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Do you know what e-cigarette be? Well, let's follow up: What is the difference between vaping and e-cigarettes?

Vaping means using an electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) or another vaping device. ... Therefore, they may think

vaping is less dangerous than using other tobacco products, such as cigarettes. The amount of nicotine in the liquid

can be the same or even more than the amount found in cigarettes.

Many many thanks to Google Translate and G Grammarly every day.


 

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/0fKyrdQ15gs

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US Health Officials Urge People to Stop Using E-cigarettes

September 09, 2019

FILE - In this Feb. 20, 2014 file photo, a customer exhales vapor from an e-cigarette at a store in New York. On Friday, Aug. 30, 2019, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said they are investigating more cases of a breathing illness associated with vaping.
FILE - In this Feb. 20, 2014 file photo, a customer exhales vapor from an e-cigarette at a store in New York. On Friday, Aug. 30, 2019, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said they are investigating more cases of a breathing illness associated with vaping.
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United States health officials are urging people to stop using electronic cigarettes, known as e-cigarettes. The call to action came after such products were linked to health problems. Five deaths have also been reported.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC, said on Friday that officials are investigating severe pulmonary disease cases linked to e-cigarette use. Pulmonary disease is a condition that restricts the flow of air to the lungs.

As of September 6, CDC officials had received reports of over 450 possible cases of lung disease tied to e-cigarette use from 33 states and one U.S. territory. The deaths were reported in California, Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota and Oregon.

E-cigarettes are a popular substitute for smoking products. The electronic devices heat liquid into vapor -- very small particles that users inhale. Many users vape with a liquid that includes flavoring, nicotine and other chemicals. Nicotine is found in many plants, including tobacco.

E-cigarettes or similar devices also can provide THC or other substances to users. THC is the natural chemical present in marijuana plants that gives users the mental state known as a “high.”

Vaping products are said to be safer than normal cigarettes because they do not create the cancer-causing byproducts of burning tobacco.

In this Tuesday, April 10, 2018 photo, vaping devices that were confiscated from students in such places as restrooms or hallways at the school in Marshfield, Mass.
In this Tuesday, April 10, 2018 photo, vaping devices that were confiscated from students in such places as restrooms or hallways at the school in Marshfield, Mass.


Yet health officials say e-cigarette users have reported shortness of breath and other breathing problems, such as coughing and chest pain. Some have been sick to the stomach, felt very tired, suffered weight loss or developed high body temperatures.

In a statement, the CDC said, “the investigation has not identified any specific substance or e-cigarette product that is linked to all cases.” However, many patients have reported using e-cigarettes that contain the chemical tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC.

THC-based vape pens are considered illegal under U.S. federal law, but they are legal in some states.

In New York, health officials are investigating a substance called Vitamin E acetate. It was found in 13 e-cigarettes collected from eight patients. Vitamin E acetate has been used to thicken marijuana vape juice. The mixture is considered dangerous if heated and inhaled.

Also on Friday, The New England Journal of Medicine published reports on e-cigarette-related illnesses in three states: Illinois, Wisconsin and Utah.

One report noted that most of the 53 illnesses reported in Illinois and Wisconsin were related to THC vaping products. But nearly 20 percent of the patients inhaled substances like nicotine from e-cigarettes. Most of the reported cases were of young men.

The report found that, “Since no single product or substance has been associated with the illness, persons should consider not using e-cigarettes while this investigation is ongoing.”

Doctor David Christiani is with the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Massachusetts. He noted, “Although more investigation is needed to determine the vaping agent or agents responsible, there is clearly an epidemic that begs for an urgent response.”

FILE - A high school student uses a vaping device near a school campus in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
FILE - A high school student uses a vaping device near a school campus in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Increased use of e-cigarettes

Reports of health problems appear to have increased quickly over the past month. Just a week earlier, the CDC reported the number of possible cases at 215.

With the latest increase, the CDC’s Dana Meaney-Delman told reporters, “We’re all wondering if this is new or just newly recognized.”

A health official from Illinois told the Associated Press she did not know when such illnesses first began. But she added there has been a marked increase since last spring.

Last November, the CDC reported that “e-cigarette use increased considerably among U.S. middle and high school students during 2017–2018.” Among high school students, it found e-cigarette use rose from 220,000 students in 2011 to 3.05 million in 2018.

Last week, Michigan became the first state to ban the sale of vaping products for six months. Governor Gretchen Whitmer told MSNBC, “As governor, I’m going to do it unilaterally until I can get the legislature to adopt a statute and write it into law.”

She added, “This is too important.”

On Monday, the Food and Drug Administration, or FDA gave a warning to JUUL Labs, maker of the best-selling e-cigarettes. The FDA accused the company of illegally marketing its products as being "safer than cigarettes" without the agency's approval.

In a statement, the FDA's acting commissioner said that, “JUUL has ignored the law, and very concerningly, has made some of these statements in school to our nation’s youth.”

A JUUL spokesman said the company is studying the FDA’s comments and “will fully cooperate.”

I'm Alice Bryant.

And I'm Bryan Lynn.

Hai Do wrote this story for Learning English with information from the CDC, FDA, the New England Journal of Medicine and the Associated Press. George Grow was the editor.

 

Quiz - US Health Officials Urge People to Stop Using E-cigarettes

Quiz - US Health Officials Urge People to Stop Using E-cigarettes

Start the Quiz to find out

Words in This Story

substitute n. a person or a thing that takes the place of someone or something else

inhale v. to breathe in

flavoring n. a substance that is added to food or drink to give it a desired taste

vape pen - n. a device -- similar to an e-cigarette -- used to vaporize substances for inhalation

epidemic n. an occurrence in which a disease spreads very quickly and affects a large number of people

unilaterally adj. involving only one (person, group or country)

statute n. a written law that is formally created by a government

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September 9, 2019

September 09, 2019
A look at the best news photos from around the world.

Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson reacts as Ireland's Prime Minister Leo Varadkar speaks in Dublin, Ireland.
1Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson reacts as Ireland's Prime Minister Leo Varadkar speaks in Dublin, Ireland.
A Shi'ite Muslim holds a child as he takes part in an Ashura procession in the holy city of Kerbala, Iraq.
2A Shi'ite Muslim holds a child as he takes part in an Ashura procession in the holy city of Kerbala, Iraq.
Abaco residents are removed from the island at the airport in the wake of Hurricane Dorian in Marsh Harbour, Great Abaco, Bahamas, Sept. 8, 2019.
3Abaco residents are removed from the island at the airport in the wake of Hurricane Dorian in Marsh Harbour, Great Abaco, Bahamas, Sept. 8, 2019.
Riot police run toward demonstrators during a march marking the 46th anniversary of the 1973 Chile military overthrow, in Santiago, Chile, Sept. 8, 2019.
4Riot police run toward demonstrators during a march marking the 46th anniversary of the 1973 Chile military overthrow, in Santiago, Chile, Sept. 8, 2019.

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6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Women and motorbikes

EPISODE 190606 / 06 JUN 2019

 

Introduction

Biker culture is often seen as essentially masculine. What's the current image of women on motorcycles? And what happens to gender at 110 kph? That's what Neil and Sam talk about as they teach you related vocabulary.

This week's question

In which decade was the first mass-produced motorcycle released? Was it:

a) the 1880s,

b) the1890s, or 

c) the 1900s?

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

dissolves
gets weaker 

mattering
being important 

interiority (uncommon word)
the quality of being inside 

empowered
with the ability, skill and strength to control your own life 

sexualised
made to look sexually appealing 

embodying 
showing the true characteristics of something

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word for word transcript  

Neil
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil. 

Sam
And I'm Sam. 

Neil
And if I say to you, Sam, motorbike, what do you think of? 

Sam
Oh, I think of the film Easy Rider with Jack Nicholson and Peter Fonda cruising the wide open spaces on powerful machines. How about you, Neil? 

Neil
Oh, well, I think of the young man on a moped who delivers my pizzas. 

Sam
Not quite the same image, is it, really? 

Neil
No, but in both cases we were associating motorbikes with male figures. Today we are looking at women and bikes, but before that, a quiz. In which decade was the first mass-produced motorcycle released? Was it:
a) the 1880s,
b) the 1890s, or
c) the 1900s?
What do you think, Sam? 

Sam
Tricky question! The 1880s may be too early - so I think I'll play it safe and go for the middle option, the 1890s. 

Neil
Well, we'll see if you're right later in the programme. Esperanza Miyake is the author of a new study of the 'gendered motorcycle' in film, advertising and TV. She was interviewed on BBC radio's Thinking Allowed programme about the topic. First she was asked about the experience of travelling at over 110 kph on a motorbike. What world does she say you are part of? 

Esperanza Miyake
I think it dissolves gender, race, all these things stop mattering. It's all about experience so car drivers, there's a lot about enjoying the internal space of the car, on the bike obviously there's no interiority. You're completely part of the exterior world. 

Neil
So what world are you in when travelling at speed on a motorbike? 

Sam
The external world. Because you are not inside a car your experience is completely different. On a bike you have no interiority. That's the experience of being inside - but I do have to say although that is a real word, it's not one I've ever heard or used before! 

Neil
No. Me neither. What she also says is that travelling at speed dissolves gender and race. It makes them less important. When you dissolve something you make it less strong. 

Sam
In fact she says that at speed these things stop mattering. They stop having any importance. If something doesn't matter, it's not important at all. 

Neil
Before that we said we usually connect motorbikes with men. Think bike, think bloke. But what about women and bikes? Esperanza Miyake goes on to talk about the way women bikers are usually shown in the media. How many different types does she mention? 

Esperanza Miyake
Generally there's three types. So the first type would be your typical empowered female who's on the motorbike. You do have that image but having said that I would also add that those images appear typically very sexualised, very stylised. So yes she's empowered but she's in a skintight catsuit. You also get another type which is the female rider but who's been masculinised. She's kind of embodying a very masculine kind of style. And I think the third type is kind of silly, giggly female on a scooter. 

Neil
So she talked about three types of representations, particularly in movies. Sam, tell us more. 

Sam
Yes, she first talked about the empowered woman. This is a character who has authority, who has the power to drive the plot and action and is not dependent on a man to make decisions for her. 

Neil
It seems like a positive image but she does say that these characters are often sexualised, that is, presented in a way that might be sexually appealing for a male audience. 

Sam
The next character type she mentions is a woman who is very masculine. They embody male characteristics, which means they have and demonstrate many typically male personality features. 

Neil
And the final type she talked about was showing women on bikes as silly and giggly riding scooters. So there don't seem to be many really completely positive images of women and motorcycles, at least not in the popular media. Time to look again at today’s vocabulary, but first, let’s have the answer to the quiz question. In which decade was the first mass-produced motorcycle released? Was it:
a) the 1880s,
b) the1890s, or
c) the 1900s?
What did you think, Sam? 

Sam
I took a guess at the 1890s. 

Neil
Well done, a good guess. It was indeed the 1890s and a bonus point if you knew that it was 1894. OK, let's have a quick reminder of today's words. We started with the verb dissolves. If something dissolves it gets less strong, less immediate. 

Sam
Then we had another verb, to matter, something that matters is important to someone. 

Neil
What's the next word? 

Sam
It was a rather uncommon word to describe the experience of being inside - interiority

Neil
Let's rush by that one and move on to the next word, empowered. Someone who is empowered is in control of their own life. When we talk about empowered women we are talking about women who are not dependent on men or anyone else for the direction of their lives, they make their own choices. 

Sam
Our next word was sexualised. This is when something is given a clearly sexual styling. In the programme we heard that women on motorcycles are often shown in a sexualised way, dressed in clothing, for example, that makes them sexually attractive.

Neil
And finally there was to embody. This means to be a clear and obvious example of something. So in movies female bikers often embody male characteristics, which means they might dress or behave in a way we would usually associate with men. Well, it's time for us to say goodbye. See you next time and until then you can find us online and on our app. Just search for bbclearningenglish. Bye for now! 

Sam
Bye!

.............................................................

 

 

Higher tax on sugary drinks aims to control consumption

Sep 09. 2019

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By The Nation

1,021 Viewed

The Excise Department has announced that taxes on sugary drinks will double from October 1, with beverages containing 10 to 14 grams of sugar being taxed at Bt1 per 100 millilitres instead of Bt0.5 per 100ml, adding that this tax will not be passed on to consumers despite the higher cost of production. 

Nattakorn Utensut, the department’s deputy spokesman, said most producers of sweet beverages had not reduced the sugar content out of fear of losing customers, instead many have just launched new, less-sweet versions of their drinks. 

The new tax will boost the overall tax revenue to Bt3.5 billion to Bt4.5 billion from the current collection of Bt2 billion to Bt3 billion annually.

Taxes on sugary drinks will also be doubled every two years. For instance, from October 1, 2021, beverages containing 10g to 14g of sugar will be taxed Bt3 per 100ml before rising to Bt5 in 2023. This progressive increase in tax rate is expected to force manufacturers to cut down on the amount of sugar in their beverages. 

Though the tax was first imposed in October 2017, only one manufacturer reduced the sugar content in its products, while others only responded by launching new, less-sweet products.

Nattakorn said most people are still not aware of the health risks associated with sugar, adding that only two groups of people – those below 30 in age and those over 60 are cautious about consuming beverages with high sugar content. People of working age still prefer sugary drinks, he said.

He added that now more producers have started specifying the sugar content and other ingredients in the labels on their products, adding that these specifications are now provided in as many as 200 to 300 items, up from just 60 to 70 items before.

 

Anti-corruption body to save Bt142 billion through anti-graft tools

Sep 10. 2019

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By The Nation

1,000 Viewed

The Anti-Corruption Organization of Thailand has expressed confidence that the government would save up to Bt142.76 billion thanks to two anti-graft mechanisms.

Vichai Assarasakorn, vice president of the Thai Chamber of Commerce and of the anti-corruption organisation, said the two tools were initiated through cooperation between the Comptroller General’s Department and the private sector and have been in use since 2015.

By the end of this year, the two tools – the IP (Integrity Pact) and the CoST (Construction Sector Transparency Initiative) – would help the country prevent losses of Bt142.76 from corruption, Vichai said.

He said the IP tool would help the country save Bt97 billion and the CoST tool BtBt37.45 billion and added that the two tools use some 230 voluntary observers to monitor projects to prevent corruption.

The success of the two tools prompted the Anti-Corruption Organization of Thailand to plan to expand their use to other mega government projects. 

Yanee Saengsrichan, an advisor to the financial system development of Comptroller General’s Department, said that since the IP and CoST projects came into effect in 2015, they have saved the government some Bt83.138 billion that might have been wasted in pay offs.

......................................................

September 10, 2019 

 

 



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