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วันเสาร์ ที่ 23 พฤศจิกายน 2562
Posted by นายยั้งคิด , ผู้อ่าน : 249 , 00:47:22 น.  
หมวด : การศึกษา

พิมพ์หน้านี้
โหวต 1 คน wullopp โหวตเรื่องนี้

 

 

Tonight I am very busy before to pose the news of Pope about his moving in Bangkok. Especially The King and

Queen kindly granted Pope Francis to the Amporn Palace.

This news reports in Thai, that want to translate into English for this lesson, but it's too long and not suitable in

case of a translation assistant Then I've to arrange it by myself. Certainly, it's too difficult for me.

 Many thanks to Google Translate together with G Grammarly as ever.

 

REMARK: I change the date from November 22 to be 23. Because of I finished this webpage at 00:47:22 o'clock, that

it's a new day, as the truth I posted on November 22.

 

 

 

Captan! My grandson.

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/0fKyrdQ15gs

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Home / Royal News Friday 22 November 2019

30 historical images 'Pope Francis' visited Thailand

ประมวล 30 ภาพประวัติศาสตร์ 'โป๊ปฟรังซิส' เยือนไทย
22 November 2019 | By Photo: NATION PHOTO, AFP 11,638
Click to see pictures of historical events. In occasion "Pope Francis" the head of the Vatican Visit Thailand Officially
In the agenda that Pope Francis The Popes No. 266 visited Thailand At the invitation of the Thai government And the Council of Heads of the Roman Catholic Bishops of Thailand With the name of this occasion, '‘APOSTOLIC JOURNEY OF HIS HOLINESS FRANCIS TO THAILAND’, which is not only ecstasy among Christians But including Thai people throughout the country

This visit to Thailand of the Roman Catholic Head of State. Considered for the second time in the history of relations between Thailand and Vatican City. After the first occurred 35 years ago, which Pope John Paul II visited Thailand on 10-11 May 1984.

For a visit to Thailand of This time, "Pope Francis" will stay in Thailand between 20-23 November 2019 to participate in important events each day.

In this regard, Pope Francis He departed with a royal plane from Fumicino Airport in Rome on Tuesday November 19, 2019 at 7:00 pm local time in Italy. Arrive at Don Mueang Airport, Air Force 6, Wednesday 20 November 2019, at 12:30 pm local time in Thailand.

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Click to see more images: 'Pope Francis' arrived in Thailand.

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Then, on Thursday, November 21, the government held a formal reception at the front courtyard of the Government House. In which His Highness met with the Prime Minister at the "Ivory" reception room in the Government House. And met with the government Executive leader of the civil service department, diplomatic corps within the Santi Maitri Building Government House

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10.00 hrs. Pope Francis Proceeded by a royal car From the Government House Watching Somdej Phra Ariyawongsakhan Patriarch Crossing the sky at Wat Ratchabophit Sathit Maha Simaram

In this regard, Somdej Phra Wanrat Bowonniwet Vihara Temple Abbot Representative of Dharmayut clergy Committee of the Sangha Association Somdet Phra Maha Thirachan Abbot of Yan Nawa Temple

Click to read news: Pope Francis in audience with the patriarch

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After that, Pope Francis went to St. Louis Hospital to give a testimony to the medical staff of the 4 Catholic hospitals and visited the elderly in the Centennial Building. St. Louis Hospital With the people waiting to attend closely

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After that, at 17.05 hrs., The King and Queen kindly granted Pope Francis to the Amporn Palace. Dusit Palace

After the mass Pope Francis His Highness watched the 4 parts of the performance in the series entitled "Four regions of the art, beautiful, drip, drip, pourin, Siam"

With 800 students from the affiliated schools of St. Paul de Chartres

Related news
The visitor of the Vatican, 350 years, Miss San in Siam.

Other news in the network
Nationtv
'Non-violent friend Inevitably passes through all enemies. '

Komchadluek
"Pope Francis" approached "The King-Queen" exchanged gifts.

Nationweekend
Pope Francis met with the King-Queen.

Bangkokbiznews
Pope Francis in audience at Rama 10

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From then, the Pope traveled by car seat. From the Amporn Sathan Throne Hall Phutthorn Leelon Gate To perform the Mass at the National Stadium

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After that, Pope Francis went to St. Louis Hospital to give a testimony to the medical staff of the 4 Catholic hospitals and visited the elderly in the Centennial Building. St. Louis Hospital With the people waiting to attend closely

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Cāk nận s̄mdĕc phra s̄ạntapāpā s̄ed̆c doy rt̄hynt̒ thī̀nạ̀ng xxk cāk phrathī̀nạ̀ng xạmphr s̄t̄hān thāng pratū p̣hūṭhr līlāṣ̄ pheụ̄̀x thrng prakxb phiṭhī mis̄sā ṇ s̄nām kīḷā h̄æ̀ng chāti s̄mdĕc phra s̄ạn ta pā pā f rạn sis̄ (His Holiness Pope Francis) s̄ed̆c t̄hụng s̄nām ṣ̄up̣h chlāṣ̄ạy s̄ed̆c doy rt̄h pā p̂ā mobāy h̄rụ̄x rt̄h peid prathun thạk thāy chāw kh ri s̄t chn rt̄h khelụ̄̀xn wn pị k̀xn ca mī phiṭhī būchā k̄hxbphrakhuṇ h̄rụ̄x mis̄sā doy thậ mīng chāw thịy læa chāw t̀āng pratheṣ̄ kẁā 50,000 khn r̀wm phiṭhī ṇ s̄nām ṣ̄up̣h chlāṣ̄ạy s̄nām kīḷā h̄æ̀ng chāti h̄lạng phiṭhī mis̄sā phra s̄ạn ta pā pā f rạng sis̄ thrng rạb chm kār s̄ædng 4 p̣hākh nı chụ̄̀x chud“s̄ī̀ p̣hākh phi s̄ā s̄nāt̩ ṣ̄ilp̒ ngām h̄yād h̄yd rd rin t̄hìn s̄yām” doy nạkreīyn rongreīyn nı kherụ̄x khṇa p̣hkhinī sent̒ pxl dex chār̒tr cảnwn 800 khn k̄h̀āw thī̀ keīy w k̄ĥxng phra rāch xākhạntuka h̄æ̀ng wātikạn 350 pī mis̄ sạng nı din dæn s̄yām k̄h̀ā wxụ̄̀n«nı kherụ̄x Nationtv ‘p̄hū̂ mị̀ prathus̄ʹr̂āy mitr ỳxm p̄h̀ān pĥn ṣ̄ạtrū thậngpwng’ Komchadluek 'póp f rān sis̄'k̄hêāf̄êā'nıh̄lwng-phra rāchinī'thrng lækpelī̀yn k̄hxngk̄hwạỵ Nationweekend s̄mdĕc phra s̄ạn ta pā pā f rān sis̄ k̄hêāf̄êā‡ nıh̄lwng-rāchinī Bangkokbiznews póp f rạng sis̄ k̄hêāf̄êā‡ r.10
แสดงเพิ่มเติม
 
From then, the Pope traveled by car seat. From the Amporn Sathan Throne Hall Phutthorn Leelon Gate To perform the Mass at the National Stadium

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His Holiness Pope Francis arrived at Supachalasai Stadium Traveling by Papa Mobile Or convertible cars Greetings for Christians Car moves Before a ritual of thanksgiving or mass With over 50,000 Thai and foreigners attending the ceremony at Supachalasai Stadium National Stadium

จากนั้น สมเด็จพระสันตะปาปาเสด็จโดยรถยนต์ที่นั่ง ออกจากพระที่นั่งอัมพรสถาน ทางประตูภูธรลีลาศ เพื่อทรงประกอบพิธีมิสซา ณ สนามกีฬาแห่งชาติ

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สมเด็จพระสันตะปาปาฟรันซิส (His Holiness Pope Francis) เสด็จถึงสนามศุภชลาศัย เสด็จโดยรถปาป้าโมบาย หรือรถเปิดประทุน ทักทายชาวคริสตชน รถเคลื่อนวนไป ก่อนจะมีพิธีบูชาขอบพระคุณหรือมิสซา โดยทั้มีงชาวไทยและชาวต่างประเทศ กว่า 50,000 คน ร่วมพิธี ณ สนามศุภชลาศัย สนามกีฬาแห่งชาติ

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After the mass Pope Francis His Highness watched the 4 parts of the performance in the series entitled "The Four Sides of Phisa Phasat Ngam Yododrin Rinthin Siam".

With 800 students from the affiliated schools of St. Paul de Chartres

 

 

 

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Text Messages and Internet Forums

November 21, 2019

everyday grammar
everyday grammar

Today on Everyday Grammar, we will explore two relatively new methods of communicating: text messages and internet forums.

We will talk about two common expressions you might see: lol* and I know, right?

These expressions carry much more meaning than you might expect, as we will see.

Definitions and grammar

We start with the term lolLol is short for “laughing out loud,” as in “I am laughing out loud.” The subject, I, and the BE verb, am, have been left out. Basically, lol expresses a person’s opinion about something.

You might think that is the end of the story, but it is not. The term lol has a much richer meaning than what we just told you. We will talk more about it later.

Our second term, I know, right?, seems like a simple statement. The words I know are the subject and verb. The word right? is a kind of tag question – a word that is connected to the expression.

But I know, right?, like lol, has a much more interesting story than you might expect.

Important use in communication

John McWhorter is an expert on languages. In the book Words on the Move, he notes that lol serves an important purpose in written communication: “easing.”

By easing, McWhorter means actions that people do to show they are feeling at ease or trying to be nice. For example, in real life, people often laugh or smile. They do this to show they are at ease and that the situation is not too serious.

Lol, McWhorter says, serves that same purpose in written communication.

English speakers use lol at the beginning, middle or end of a sentence. In many cases, they use lol to soften language or bad news.

Here is an example. A person borrowed a friend’s car to run a brief errand.

The borrower wrote the friend the following text message:

Lol your car started to overheat just as I pulled into the driveway.

In this case, the person writing the text “eases” the news of the car overheating by starting the sentence with lol.

The writer also could have written the statement with lol at the end of the sentence, as in:

Your car started to overheat just as I pulled into the driveway lol

A person might use lol in the middle of a statement as in:

Bad news lol your car started to overheat!

In any case, the basic idea is that lol helps make language gentler. It means far more than “laughing out loud.” In fact, it does not really relate to laughing at all.

“Anyone who used LOL to signal actual laughter would now be misunderstood: it would be, quite simply, a mistake,” McWhorter writes.

In writing, other acronyms have taken the place of lol to show actual laughter.

Agreement

Our second expression today, I know, right? is like lol. It also serves the purpose of “easing.”

But, as McWhorter notes, the words I know, right? show agreement in an indirect way. Instead of writing “I agree” or “I know” many times on internet forums or texts, many people use I know, right?

It has a casual, pleasant sound. It is a nice way to agree with someone.

So, you might see something like the following exchange on an internet discussion board:

Wow! That cat looks like Simba from the Lion King!

I know, right? It’s incredible!

Imagine a change in the wording, as in:

Wow! That cat looks like Simba from the Lion King!

I know.

Such a statement is more abrupt, and far less conversational. The exchange between the two writers probably would not continue for much longer!

Closing thoughts

The point of our report today was to show you how English speakers use some terms or expressions that have more meaning than you might expect.

Understanding details like these will help you when you communicate or read in casual situations.

And some of the details we talked about – the placement of lol for example - are true of other kinds of words in English. Adverbs are one example.

The next time you read internet forums or send text messages, try to find other examples of words or expressions that native speakers use.

We will be back next week with another Everyday Grammar!

Lol that was a long report.

I know, right? But hopefully it was fun and helpful for the listeners.

I’m John Russell.

And I’m Alice Bryant.

 

John Russell wrote this story for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

You might see lol spelled in lower or upper case letters, or a mix of the two i.e. lol, LOL, Lol

_________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

 errand – n. a short trip that you take to do or get something

acronym – n. a word formed from the first letters of each one of the words in a term

casual – adj. unstructured or unofficial; every day

incredible – adj. unbelievable; unimaginable

abrupt – adj. talking to other people in a very brief and unfriendly way

conversational – adj. relating to or suggesting informal talk; relating to or suggesting a discussion

adverb – a word that changes the meaning of a verb

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section.

....................................................
 

California Crisis of Fires, Power Outages Years in the Making

November 21, 2019

FILE - A firefighter passes a burning home as the Hillside fire burns in San Bernardino, California, Oct. 31, 2019.
FILE - A firefighter passes a burning home as the Hillside fire burns in San Bernardino, California, Oct. 31, 2019.

The power company that serves more than 5 million people in one of the world’s most technologically developed areas has to make a decision: turn off the electricity or risk starting wildfires.

Pacific Gas & Electric, PG&E, is $30 billion in debt and needs billions more to modernize its aging power system. Many Californians are unsure as to whether the company can safely provide electricity to a large part of the state.

The company’s troubles come from years of poor leadership and even worse government oversight. Combine those problems with both climate change and a housing shortage, and a crisis appears.

“There’s a ton of blame to go around here,” said Christopher Knittel. He directs the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Sloan School of Management.

The problem and its possible answers are the top concern for California politicians. Most experts agree that the fires and the power outages will continue for years and all energy will cost more.

“It’s not just going to be a PG&E cost,” notes Matthew Cordaro, a longtime power company official with the Long Island Power Authority. “The consumer’s going to have to pay for it,” he said.

Residents and their friends watch neighboring homes burn as the Hillside fire tears through San Bernardino, Calif., on Thursday, Oct. 31, 2019.
Residents and their friends watch neighboring homes burn as the Hillside fire tears through San Bernardino, Calif., on Thursday, Oct. 31, 2019.

Starting wildfires

In California, a lot of people live near power lines in forests that are very dry. Two years ago, electrical sparks from power lines started several fires that destroyed large parts of Northern California and killed more than 20 people. A year later, PG&E power lines started the Camp Fire, which destroyed the town of Paradise, killing 85 people.

The power company is responsible for about 200,000 kilometers of power lines. Many of the lines go through forests that are dry after years of low rainfall. The forests are also filled with dead trees, more than 138 million in all, experts believe. They are possible fuel for wildfires.

Another issue is housing. A lack of housing in cities has pushed land development into the forests, where there are few barriers to building.

In addition, California’s climate is warming. Scientists cannot blame climate change alone for any of the fires, but they say it is partly responsible for higher temperatures and stronger winds. That causes the fires to spread faster and farther.

Five of the state’s 10 largest fires and seven of the 10 most destructive have happened over the past 10 years. The deadliest fires were started by power lines.

More than half of PG&E’s 181,000 square kilometers of service area is known to be at high risk for fires. That information comes from a plan the company gave to state officials this year. That plan explained how the company was going to try to avoid causing more fires.

But PG&E has had a lot of problems.

FILE - In this Nov. 26, 2018, file photo, a Pacific Gas & Electric lineman works to repair a power line in fire-ravaged Paradise, Calif.
FILE - In this Nov. 26, 2018, file photo, a Pacific Gas & Electric lineman works to repair a power line in fire-ravaged Paradise, Calif.

Repairing the aging power system

The company has failed to perform all the necessary repairs to its systems. It was found criminally responsible for a deadly explosion in its gas system in the community of San Bruno in 2010.

California Governor Gavin Newsom has accused PG&E of caring more about profits than safety. It failed to cut back trees growing near wires. The company has admitted it still has several thousand kilometers of dangerous, old-fashioned wire in high-risk areas. That wire can break and arc, setting off fires.

PG&E’s chief executive officer Bill Johnson has said it will take 10 years to get the system modernized and working. For now, Californians will have power outages – days or weeks without electricity -- to prevent fires.

Company officials say they have invested $27 billion in their power system over the past 10 years.

Power companies are some of the most regulated businesses in the United States. PG&E’s regulator failed to see fire risk and, as a result, failed to force the company to prepare for it.

Nearly 20 years ago, PG&E first declared bankruptcy after California’s energy crisis. Regulators and politicians had the chance to force the company to change the way it operated. Instead, they mostly ignored the problem, letting the company make its own plan to return to profitability by charging much higher prices.

Now it is in bankruptcy again.

I’m Susan Shand.

The Associated Press reported this story. Susan Shand adapted it for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.

________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

 arc – n. a very long electrical spark

regulate – v. to control or supervise something by using rules

bankruptcy – n. a condition of financial failure caused by not having the money that you need to pay your debts

consumer – n. a person who buys goods and services

...........................................................

FINISHED 

November 23, 2019



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