Siri, Pasinee Limatibul and Sumeth Laomoraphorn, Kleddao Panichsamai, MR Chantraladda Yukol, Prakarn Raiva, Natakorn-Natprapa Choonhavan, Pattamawadee Senanarong, Praewpreya Jumsai na Ayudhya, Jarospan Svasti Na Ayudhya and Pimdao Panichsamai.

On display in the exhibition is the costume dubbed “Sivalai Thai”, made in Lamphun by Japanese architect Kenko Kuma over the course of five months and at a cost topping Bt500,000.

Kuma is famous for his ability to incorporate natural components into cultural treasures, and he used natural materials compatible with the Thai way of life in a stage design for “Sivalai Thai” featuring rice terraces.

 

“Thai silk and handicraft are well known overseas,” Itthiphol noted. “Through her overseas trips, the Queen Mother was instrumental in promoting their recognition. She managed to make the process of silk production sustainable from start to finish and to generate more income for the craftspeople. 

“In recognition of her contribution, the ministry invites people to wear Thai silk clothing.”

Tra Chat has numerous types of rice on view and on sale in cooperation with the Department of Rice, including Jasmine Rice 105, Kor Kaw 43, Brown, Na Prung, Pathum Thani, Kam Payao (black sticky rice), Puen Kama and Sangyod. 

Five silk-producing communities – Baan Krua Nua Bangkok, Khuntham Wat Somsri Baan Siew Noi Chaiyaphum, Thor Pha Mai Baan Kon Kha Khon Kaen, Huaysai Suksawad Lamphun and Baan Tha Krajai Surat Thani – are presenting demonstrations.

An exhibition on the life and times of the Queen Mother occupies the mall’s Ratchada Hall.

Other activities include a demonstration of how Thai silk was traditionally stored, a talk by Benja Paki Fabric, a demonstration of Zin Bua embroidery techniques, and celebrity chefs cooking with Tra Chat rice.

Wissanu Krea-ngam (center), Deputy Prime Minister recently presided over the “Thai Treasures Exhibition”. Joining the event were Itthiphol Kunplome (3rd from right),Kitsayapong Siri (2nd from right), Pasinee Limatibul (3rd from left) and Sumeth  Laomoraphorn (2nd  from left)

Wissanu Krea-ngam (center), Deputy Prime Minister recently presided over the “Thai Treasures Exhibition”. Joining the event were Itthiphol Kunplome (3rd from right),Kitsayapong Siri (2nd from right), Pasinee Limatibul (3rd from left) and Sumeth Laomoraphorn (2nd from left)

 

Ek Thongprasert

Ek Thongprasert

 

..............................................................

FINISHED

August 12, 2019

 



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