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How are you doing?

Do you agree with the word, learning never ends? Many educators are waiting for your discover in your life. I think

that you enjoy meeting new knowledge that you never know before.

However, there is a Thai idiom that 'Have many pieces knowledge but can not survive'.

 Many thanks to Google Translate with G Grammarly together.

 


FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/0fKyrdQ15gs

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Air Pollution May Affect Every Organ, Cell in the Body

October 07, 2019

People wearing masks to protect from air pollution walk at a bus station in Seoul, South Korea, Wednesday, March 6, 2019. (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)
People wearing masks to protect from air pollution walk at a bus station in Seoul, South Korea, Wednesday, March 6, 2019. (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)
 
Air Pollution May Affect Every Organ, Cell in the Body

From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

Taking a long, deep breath is good for both our bodies and minds. It supplies necessary oxygen to our blood and can help to create emotional calm.

However, calm and oxygen are not the only things a deep breath brings. In many parts of the world, a deep breath also brings pollutants into our bodies.

For many people around the world, breathing polluted air has become the new “normal.” On its website, The World Health Organization warns that “91% percent of the world’s population lives in places where air quality exceeds WHO guideline limits.

WHO experts estimate that each year air pollution kills about 7 million people around the world. It says about 4.2 million deaths are linked to outdoor air pollution and about 3.8 million are linked to inside air pollution. The WHO adds that air pollution harms billions more.

Perhaps not surprisingly, cities are especially bad. Over 80% of people who live in urban areas, the WHO reports, are breathing levels of air pollution that are unhealthy.

With air pollution, size matters most

Researchers often study individual chemicals and toxins found in air pollution. However, some studies now show that it is the size of pollutants in the air that is most threatening to health.

Fine particulate matter that is 2.5 micrometers in diameter or smaller seems to do the most damage. That size is about 3% the size of a human hair or smaller. Scientists often call this kind of air pollution PM2.5, for short. The smallest PM can move through tissue.

Because we breathe in air pollution, we may think that it only affects the human breathing system. But research shows that the mouth, nose, throat and lungs are not the only body parts affected by air pollution.

Many in the scientific community say that PM2.5 can affect every organ and every cell in our body. Researchers have found that PM2.5 can even pass through the barrier that protects our brains. It can also reach the placenta. So, even in the womb, a fetus is not safe from air pollution.

The heart and blood system is also affected.

The WHO reports that air pollution causes 24% of deaths from brain attacks called strokes. The UN agency adds that 25% of all heart disease is from air pollution.

Scientists with the Forum of International Respiratory Societies, or FIRS, study the damage air pollution does to our bodies. They warn that air pollution affects many systems in the body and is a great risk to health.

Earlier this year, the FIRS Environmental Committee published two reports in the February 2019 American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST). They detail the effects of air pollution on health and evidence for its link to many diseases.

Dr. Dean Schraufnagel was the lead investigator. Following the publication of the reports he said, “It is well-known that air pollution is a major contributor to lung disease, but this review also shows how it can damage most other organ systems of the body.”

The FIRS researchers also found air pollution to be “harmful to the aging brain.”

They reported that older adults with heavy exposure to air pollution performed poorly on tests of brain operations. They said this group showed an increased risk of dementia compared to adults with less exposure.

The reports add that air pollution weakens bones so they break more easily. Air pollution also ages our skin, hurts our eyes and interferes with sleep. It affects the kidneys. And the researchers said living near busy roadways might lead to liver disease.

Children are most at risk

Researchers at the WHO say that in 2016 about 600,000 children under the age of five died from disease linked to air pollution.

Indoor cooking plays a part, as some families use unsafe fuels for cooking and keeping warm. Experts at the WHO say that there are “3.8 million deaths every year as a result of household exposure to smoke from dirty cook-stoves and fuels.”

So, what can be done?

Experts say governments need to take the lead in fighting air pollution health risks.

Dr. Schraufnagel adds that “the best way to reduce exposure to air pollution is to control it at its source.” He explains that governments need to do this by setting pollution “standards and regulatory processes.”

He and other experts suggest that individuals reduce their exposure by avoiding areas with polluted air and staying indoors when outdoor air pollution levels are high. And they say to wear face masks. These cloth or paper covers for the nose and mouth can block many air pollutants from entering the body.

And that’s the Health & Lifestyle report.

I’m Anna Matteo. And I'm Caty Weaver.

 

Anna Matteo wrote this piece for VOA Learning English. Caty Weaver was the editor.

Quiz - Air Pollution May Affect Every Organ, Cell in the Body

Quiz - Air Pollution May Affect Every Organ, Cell in the Body

Start the Quiz to find out

 

Words in This Story

toxin – n. a poisonous substance

particulate matter – n. the term for a mixture of solid particles and liquid droplets found in the air.

womb – n. the organ in women and some female animals in which babies develop before birth

contributor – n. something or someone involved in causing something to happen

exposure – n. the fact or condition of being affected by something or experiencing something: the condition of being exposed to something

dementia – n. a mental illness that causes someone to be unable to think clearly or to understand what is real and what is not real

standard – n. a level of quality, achievement, etc., that is considered acceptable or desirable

regulatory – adj. making or concerned with making official rules about what is acceptable in a particular business, activity, etc.

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October 7, 2019

October 07, 2019
A look at the best news photos from around the world.

Environmental activists demonstrate around the head of a statue taken by police on Lambeth bridge in central London.
1Environmental activists demonstrate around the head of a statue taken by police on Lambeth bridge in central London.
Ultra-Orthodox Jews pray along a wall in the Israeli city of Ramat Gan, near Tel Aviv.
2Ultra-Orthodox Jews pray along a wall in the Israeli city of Ramat Gan, near Tel Aviv.
Men carry a wounded person to a hospital after an explosion in Jalalabad, Afghanistan.
3Men carry a wounded person to a hospital after an explosion in Jalalabad, Afghanistan.
Crew members of Japan’s Fisheries Agency rescue North Korean fishermen after their boat sank in a crash with Japanese patrol boat in the Yamato Shallows, about 400 kilometers off the western coast of Japan. (Image provided by Japan Coast Guard. 9th Regional Coast Guard Headquarters)  
4Crew members of Japan’s Fisheries Agency rescue North Korean fishermen after their boat sank in a crash with Japanese patrol boat in the Yamato Shallows, about 400 kilometers off the western coast of Japan. (Image provided by Japan Coast Guard. 9th Regional Coast Guard Headquarters)
 

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6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

What's on your to-do list?

EPISODE 190307 / 07 MAR 2019

Introduction

Pay bills, clean the house... these are boring tasks we all have to do regularly even if we don't feel like it. They're part of what we call 'life admin'. Neil and Rob discuss what could make life admin tasks more interesting and teach you related vocabulary.

This week's question

The website Hotels.com commissioned some research about how much time young adults – that's millennials - spend doing life admin. Do you know what proportion of their free time they spend doing life admin tasks? Is it…

a)    a quarter of a day

b)    a third of a day

c)    half a day? 

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

a chore
a boring, ordinary task you do regularly

admin
short for 'administration' –  the activities and tasks you have to do to make a business, organisation or just your life, run smoothly

aka
also known as 

utility company
a company that supplies something such as electricity, gas, or water to the public

procrastinate
delay doing things until later, probably because you don't want to do them 

super-doers
an informal term to describe people who get satisfaction out of doing life admin and do lots of it

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word for word transcript

Neil
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English, I'm Neil. And joining me it's Rob. 

Rob
Hello. 

Neil
Now Rob, would you say you're someone who is quite organised?

Rob
I'd like to think so.

Neil
What's the best way to organise everything?

Rob
You need a 'to-do' list – a list of all the jobs you need to do that you can work your way through.

Neil
That's a good idea and something we can include in today's discussion about life admin. Admin is short for administration – that describes the activities and tasks you have to do to make a business or organisation run smoothly – but life admin is administration you have to do to make your day-to-day life run smoothly – like doing housework, or paying a bill. And the first thing on my 'to-do' list is to ask you and the listeners, a question.

Rob
Yes, you wouldn't want to forget that.

Neil
So, the website Hotels.com commissioned some research about how much time young adults – that's millennials - spend doing life admin. Do you know what proportion of their free time they spend doing life admin tasks? Is it…

a) a quarter of a day

b) a third of a day

c) half a day?

Rob
Based on my personal experience, I would say about a quarter of a day.

Neil
Well, we'll see if you're the same as other people at the end of the programme. But as we all know, life admin is necessary but it can be a bit of a chore – a boring, ordinary task you do regularly.

Rob
Experts have studied the subject and looked at how we do it and how we can make it less boring. One of them is Elizabeth Emens, Professor of Law at Columbia University and author of The Art of Life Admin.

Neil
She's been speaking to the BBC Radio 4 programme, Woman's Hour, and described what she thought life admin is…

Elizabeth Emens, Professor of Law at Columbia University
Life admin is the office work of life, it's the invisible layer of work that is the kind of thing that managers and secretaries, aka admins, do for pay in the office but that everyone does in their own lives for free.

Rob
She calls life admin the invisible layer of work – so it's work, tasks or chores we carry out that people don't notice we're doing – or don't realise we have to do them it's extra work in our life.

Neil
And we don't get paid for it – unless we're at work when it is the role of someone to do it – such as secretaries or aka admins – aka is short for 'also known as' – so secretaries might also be known as admins – that is short for people who do administration.

Rob
Right, so we know life admin is boring and we don't get paid for it – and also, trying to renew your house insurance or trying to query a bill with a utility company can be frustrating and feels like a waste of time. A utility company by the way, is one that supplies something such as electricity, gas, or water to the public.

Neil
My problem is I never get round to doing my life admin – there are better things to do – so you could say I procrastinate – I delay doing things until later, probably because I don't want to do them.

Rob
You are what Elizabeth classifies as an 'admin avoider'. So this is where my to-do list comes in handy Neil. You have a written record of tasks that can be quite satisfying to cross off as you do them. But this is something Elizabeth Emens has found to work, at least for some people. Let's hear from her again. What type of people did she find get most satisfaction from completing a to-do list?

Elizabeth Emens, Professor of Law at Columbia University
If you've ever made a list and put things on it you've already done, just to cross them out, then you know the kind of 'done it' pleasure that goes with that. But actually I interviewed people, especially the super-doers that I interviewed, actually can find real pleasure in the actual doing of it - so trying to understand how we can get to that when we have to do it - how we can make it so that there is some meaning in it and some texture and there're ways of doing it that please us.

Neil
So she was describing the super-doers – these are the people who love admin and would spend an evening putting their book collection into alphabetical order!

Rob
Elizabeth mentioned that we should learn from the super-doers and get some 'done it' pleasure in doing our life admin. We need to find a meaning for doing it – in other words, what is represents – so we can see the benefit of completing our to-do list.

Neil
How we find pleasure from doing life admin is different for different people – so personally, I think I'll stick with being an 'admin avoider' – but that might explain why I just got charged extra for not paying my credit card bill on time!

Rob
Well, please don't avoid giving us the answer to the quiz question you asked us earlier.

Neil
Yes. Earlier I asked, researchers, commissioned by Hotels.com, polled 2,000 young professionals about their lives. How much of their free time do they spend doing life admin? Is it…

a) quarter of a day

b) a third of  a day

c) half a day?

Rob
And I said a) a quarter of a day.

Neil
Yes, they spend a quarter of their days carrying out tasks like doctor’s appointments, waiting in for packages to be delivered and doing household chores. Boring!

Rob
Unlike this programme Neil, which is not a chore – one of the words we discussed today.

Neil
Yes, our vocabulary today included chore - a boring, ordinary task you do regularly.

Rob
We also mentioned admin, short for administration –  the activities and tasks you have to do make a business, organisation or just your life, run smoothly.

Neil
We heard aka – meaning 'also known as' – so for example, Rob aka The master of 6 Minute English!

Rob
Thanks very much Neil. Next we heard utility company. That's a company that supplies something such as electricity, gas, or water to the public. And we also heard how Neil likes to procrastinate – that's delay doing things until later, probably because he doesn't want to do them.

Neil
Finally, we mentioned super-doers – an informal term to describe people who get satisfaction out of doing life admin and do lots of it.

Rob
Like me.

Neil
Well, it's time to go now but there's plenty more to discover on our website at bbclearningenglish.com. Goodbye for now. 

Rob
Bye bye.

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Central Bank to use biometric technology in opening saving accounts

Oct 07. 2019
Siritida
Siritida

Facebook Twitter

By THE NATION

 

Siritida Panomwan, Bank of Thailand’s assistant governor for payment systems policy and financial technology group, said on Monday (October 7) that 10 commercial banks and non-bank financial institutes were participating in BoT’s regulatory sandbox project to test-run the use of biometric technology known as e-kyc (electronic know your customer) to electronically verify the identity of customers.

“However, so far none of the participants has been able to successfully complete the project due to minor issues that need to be resolved, but the BoT is positive that the participants will finish the biometric test run before the end of fourth quarter,” she said.

The assistant governor further explained that before implementing biometric technology in the real world, the central bank has to set policies, regulations and criteria to ensure a smooth and problem-free operation. “During phase 1 we will be focusing on using biometric technology to verify a customer’s identity when opening a savings account,” she said. “If the implementation is successful, banks and non-banks can adapt the technology to other aspects of their services without having to ask for BoT’s permission to enter the sandbox project again.”

Siritida added that more than dozen operators had currently applied for licenses to conduct e-payment and e-money businesses and confirmed that the services are becoming popular. “BoT has already granted licenses to some100 operators and is expecting to see more new operators in the coming years,” she said.

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Thundershowers forecast for upper Thailand, parts of Bangkok

Oct 08. 2019

Facebook Twitter

By THE NATION

Thunder showers are forecast for upper Thailand and 40 per cent of Bangkok, while the South will see continuous rain and isolated heavy rain on October 8-9, the Thailand Meteorological Department announced on Tuesday (October 8).

The department attributed the weather conditions to moderate high pressure over the upper North, the upper Northeast and the South China Sea, resulting in easterly winds across the upper parts of the country and the Gulf. Thundershowers are likely over upper Thailand with isolated heavy rain in the East and Bangkok and vicinity while cooler temperatures are likely in the upper North and the upper Northeast. Continuous rain and isolated heavy rain are forecast over the South.

The weather forecast for the next 24 hours is as follows:

Northern region: Partly cloudy with thunderstorms in 20 per cent of the area; temperature lows of 20-23 degrees and highs of 33-36 degree Celsius.

Northeastern region: Partly cloudy and thunder showers in 20 per cent of the area, temperatures lows 20-23 degrees and highs of 33-34 degree Celsius.

Central region: Partly cloudy weather with thundery showers rain over 30 per cent of the area; lows 23-24 degrees, highs 33-34 degrees Celsius.

Eastern region: Mostly cloudy with thunder showers over 40 per cent of the area; lows 23-24 degrees, highs 32-34 degree Celsius; wave height 1 metre, increasing to 2 metres during storms.

Southern region (east coast): Partly cloudy with thunder showers in 30 per cent of the area; lows of 22-24 degrees, high 32-34 degrees Celsius; wave height 1 metre, increasing to 2 metres during storms.

Southern region (west coast): Mostly cloudy with thunder showers in 30 per cent of the area; lows 23-24 degrees, highs 31-33 degree Celsius; wave height 1 metre, increasing to 2 metres during storms.

Bangkok and surrounding area: Mostly cloudy with thunder showers in 40 per cent of the area, lows 24-25 degrees, highs 32-35 degrees Celsius.

.......................................................

 

October 8, 2019

 

 



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