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Better Weather Predictions Coming to the Developing World

The above headline news is a good sound for worldwide today. As before, we worried about the bad news of the

world atmosphere that stated to the public continued.

However, it's just prediction, not confirm yet.

Many thanks, Google Translate, and G Grammarly.


 Eclair surrounds with a nice family all through the time.

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/0fKyrdQ15gs

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Better Weather Predictions Coming to the Developing World

December 01, 2019

An August 2018 monsoon forecast in India, according to the current model, left, and the new, higher-resolution model, right.
An August 2018 monsoon forecast in India, according to the current model, left, and the new, higher-resolution model, right.
 
The International Business Machines Corporation, known as IBM, says it is making technology for precision weather predictions available to everyone.

The company said the new weather forecasts offer more details and bring a level of precision once available only in major industrial countries.

The forecasting tool is expected to help emergency officials better predict where severe storms will hit. It may also aid airline companies planning flight paths, as well as farmers caring for crops.

The new system creates weather forecasts more often and with finer details than what is available outside the United States, Europe and Japan.

Most forecasts have a resolution of 10 to 15 square kilometers and provide new information every six to 12 hours. IBM’s Global High-Resolution Atmospheric Forecasting System goes down to 3 square kilometers and provides information every hour.

“That’s providing a level of detail that we’ve not been able to see in parts of the world such as Southeast Asia, Africa as well as South America,” notes Kevin Petty. He serves as director of science and forecasting at The Weather Company, which IBM owns.

That kind of precision can provide details of where and when extremely heavy rain will fall. That could be useful in emergency situations, and could help farmers decide when to plant, harvest and fertilize crops.

Better forecasts around worldwide

Fred Carr is emeritus meteorology professor at the University of Oklahoma, and was not involved with the project.

Carr says the United States has a similar high-resolution forecasting system, “but it’s just for the U.S. because it takes so much computer time. To do it for the whole globe is a pretty significant achievement.”

Carr added that it is possible to quickly collect observations from radar, airplanes and surface measurements in the United States. But he said it is not clear how IBM gets information from the other 98% of the world.

Carr said he believes there will be problems in getting information, so “sometimes those forecasts aren’t going to be very accurate.”

Users will be able to decide for themselves. The system now operates on the Weather.com website and The Weather Channel’s application program for smartphones.

In the future, IBM hopes to improve its forecasts by collecting information from atmospheric pressure sensors used in such phones.

These sensors improve the precision of global positioning system, or GPS, technology. For example, they can help fitness tracking instruments measure how many steps a user has climbed.

IBM said it is not currently using this information but plans to offer users the chance to choose it.

Some privacy activists and governments have criticized technology companies for collecting this kind of information. The city of Los Angeles, California has brought a case against IBM for improperly using location information from Weather Channel app users.

I’m Jonathan Evans.

 

Steve Baragona reported this story for VOA News. Jonathan Evans adapted it for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

_________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

 

achievement – n. something that has been done or achieved through effort; a result of hard work

accurate – adj. free from mistakes or errors

forecast – n. a prediction of something in the future

meteorology – n. a science that deals with the atmosphere and with weather

precision – adj. designed for very accurate measurement or operation

resolution – n. a measure of the sharpness of an image or of the fineness with which a device such as a video display, printer, or scanner can produce or record such an image usually expressed as the total number or density of pixels in the image

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English in a Minute: Significant Other

 November 16, 2019

...................................................

6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Not going out

EPISODE 180726 / 26 JUL 2018

Fewer and fewer people are going out for a walk in the countryside. Our obsession with social media platforms seems to have something to do with it. Neil and Catherine talk about the trend of staying indoors and teach you six items of vocabulary.

This week's question:

In the survey, what percentage of people gave the poor social media photo opportunity as their reason for not wanting to venture out into the countryside? Was it:

a)    around 10%

b)    around 30%

c)    around 50%

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary 

to venture out somewhere
to go out somewhere, but usually when the conditions are bad

millennials
those who became adults in the early 21st century

Generation X
those who became adults in the 1980s and 1990s

phenomenal
amazing, surprising and unbelievable

distractions
activities that prevent us from doing more important things

instagramable
new informal word made with the sufix 'able' and it means 'suitable for posting on the social media platform Instagram'

Transcript

Note: This is not a word for word transcript

Neil
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil. 

Catherine
Hi! And I'm Catherine. 

Neil
Now, Catherine, when was the last time you went for a walk in the country for fun, for exercise or relaxation?           

Catherine
People do that? 

Neil
Well, believe it or not, they do. 

Catherine
Interesting, people are strange. 

Neil
Well, it sounds like you should pay close attention to today's programme because it's all about how fewer and fewer people are venturing out into the country. 

Catherine
Well, I wonder if that word is part of the problem. To venture out somewhere suggests that it's a big challenge, or even a risky activity. 

Neil
I don't think a walk in the country is a particularly dangerous activity, even in bad weather. It's not one of the reasons people gave in a recent survey for why they don't do it. In fact, one of the biggest reasons people gave was that it wouldn't look good on their social media. 

Catherine
Well, of course, why would you go for a walk in the rain in the country if you couldn't get good snaps for your social media account? 

Neil
Interesting you should say that because it's the topic of this week's quiz question. In the survey, what percentage of people gave the poor social media photo opportunity as their reason for not wanting to venture out into the countryside? Was it:
a)    around 10%,
b)    around 30% or
c)    around 50%?
What do you think? 

Catherine
To be honest, I don't think that would be a good excuse at all, so I'm going to say it's just 10%. 

Neil
Listen out for the answer at the end of the programme. Annabel Shackleton is from an organisation called Leaf – Linking Environment and Farming. They want to encourage more people to visit the countryside. She recently appeared on the BBC's Farming Today radio programme. She gave her response to the survey we mentioned which revealed that many of us prefer to stay indoors. What does she say a quarter of people in the survey know and believe? 

Annabel Shackleton
I can’t believe that 4 in 10 millennials think they should spend more time in the countryside and a quarter of them know and believe that it's much better and easier to relax in the countryside but they’re just not going out. It's phenomenal. 

Catherine
She was talking about a group in the survey which she called millennials. This term refers to people who are young adults now, people who were born in the 1980s and 1990s. Are you a millennial, Neil? 

Neil
No, I'm actually Generation X, the age group before millennials. We were born in the 1960s, 70s and early 80s. Shackleton said that a quarter of millennials know and believe that it's better and easier to relax in the country, but they just don’t go. 

Catherine
She thought it was phenomenal. Now this adjective means that something is incredible, unbelievable. It's often used for something that is positive, something that is very impressive or amazing. 

Neil
In this case though she is using it to say how shocked and surprised she is that people know going out in the country is good and a great way to relax but they still don't do it. So what explanation does she have for this phenomenal behaviour. Here's Annabel Shackleton again. 

Annabel Shackleton
There are just so many other distractions and it's just so easy for people to stay indoors. You know and they're using excuses like they haven't got the right clothing, it's not instagramable, would you believe it? And yes, it's a shame. 

Catherine
She said that there are many other distractions. A distraction is something that takes your attention away from doing something. Usually we think of a distraction as something that delays us from doing something more important. 

Neil
These days we have a lot of distractions or things that offer us easy entertainment. So it's very easy to come up with an excuse for not taking the time to go outside. 

Catherine
Another very good excuse of course is the weather. It's not a lot of fun to go out if it's cold and pouring with rain. 

Neil
Well, a very wise person once said that there is no such thing as the wrong weather, just the wrong clothing! 

Catherine
True, Neil, but you have to have the right clothing in the first place and if the weather is terrible you might not be able to get good pictures for your Instagram account. They might not be instagramable. Now you're not going to find that word in the dictionary, but you probably know that the suffix able means 'possible'. So put able on the end of Instagram and you get instagramable

Neil
And that brings us neatly back to our question. What percentage of people in the survey said that they wouldn't go out in the country because they wouldn't get good pictures for social media? Was it around 10%, 30% or 50%. What did you say, Catherine? 

Catherine
I said 10. 

Neil
And the answer was about 30%! 

Catherine
What is the world coming to? 

Neil
I don’t know what the world is coming to, but we are coming to the end of the programme, so time to review today's vocabulary. 

Catherine
We started off with to venture out somewhere, which simply means to go out somewhere, but usually when the conditions are bad, for example – it was pouring with rain but I still decided to venture out to the shops. 

Neil
We heard about millennials and Generation X. Different age groups, millennials are those who became adults in the early 21st century, and Generation X are from the previous generation, who became adults in the 1980s and 1990s. 

Catherine
Something phenomenal is amazing, surprising and unbelievable. 

Neil
And then we had distractions for activities that prevent us from doing more important things. 

Catherine
And one of the biggest distractions is social media. Put the suffix able onto the end of the name of a social media platform and you create a word that describes something that is suitable for posting, so instagramable. 

Neil
bbc learningenglish is certainly instagramable, facebookable, tweetable and youtubeable. You can find us on all those platforms as well as on our website. So do check us out there before joining us again for more 6 Minute English. Goodbye. 

Catherine
Goodbye!

 ............................................................................

 

Trade war and postponement of ban on chemicals likely to affect economy: expert

Dec 02. 2019
Anusorn Tamajai
Anusorn Tamajai
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By The Nation

508 Viewed

The effects of the US-China trade conflict are expected to worsen now that the US has signed into law a bill to support Hong Kong’s democracy, a move that has infuriated the Chinese government infuriated, Anusorn Tamajai, Director of Economic and Business Research Centre - Institute of Economics, Rangsit University, said on Sunday.

Thailand has to prepare for global financial instability since export figures are unlikely to be -negative in the first half of 2020.

The Thai government will need to reduce the number and scope of policies to stimulate economy and keep the capital to help the people.  

Anusorn added that the uncertainty over the banning three hazardous pesticides/herbacides and the lack of preparation for its effect of economy would have a domino effect on agriculture and the economy, as it would be perceived that the government was failing to guarantee the health of its people.

It should be noted that the maker of glyphosate, US conglomerate Monsanto, has 11,200 health-related lawsuits against it.

........................................................

BMA aims to make Bangkok schools soda-free

Dec 02. 2019
Facebook Twitter

By THE NATION

1,082 Viewed

Permanent secretary of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA), Silapasuai Rawisaengsun, said on Sunday (December 1) that the BMA is working with district offices, municipal offices as well as teachers to make all schools in the Bangkok area free of soda and soft drinks to promote children’s health and reduce the chance of diabetes among children and teenagers.

“According to a study by Chulalongkorn Hospital’s paediatric endocrinology clinic, the proportion of type-2 diabetes (T2D) in youth aged 10 to 19 has increased from 13 per cent between 2002 to 2007 to 27 per cent between 2008 to 2019,” she said. “The BMA is therefore cooperating with schools in Bangkok areas to stop the selling of soda and soft drinks in school cafeterias, as well as organise healthy lunch menus and promote exercise among students to reduce overweight and health-related problems.”

Furthermore, teachers and municipal officials will together monitor food stalls near the schools to make sure that foods and snacks sold to children are safe and clean, she added.

“We have also drawn up the anti-obesity and malnutrition guidelines to be distributed to schools and 68 public health service centres in Bangkok to promote public awareness and healthy habits among children as well as adults,” she said. “This initiative is a part of BMA’s campaign to promote children’s and adolescents’ quality of life under the royal patronage of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn.”

 ..........................................................

FINISHED 

December 2, 2019

 


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