This week, we answer Van’s question.
Van writes: “Could you give me the explanation about the difference between wait and await?”
Thanks for writing us. The two words have the same basic meaning, but they are used differently.
“Wait” is a verb and a noun.
It means to stay in a place until an expected event happens. Here is an example:
“We wait for the train to come.”
“I hate to wait in long lines.”
“I waited for my friend to arrive.”
Also, it is often followed by “to’” and a verb.
“I’m waiting to see the doctor.”
As a noun, wait refers to the act or time of waiting.
“After a short wait, I saw my doctor.”
Now, how is ‘await’ different?
First, there is no noun form. Await is used only as a verb and requires an object. It is often used in more formal or serious writing and speaking. It takes the place of “to wait for.”
For example, you can say, “We await your answers to these questions,” instead of “We wait for your answers to these questions.”
It is commonly used when you are waiting for something expected but not in the immediate sense. For example:
“The couple await the birth of their first child.”
“The suspect is in jail awaiting trial.”
And that’s Ask A Teacher! We await further questions from our English learners!
I’m Anne Ball.
Anne Ball wrote this story for Learning English. Caty Weaver was the editor.
Do you have a question for the teacher? We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section below.
Words in This Story
formal – adj. requiring or using serious and proper clothes and manners
September 20, 2019
6 Minute English
What is scumbro?
EPISODE 181018 / 18 OCT 2018
There's a new look in town, which some people are calling 'scumbro'. Scumbro combines the word 'scummy', which means 'dirty and messy', with the word 'bro', which is an informal way of referring to a boy or man. So scumbro is a fashion for men – but women can adopt it too. Find out more about it in this programme.
This week's question:
When did the first official charity shop opened its doors in the UK? Was it in…
Listen to the programme to find out the answer.
giving goods or money to an organisation or charity
people who start an idea or an organisation
person who has to follow the latest fashion trends
searching for something that's mixed up with lots of other things
doing one thing at the same time as doing something else
Note: This is not a word for word transcript
Hello. Welcome to 6 Minute English, I'm Catherine.
And hello, I'm Rob.
Now Rob, do you ever buy things at a charity shop?
Yes I do. They are a great place to pick up a bargain and I also donate items to charity shops too. And a charity shop, by the way, is a shop where people take their unwanted items and then the shop sells them and makes money and the money goes to charity.
Exactly that's good to hear, Rob, because donating – that's giving money or goods to an organisation – helps charities raise money. And you might be interested to know that dressing up in second-hand clothes is back in fashion – well sort of. And that's what we're discussing today – is looking like you're dressing in charity shop clothes a new fashion statement?
It should be interesting. But first, Catherine, aren't you going to set me a question to answer? And not a second-hand one, please!
It's a brand new question today, Rob, for you and the listeners at home – do you know when the first official charity shop opened its doors in the UK? Was it in…
b) 1948, or
I'll go for 1948.
OK, and we'll find out the answer later. But now back to our discussion about charity shops and fashion. And there's a new look in town, which some people are calling 'scumbro'. Scumbro combines the word 'scummy' which means 'dirty and messy' with the word 'bro', which is an informal way of referring to a boy or man. So scumbro is a fashion for men – but women can adopt it too.
It's a bit of an insulting name and here's the odd thing about this new fashion style: being scumbro is about buying expensive designer brands that look like they are from a charity shop. Very odd!
Well, it's something Amber Graafland knows about. She is the Fashion & Beauty Director for the Daily Mirror newspaper and she's been telling BBC Radio 4's You and Yours programme all about it. So, how did this trend start?
Amber Graafland, Fashion & Beauty Director, Daily Mirror
Well I think the name came from a Vanity Fair article, and I think Justin Bieber, the likes of Jonah Hill to thank for this look, Pete Davidson, who's actually the fiancée of Ariana Grande – he's definitely one of the founding fathers of scumbro. And I think, like most of these trends, they're started by celebrities and then, I mean look, it's been picked up by everybody by the sounds of things.
OK, so the fashion magazine Vanity Fair invented the name but the trend has spread because celebrities have been dressing in this style.
Yes and Amber mentioned a number of celebrities who are the founding fathers of the trend – that's a term used to describe people who start an idea or an organisation.
Yes, the trend has been picked up – or copied - by people who you might describe as fashion victims – people who have to follow the latest fashion trends.
Well Rob, I'm no fashion victim – but I say, maybe, one day, I might want to look scumbro – or maybe scumsis! So how exactly should I dress?
OK, well let's hear from Amber Graafland again. How does she describe the characteristics of this fashion trend?
Amber Graafland, Fashion & Beauty Director, Daily Mirror
It's all about wearing these oversized clothes that are overpriced and I think it's not just about looking like you've rummaged in a teenager's dressing up box. These are very, very expensive items – you mentioned the labels Prada, Versace, Gucci, Supreme – while it's basically about looking simultaneously like you've made no effort, but the underlying thing is you do need to see the effort has gone in there.
Wow, this fashion trend does involve a lot of effort! It's not just about looking messy – like you've rummaged in a teenager's dressing up box. Rummaging is when you search for something that's mixed up with lots of other things.
No don't be rummaging! The trick seems to be to look like you've not made any effort but at the same time, you're show you have made an effort! And that's the meaning of the word simultaneously – doing one thing at the same time as another thing.
And I guess by showing you've made an effort, you wear designer labels – showing you've paid lots of money.
The issue here is clothes from charity shops are supposed to be cheap. Some people even buy these clothes because it is all they can afford – but the irony here is some people are choosing to pay lots and lots of money to look like they're wearing second-hand clothes – and the charity shops aren't making any money from it.
Well if you're a fashion victim it's something you have to do.
And there's one thing I have to do now and that's give you the answer to today's quiz question. So I asked you earlier when the first official charity shop opened its doors in the UK?
And I said 1948.
And you are correct this week, Rob. Well done! The very first shop, run by the charity Oxfam, opened its doors in Oxford in 1948, as a direct result of an appeal launched to help post-war Greece.
Very interesting. Right, let's remind ourselves of some of today's vocabulary, starting with the word donating which means 'giving goods or money to an organisation or charity'.
Then we mentioned founding fathers - a term used to describe people who start an idea or an organisation.
We also mentioned that Catherine was no fashion victim – a person who has to follow the latest fashion trends.
Rummaging was a word that described searching for something that's mixed up with lots of other things. And then we had simultaneously which means 'doing one thing at the same time as doing something else'.
Well you can simultaneously listen to this programme and look at our website if you like. The web address is bbclearningenglish.com.
But that’s all we have time for now. Join us again next time. Goodbye.
Thanathorn richest MP, while Bhumjaithai had 3 MPs in top 4 richest: NACC
By The Nation
Notable MPs whose assets and debts were revealed today include Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit, leader of Future Forward Party (FFP); Pannika Wanich, the FFP spokesperson, Piyabutr Saengkanokkul, the FFP secretary-general; Parina Kraikup, an MP of Phalang Pracharat Party from Ratchaburi province, and Mongkolkit Suksintharanon, a party list MP and leader of Thai Civilized Party.
The two reports combined found Thanathorn was the wealthiest MP, with Bt5.63 billion in assets and Bt683 million in debts (shared with his spouse.) The second richest was Bhumjaithai party-list MP Nathee Ratchakitprakarn, with a shared Bt4.67 billion in assets and Bt177 million in debts. Third on the wealth list is Deputy Prime Minister and Public Health Minister Anuthin Chanwirakun, another Bhumjaithai party-list MP, who with his spouse claimed Bt4.19 billion in assets and Bt50 million in debts.
Thaicom partners Russian operator for maritime satellite broadband connectivity service
By THE NATION
Roaming on Thaicom’s network will be provided by Nava Roaming Solutions. Nava is Thaicom’s new maritime broadband service platform, addressing the need of ship and offshore operators for fast, reliable, and secure satellite-enabled broadband connectivity and managed services.
RSCC's maritime VSAT network is the largest satellite broadband network in Russia connecting more than 300 maritime vessels operating in the waters surrounding Russia and Europe.
Patompob Suwansiri, Thaicom's Chief Commercial Officer, said the agreement marks the beginning of a successful, long-term partnership between Thaicom and RSCC and the development of joint communication solutions connecting Russia with Asia-Pacific.
This collaboration will leverage the capabilities of Thai and Russian marine VSAT networks.
The Nava roaming solutions-enabled satellite network will provide seamless switching of onboard equipment from one satellite network to the other without degradation of the service level agreed.
"Customers will benefit from full high speed broadband coverage of maritime vessel routes between Europe and Asia-Pacific,” Patompob said.
Nava is Thaicom’s maritime broadband service platform for ship and offshore operators—available from Thaicom as a single, end-to-end communications solutions provider.
With Nava, Thaicom brings reliable broadband connectivity to the sea which is essential to connect crew and passengers, improve safety on board and support efficient vessel operations.
September 21, 2019