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All eyes on Army chief as he prepares a speech on South situation
National Oct 09. 2019

Army chief General Apirat Kongsompong is scheduled to deliver a speech at a special seminar on Thursday (October 11) being held at the Army headquarters to explain the armed forces’ role in providing security under current circumstances.

Apirat had previously said that his speech would focus on solving problems in the South, especially since he had once commanded a special task force in Yala province and had spent a year and a half living in the South.

As the news report above is the most requirement of people presently. Because of the country lost a huge number of human lives and money since long ago.  my chief General Apirat Kongsompong will really revive the peace, people will commonly accept.

 Many thanks to Google Translate And G Grammarly together.

 

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/0fKyrdQ15gs

......................................................

South Carolina College Teaches Old-School Trades

4 hours ago
 
 
South Carolina College Teaches Old-School Trades
 

The sounds of artists at work fill workshops at the American College of the Building Arts in Charleston, South Carolina.

In the college’s Iron shop, Alex Fisher is busy making the surface of an iron door handle smooth and shiny. Nearby Jeremiah Price and others use heat to soften the metal in their door handles and bend them into shape.

In another area, a group of young men measure, cut and sand wood to build workbenches for future projects.

A disappearing art

The students at this private, one-of-a-kind college all want to be employed as artisans one day. Working in a building that once housed streetcars, they are part of an intense, hands-on program that trains them in traditional European building trades.

Steven Fancsali had earned a college degree in architectural design and worked as a designer for four years before he learned about the school on a television program.

“I saw the school on a TV show and my thought was ‘well I wish I had known about this 10 years ago when I was actually looking at schools.' And I decided to just make a change and come here.”

So Fancsali asked about studying at the non-profit school, got accepted, and moved from Chicago to Charleston.

Rising phoenix

The school was founded after Hurricane Hugo hit the southeastern United States in 1989. The storm damaged or destroyed many of Charleston's historic homes and buildings.

After Hugo left, there was an urgent need for experienced artisans who knew how to rebuild the city. But there were not enough of them.

So in 1999, a group of South Carolinians laid the groundwork that led to the founding of the American College of the Building Arts (ACBA). It is the first -- and only -- four-year college in the country to offer such a program in traditional craftsmanship.

Building arts skills

ACBA’s president is Colby Broadwater, a retired lieutenant general. He says the school is one of a kind, “because we have blended a liberal arts education -- the critical thinking aspect of that -- with a skill set that we teach of six different skilled areas.”

Students get to work with people like Arnaud Le Rouzic. He trained at Les Compagnons du devoir, a French organization made up of craftsmen and artisans who learn skills dating from Europe’s Middle Ages.

He told VOA, “I came here to share my knowledge and my experience with the younger generation of artisans.” ​

Community involvement

Students also have chances to work outside the college, on local community projects.

Broadwater says a sense of community is important to the college.

“We touch so many places and so many people. Public projects that enhance the beauty of this city or state. The students are proud of actually producing something.That's why they came here. And so they can sit there and say, I made that!”

He, too, is very pleased with what his students have done and the school's 100 percent job placement record.

Historic treasures

ACBA students have built seats and shelters for local bus stops. They have made large ovens for cooking pizza. And they even repaired the ironwork on gates created by Philip Simmons, a Charleston ironwork artisan and one of the school’s founders.

Restoring historic treasures

ACBA student Stephen Clark spent two months of his summer working in Washington, D.C. He helped to repair the home that former President Abraham Lincoln used as a summer getaway during America's Civil War.

Clark says he will never forget working on the home of one America's most famous presidents.

ACBA students also work overseas. One person who completed the program is now working at the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, France. He is helping to rebuild the 850-year-old building, which suffered major damage in a fire earlier this year.

Thirty years after Hurricane Hugo, the city of Charleston is growing. But should disaster strike again, members of its artisan community are well prepared to help rebuild and restore.

I’m Jonathan Evans.

Julie Taboh reported this story for VOA. George Grow adapted the story for Learning English. Hai Do was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments section, and visit our Facebook page. 

Quiz - South Carolina College Teaches Old-School Trades

Quiz - South Carolina College Teaches Old-School Trades

Start the Quiz to find out

Words in This Story

workshop – n. a place where things are produced or repaired

degree – n. an honor awarded by a college or university after completion of a study program

blend – v. to combine; to join together

enhance – v. to improve in value or quality

proud – adj. feeling or showing great satisfaction with something

 ................................................

October 8, 2019

October 08, 2019
A look at the best news photos from around the world.

Police officers carry the coffins of the four victims of last week's knife attack during a ceremony in the courtyard of the Paris police headquarters. 
1Police officers carry the coffins of the four victims of last week's knife attack during a ceremony in the courtyard of the Paris police headquarters. 
A woman walks under the trees with fall-colored leaves in Moscow, Russia.
2A woman walks under the trees with fall-colored leaves in Moscow, Russia.
A brother and sister play at a recycling center in Kabul, Afghanistan.
3A brother and sister play at a recycling center in Kabul, Afghanistan.
A police vehicle burns during a protest against Ecuador's President Lenin Moreno's austerity measures in Quito, Oct. 7, 2019.
4A police vehicle burns during a protest against Ecuador's President Lenin Moreno's austerity measures in Quito, Oct. 7, 2019.

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6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

The teenage brain

EPISODE 181213 / 13 DEC 2018

Introduction

Until recently, it was thought that human brain development was all over by early childhood but research in the last decade has shown that the adolescent brain is still changing into early adulthood. This programme delves inside the teenage brain, hears from an expert and teaches some useful vocabulary along the way to stretch your own brain!

This week's question

There have always been teenagers, but when was the word ‘teenager’ first used to refer to the 13 – 19 age group? Was it:

a) the 1920s
b) the 1930s
c) the 1950s

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

adolescence
the period in someone’s life when they are developing from a child to an adult

papers
published scientific research

dogma
a set of beliefs that are strongly held and which are not challenged

prefrontal cortex
an important part of the brain involved in many complex mental actions like planning and personality

cognitive tasks
mental activities that we consciously have to think about like making plans and taking decisions

adolescent
the adjective to describe behaviour of someone who is in adolescence. Also, the noun for someone who is in adolescence

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word for word transcript 

Neil
Hello. This is 6 Minute English, I'm Neil.

Rob
And I'm Rob.

Neil
What do you remember of your teenage years?

Rob
Oh, I was a nightmare. I was rude to my parents, always stayed out late, never did my homework, hung out with the wrong people and made lots of bad decisions. How about you, Neil?

Neil
Well, much the same really. People always say that about teenagers, don’t they? That they go through a period where they are out of control and behave badly. But apparently, it’s not their fault. At least not directly.

Rob
So whose fault is it?

Neil
Our brains’, apparently. Teenagers’ brains are still developing in areas that control behaviour, which could mean that you can’t blame them for acting the way they do. Before we find out more, let’s have our question. There have always been teenagers, but when was the word ‘teenager’ first used to refer to the 13 – 19 age group? Was it:

a) the 1920s

b) the 1930s

c) the 1950s

Any ideas, Rob?

Rob
Well, I think it came along around the time of rock and roll, so that would have made it the 1950s. That’s my guess.

Neil
I'll have the answer later in the programme. Sarah-Jayne Blakemore from University College London specialises in the workings of the brain, particularly the teenage brain. Recently she was a guest on the BBC Radio programme, The Life Scientific. She explained that the understanding that the brain is still developing during the teenage years is quite new. When does she say the first research came out?

Professor Sarah-Jayne Blakemore
The first study showing that the human brain undergoes this very substantial and significant development throughout adolescence and into the twenties; the first papers were published in the late 90s. Before that, and for example when I was at university, the dogma in the text books was that the vast majority of brain development goes on in the first few years of life and nothing much changes after mid-childhood. That dogma is completely false.

Neil
So when did the research into the teenage brain come out?

Rob
Surprisingly, it wasn’t until the late 1990s. This was when she said that the first papers on this subject were published. Papers in this context means the results of scientific research which are published.

Neil
And she didn’t actually talk about teenagers, did she?

Rob
No, that’s right. She talked about the period of adolescence. This noun, adolescence, is the period when someone is developing from a child into an adult and it more or less is the same as the teenage years.

Neil
What I found interesting was that before the 1990s people believed something different about the way our brains develop.

Rob
Yes, Professor Blakemore said that the dogma had been that our brains are mostly fully developed in early childhood, long before adolescenceDogma is a word used to describe a strong belief that people are expected to accept as true.

Neil
So our brains are still developing much later than was originally thought. What does this tell us about teenage behaviour? Of particular interest is an important part of the brain called the prefrontal cortex. Here is Professor Blakemore again. What excuse can she give for teenagers who don’t get their homework done in time?

Professor Sarah-Jayne Blakemore
The prefrontal cortex is the part of the brain right at the front, just behind the forehead and it’s involved in a whole range of very high-level cognitive tasks such as decision making and planning - we know that this region is undergoing very very large amounts of development during the adolescent years. And so in terms of the expectations that we place on teenagers to, for example, plan their homework, it might be too much given that we know that the region of the brain that critically involved in planning is not developed yet.

Neil
So the prefrontal cortex is important in cognitive tasks. What are those, Rob?

Rob
A cognitive task is one that requires conscious thinking and processing, such as making decisions and planning. It doesn’t happen automatically, you have to think about it. So in the adolescent years this part of the brain is not fully developed. Note the adjective form here of the noun we had earlier adolescence.

Neil
So this gives a good excuse for not doing your homework!

Rob
Ha, ha, I wish I’d known that. I used to say that I’d left my homework on the bus or that the dog had eaten it. Now I could say, "Sorry sir, my brain isn’t developed enough for the cognitive task of planning my homework".

Neil
Yes, I’m sure that would work! Before we wrap up, time to get the answer to this week’s question. I asked when was the word ‘teenager’ first used to refer to the 13 – 19 age group? Was it:

a) the 1920s

b) the 1930s

c) the 1950s

Rob, you said?

Rob
I guessed c) 1950s

Neil
The answer is actually b) the 1930s. Very well done if you knew that. Now a quick review of today’s vocabulary.

Rob
Adolescence is the noun for the period of change from child to adult and the adjective is adolescent – this same word is also the noun for someone who is in that teenage period.

Neil
So an adolescent might be responsible for adolescent behaviour in his or her adolescence.

Rob
Exactly.

Neil
Papers is the word for published scientific research.

Rob
Dogma is strongly held beliefs that are not challenged.

Neil
The prefrontal cortex is an important part of the brain which deals with cognitive tasks.

Rob
And cognitive tasks are mental processes that require active thought and consideration, such as planning and making decisions.

Neil
Well my decision making skills tell me that it’s time to finish.

Rob
Well, your skills are working well Neil. We may be going now but you don't need to – you can listen or watch us again and find lots more learning English materials on our social media platforms. You can also visit our website at bbclearningenglish.com.

Neil
See you soon, goodbye.


Rob
Bye!

 
.....................................................
 
 

All eyes on Army chief as he prepares speech on South situation

Oct 09. 2019
General Apirat Kongsompong
General Apirat Kongsompong
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By Chitraporn Senvong
The Nation

Army chief General Apirat Kongsompong is scheduled to deliver a speech at a special seminar on Thursday (October 11) being held at the Army headquarters to explain the armed forces’ role in providing security under current circumstances.

This seminar is part of the Army’s public relations efforts to provide its side of the story after it charged 12 people, including Opposition leaders and academics, of sedition.

The sedition charges came when the Opposition and academics held a seminar on the solutions for southern border provinces and the  campaign to amend the Constitution.

Representatives from seven political parties have filed a countersuit against the 4th Army Area commander.

Meanwhile, the special seminar will also touch upon the subject of senior judge Khanakorn Pianchana shooting himself in a Yala courtroom after reading a verdict. It is believed he turned the gun on himself to protest against his supervisors interfering in his verdict on a criminal case.

Apirat had previously said that his speech would focus on solving problems in the South, especially since he had once commanded a special task force in Yala province and had spent a year and a half living in the South.

 
 
Facebook Twitter

By Chitraporn Senvong
The Nation

BOT gets top marks from IMF, World Bank for supervision of commercial banks

Oct 08. 2019
Facebook Twitter

By Wichit Chaitrong
The Nation

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB) have said they are happy with the Bank of Thailand (BOT)’s supervision of commercial banks, though they are urging it to strengthen the overseeing of state-owned banks and savings cooperatives. 
 

The two global institutions are also concerned about high household debts in Thailand and have suggested that regulators implement more preventive measures to ensure the stability of the financial system. 

 

BOT governor Veerathai Santiprabhob on Monday (October 7) revealed the outcome of the Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) conducted by IMF and WB, saying Thailand’s financial system is strong and can withstand market volatility well, while the standards of regulating the market is on par with those in developed countries. 

Over the past 10 years, commercial banks have played a key role in the financial sector, while capital market and insurance sector have grown significantly.

“Overall, the country’s financial system has achieved stability, but there are some weak areas that need to be improved,” Veerathai said.

“The weak spots include the fragility of households due to high debts, and the two global institutions have suggested that Thailand implement more preventive measures or a so-called macroprudential policy to ensure the debt problem does not spread to wider sectors of the economy,” he said. 

As for effective banking supervision, the central bank has won an excellent score in 24 key areas and a good score on five out of a total of 29 calibrations. 

Meanwhile, IMF and WB are urging BOT to strengthen its supervision of state-owned banks, also known as specialised financial institutions (SFIs), and savings cooperatives on par with its supervision of commercial banks. The institutions also urged the central bank to implement more preventives measures to ensure the stability of SFIs and savings cooperatives, as well as establish a committee that is in charge of ensuring the country’s financial stability. 

The BOT, meanwhile, will assess risks in the financial system using a forward-looking approach to ensure the system can cope with changes in the future, understand how new risks may emerge and how regulators can handle them. 

“The BOT will work closely with related regulators in order to better understand financial risks and adjust regulations in time to guard financial stability in a sustainable manner,” he added. 

 

From left: Suthiphon Thaveechaigarn, secretary-general of the Office of Insurance Commission, Veerathai Santiprabhob, Bank of Thailand's governor and Ruenvadee Suwanmongkol, secretary-general of the Securities and Exchange Commission, at a joint press conference held to announce findings of the Financial Sector Assessment Programme (FSAP), conducted by IMF and WB on Thailand.

From left: Suthiphon Thaveechaigarn, secretary-general of the Office of Insurance Commission, Veerathai Santiprabhob, Bank of Thailand's governor and Ruenvadee Suwanmongkol, secretary-general of the Securities and Exchange Commission, at a joint press conference held to announce findings of the Financial Sector Assessment Programme (FSAP), conducted by IMF and WB on Thailand.

Apart from BOT, the IMF and the World Bank also evaluated the other two major financial market regulators, namely the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Office of Insurance Commission. 

The FSAP aims to promote prudential supervision, strengthen financial systems as well as boost confidence in the local financial market and the economy as a whole.

The sedition charges came when the Opposition and academics held a seminar on the solutions for southern border provinces and the  campaign to amend the Constitution.

Representatives from seven political parties have filed a countersuit against the 4th Army Area commander.

Meanwhile, the special seminar will also touch upon the subject of senior judge Khanakorn Pianchana shooting himself in a Yala courtroom after reading a verdict. It is believed he turned the gun on himself to protest against his supervisors interfering in his verdict on a criminal case.

Apirat had previously said that his speech would focus on solving problems in the South, especially since he had once commanded a special task force in Yala province and had spent a year and a half living in the South.

..................................................
 

BOT gets top marks from IMF, World Bank for supervision of commercial banks

Oct 08. 2019
Facebook Twitter

By Wichit Chaitrong
The Nation

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB) have said they are happy with the Bank of Thailand (BOT)’s supervision of commercial banks, though they are urging it to strengthen the overseeing of state-owned banks and savings cooperatives. 
 

 

The two global institutions are also concerned about high household debts in Thailand and have suggested that regulators implement more preventive measures to ensure the stability of the financial system. 

 

BOT governor Veerathai Santiprabhob on Monday (October 7) revealed the outcome of the Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) conducted by IMF and WB, saying Thailand’s financial system is strong and can withstand market volatility well, while the standards of regulating the market is on par with those in developed countries. 

Over the past 10 years, commercial banks have played a key role in the financial sector, while capital market and insurance sector have grown significantly.

“Overall, the country’s financial system has achieved stability, but there are some weak areas that need to be improved,” Veerathai said.

“The weak spots include the fragility of households due to high debts, and the two global institutions have suggested that Thailand implement more preventive measures or a so-called macroprudential policy to ensure the debt problem does not spread to wider sectors of the economy,” he said. 

As for effective banking supervision, the central bank has won an excellent score in 24 key areas and a good score on five out of a total of 29 calibrations. 

Meanwhile, IMF and WB are urging BOT to strengthen its supervision of state-owned banks, also known as specialised financial institutions (SFIs), and savings cooperatives on par with its supervision of commercial banks. The institutions also urged the central bank to implement more preventives measures to ensure the stability of SFIs and savings cooperatives, as well as establish a committee that is in charge of ensuring the country’s financial stability. 

The BOT, meanwhile, will assess risks in the financial system using a forward-looking approach to ensure the system can cope with changes in the future, understand how new risks may emerge and how regulators can handle them. 

“The BOT will work closely with related regulators in order to better understand financial risks and adjust regulations in time to guard financial stability in a sustainable manner,” he added. 

 

From left: Suthiphon Thaveechaigarn, secretary-general of the Office of Insurance Commission, Veerathai Santiprabhob, Bank of Thailand's governor and Ruenvadee Suwanmongkol, secretary-general of the Securities and Exchange Commission, at a joint press conference held to announce findings of the Financial Sector Assessment Programme (FSAP), conducted by IMF and WB on Thailand.

From left: Suthiphon Thaveechaigarn, secretary-general of the Office of Insurance Commission, Veerathai Santiprabhob, Bank of Thailand's governor and Ruenvadee Suwanmongkol, secretary-general of the Securities and Exchange Commission, at a joint press conference held to announce findings of the Financial Sector Assessment Programme (FSAP), conducted by IMF and WB on Thailand.

Apart from BOT, the IMF and the World Bank also evaluated the other two major financial market regulators, namely the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Office of Insurance Commission. 

The FSAP aims to promote prudential supervision, strengthen financial systems as well as boost confidence in the local financial market and the economy as a whole.

.......................................................
 
FINISHED 
 
October 9, 2019
 
 


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