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Lord Buddha discovered all the facts in the world. Later he spread those facts to his followers before his teaching about those facts were accepted generally. Buddhism was moved from the original to Asia widely, Mongolia, China, and to Southeast Asia. Certainly Thailand and nearby countries.
But however, Buddhism divided into the minor or doctrine and larger part or Maha Nikai depend on the locations. That is the people that live in the upper part of Asia believe in Maha Nikai, and people in the lower part such as Thailand, Myanmar, Loa, and Cambodia believe in the doctrine.


 Many thanks to Google Translate and G Grammarly as ever.

 

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/0fKyrdQ15gs

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Cancer is the Leading Cause of Death in Wealthy Countries

September 16, 2019

A patient receives chemotherapy treatment for breast cancer at the Antoine-Lacassagne Cancer Center in Nice July 26, 2012. (REUTERS/Eric Gaillard)
A patient receives chemotherapy treatment for breast cancer at the Antoine-Lacassagne Cancer Center in Nice July 26, 2012. (REUTERS/Eric Gaillard)

From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

Cancer is now the leading cause of death in wealthy countries. Researchers say cancer has replaced heart disease as the top killer in the industrial world.

If the trend continues, they predict cancer could become the leading cause of death worldwide later in this century.

However, the news is not that cancer deaths are increasing but that deaths from cardiovascular disease (CVD) are decreasing.

Cardiovascular disease, or CVD, is a group of medical conditions that include heart failure, heart attack and stroke. It remains the leading cause of death among middle-aged adults worldwide.

But when you only look at deaths in industrial economies – that is not the case. In those countries, the new report shows that cancer now kills two times as many people as cardiovascular disease.

Lancet graphic: Cancer deaths around the world in high-, middle- and low-income countries
Lancet graphic: Cancer deaths around the world in high-, middle- and low-income countries

 

The findings were published in The Lancet and presented at the recent European Society of Cardiology Congress in Paris.

The research comes from a large, ongoing study called the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology or PURE. It is a project of the Population Health Research Institute of McMaster University and Hamilton Health Sciences in Canada.

The PURE researchers have been collecting information about people from over 20 high-, middle- and low-income countries. The data includes a person’s medical history and individual behavior, such as physical activity and diet.

Salim Yusuf is a researcher on the PURE study and a professor of Medicine at McMaster University. He also serves as head of the Population Health Research Institute.

Yusuf explained the study’s findings in a statement to the press.

“The fact that cancer deaths are now twice as frequent as CVD deaths in high-income countries,” Yusuf said, "shows a change in the main cause of death in middle-aged people." He added that "as CVD declines in many countries because of prevention and treatment, cancer mortality will likely become the leading cause of death globally in the future.”

Most recent paper on the PURE study

Data from the PURE study has been used in several reports over the years. For this most recent report, the researchers followed more than 162,500 adults for 9 ½ years. All of these men and women were between 35 and 70 years old. The subjects came from 21 countries.

Gilles Dagenais helped to prepare the report. He is a professor at Laval University in Quebec, Canada.

Speaking on a Canadian radio show, Dagenais explained that the world is experiencing a “transition” in disease trends. The main reason, he added, is the fact that cardiovascular disease rates have gone down in high-income countries.

Dagenais noted that there is no increase in cancer rates. If anything, he said, there is a decrease. However, over the past 20 years, there has been a sharp decrease in cardiovascular disease. He said the two main reasons are developments in medicine and technology, and changes in personal behavior.

Men smoke cigarettes in a pub on a last day before a smoking ban comes into effect in Prague, Czech Republic, May 30, 2017.
Men smoke cigarettes in a pub on a last day before a smoking ban comes into effect in Prague, Czech Republic, May 30, 2017.

One lifestyle change, he said, is that fewer people in high-income countries are smoking cigarettes. But he warned that more people in these areas are becoming overweight. He says researchers do not know how rising obesity rates will affect deaths from cardiovascular disease in the future.

Both Dagenais and Yusuf add that higher heart-disease death rates in low-income countries could be mainly the result of lower quality healthcare.

In recent years, several factors have greatly lowered the rate of heart disease in high-income countries. They include better treatment for heart disease and better medicines for blood pressure.

And that’s the Health & Lifestyle report, I’m Anna Matteo.

 

Anna Matteo adapted this story based on several news stories and press statements. George Grow was the editor.

 

Quiz - Cancer Is the Leading Cause of Death in Wealthy Countries

Quiz - Cancer Is the Leading Cause of Death in Wealthy Countries

Start the Quiz to find out

_______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

trend – n. a general direction of change : a way of behaving, proceeding, etc., that is developing and becoming more common

prospective – adj. likely to be or become something specified in the future

urban – adj. of, relating to, or being a city

rural – adj. relating to the country, country people or life, or agriculture

epidemiology – n. a branch of medical science that deals with the incidence, distribution, and control of disease in a population

income – n. a gain usually in money that comes in from labor, business, or property

data – n. acts or information used usually to calculate, analyze, or plan something

mortality – n. the number of deaths that occur in a particular time or place

transition – n. a change from one state or condition to another

factor – n. something that helps produce or influence a result : one of the things that cause something to happen

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September 16, 2019

September 16, 2019
A look at the best news photos from around the world.

A Palestinian girl plays with a jump rope outside her family's house at the Al-Shati refugee camp in Gaza City.
1A Palestinian girl plays with a jump rope outside her family's house at the Al-Shati refugee camp in Gaza City.
A tract of Amazon jungle burns as it is cleared by farmers in Rio Pardo, Rondonia, Brazil, September 15, 2019.
2A tract of Amazon jungle burns as it is cleared by farmers in Rio Pardo, Rondonia, Brazil, September 15, 2019.
Police stand in riot gear as they face demonstrators during a protest demanding the resignation of President Juan Orlando Hernandez, in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, September 15, 2019.
3Police stand in riot gear as they face demonstrators during a protest demanding the resignation of President Juan Orlando Hernandez, in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, September 15, 2019.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau speaks with U.S. Open tennis champion Bianca Andreescu as Canada's Minister of Science and Sport Kirsty Duncan (left) looks on at the
4Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau speaks with U.S. Open tennis champion Bianca Andreescu as Canada's Minister of Science and Sport Kirsty Duncan (left) looks on at the "She The North" celebration event for Andreescu, in Mississauga, Ontario, Sept. 15, 2019.

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6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Is tourism harmful?

EPISODE 190912 / 12 SEP 2019

Introduction

European cities such as Rome and Bruges have decided to impose restrictions on tourism to prevent overcrowding and make life easier for the local residents. Rob and Sam talk about it and teach you related vocabulary. 

This week's question

According to Mastercard’s Global Destination Cities Index, what was the most visited city in 2018? Was it…
a) London
b) New York, or
c) Bangkok?


Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

respect
treat something or someone with care

clampdown (or crackdown)
officially trying to stop or limit people doing something

misbehave
do something bad or inappropriate

objective
a plan or aim to achieve something

Disneyfication
turning something into an artificial, not real, commercial environment, similar to a Walt Disney theme park

to cap
to restrict, to limit

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word for word transcript    

Rob
Hello. This is 6 Minute English and I'm Rob. This is the programme where in just six minutes we discuss an interesting topic and teach some related English vocabulary. Well, joining me to do this is Sam.

Sam
Hello! So what’s our interesting topic today, Rob?

Rob
Something close to our hearts, Sam – it's travel.

Sam
Great!

Rob
But more and more of us are travelling to explore the world – many of us have more leisure time, and the cost of travelling has become relatively cheaper.

Sam
But here lies the problem – the places we’re visiting are becoming more crowded, sometimes spoiling the atmosphere and the beauty – the things we came to see in the first place!

Rob
This is why we’re going to be discussing how some cities around the world are putting restrictions on the tourists who visit. But that’s after I challenge you to answer this question, Sam! Are you ready?

Sam
Bring it on, Rob!

Rob
According to Mastercard’s Global Destination Cities Index, what was the most visited city in 2018? Was it…
a) London
b) New York, or
c) Bangkok?

Sam
All great places to visit – but I think I’ll stay close to home and say a) London.

Rob
OK. Well, as always I will reveal the answer later in the programme.
Now, let’s start our journey in Italy’s capital city, Rome. Famous for its Colosseum, Trevi Fountain and many other things.

Sam
Lots of people are visiting, Rob – and locals and tourists have differing attitudes towards the way they respect these beautiful and historic sites. Respect here is a verb, to mean treat something with care.

Rob
Well, the authorities in the city fear that some tourists are showing disrespect to the city and have introduced laws to clampdown on certain behaviour. Clampdown means officially trying to stop or limit people doing something. Sabina Castelfranco is a journalist in the city. She told BBC Radio 4’s You and Yours programme why new restrictions have been introduced…

Sabina Castelfranco, journalist
The new rules are really to make sure that tourists do not misbehave when they are visiting tourist attractions in Rome. Romans don't like to see tourists walking around bare-chested, they don't like to see them wading in their fountains - so really the objective is to improve the life of the city for residents and for tourists themselves.

Sam
So, the new rules are to stop tourists misbehaving – that’s doing bad or inappropriate things. I’m sure not all visitors misbehave – but those who have been, have been wading – that’s walking through water – in the famous fountains and men have not been covering up the top half of their bodies – so, going bare-chested.

Rob
Not any more, Sam! These new laws have banned this with the objective of improving the life for the people of Rome – the Romans. An objective is a plan or aim to achieve something.

Sam
Other laws introduced in Rome, with the objective of improving the city, include giving out severe fines to people who drop litter and to those who attach ‘love padlocks’ to historic monuments.

Rob
Well, I guess if it makes the city a nicer place to visit for everyone, then it’s a good idea.  Well, let’s talk about another historic old city – Bruges in Belgium. The old and narrow streets are often packed with sightseers – so restrictions have been introduced there. Helen Coffey, deputy travel editor for the Independent newspaper, also spoke to the You and Yours programme, to explain what is going on…

Helen Coffey, Deputy Travel Editor, The Independent
Bruges was the latest city to say we're going to introduce new regulations to crack down on what they called the Disneyfication of their city. A really key one is they're going to cap the number of cruises that can dock, and actually this a big one that lots of cities do. They basically don't like cruise visitors because cruise visitors don't spend money.

Sam
So Helen mentioned a crackdown – which like clampdown – means taking action to restrict or stop certain activities. And Bruges wants to crack down on the Disneyfication of the city.

Rob
This term describes turning something into an artificial, not real, commercial environment, similar to a Walt Disney theme park. I’m not sure it’s that similar yet, but one way to maintain the authentic feel of the city is to cap the number of cruises that can dock.

Sam
Cap means restrict or limit. It’s felt that visitors who come by cruise ship, don’t stay overnight and therefore don’t bring much money into the city. The message from the city authorities is ‘stay overnight or don’t come!’

Rob
Well, one city that has people visiting for the day or staying longer is the most visited city in the world – but where is that, Sam? Earlier I asked you what the most visited city in 2018 was? Was it…
a) London
b) New York, or
c) Bangkok?

Sam
And I said London.

Rob
That was in second place. The most visited city last year was Bangkok, in Thailand.

Sam
OK, Rob. Well, maybe what I can get right is a recap of today’s vocabulary. Starting with respect. If you respect something you treat it with care.

Rob
We also discussed clampdown, which means officially trying to stop or limit people doing something. Crackdown is a similar phrase.

Sam
To misbehave is to do something bad or inappropriate. And an objective is a plan or aim to achieve something.

Rob
Our next word is Disneyfication - a term that describes turning something into an artificial, not real, commercial environment, similar to a Walt Disney theme park.

Sam
And finally we had cap – which means restrict or limit. 

Rob
Well, we’ve had to cap this programme at 6 minutes – and we’re out of time. Goodbye!

Sam
Bye bye!

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Tuesday, September 17, 2019

No impact yet on PTT's imports from attack on Saudi oil facility: Sontirat

Sep 16. 2019
Sontirat
Sontirat
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By ThE NATION

1,601 Viewed

Energy Minister Sontirat Sontijirawong said that Saturday's drone attacks on two major oil-processing facilities run by Saudi Arabia's state-owned firm Aramco would not affect oil imports of the PTT group.

He added that he had learnt from Aramco and related parties that the situation there was under control and the damage was being assessed. The incident would not affect the oil depots, which supply crude oil to Thailand's oil and gas conglomerate PTT, the minister added.

The ministry is keeping itself abreast of the situation and has already devised a back-up plan. He assured that the country had sufficient supply for the short-term if the attack led to severe impact on Saudi Arabia's oil exports.

Last week the ministry asked six refineries nationwide to start reporting their reserves, production, and oil purchases on a daily basis, from the previous practice of monthly reports, in a move to prevent oil supply shortage.

It added that the country's oil reserves were enough for 30 to 45 days if there was a supply shortage.

The drone attack reportedly cut Saudi Arabia's output by around 5.7 million barrels per day or 5 per cent of the total global oil production.

Anusorn Thammajai, director of Rangsit University's Institute of Economics, warned that if Saudi Arabia counterattacked, the situation could worsen and that would put pressure on global and Thailand's oil price, Anusorn said.

The global oil price could jump by between US$5 and $10 per barrel next week. If the baht remains strong, this could assuage the impact from the pressure on local retail oil price to a certain degree.

If the drone attack led to a prolonged military action, this might affect global oil supply and result in protracted high oil price. If so this would exacerbate the ailing global economy, he warned.

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DSI insists it is working hard to solve Billy’s disappearance-turned-murder case

Sep 16. 2019
File Photo: Pinnapa Prueksaphan, the widower of Karen activist Porlajee “Billy” Rakchongcharoen
File Photo: Pinnapa Prueksaphan, the widower of Karen activist Porlajee “Billy” Rakchongcharoen
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By The Nation

912 Viewed

Deputy chief of the Department of Special Investigation (DSI) confirmed on Monday (September 16) that his agency was working hard to gather evidence in the disappearance-turned-murder of Karen activist Porlajee “Billy” Rakchongcharoen at the Kaeng Krachan National Park in Phetchaburi province.

Pol Lt-Colonel Korrawat Panprapakorn told a seminar, organised by Pathum Thani-based Rangsit University’s College of Social Innovation, that DSI investigators needed some time to work on the case before it can issue any summonses or arrest warrants.

“I can guarantee this will not be a case of ‘match-fixing to fool the audience’. The result of the investigation will depend entirely on the evidence available,” he said.

Meanwhile, Billy’s widow Pinnapa Prueksaphan said that since April 17, 2014, when her husband went missing, she has been lodging complaints with many agencies in vain and had started believing that there was no justice.

Pinnapa's complaint against park officials led to investigations that did not make much progress, until the DSI accepted the case and found evidence confirming Billy’s death. Human bones were found in and around a 200-litre oil drum submerged near a bridge leading to Kaeng Krachan Dam in late April this year.

“I would like to see law enforcers do their duty and refrain from bullying those in a disadvantaged position. You arrested Billy, but instead of sending him for prosecution, you made him disappear – that is thug’s law. I want to say that we are all humans too, no matter which tribe we belong to. We in Thailand are all the same, so we should learn to coexist with love and understanding. I don’t want law enforcers to let power get to their heads. I want us all to be equal,” she said.

Meanwhile, Public Sector Anti-Corruption Commission (PACC) investigator Chonsawat Prasatkharukan said his agency was looking into why former Kaeng Krachan park chief Chaiwat Limlikit-aksorn and other park officials did not have Billy arrested for allegedly collecting wild honey from the forest, as there is no record of his arrest and release. He said Chaiwat and the other officials were being investigated for charges related to wrongfully exercising or failing to exercise their duties – not for the murder or disappearance charges.

However, he said, since this investigation is related to Billy’s disappearance and murder, the PACC has sent its probe results to the National Anti-Corruption Commission, which will later forward all findings linked to all possible charges to the DSI.

Chonsawat also said the PACC will soon set up a fact-finding sub-committee to further look into alleged corruption in the Kaeng Krachan National Park reforestation project, while a separate investigation into the 2011 burning of homes and rice barns of Karen indigenous forest dwellers will be completed in three months.

Lawyer Saengchai Rattanaseriwong from the Human Rights Lawyers Association said Billy had been gathering evidence to fight the case of forced eviction and burning of the homes of some 100 Karen families before he was detained for questioning over the alleged illegal collection of honey. Saengchai said Billy was planning to present the evidence to the Palace for consideration.

He noted that though Pinnapa’s appeal for Billy’s release had gone through three courts, eventually to be dismissed by the Supreme Court, people should not believe the officials’ claim that they had released the activist. He said the Supreme Court had only dismissed the appeal because the family’s witnesses were unable to convince the court that Billy had been detained.

“Now the evidence that the DSI has uncovered is not ‘unconvincing’ circumstantial evidence like before and these may be linked to the abuse of power, forced disappearance, and murder,” he added.

 ..........................................................
FINISHED 
September 17, 2019
 


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