A teacher has hung their work from the storage area above their heads: colorful alphabet letters, and paintings.
The bus is in Tijuana, Mexico, just a few kilometers from the border with the United States. The bus is next to a migrant shelter. It offers a chance for Central American and Mexican children to attend school.
Several dozen students have taken part in the program since it began in July. For most of them, education was a distant dream in the weeks or months since their parents decided to leave their homes and travel north to seek refuge or a better life.
Estefania Rebellon is director of the program, called Yes We Can. She said it offers special education for children who may have low reading and writing abilities and struggle with social skills. The classes are bilingual, meaning they are taught both in Spanish and English.
The program seeks to provide a level of security too.
"These are children from very dangerous areas, where they have very big issues with trust," she said.
Recently, 22 people were killed in a shooting at a Walmart store in El Paso, Texas, including eight Mexicans. Police said the gunman was angry about immigration. But Rebellon said the violence that these students have seen in their home countries was likely worse.
She said it was upsetting that vulnerable people could not count on finding safety in the United States.
Rebellon, who also works as an actress in Los Angeles, said she knows what it is like to feel lost as a migrant child. When she was 10 years old, she moved to Miami, Florida, from Colombia, where her parents had received death threats.
School became her refuge, or safe place.
When she saw large groups of Central American migrants arriving in Tijuana late last year, she launched a school program for children in at a large shelter.
She got the idea to use an old bus as a school from the "tiny home movement”—that supports living in small homes.
Rebellion's bus used to fit 55 people - but with the insides removed, it now seats 80 children.
The bus has welcomed 37 students ages five to 12 since the program opened. It will take in another 20 children in the coming weeks. Yes We Can will also launch a program for teenagers in tents outside, Rebellon said.
The three teachers are accredited in Mexico. They have experience working with displaced children in Latin America.
Yes We Can is working to bring on a fourth teacher who speaks two native languages, in addition to Spanish and English.
Most of the children are from families that are in Tijuana for weeks or months. They are waiting to seek asylum in the United States.
They come from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala. They also come from the Mexican cities of Guerrero, Michoacan and Leon, where people often fear getting caught in gunfire between illegal drug groups.
Rebellon said parents from those cities have told her that teachers often refuse to show up at school because they fear getting killed or kidnapped. Some children have missed school for several months.
With more money, Rebellon said she would like to expand to other border cities with growing migrant populations.
"We can be in a bus, in a house, in a boat," she said. "It's more about what we teach the children."
I’m Anne Ball.
Anne Ball adapted this VOA News story for VOA Learning English. Mario Ritter Jr. was the editor.
What do you think of this story? Write to us in the comments section below.
A Bus Becomes a School for Migrant Children in Mexico
Start the Quiz to find out
Words in This Story
migrant – n. a person who goes from one place to another especially to find work
dozen – n. a group of twelve people or things
vulnerable – adj. easily hurt or harmed physically, mentally, or emotionally
tent – n. a portable shelter that is used outdoors, is made of cloth (such as canvas or nylon), and is held up with poles and ropes
accredited – v. to say that something is good enough to be given official approval
Two Experimental Drugs Found Effective Against Ebola Virus
International health officials say two experimental drugs used to treat Ebola infections appear to be saving lives in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
Dr. Anthony Fauci of the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) called the early results “some very good news.” He said the new drugs “…may be able to improve the survival of people with Ebola.” The NIH helped support the research.
The findings come from a study of four different drugs that started in November of last year. But an independent monitoring group recommended last week that the study be ended early. The group recommended that all new patients should receive either of the two drugs that showed the best results.
The drugs are antibodies that work by blocking the virus in the body. One drug, REGN-EB3, is made by Regeneron Pharmaceuticals. The other, mAb114, was developed by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH). Patients receiving these two drugs “had a greater chance of survival compared to those” receiving the other two drugs, the group found.
An experimental vaccine is also showing signs of effectiveness against the virus.
How were the drugs tested?
The research was designed to test the effectiveness of the drugs on as many as 725 people infected with the Ebola virus in North Kivu and Ituri provinces. An outbreak of Ebola in those parts of the DRC has killed more than 1,800 people since August 2018.
Ebola, a kind of hemorrhagic fever, has a very high rate of mortality. Dr. Michael Ryan of the World Health Organization said about 75 percent of those who become infected and receive no special care die.
But the recent study found that less than one-third of patients who were infected died when they took the two new drugs. Those patients who had low levels of the virus in their blood had even better results.
Among people who sought treatment early, the mortality rate was 6 percent for REGN-EB3 and the rate for mAb114 was 11 percent.
Dr. Ryan of the WHO said he hoped the results would persuade more patients to seek care as soon as symptoms appear. “Getting people into care more quickly is absolutely vital,” he said.
However, treating the disease is made more difficult because the affected areas of the eastern DRC face ethnic conflict.
Jean-Jacques Muyembe, director general of the National Institute of Biomedical Research in DRC, helped lead the study. He said, “From now on, we will no longer say that Ebola is incurable.”
I’m Mario Ritter Jr.
Mario Ritter Jr. adapted this story for VOA Learning English from AP and Reuters reports and additional materials. Kelly Jean Kelly was the editor.
Words in This Story
monitoring – adj. related to watching or observing for a special purpose over a period of time
hemorrhagic – adj. related to too much or uncontrolled bleeding
mortality – n. the number of deaths that happen in a place or over a period of time
symptom –n. changes in the body that show a disease is present
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6 Minute English
EPISODE 181129 / 29 NOV 2018
These days, how well food in a restaurant is photographed can matter more than how it actually tastes. By sharing images across social media, people see them and think the food looks delicious and must go to that restaurant to eat it! Rob and Neil discuss if this means food is now about style over substance - and teach some new items of vocabulary along the way.
This week's question
What is the name for the person who's usually second in charge in a restaurant kitchen after the head chef and has lots of responsibility for running it? Is it the…
a) Pastry chef
b) Commis chef
c) Sous chef
Listen to the programme to find out the answer.
someone who enjoys and knows a lot about high-quality food
having the power to make people change what they think
a well-known phrase that is so over-used it has become boring
looks good, is smart and is good enough for people to see
person who owns and manages a restaurant
the feeling that something good is going to happen
Note: This is not a word for word transcript
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English, I'm Neil.
And I'm Rob.
And in this programme we're discussing food.
Food glorious food! There's only one thing better than talking about food and that's eating it.
Well I know you are a bit of a gastronome – someone who enjoys and knows a lot about high-quality food – but today we're talking about photographing food, not eating it.
That is a shame because I am on a see-food diet – if I see food, I have to eat it. Get it?!
Yes, Rob. Very very funny. But in the social media-addicted world, just seeing food not eating it is big business as I will explain shortly. But shall we feast on a question first, Rob?
Yes, if it tastes good!
It does. So, do you know the name for the person who's usually second in charge in a restaurant kitchen after the head chef and has lots of responsibility for running it? Is it the…
a) Pastry chef
b) Commis chef
c) Sous chef
Hmm, I'm not a chef expert but I'll say c) a Sous chef – it sounds important!
Well, I'll give the answer later in the programme. Now let me explain more about food and photos. These days, how well a dish – that's a noun for food prepared for eating – is photographed can matter more than how it actually tastes.
And I suppose social media platforms are the best way for sharing food photos on, aren't they? And I have been guilty of taking a picture of my food on my smartphone – but only when eating some amazing food at a posh restaurant.
Which isn't very often I suppose! But by sharing images across social media, people see them and think the food looks delicious, I must go to that restaurant and eat it!
You could argue it's about style over substance, meaning the look of something is better that the content or product.
Maybe, Rob – although I'm sure sometimes the food tastes just as good as it looks. Anyway, the BBC Radio 4 programme, You and Yours, has been looking into this. They spoke to several influential Instagrammers and bloggers – influential means having the power to make people change what they think. Here's one of them – Rebecca Milford, who edits a website called Bar Chick. What does she think about this new trend?
Rebecca Milford, Editor, Bar Chick
It sounds very cliche that a picture speaks a thousand words but it really does and I've got friends now that instead of doing what you used to do and going on to the website of a restaurant to see what they were serving, then you'd go onto their Instagram account and check out their images, and choose what you want to eat literally based on what you're seeing. So it has to be presentable I suppose.
Rebecca used a well-known and well-used phrase there – one that is used so much it has become boring – what we call a cliche. The phrase is a picture speaks a thousand words.
Yes – and even if it is a cliche – it is so true. You describe a fantastic meal in a long blog but you can quickly see how it looks from a picture and then create an idea in your mind of how it tastes. So when you're promoting food, a photo is everything.
And that's why some restaurants pay PR companies, lots of money to take stylish photos that can be shared on social media. It's like a fashion photoshoot for food.
Yes and Rebecca said the food has to be presentable – that's looking good enough for people to see – because people are making choices on what they see. I've also heard that some chefs and restaurateurs have adjusted their menus to produce meals that look good on a smartphone camera. A restaurateur, by the way, is the name of a person who owns and manages a restaurant.
Now, while there is a risk that good-looking food on social media accounts, such as Instagram, might not match how it tastes, there is a theory your brain might trick you in to thinking it does tastes good. The You and Yours programme also heard from Professor Charles Spence, an Experimental Psychologist from Oxford University, about how this happens…
Charles Spence, Experimental Psychologist, University of Oxford
We see the food first, or the drink in the glass and our brain are already imagining what it's going to taste like. And the more beautifully it's presented, the more artistically, that sets better expectations and them kind of carryover and anchor the tasting experience.
Right, so a great photo of food can possibly make us think it tastes better too. We create an idea in our head of how it will taste which influences our expectations when we actually eat the food.
And expectation means the feeling that something good is going to happen.
Right, Rob, I'm sure you're expecting the answer to the question I set you earlier. I asked if you knew the name for the person who's usually second in charge in a restaurant kitchen after the head chef and has lots of responsibility for running it? Is it the…
a) Pastry chef
b) Commis chef
c) Sous chef
What did you say, Rob?
I said c) a Sous chef. Am I right?
You are Rob! Give that man a job, here maybe in the BBC canteen!
Come on Neil, I think I could do better than that! But before I do let's remind ourselves of some of the vocabulary we've discussed today. Starting with gastronome – that's someone who enjoys and knows a lot about high-quality food – someone like me!
Maybe, Rob. We also discussed the word influential, meaning having the power to make people change what they think.
We also mentioned cliche – a well-known phrase that is so over-used it has become boring. Like for example 'a picture speaks a thousand words.' You never use cliches do you, Neil?
Absolutely never. Let's move on to presentable – that describes something that looks good, is smart and is good enough for people to see. A bit like me in my smart new jumper. Do you like it?
Very nice! Well a presenter has to be presentable, Neil! Our next word was an expectation, a word that describes the feeling that something good is going to happen. I have an expectation that people will love this programme!
Well, let's hope so!
Yes and that brings us to the end of this programme. Don't forget to check out our social media platforms. See you soon, bye.
Thai tourism ‘will be hit badly’ by Hong Kong airport closure
By The Nation
The centre estimates the Thai tourism industry will be adversely hit if flights from Hong Kong are disrupted for more than seven days. This is high season for Hong Kong tourists to visit Thailand, because school closes for summer in August there. Thailand has been getting anything from 4,200 to 5,000 visitors from Hong Kong daily this month.
“If the airport is shut for seven days, we will lose up to 30,000 visitors,” the research centre warned.
Last year, 1.02 million people from Hong Kong visited Thailand, representing 2.65 per cent of the market share, resulting in an income of Bt42 billion.
Flights from Hong Kong were canceled for a second day when protesters took over the airport on Tuesday afternoon after it had opened earlier in the day to start rescheduling flights
August 14, 2019
Percent หรือ per cent
เห็นถกกันในไลน์ว่าเปอร์เซ็นต์ ภาษาอังกฤษเขียนอย่างไร percent หรือ per cent ขอเรียนว่าเขียนห่างกันอย่าง per cent เป็นการเขียนแบบอังกฤษครับ ถ้าเขียนติดกัน percent เป็นการเขียนแบบอเมริกัน
เปอร์เซ็นต์ยังสามารถใช้สัญลักษณ์ % ได้อีกด้วยครับ เช่น 10% ซึ่งหมายถึง ten parts out of a total of 100 parts หรือ สิบส่วนจาก 100 ส่วน
“จำนวนเปอร์เซ็นต์” มีธรรมชาติของคำเป็น adjective และ adverb สามารถนำไปขยายคำนาม ขยายกริยา ขยาย adjective และ adverb ได้ อย่างบอกว่า a 10% increase in car prices หมายถึง การเพิ่มขึ้นในราคารถสิบเปอร์เซ็นต์
A hundred percent หรือ one hundred percent หมายความถึง completely เป็น adverb นะครับ รอนด้าพูดอะไรไม่รู้ จอห์นพูดว่า I agree with Rhonda a hundred percent. ผมเห็นด้วยกับรอนด้าอย่างเต็มที่
เพิ่มขึ้นกี่เปอร์เซ็นต์ ตกกี่เปอร์เซ็นต์ เราใช้ increase by หรือ rise by หรือ fall by หรือ decline by เช่นบอกว่า Siamese tiger numbers have declined by 48 percent since 1980s. จำนวนเสือสยามลดลงร้อยละ 48 ตั้งแต่ทศวรรษ 1980 เป็นต้นมา.