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FILE -- This mural depicting Christopher Columbus, painted by Luigi Gregori on display at the University of Notre Dame, in South Bend, Ind.

But native people have long objected to honoring the explorer, note writers on the Smithsonian Institution’s blog. They say that the arrival of Columbus – along with other colonizers – led to the deaths and forced assimilation of millions of native people.

They add, “Indigenous People’s Day recognizes that Native People are the first inhabitants of the Americas … And it urges Americans to rethink history.”

As per the information above, will the America history, especially Columbus change? However, many new truths are emerging.

Moreover, there is a question that, what Columbus deal with the native people at that time?

Many thanks to Google Translate and G Grammarly as ever.

 

       

Walk which way? What is ahead? Do we live any longer?

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FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/0fKyrdQ15gs


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Who Really ‘Discovered’ America?

3 hours ago
FILE - Diane Douglas Willard, right, demonstrates with her daughter, Gianna Willard, both Haida tribal members from Ketchikan, Alaska, during a Native American protest against Columbus Day.
FILE - Diane Douglas Willard, right, demonstrates with her daughter, Gianna Willard, both Haida tribal members from Ketchikan, Alaska, during a Native American protest against Columbus Day.

This Monday, the United States celebrates Columbus Day.

The government established Columbus Day as a national holiday long ago to honor the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus. It recognizes his arrival in what Europeans called the New World in 1492.

Today some U.S. cities and areas are moving away from honoring Columbus and instead celebrating the native peoples of North America.

Wisconsin is one of the latest areas to declare the second Monday in October Indigenous People’s Day. Wisconsin’s governor said earlier this month that his state recognizes and thanks tribal nations and native people.

FILE - Demonstrators stand during a Native American protest against Columbus Day.
FILE - Demonstrators stand during a Native American protest against Columbus Day.

The state has 11 recognized American Indian tribes.

Tehassi Hill is the chairman of the Oneida Nation. He says that celebrating Indigenous People’s Day can help Americans learn about tribal culture and history. But, he notes, moving from Columbus Day to Indigenous People’s Day has taken a long time.

How did Americans start celebrating Columbus Day?

The first reported celebration of Christopher Columbus’s arrival took place in the United States in 1792. Later, some Italian-Americans began celebrating the Italian explorer as part of their cultural history. In the 1930s, Columbus Day became a national holiday.

FILE -- This mural depicting Christopher Columbus, painted by Luigi Gregori on display at the University of Notre Dame, in South Bend, Ind.
FILE -- This mural depicting Christopher Columbus, painted by Luigi Gregori on display at the University of Notre Dame, in South Bend, Ind.

But native people have long objected to honoring the explorer, note writers on the Smithsonian Institution’s blog. They say that the arrival of Columbus – along with other colonizers – led to the deaths and forced assimilation of millions of native people.

They add, “Indigenous People’s Day recognizes that Native People are the first inhabitants of the Americas … And it urges Americans to rethink history.”

Recently, the city government of Washington, DC approved a measure to honor Indigenous People’s Day instead of Columbus Day, at least for this year. One of the supporters of the measure is politician David Grosso. He pointed out in a statement that Columbus did not discover North America, or even walk on the land that today is the United States.

Opponents of the measure said Italian-American voters did not like the idea of changing the name of the holiday. Others objected on social media to what they consider the re-writing of American history.

But supporters from many areas claim that celebrating Columbus as the person who “discovered” the New World is simply inaccurate. And, they say, honoring him as a hero ignores the violence, slavery, and disease his arrival brought to native Americans.

With Wisconsin, at least eight states have already moved away from observing Columbus Day. But it remains a federal holiday.

I’m Anne Ball.

 

Kelly Jean Kelly wrote this story, George Grow was the editor.

What do you think about this story? Do you favor Columbus Day or Indigenous People's Day? Leave us a comment below!

________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

indigenous - adj. produced, living, or existing naturally in a particular region or environment

assimilation - v. to cause (a person or group) to become part of a different society, or country​

inhabitant - n. a person or animal that lives in a particular place​

inaccurate - adj. not correct or exact : having a mistake or error : not accurate​

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6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Can we trust a smart speaker?

EPISODE 190509 / 09 MAY 2019

Introduction

About ten million people in the UK now use a smart speaker, and they're gaining popularity across the world. These convenient devices listen to our every command. But when does 'listening' become 'spying'? Rob and Dan discuss smart speakers and teach you related vocabulary.

This week's question

By what percentage has the number of smart speakers used in US households increased from December 2017 to December 2018? Is it… 

a)    around 40%

b)    around 60%

c)    around 80% 

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

eavesdrop
secretly listen to someone's conversation

bug
small electronic device used for secretly listening to conversations

intimate
private and personal

circumvent
cleverly bypass or go around

be resigned to
accept an unpleasant situation which cannot change

trade-off
compromise

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word for word transcript

Dan
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Dan.

Rob
And I'm Rob. So Dan what's… Oh, sorry. Oh, it's my wife. Err… hang on…

Dan
You didn't answer!

Rob
Don't take this personally, Dan, but I'm not exactly crazy about someone eavesdropping on my phone call. If you eavesdrop on something, you secretly listen to someone's conversation. Some things are private, you know?

Dan
Oh! Of course! I totally understand. One quick question for you though… do you have a smart speaker? You know, like the Google Assistant, Amazon's Alexa or Apple's Siri.

Rob
Oh sure, yes, I've got one! It's great! I can ask it all sorts of questions, it tells me about the news and weather, it plays music when I want… it does all sorts! You just give it a voice command and it does what you want!

Dan
So it can hear you, can it?

Rob
Of course! How else can you give it a voice command?

Dan
All the time?

Rob
Well, I assume so.

Dan
So how do you know it's not eavesdropping on you?

Rob
Well, I… oh… I see. I hadn't thought of that.

Dan
That's our topic for this 6 Minute English. How safe is your smart speaker? However, before that, here's our quiz question. By what percentage has the number of smart speakers used in US households increased from December 2017 to December 2018? Is it…

a)    around 40%
b)    around 60%, or
c)    around 80%?

Rob
Oh, well, I know they are very popular even in my household. So I'm going to go for c) around 80%.

Dan
We'll find out if you're right later in the programme. So, smart speakers and privacy! Florian Schaub is an assistant professor at the University of Michigan School of Information. Here he is speaking on the BBC World Service programme The Why Factor about smart speakers. What does he say people are introducing into their homes?

Florian Schaub 
You're basically introducing... listening bug in your home, in your most intimate space. While the companies say they are only actively listening to what's going on in your home when they hear the keyword, the microphone is still on the whole time in order to be able to detect that keyword. We don't know to what extent companies are co-operating with the government or to what extent the government might try to circumvent company security mechanisms in order to then be able to listen to what you're doing.

Dan
So what did he say people are introducing, Rob?

Rob
He basically said we're introducing a listening bug. Now, a bug is a small electronic device used for secretly listening to conversations. Much like a spy would use.

Dan
Yes, and he mentioned it was in our most intimate space! Intimate means 'private and personal'.

Rob
Well, I can't think of anywhere more intimate than my home. 

Dan
Indeed! He also said that the smart speaker's microphone is on the whole time – even though the companies insist that they're only actively listening when the keyword is said. 

Rob
Yes, he suggested that we can't know how far a company might be co-operating with a government to eavesdrop on people. 

Dan
Or whether a government might be circumventing a smart speaker's security and listening in anyway without the company's or owner's permission!

Rob
Circumvent means 'cleverly bypass or go around'. So if all this eavesdropping is possible, why are smart speakers so popular? 

Dan
Good question! And here's Florian Schaub again with an answer. He conducted a study on people's attitudes to privacy when it comes to smart speakers. How do people feel about having a smart speaker that could eavesdrop on them? 

Florian Schaub
What we often saw is people just being resigned to 'this is the trade-off they have to make' if they want to enjoy the convenience that a smart speaker provides to them. 

Rob
He said that people are resigned to the privacy trade-off. If you are resigned to something, you accept something unpleasant that can't be changed. 

Dan
Yes and a trade-off is a compromise. You accept something bad to also receive something good. 

Rob
So people accept that a smart speaker gives them advantages, even though there could be downsides? 

Dan
Yes. In the grand scheme of things, the data that these devices hear is probably not that significant considering all the data companies have about us already anyway! 

Rob
So can I have the answer to the quiz then? 

Dan
Of course! Earlier I asked by what percentage the number of smart speakers used in US households increased from December 2017 to December 2018? Was it…

a)    around 40%
b)    around 60%, or
c)    around 80%? 

What did you say, Rob? 

Rob
I said c) around 80%. 

Dan
And you are right. The answer is around 80% - from 66 million in December 2017 to 118 million in December 2018, and around ten million people in the UK now use one too! I guess they're really not worried about eavesdropping

Rob
Nice slide into the vocabulary there, Dan. If someone eavesdrops on you, it means they secretly listen to your conversation. 

Dan
They could be eavesdropping on you through a bug, which is a small electronic device used to secretly listen to conversations. 

Rob
Yes, they may have bugged your most intimate, or private and personal, spaces. 

Dan
Next we had circumvent. If you circumvent something, such as security, you cleverly or bypass it or go around it.

Rob
Then we had resigned. If you are resigned to something, it means you accept something unpleasant that can't be changed. 

Dan
And lastly, we had trade-off. A trade-off is a compromise. You get something good, but you also get something bad. 

Rob
Right - like 6 Minute English! A great discussion and vocabulary, but the trade-off is it only lasts six minutes! 

Dan
Which is just about now, actually - time to go. So until next time, find us all over the place online and on social media. Just search for BBC Learning English. Bye for now. 

Rob
Goodbye!

.......................................................

Homage to the late king

Oct 13. 2019

Facebook Twitter

By The Nation

2,977 Viewed

Today (October 13) at 8.30am, Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-o-cha along with government officers commemorated the passing away of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej The Great and laid two wreaths in front of the late king’s portrait at Sanam Luang.

 

After laying the wreaths, all officers paid obeisance three times before leaving.

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Oct 12. 2019
Piyabutr
Piyabutr
Facebook Twitter

By The Nation

Future Forward Party secretary-general Piyabutr Saengkanokkul on Saturday (October 12) said that the remarks of Army chief General Apirat Kongsompong on politicians, academics and national security could deepen the divide in the country and spark a clash of generations.

During his speech, Apirat had warned that the threat to Thailand from communists was not over. Some former communists had become politicians, and some had become academics but the “communist ideology chips  were still implanted in their heads”, he said.

Apirat also cited threats from information warfare and propaganda and the spread of fake news, which he saw as a collaboration between former communists or foreign-graduated leftists and unethical scholars.

In his speech Piyabutr said that to build the nation, respect for difference of opinion, human dignity, rights and liberty must be promoted and enshrined. National security is equal to people security, he said.

Piyabutr disagreed with the Army chief's argument that Section 1 of the Constitution could not be amended as that could affect national security.

Section 1 states that Thailand is one indivisible Kingdom.

On Friday, Apirat had voiced strong opposition to proposals to amend the Constitution’s Section 1.

Apirat’s comments were in response to a campaign launched by Opposition leaders, academics and civil groups to amend the junta-sponsored charter, which they say is undemocratic.

Apirat said the proposal to amend Section 1 would adversely affect other sections, especially the one on the monarchy.

Piyabutr said that the section could be amended but the amendment must not lead to the change of the current regime of constitutional monarchy with the King as the head of state.

He cited Section 255 of the 2017 Constitution, which bans the amendment of the charter that will lead to a change in a democratic regime with the King as the head of the state.

He added that the Opposition had mentioned many times that it wanted to see the creation of a new charter written by a new charter drafting assembly elected by the people. The Opposition also will not touch Chapters 1 and 2 of the charter.

................................................................

FINISHED

October 14, 2019

 

 



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