*/
  • นายยั้งคิด
  • ranking : สมาชิกทั่วไป
  • email : sunnytrack@hotmail.com
  • วันที่สร้าง : 2008-07-01
  • จำนวนเรื่อง : 4354
  • จำนวนผู้ชม : 1611171
  • จำนวนผู้โหวต : 467
  • ส่ง msg :
  • โหวต 467 คน
วันศุกร์ ที่ 20 กันยายน 2562
Posted by นายยั้งคิด , ผู้อ่าน : 227 , 12:17:55 น.  
หมวด : การศึกษา

พิมพ์หน้านี้
โหวต 1 คน wullopp โหวตเรื่องนี้

A few days ago, the weather forecast tell about the dropping of temperature 3 - 5 Celcius immediately. This news has happened on Dec. 14, 1924, in America as reported below.

Weather Whys: Sudden temperature drops

Dec 18, 2013 0

Q: You often see temperatures fall in a hurry in some parts of the country. What’s the largest temperature drop in the United States?

A: Montana appears to hold the record, says Brent McRoberts of Texas A&M University. “On Dec. 14, 1924, the temperature at Fairfield, Mont., went from 63 degrees at noon to minus 21 degrees at midnight, meaning the temperature fell 84 degrees in a 12-hour period. But even that day was topped. On Jan. 23, 1916, the temperature in Browning, Mont., fell from 44 degrees one afternoon to minus 56 degrees the following afternoon – a drop of an even 100 degrees.”

Q: Why does Montana hold those kinds of records?

TOP ARTICLES
4/5
READ MORE
College Station Fire Department deputy fire marshal loses
battle with cancer

A: Because of the huge size of the state, its geography and its northern location, Montana has the right ingredients for temperature fluctuations, McRoberts adds. “Nearby Spearfish, S.D., has the largest temperature rise on record. On Jan. 22, 1943, the temperature went from minus-4 degrees at 7:30 a.m. to 45 degrees by 7:32 – an incredible warm-up of 49 degrees in just two minutes. The warm Chinook winds of this region can bring about very swift warming periods, while the strong arctic cold fronts from northern Canada can cause sharp temperature drops of 30 and 40 degrees in just a few hours. Texas is also no stranger to such drops. On Dec. 12, 1919 in Amarillo, it was 67 degrees at noon, and a strong cold front blew in and dropped the temperature to 23 degrees by 1 p.m., an amazing 44-degree drop in just one hour.”

Many thanks to Google Translate and G Grammarly one more time.

 

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/0fKyrdQ15gs

 

..........................................................

Understanding Verbs in News Stories

September 19, 2019

Everyday Grammar: Understanding Verbs in News Stories
Everyday Grammar: Understanding Verbs in News Stories
 
Understanding Verbs in News Stories
 

Suppose you are reading an American news website. You look at an article headline but are unsure of what the story is about.

You try reading it anyway. Yet, some of the central ideas remain unclear.

Many English-language newspapers in the U.S. and other places use a writing style that is different in some ways from others.

Take, for example, the use of verbs.

Often, verbs in the news can look simple, like “face,” “fuel” or “drive.” But some English verbs have several meanings, and news stories may use a “newsy” meaning, which can be tricky for the untrained reader.

Today on Everyday Grammar, we will explore how a few verbs are used in the news, with excerpts from VOA Learning English stories.

Verb: face

Let’s start with the verb “face.”

In the news, the verb “face” is often used to say a person, group of people or thing must deal with a difficulty or issue. A person or people might face a serious health issue, for example. A city might face a shortage of teachers.

And, the planet faces environment problems. That is exactly what a recent story about student climate activists explained. In it, a leader from an environmental group used the verb “face” to say this about students:

“There’s a lot of passion there and a strong desire to deal with the problems facing the environment,” she said.

The person is saying students care a lot about the planet, which is being affected by environmental issues.

Greta Thunberg, a 16-year-old Swedish climate activist, speaks in front of a crowd of people after sailing in New York harbor aboard the Malizia II, Wednesday, Aug. 28, 2019.
Greta Thunberg, a 16-year-old Swedish climate activist, speaks in front of a crowd of people after sailing in New York harbor aboard the Malizia II, Wednesday, Aug. 28, 2019.

Another story talks about Indonesia’s president announcing the move of the country’s capital to the island of Borneo. Listen to a short excerpt from that story:

The goal is to move the national government outside of Jakarta, which is facing problems of overcrowding and pollution.

The speaker is saying that Jakarta, the current capital, is dealing with problems such as overcrowding and pollution.

Verb: fuel

The verb “fuel” is another newsy verb. It often appears in stories on political issues, social movements and national or worldwide trends.

“Fuel” can mean to give support or strength to something or to provide the conditions for something to happen.

An August story on Hong Kong’s protests explained that Facebook and Twitter had accused China of spreading disinformation. Here’s a line from the story with the verb “fuel.”

Some ads described Hong Kong protesters as being anti-China and trying to fuel violence.

If someone or something is trying to “fuel” violence, it is attempting to cause or worsen it.

And a September story on a U.N. effort to protect the world’s religious sites said this about U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres:

Guterres has often warned that hate speech is fueling intolerance around the world.

Hate speech is abusive or threatening speech or writing that shows prejudice against a group of people. Guterres warned that such speech is causing or worsening intolerance.

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, center, walks with at Al Noor Mosque Imam Gamal Fouda, right, in Christchurch, New Zealand, Tuesday, May 14, 2019.
United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, center, walks with at Al Noor Mosque Imam Gamal Fouda, right, in Christchurch, New Zealand, Tuesday, May 14, 2019.

Verb: drive

Now let’s talk about “drive.”

The usual meaning of “drive” has to do with using vehicles. But in the news, “drive” can take on other meanings. It can mean to cause a person or thing to do something.

Listen to this headline from a story about marijuana use and breathalyzer tests:

Marijuana’s Growth in US Drives Breathalyzer Test Technology

In other words, increased marijuana use in the United States has caused or led to the development of breathalyzer technology.

You might also see the phrasal verb “drive up” in the news. The meaning is similar to “drive” but “drive up” relates to causing an amount or price to increase.

In the following example, a lawyer in Vietnam talks about how companies are moving to Vietnam from China to avoid the U.S.-China trade war. He explained that this change is helping Vietnam’s economy. Have a listen:

“It’s really happening, so that’s going to be driving up prices and driving up GDP a bit,” Burke said.

Verb: go / move forward

And finally we move to another phrasal verb.

The verb “go forward” means to proceed, or continue, with something, such as a plan, ruling or decision.

A recent story talked about a U.S. Supreme Court ruling. It requires asylum seekers to ask for asylum in countries they pass through before reaching the United States. Here’s how the story uses the verb “go forward”:

The Supreme Court’s decision on Wednesday permits the new rule to go forward as legal action against it continues to go through the court system.

In other words, this rule will proceed.

Migrants from Guatemala are seen on the banks of the Rio Bravo river as they cross to the U.S. to request asylum in El Paso, Texas, as seen from Ciudad Juarez, Mexico June 6, 2019. REUTERS/Jose Luis Gonzalez
Migrants from Guatemala are seen on the banks of the Rio Bravo river as they cross to the U.S. to request asylum in El Paso, Texas, as seen from Ciudad Juarez, Mexico June 6, 2019. REUTERS/Jose Luis Gonzalez

Another phrasal verb - “move forward” – has the same meaning and is also popular among news writers.

Let’s look at a recent story about the possibility of Britain leaving the European Union. Pay attention to how it uses the words “move forward”:

Johnson said he will move forward with Brexit even if there is no official agreement with the EU.

In other words, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson will proceed with the plan to separate Britain from the European Union.

Well, we hope this program has fueled your interest in understanding the news better as you go forward in learning English.

I’m Alice Bryant.

 

Alice Bryant wrote this story for Learning English. Ashley Thompson was the editor.

______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

 

headline – n. the title written in large letters over a story in a newspaper

style – n. a particular way in which something is done, created, or performed

excerpt – n. a small part of a longer written work

challenge – n. a difficult task or problem

passion – n. a strong feeling of enthusiasm or excitement for something or about doing something

trend – n. a way of behaving or proceeding that is becoming more common

site – n. the place where something, such as a building, is located

breathalyzer – n. a device that is used to measure drug levels present in a person’s body

intolerance – n. unwillingness to accept views, beliefs, or behavior that differ from one's own.

prejudice – n. an unfair feeling of dislike for a person or group because of race, sex, religion, or something else

GDP – n. a measure of the market value of all the goods and services produced in a country

.........................................................

September 19, 2019

September 19, 2019
A look at the best news photos from around the world.

Parachutists jump from a plane near Groesbeek, Netherlands, as part of an event marking the 75th anniversary of Operation Market Garden. Allied leaders had hoped the offensive would bring a fast end to World War II. It was unsuccessful, however.   
1Parachutists jump from a plane near Groesbeek, Netherlands, as part of an event marking the 75th anniversary of Operation Market Garden. Allied leaders had hoped the offensive would bring a fast end to World War II. It was unsuccessful, however. 
 
Students form a human chain during an anti-government protest in the Sha Tin area in Hong Kong.
2Students form a human chain during an anti-government protest in the Sha Tin area in Hong Kong.
A firefighter walks on a field as smoke rises from burned trees at Sebangau National Park, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. The smoke from the fires has covered parts of Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia and southern Thailand in a thick haze.
3A firefighter walks on a field as smoke rises from burned trees at Sebangau National Park, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. The smoke from the fires has covered parts of Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia and southern Thailand in a thick haze.
A gallery assistant stands in front of
4A gallery assistant stands in front of "Deity" by Damien Hirst during a showing of his new work called "Mandalas' at the White Cube in London.

Load more

.........................................................
 
 
 

6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

What chickens can teach us about hierarchies

EPISODE 181115 / 09 NOV 2018

 

Introduction

Humans work together all over the world. When we do, we tend to organise ourselves into a structure so we can work more effectively. In jobs everywhere you can find bosses, managers and workers.

But does this actually help us work better? It appears that chickens can help us learn the answer. What can chickens teach us about hierarchies? You'd be surprised! Neil and Catherine discuss the chicken experiment and teach you new vocabulary.

This week's question

What is the record number of eggs laid by one chicken in a year? Is it 

a) 253

b) 371

c) 426

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

hierarchy
a way of organising people at different levels, for example workers in a company

flock of chickens
a group of chickens

productivity
the amount of work done

suppressed
stopped something happening; stopped someone doing something

imposed
forced on

pecking order
a phrase to describe levels of importance in an organisation

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word for word transcript

Neil
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English, I'm Neil.

Catherine
And I'm Catherine.

Neil
Catherine, what's the connection between hierarchies, managers and chickens?

Catherine
Well, I don't know Neil, but I'm, sure you're going to tell me.

Neil
First of all, could you explain for our listeners what a hierarchy is?

Catherine
Of course! A hierarchy is a way of organising people. For example, in a company, where there are people working at different levels. You've got bosses, managers and workers. The workers do the work and the managers have meetings that stop the workers doing the work!

Neil
But where do the chickens come in? We'll find out shortly, but first here is today's question and it is – surprise, surprise – about chickens. What is the record number of eggs laid by one chicken in a year? Is it:

a: 253
b: 371
c: 426

What do you think Catherine?

Catherine
Well, I think most chickens lay an egg once a day, so I think it's 371.

Neil
Well, we will have an answer later in the programme. Now, for hierarchies and chickens. In the radio programme The Joy of 9 to 5, produced by Somethin' Else for the BBC, entrepreneur Margaret Heffernan described an experiment. In this experiment, researchers compared the egg production of a group of average chickens to a group of super-chickens. That's chickens with an above average egg production. Which was the most successful? Here's Margaret Heffernan, and by the way, the noun for a group of chickens is a flock.

Margaret Heffernan
He compares the two flocks over six generations. The average flock just gets better and better and better. Egg production increases dramatically. The super-flock of super-chickens, at the end of six generations, all but three are dead, because the other three have killed the rest. They've achieved their individual productivity by suppressing the productivity of the rest. And that's what we do at work.

Neil
Which flock was most successful?

Catherine
Well, the super-flock actually killed each other, so it turned out that the average flock laid more eggs in total and was more successful.

Neil
Yes, but why was that?

Catherine
Well, the super-chickens must have seen their other flock members not as colleagues, but as competitors. Now to understand this, we have to start with the word productivity. This noun refers to the amount of work that's done. So, on an individual level, the super-chickens achieved productivity because they suppressed the productivity of their flock members. Suppressed here means they 'stopped the other chickens from being productive' by killing them.

Neil
So, what do we learn from this experiment?

Catherine
Well, Margaret Heffernan suggests that we see this kind of behaviour in the human workplace. When everyone is equal, productivity is high, but as soon as there's a hierarchy - as soon as there are managers - things can go wrong because not all managers see their role as making life easier for the workers. They demonstrate their productivity as managers, by interfering with the productivity of the workers.

Neil
But there are other experiments which show that chickens are productive in a hierarchy. How are those hierarchies different though? Here's Margaret Heffernan again.

Margaret Heffernan
So chickens have an inbuilt or, if you like, an inherited hierarchy - that's where we get the term pecking order from. But it's one that they create among themselves, rather than one that's imposed upon them.

Neil
So, which hierarchy works, at least for chickens?

Catherine
Well, the best hierarchy is one that isn't imposed. That means a good hierarchy isn't forced on the chickens. They do well when they create the hierarchy themselves, naturally. They work out the pecking order themselves.

Neil
Pecking order is a great phrase. We use it to describe levels of importance in an organisation. The more important you are, the higher in the pecking order you are. Where does this phrase originate?

Catherine
Well, pecking describes what chickens do with their beaks. They hit or bite other chickens with them. And the most important or dominant chickens, peck all the others. The top chicken does all the pecking, middle-level chickens get pecked and do some pecking themselves, and some chickens are only pecked by other chickens. So, there is a definite pecking order in chickens.

Neil
Right, time to review this week's vocabulary, but before that let's have the answer to the quiz. I asked what the record number of eggs laid by a single chicken in a year was. The options were:

a: 253
b: 371
c: 426

What did you say, Catherine?

Catherine
I said 371.

Neil
Well, lucky you! You're definitely top of the pecking order, aren't you? Because you are right!

Catherine
That's a lot of eggs!

Neil
Indeed. Now, the vocabulary. We are talking about hierarchies - a way to organise a society or workplace with different levels of importance.

Catherine
An expression with a similar meaning is pecking order, which relates to how important someone, or a chicken, is, within a hierarchy.

Neil
A group of chickens is a flock. It's also the general collective noun for birds as well, not just chickens.

Catherine
Another of our words was the noun productivity, which refers to the amount of work that is done.

Neil
And if you suppress someone's productivity, you stop them from being as productive as they could be.

Catherine
And finally, there was the verb to impose. If you impose something, you force it on people. For example, the government imposed new taxes on fuel.

Neil
Well that is the end of the programme. For more from us though, check out Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and of course, our App! Don't forget the website as well - bbclearningenglish.com. See you soon, bye.

Catherine
Bye!

 .....................................................
 
 

Pornpawee stuns world champ Sindhu in China Open

Sep 20. 2019
 Pornpawee Chochuwong (Badminton Photo)
Pornpawee Chochuwong (Badminton Photo)
Facebook Twitter

By The Nation

1,042 Viewed

Thailand’s Pornpawee Chochuwong caused a major upset, stunning badminton world champion PV Sindhu of India on Thursday at the China Open World Tour Super 1000 tournament in Changzhou.

Chochuwong beat the fifth-seeded Indian shuttler 12-21 21-13 21-19 in 58 minutes in the second round.

Sindhu, who had beaten Pornpawee in their previous three encounters, dominated the first game, surging ahead 7-1, but the Thai fought back and cut the lead to 10-11 at the break.

However, Sindhu won eight straight points after the interval to lead 19-10 before wrapping up the first game comfortably at 21-12.

Pornpawee, however, came back strongly in the second game, taking a 15-7 lead with six straight points and won the game 21-13.

The decider saw a close fight, with both players tied at 6-6 before Sindhu broke ahead to lead 11-7.

However, Pornpawee fought on and stunned the Indian by winning six points on the trot from 15-19 to win 21-19.

.........................................

No decision yet on LNG import plan 

Sep 20. 2019
File  photo credit: Petronas : Petronas LNG facilities
File photo credit: Petronas : Petronas LNG facilities

Facebook Twitter

By The Nation

1,797 Viewed

Energy Minister Sontirat Sontijirawong said on Thursday that the ministry has yet to decide on the plan to import 1.5 million tonnes of liquefied natural gas (LNG) annually from Malaysia's Petronas LNG. 

He was responding to a report which suggested that the ministry had cancelled an auction organised by the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand(Egat) for the imports of LNG for eight consecutive years, estimated to worth more than Bt 100 billion. Egat uses LNG as input for electricity production.

“Egat is still negotiating with Petronas, we have not reached a conclusion,” he said.

Should Egat and Petronas agree on the deal, it still have to be forwarded for consideration by the Energy Policy Administrative Committee(EPAC), Sontirat said.

The Energy Ministry wanted Egat to buy LNG on the spot market, starting with small amounts and not exceeding 90,000-180,000 tonnes per purchase. 

Large amounts of import will lead to higher costs for storage and electricity production and could have an impact on consumers.

 .........................................................

FINISHED 

 September 20th, 2019



แสดงความคิดเห็น


ถึง บล็อกเกอร์ ทุกท่าน โปรดอ่าน
   ด้วยทาง บริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ จำกัด (มหาชน) ได้ติดต่อขอความร่วมมือ มายังเว็บไซต์และเว็บบล็อกต่าง ๆ รวมไปถึงเว็บบล็อก OKnation ห้ามให้มีการเผยแพร่ผลงานอันมีลิขสิทธิ์ ของบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ บนเว็บ blog โดยกำหนดขอบเขตของสิ่งที่ห้ามทำ และสามารถทำได้ ดังนี้
ห้ามทำ
- การใส่ผลงานเพลงต้นฉบับให้ฟัง ทั้งแบบควบคุมเพลงได้ หรือซ่อนเป็นพื้นหลัง และทั้งที่อยู่ใน server ของคุณเอง หรือ copy code คนอื่นมาใช้
- การเผยแพร่ file ให้ download ทั้งที่อยู่ใน server ของคุณเอง หรือฝากไว้ server คนอื่น
สามารถทำได้
- เผยแพร่เนื้อเพลง ต้องระบุชื่อเพลงและชื่อผู้ร้องให้ชัดเจน
- การใส่เพลงที่ร้องไว้เอง ต้องระบุชื่อผู้ร้องต้นฉบับให้ชัดเจน
จึงเรียนมาเพื่อโปรดปฎิบัติตาม มิเช่นนั้นทางบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ จะให้ฝ่ายดูแลลิขสิทธิ์ ดำเนินการเอาผิดกับท่านตามกฎหมายละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์
OKNATION



กฎกติกาการเขียนเรื่องและแสดงความคิดเห็น
1 การเขียน หรือแสดงความคิดเห็นใด ๆ ต้องไม่หมิ่นเหม่ หรือกระทบต่อสถาบันชาติ ศาสนา และพระมหากษัตริย์ หรือกระทบต่อความมั่นคงของชาติ
2. ไม่ใช้ถ้อยคำหยาบคาย ดูหมิ่น ส่อเสียด ให้ร้ายผู้อื่นในทางเสียหาย หรือสร้างความแตกแยกในสังคม กับทั้งไม่มีภาพ วิดีโอคลิป หรือถ้อยคำลามก อนาจาร
3. ความขัดแย้งส่วนตัวที่เกิดจากการเขียนเรื่อง แสดงความคิดเห็น หรือในกล่องรับส่งข้อความ (หลังไมค์) ต้องไม่นำมาโพสหรือขยายความต่อในบล็อก และการโพสเรื่องส่วนตัว และการแสดงความคิดเห็น ต้องใช้ภาษาที่สุภาพเท่านั้น
4. พิจารณาเนื้อหาที่จะโพสก่อนเผยแพร่ให้รอบคอบ ว่าจะไม่เป็นการละเมิดกฎหมายใดใด และปิดคอมเมนต์หากจำเป็นโดยเฉพาะเรื่องที่มีเนื้อหาพาดพิงสถาบัน
5.การนำเรื่อง ภาพ หรือคลิปวิดีโอ ที่มิใช่ของตนเองมาลงในบล็อก ควรอ้างอิงแหล่งที่มา และ หลีกเลี่ยงการเผยแพร่สิ่งที่ละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นรูปแบบหรือวิธีการใดก็ตาม 6. เนื้อหาและความคิดเห็นในบล็อก ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับทีมงานผู้ดำเนินการจัดทำเว็บไซต์ โดยถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบทางกฎหมายเป็นการส่วนตัวของสมาชิก
คลิ้กอ่านเงื่อนไขทั้งหมดที่นี่"
OKnation ขอสงวนสิทธิ์ในการปิดบล็อก ลบเนื้อหาและความคิดเห็น ที่ขัดต่อความดังกล่าวข้างต้น โดยไม่ต้องชี้แจงเหตุผลใดๆ ต่อเจ้าของบล็อกและเจ้าของความคิดเห็นนั้นๆ
   

กลับไปหน้าที่แล้ว กลับด้านบน