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       Look to local!

How are you doing?

Thailand is named as the agricultural country since long ago. Because of the agricultural area is cover wide in

country. Please read the chart of Thailand - Agricultural land (% of land area) below.

 

 

 

Thailand - Agricultural land (% of land area)

 

Agricultural land (% of land area) in Thailand was reported at 43.28 % in 2014, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources.

 thailand agricultural land percent of land area wb data
 Many thanks to Google Translate together with G Grammarly.
 
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FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

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Study: Massive Planet May Have Crashed into Young Jupiter

August 25, 2019

This artist’s impression of portrays a collision between a young Jupiter and a massive still-forming protoplanet in the early solar system. (Illustration by K. Suda & Y. Akimoto/Mabuchi Design Office, Courtesy of Astrobiology Center, Japan)
This artist’s impression of portrays a collision between a young Jupiter and a massive still-forming protoplanet in the early solar system. (Illustration by K. Suda & Y. Akimoto/Mabuchi Design Office, Courtesy of Astrobiology Center, Japan)
 
Study: Massive Planet May Have Crashed into Young Jupiter

A new study suggests that the planet Jupiter may have been hit a long time ago by a still-developing planet, one about 10 times the size of Earth.

Scientists believe the head-on crash took place not long after Jupiter was formed.

Scientists say such a violent collision could explain conditions inside the center of the planet.

A report on the study appeared in the publication Nature.

Astronomers believe the collision may have happened several million years after the formation of our sun. The solar system – made up of the sun and eight major planets – was formed about 4.6 billion years ago.

This undated image shows shows an artist's rendering of NASA's Juno spacecraft making a close pass over Jupiter. (NASA via AP)
This undated image shows shows an artist's rendering of NASA's Juno spacecraft making a close pass over Jupiter. (NASA via AP)

 

Jupiter is massive - more than two times the size of all other planets in the solar system combined. Jupiter is a gaseous planet, made up mostly of hydrogen and helium. Scientists believe it took shape when gravity pulled in gas and dust left over from the sun’s formation.

Researchers have long sought to understand more about Jupiter. In recent years, the U.S. space agency NASA has carried out research on the planet. NASA’s Juno spacecraft, launched in 2011, uses instruments to measure the planet’s gravitational and magnetic fields.

Juno has made interesting findings about Jupiter. It showed that Jupiter likely has a “diluted” center, one mixed with both light and heavy materials. In the past, scientists theorized that the planet likely had a dense, solid core.

 

 

In the latest study, researchers examined data and other measurements collected by Juno. They used this information to build models to predict what the planet’s core is made of and how it is structured.

Their models supported the theory that a head-on collision took place between Jupiter and a still-developing planet. The team’s findings suggest the object that hit Jupiter would have been about 10 times the size of Earth. Such a crash, involving the two massive planets, could have broken apart Jupiter’s dense core and mixed light elements with heavy ones.

Andrea Isella is an astronomer with Rice University in Texas. He helped lead the research.

Isella said in a statement he was at first unsure about the collision theory when the idea was presented. “It sounded very unlikely to me,” he said, “like a one-in-a-trillion probability.”

This composite image provided by NASA, derived from data collected by the Jupiter-orbiting Juno spacecraft, shows the central cyclone at the planet's north pole and the eight cyclones that encircle it. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/ASI/INAF/JIRAM via AP)
This composite image provided by NASA, derived from data collected by the Jupiter-orbiting Juno spacecraft, shows the central cyclone at the planet's north pole and the eight cyclones that encircle it. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/ASI/INAF/JIRAM via AP)

 

But Isella said he began to support the theory when he saw calculations made by another researcher. That researcher was Shang-Fei Liu, an astronomer from China’s Sun Yat-sen University. He said the calculations – which came from computer modeling methods – changed his mind that the theory “was not so improbable.”

The study found there was at least a 40 percent chance that Jupiter would collide with a still-forming planet within its first few million years.

Isella said that scientists already believed such large collisions might have been common while the solar system was still developing. “For example, we believe that our moon formed after such an event,” he told the Reuters news agency. “However, the impact that we postulate for Jupiter is a real monster.”

This July 10, 2016, image released by NASA was taken by the Juno spacecraft, five days after it arrived at Jupiter. The image shows Jupiter's Great Red Spot and three of its four largest moons. (Juno/NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS via AP)
This July 10, 2016, image released by NASA was taken by the Juno spacecraft, five days after it arrived at Jupiter. The image shows Jupiter's Great Red Spot and three of its four largest moons. (Juno/NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS via AP)

 

Under the theory, the still-developing planet - also known as a protoplanet - would have been swallowed up by Jupiter. Liu said that if the collision had not happened, the protoplanet would have likely went on to become a massive gas planet in our solar system.

The researchers also suggest that a similar collision, involving the planet Saturn, may have happened while the solar system was still young. This may explain the structural differences that exist between Jupiter and Saturn, they said.

I’m Bryan Lynn.

 

Bryan Lynn wrote this story for VOA Learning English, based on reports from Reuters, Nature and Rice University. George Grow was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments section, and visit our Facebook page.

 

Quiz - Study: Massive Planet May Have Crashed into Young Jupiter

Quiz - Study: Massive Planet May Have Crashed into Young Jupiter

Start the Quiz to find out

 

Words in This Story

diluted – adj. made weaker by mixing in something else

core – n. the center or most important part of something

calculation – n. a mathematical estimate of something

impact – n. the force with which one thing hits another

postulate – v. to suggest or accept that a theory or idea is true

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    6 Minute English

    INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

    Is talking on the phone embarrassing?

    EPISODE 190613 / 13 JUN 2019

    Introduction

    Do you think talking on the telephone is embarrassing? What clues about yourself and your background are you giving away? In what way might people be judging you incorrectly because of your phone conversation? That's what Neil and Sam talk about as they teach you related vocabulary.

    This week's question

    The first long-distance telephone call was made in 1876. Approximately what was the distance of that call? 
    Was it:

    A: 10km?

    B: 15km?

    Or C: 20km?

    Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

    Vocabulary

    knowledgeable (adjective)

    knowing a lot about something

    a technophile
    someone who loves technology

    to despise
    to hate strongly, to detest

    class
    an artificial grouping of society dictated by birth

    a blip
    a temporary fault or mistake

    in real time
    happening at that moment, live, not recorded

    Transcript 

    Note: This is not a word for word transcript  

    Neil
    Hello, and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil.

    Sam
    And I'm Sam.

    Neil
    Sam, do you know Stephen Fry?

    Sam
    Not personally, but I know of him. Stephen Fry is an English writer and comedian and is well known for being extremely intelligent and very knowledgeable about many things cultural, historical and linguistic.

    Neil
    To be knowledgeable means 'to know a lot about something'. I wish I was half as knowledgeable as he is!

    Sam
    I wish I were a quarter as knowledgeable!

    Neil
    There is still time, Sam! And maybe this week’s question will help you become just a little bit more knowledgeable on the topic of the telephone. The first long distance telephone call was made in 1876. Approximately what was the distance of that call? Was it:

    A: 10km?
    B: 15km?
    Or C: 20km?

    What do you think Sam?

    Sam
    So when you say long distance ……?

    Neil
    For the time, yes. Remember the telephone was only a baby in 1876.

    Sam
    In that case, I’ll say approximately 15km. But that’s just a guess - a long distance guess.

    Neil
    We’ll find out if you’re right at the end of the programme. Stephen Fry is also known as a technophile. The suffix ‘phile’ means 'a lover of that thing'. So a technophile is someone who loves technology. Fry was a guest on the BBC podcast Word of Mouth and was talking about the technology of communication. It seems he’s not a fan of the telephone. But why not?

    Stephen Fry
    I think the telephone was a really annoying blip in our communications and that's old technology. I mean that's 1880s, 90s. When you're on the telephone to someone, especially if you're British – you know, that Bernard Shaw thing – oh, you know, the moment one Englishman opens his mouth another Englishman despises him - when you're speaking to someone on the telephone all the age, class, education, vocabulary all come into play because it's in real time and it's embarrassing. I hate being on the telephone to people - especially strangers in shops and things like that because it's embarrassing and awkward.

    Neil
    So, why doesn’t he like the telephone?

    Sam
    Well, he uses a quote from the writer George Bernard Shaw. It’s not the exact quote but the meaning is that as soon as an English person speaks, another English person despises them. To despise someone is a very strong emotion and it means 'to really hate someone'.

    Neil
    So, what is it about the English person’s voice that leads others to despise them?

    Sam
    Stephen Fry goes on to explain that there is a lot of information about someone that people get from their voice. You can make a judgment about someone’s age, level of education and class from the way that they speak and the vocabulary they use.

    Neil
    Class refers to your economic and social position in a society. In Britain, we talk about three classes: upper class, middle class and working class. The family into which you are born dictates your class. These used to be a lot more important in British society but there are still different prejudices and negative feelings related to the relationship between the classes.

    Sam
    Exactly, so hearing someone’s voice on the telephone might make you think something negative about someone based on very old-fashioned ideas of class. What makes it worse is that these conversations happen in real time. This means they are 'happening live', 'not recorded', so you have no time to really think about it.

    Neil
    So he may be a technophile, but he’s not a fan of the phone!

    Sam
    Indeed. He called it a blip, which is a word for when something is not quite right - when there is a fault or a mistake which is usually not long lasting.

    Neil
    So do you think he’s right?

    Sam
    Well, actually, I don’t like to talk to strangers on the phone very much myself, but that’s just me. But I do think that although the class divisions in British society are much less obvious and much less important than in the past, we still do make judgements about people based on how they speak and those judgements can often be completely false.

    Neil
    Right, nearly time to review our vocabulary, but first, let’s have the answer to today’s question. The first long distance telephone call was made in 1876. Approximately what was the distance of that call? Was it:

    A: 10km?
    B: 15km?
    Or C: 20km?

    What did you think, Sam?

    Sam
    I guessed 15km. But it was just a guess.

    Neil
    Well, sadly, on this occasion it was not a correct guess. The correct answer is approximately 10km or 6 miles. Congratulations if you go that right. Now on with the vocabulary.

    Sam
    We started with the adjective knowledgeable, which means 'knowing a lot about something'.

    Neil
    technophile is someone who loves technology.

    Sam
    To despise someone is to hate someone strongly.

    Neil
    Class refers to a group in society you are said to belong to from your birth. Certain stereotypes are often attached to different classes to do with intelligence and education, for example.

    Sam
    In real time is an expression that means 'happening live, without any pauses or breaks'. So for example, you aren’t listening to this programme in real time,

    Neil
    Well, I am.

    Sam
    Well, of course, you are Neil, because you are here with me as we are recording. But if you’re listening to the podcast, it’s no longer real time. It’s been recorded and edited.

    Neil
    And we had one other word, didn’t we?

    Sam
    Yes, a blip, which is a temporary fault, or mistake.

    Neil
    Well, that's all we've got for this programme. For more, find us on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and our YouTube pages and, of course, our website bbclearningenglish.com, where you can find all kinds of other programmes and videos and activities to help you improve your English. Thank you for joining us and goodbye!

    Sam
    Bye!

 

 

 

Energy minister ties up with PTT to lower energy costs

 

 

Aug 26. 2019

 

Sontirat
Sontirat

Facebook Twitter

By The Nation

 

1,271 Viewed

 

Energy Minister Sontirat Sontijirawong is collaborating with PTT Plc to find ways of reducing the cost of electricity for small and medium enterprises (SMEs).
 
“We believe we should be able to announce some measures in September,” the minister said, adding that the aim will be to make electricity cheaper for SMEs, so they are not burdened by high production costs. 

 

 

 

“We cannot say what kind of measure it will be, but we have an idea and it has to be discussed with PTT before we decide how to implement it,” he said. 

 

The Energy Ministry is also working with the Finance Ministry on special measures for the low-income strata that will be implemented through the state welfare card. 

 

Under these measures, welfare card holders will be divided into two groups: disabled people who cannot work, and people employed as taxi drivers, motorcycle taxi drivers and chauffeurs. The first group will require a subsidy on electricity, while the second group will require a reduction in energy costs, he said. 

 

 

PTT Plc is currently helping the second group by reducing the price of natural gas for vehicles (NGV), he said.

 

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Dechapol and Sapsiree content with silvers in World Championships

Aug 26. 2019
Facebook Twitter

By The Nation

746 Viewed

Dechapol Puavaranukroh and Sapsiree Taerattanachai had to settle for silver medals after they were outplayed by world No 1 Zheng Si Wei and Huang Ya Qiong of China in the mixed doubles final of the TOTAL BWF World Championships in Basel on Sunday.
 

The Thai pair proved no match to the superior teamwork and fast game of the Chinese duo who successfully defended their title following a 21-8 21-12 win.

Despite the loss, Dechapol and Sapsiree still made a history as the first Thai mixed doubles team to reach the final in the tournament.

Thailand, for the first time, had medallists in three categories in the same year. Former champion Ratchanok Intanon and Kantaphon Wangcharoen won the bronze medals in the women’s and men’s singles respectively by reaching the semi-finals.

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FINISHED

August 26, 2019

 

 



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