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In North Korea, One Word Describes a Lot

The above headline is the special case in North Korea. Then let us discover the truth about it. Don't you?

 Thanks a lot to Google Translate and G Grammarly.

 

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/0fKyrdQ15gs

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What Do You Do or What Are You Doing?

October 04, 2019

Ask a Teacher
 
Ask a Teacher

Today we answer a question from Emad.

Question:

He writes, “I would like to know the difference between what do you do? and what are you doing? When do you use both?” - Emad

Answer:

Dear Emad,

Those are excellent questions. One question is about a person’s work or profession, and the other is about what action a person is doing at the moment, or in the near future.

Asking about a profession

We will take the work example first.

Imagine that you meet someone at a party.

The person asks you: ‘What do you do?’

What they mean is: ‘What do you do for a living? Or ‘What is your profession?’

You would answer them by stating the kind of work you do, like this:

“I am a writer,” or “I am a doctor” or “I drive a bus.”

Asking about activities

Now, on to the other question.

Maybe you get a phone call and your friend asks:

“What are you doing?”

They are not asking what you do for a living, but what activity are you doing at that time.

Your answer might be something like this:

“I’m reading a book. It’s great!”

or

“I’m cooking dinner for the family.”

Activities during a time

Sometimes, the question “What do you do…” may include a day or period of time. For example, someone may ask, “What do you do on weekends?” In this case, they are asking what activities you usually do on weekends. They are not asking about your profession.

Here is an example of what you might say:

“I usually take things easy, go out with friends or do other activities, like exercise or go for a run.”

However, when you add a time period to “What are you doing?,” you are asking what activity the person is doing at a specific time in the near future.

Here is an example.

“What are you doing after work today?”

One might say:

“I am thinking of going out to dinner. Do you want to come with me?”

And That’s Ask a Teacher!

I’m Anne Ball.

Anne Ball wrote this story for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

Do you have a question for the teacher? We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section.

Words in This Story

moment – n. a brief period of time; a little while

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In North Korea, One Word Describes a Lot

October 04, 2019

FILE - The 170-meter tall Juche Tower and other buildings are seen as morning fog blankets Pyongyang, North Korea, September 8, 2018. (REUTERS/Danish Siddiqui/File Photo)
FILE - The 170-meter tall Juche Tower and other buildings are seen as morning fog blankets Pyongyang, North Korea, September 8, 2018. (REUTERS/Danish Siddiqui/File Photo)

The word Juche is used almost everywhere in North Korea. But it is a difficult concept for many outsiders to understand.

It is, in many ways, a word for a political ideology. The English translation is usually given as “self-reliance.”

But to observers of North Korea, Juche can seem more like a religion. It appears to inspire North Koreans and is a representation of state power.

North Korea has often used the term in speeches to the United Nations.

During earlier speeches, the officials called nuclear weapons the “treasured sword” of Juche. The August test of a new rocket launcher was praised as the “rapid development of the Juche-oriented defense industry.”

Juche is even used to count the passing years: This year is Juche 108. That is because it has been 108 years since the nation’s founder, Kim Il Sung, was born.

The 170-meter-tall Tower of Juche Idea was built in 1982 for Kim Il Sung’s 70th birthday. Guide Choe Hye Ok shows visitors the tower. He has a definition he shares with them: “If one believes in the local people, and relies on them, one will get the universe. This is exactly the meaning of Juche.”

Some observers believe Juche has gotten new energy under leader Kim Jong Un. He is the third generation of his family to rule North Korea. He has increasingly taken part in meetings with world leaders over his nuclear weapons program and the international sanctions crushing his economy.

Joshua Pollack is a North Korea expert at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey in California. He said North Korea has now officially “enshrined ‘self-reliance and self-development’” as the new main idea of the Kim Jong Un period.

The country is heavily dependent on outside aid, however. South Korea, for example, has spent about $5.8 billion on North Korea aid and economic projects through a government program established in 1991. South Korea’s Export-Import Bank of Korea operates the program and says the goal is to support inter-Korean relations.

Stephan Haggard is a North Korea expert at the Peterson Institute for International Economics in Washington D.C. He doubts the North’s self-reliance, writing: “North Korea has long survived on the largesse of the international community.”

Kim Jong Un has made the development of nuclear weapons and economic development the two top issues of his rule. Juche is used to describe efforts toward both goals. There is a debate among outsiders about what, exactly, the term means under Kim’s rule.

North Koreans, however, have little doubt.

Kim Chang Kyong is department head of the Social Scientists Association in North Korea and an expert on Juche. He said, “The essence of the Juche idea is that man is the master of his own destiny.”

Understanding North Korea, he said, is impossible without understanding Juche. “All the achievements of the country are linked to the idea, which forms the guidelines of the party and state,” he said.

As he works to explain Juche, Kim, the North Korean social scientist, compares it to another very Korean word — kimchi, Korean pickled, spicy vegetables. “Kimchi was created in our country. But for us it is just kimchi. Nobody uses another word to describe kimchi,” Kim said.

I’m Mario Ritter Jr.

Foster Klug reported this story for the Associated Press. Mario Ritter Jr. adapted it for VOA Learning English. Ashley Thompson was the editor.

 

Words in This Story

translation –n. taking words from one language and changing them into another language

reliance –n. the state of needing someone else for support or help

sword –n. a long, sharp metal weapon

-oriented –adj. related to

sanctions –n. actions taken, usually through limiting or banning trade, that are meant to force a country to obey international law

enshrine –v. to remember and protect something

largesse –n. the quality of a person or group who gives away money or gifts

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments section, and visit our Facebook pag

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6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Does your age affect your political views?

EPISODE 190822 / 22 AUG 2019

 

Introduction

Does our age affect the way we vote? And do our political views change as we get older? It's what Sam and Neil are discussing in 6 Minute English - as well as teaching some related vocabulary.

This week's question

What was the first UK general election in which 18-year-olds could vote?

A: 1929
B: 1950, or
C: 1970

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

plausible
believable, possible

resistant to
against

idealistic
having a clear and simple moral view of how things should be

platform
the policies of a political party or politician

the status quo
the situation as it is now 

pragmatism
the idea of being realistic and practical about what can be achieved.

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word for word transcript   

Neil
Hello. This is 6 Minute English, I'm Neil.

Sam
And I'm Sam.

Neil
Sam, do you remember the first time you voted?

Sam
No I don’t, but I remember being very keen to do it. It would have been the first election after my 18th birthday.

Neil
So, over the many, many, many years since then …

Sam
… eh, not so much with the ‘manys’ if you don’t mind Neil!

Neil
In the very, very few years since then …

Sam
That’s more like it!

Neil
In the years since then, have your political views changed very much?

Sam
I think my political views are a lot better informed now. I think the decisions I make are based on a better understanding of the political situation – but I still generally agree with the same things I did when I was younger, I think.

Neil
There is a belief that as we get older we become more right-wing in our political views and opinions. Is this true and if so, why? We’ll be finding out a little bit more about this, but first a question. What was the first UK general election in which 18-year-olds could vote?
A: 1929
B: 1950, or
C: 1970
So, what do you reckon then Sam?

Sam
Well, they were all before my time. I’m going to say 1950 – that sounds about right – it was the decade in which teenagers were invented, after all!

Neil
OK. Well, I will reveal the answer later in the programme. James Tilley is a professor of politics at the University of Oxford. He appeared recently on BBC Radio 4’s programme Analysis and was asked why, if it is true, do we become more right-wing as we get older. What does he think?

Professor James Tilley 
The question that age affects our political views is a tricky one. I think probably the most plausible explanation is that people just generally become a bit more resistant to change as they get older and I think also that they also tend to perhaps, become less idealistic.

Neil
So, what reasons does he give?

Sam
Well, he talks about what he thinks are the most plausible explanations. Plausible is an adjective which means something is believable; it’s reasonable and it makes sense.

Neil
And what are the plausible explanations?

Sam
Well, he says that generally, as we get older, we like to have more stability in our lives, we don’t like change, in fact we are resistant to change. That means we are against change. When we are younger we might like the idea of revolution, we might be very idealistic. This means, for example, we might think that we can and should change the world to make things better. This would cause big changes in the world which when we are older and more settled in our lives, do not seem like such a good idea.

Neil
Let’s listen again.

Professor James Tilley 
The question that age affects our political views is a tricky one. I think probably the most plausible explanation is that people just generally become a bit more resistant to change as they get older and I think also that they also tend to become less idealistic.

Neil
Professor Tilley goes on to explain more about why being resistant to change might lead people to support more right-wing policies.

Professor James Tilley
So, if parties on the right represent a platform which is perhaps more favourable to the status quo, it’s perhaps more about pragmatism than it is about idealism, then that might be more attractive to older people than younger people.

Neil
So, what is seen as the appeal of moving to the right?

Sam
Political parties have a particular set of policies. This is sometimes known as their platform. Professor Tilley says that if their platforms support the status quo, they might be more attractive to older people. The status quo is a Latin phrase we use in English to refer to the situation as it is now – that is, one that is not going to change. Traditionally it’s parties of the centre right that seem to be more supportive of the status quo.

Neil
So, as we get older he says our political views are less about idealism and more about pragmatism. Pragmatism is being practical and realistic about what can be achieved and how it can be achieved.

Sam
But of course this doesn’t apply to everyone and just because people seem to move more to the right as they get older doesn’t mean that they completely change their politics.

Neil
Let’s hear Professor Tilley again.

Professor James Tilley
So, if parties on the right represent a platform which is perhaps more favourable to the status quo, it’s perhaps more about pragmatism than it is about idealism, then that might be more attractive to older people than younger people.

Neil
Right, let’s get the answer to our question. What was the first UK general election in which 18-year-olds could vote?
A: 1929
B: 1950, or
C: 1970
Sam, what did you say?

Sam
I thought it was 1950.

Neil
Well, you’re wrong I’m afraid. The correct answer is1970. 18-year-olds have been allowed to vote in the UK since 1969 and the first general election after then was in 1970. So, a bit later than you thought, Sam, but congratulations to anyone who did get that right. OK, let’s remind ourselves of our vocabulary.

Sam
Yes, first we had plausible. An adjective that means ‘believable and possible’.

Neil
Being resistant to something means you are against it and don’t want it to happen.

Sam
If you are idealistic you have a clear and simple moral view of how things should be.

Neil
This contrasts with one of our other words, pragmatism, this noun is the idea of being realistic and practical about what can be achieved.

Sam
A platform can describe the policies and ideas of a political party or politician. And the status quo is the unchanging situation as it is now.

Neil
OK, thank you Sam. That’s all from us in this programme. Do join us again and if you can’t wait you can find lots more from BBC Learning English online, on social media and on our app. Goodbye!

Sam
Bye!


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The Museum welcomes October with pink delights

Oct 04. 2019

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By THE NATION

This month, Centara Grand Hua Hin invites you to join its Pink October initiative with the hotel's The Museum Coffee & Tea Corner showcasing almost every shade of pink in its afternoon tea treats to celebrate Breast Cancer Awareness Month.
 

 

Every day in October, high tea lovers will be spoiled with The Museum’s popular The Pink Colonial Afternoon Tea Set, deliciously recreated to embrace the pink theme for Breast Cancer Awareness Month.

Indulge in a scrumptious highlights such as Pink salmon Pumpernickel triangle, Framboise tiramisu, Strawberry profiteroles, Rosewater panna cotta and Grape cheese cake - all served alongside TWG Tea's renowned Pink Flamingo, a graceful tea blend with crimson hibiscus blossoms that will surely brighten and pinken your day.

In addition to the abundance of sweet treats on offer, The Museum also presents The Pink Heritage Afternoon Tea Buffet. 

Diners can delight in an array of specially created pink treats, which includes the alluring Pétale de Rose macaron and the luscious Romance white chocolate cake, among other endearing creations such as the raspberry éclair, strawberry mille- short cake and pink raisin scone.

A familiar sight at The Museum, the chocolate fountain will take on a gorgeous shade of blush to complement the dazzling assortment of dainty sandwiches, savouries, salads, pastries, desserts and traditional English scones, presented in a beautiful colonial setting that overlooks the hotel’s iconic Topiary Garden.

Part of the sales revenue will be donated to The Breast Care Foundation.

The Pink Colonial Afternoon Tea Set is available daily from October 1 to October 31.

The Pink Heritage Afternoon Tea Buffet will be served on October 20, Sunday.

 

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Prayut urges people not to panic over pollution, while academic finds govt solutions ineffective

Oct 05. 2019
Prime Minister General Prayut Chan-o-cha says his government has always been concerned about air pollution. (Photo credit: Royal Thai Government's homepage)
Prime Minister General Prayut Chan-o-cha says his government has always been concerned about air pollution. (Photo credit: Royal Thai Government's homepage)

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By Nattapat Promkaew
The Nation

In his weekly televised show on Friday (October 4), Prime Minister General Prayut Chan-o-cha said his government has always been concerned about air pollution, especially PM2.5 or microscopic dust particles, which he put down to smog from other countries, traffic jams, burning of farming waste, factory emission and dust from construction sites.

“PM2.5 is dangerous, especially for children, babies, pregnant women and elders, whose immunity is too fragile to tackle the microscopic dust,” he said, adding that people should be particularly careful during December as there are no winds or rain to blow away the dust.

He also urged people not to panic, saying it is necessary to understand it first. The Cabinet approved a proposal last week to solve the pollution crisis at four levels, he said, adding “we have explained them to all provinces and have asked for coordinated cooperation”. The premier had previously warned that the authorities would arrest polluting car owners.

Meanwhile, an academic was pessimistic about the effectiveness of the measures implemented by the government.

“Removing polluting cars from Bangkok streets will not help much as long as diesel-powered vehicles continue plying the streets of the capital,” Sumet Ongkittikul, research director at Thailand Development Research Institute told The Nation.

Instead, he said, the government should follow China’s way of tackling air pollution in Beijing, where it promoted the use of electric motorbikes and cut down on the number of cars.


...........................................................

FINISHED 

October 4, 2019

 



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