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link@: learning english with voa news: Monday, December 2, 2019

 I'm here. Who's calling me?

 

Good morning everybody!

Do you feel cold today? Certainly, you feel cold because of the weather temperature lowers many degrees.
The weather news reports as below;

 


Daily Weather Forecast Daily weather forecast

Thailand Weather
General Situation at 04:00 December 3, 2019
Another strong high-pressure system covers the upper Thailand with a decrease in temperatures. The rather strong northeast monsoon prevails across the Gulf with the rather strong waves.
The upper northeastern has decreasing temperatures by 4-6 °C with cool and strong wind in the morning while fair and sunny sky is seen during the day. The plain of the North and Northeast has the minimum temperature ranging 10-19 °C. The mountaintops are cold to very cold with minimum temperatures in range of 3-10 °C. People should keep healthy due to the changeable weather.
Heavy rains are forecast in some of the lower South while the winds in the upper Gulf from Chumphon upward bring about the waves up about 2 meters high, in the lower Gulf from Surat Thani downward 2-3 meters, and in thundershowers more than 3 meters high. People along the eastern coastline of the South should beware of inshore surges. All ships should proceed with caution, and small boats around the Gulf keep ashore. In the lower South, beware of heavy rain and accumulated rainfalls that may cause flash floods and water runoff.

Thanks a lot to my permanent assistants, Google and G Grammarly as ever.

ผลการค้นหารูปภาพสำหรับ รูปคนชนเผ่านั่งผิงไฟ ผลการค้นหารูปภาพสำหรับ รูปคนชนเผ่านั่งผิงไฟ

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream 

https://youtu.be/0fKyrdQ15gs

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December 2, 2019

December 02, 2019
A look at the best news photos from around the world.

French President Emmanuel Macron bows to coffins during a ceremony for the 13 French soldiers killed in Mali, at the Invalides monument in Paris.
1French President Emmanuel Macron bows to coffins during a ceremony for the 13 French soldiers killed in Mali, at the Invalides monument in Paris.
A laborer works at a cotton gin workshop in Peshawar, Pakistan.
2A laborer works at a cotton gin workshop in Peshawar, Pakistan.
Neighbors of the Chilean President Sebastian Pinera are sprayed with a fire extinguisher by protesters near Pinera's house in Santiago, Dec. 1, 2019.
3Neighbors of the Chilean President Sebastian Pinera are sprayed with a fire extinguisher by protesters near Pinera's house in Santiago, Dec. 1, 2019.
A solar panel installation is seen in Ruicheng County in central China's Shanxi Province.
4A solar panel installation is seen in Ruicheng County in central China's Shanxi Province.
Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson and opposition Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn attend a memorial event for victims of a deadly attack on the London Bridge.
5Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson and opposition Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn attend a memorial event for victims of a deadly attack on the London Bridge.
American football player Daniel Jones of the New York Giants plays against the Green Bay Packers at MetLife Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey, Dec. 1, 2019.
6American football player Daniel Jones of the New York Giants plays against the Green Bay Packers at MetLife Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey, Dec. 1, 2019.
A woman competes in the mountain bike race as part of the
7A woman competes in the mountain bike race as part of the "Raid des Alizes", an all-female multi-sport competition on the French Caribbean island of Martinique.
A migrant walks as snow falls at the Vucjak refugee camp outside Bihac, northwestern Bosnia.
8A migrant walks as snow falls at the Vucjak refugee camp outside Bihac, northwestern Bosnia.

 

Measles Blamed for More than 50 Deaths in Samoa

4 hours ago

In this November 2019, image from video, masked children wait to get vaccinated against measles at a health clinic in Apia, Samoa.
In this November 2019, image from video, masked children wait to get vaccinated against measles at a health clinic in Apia, Samoa.
 
Measles Blamed for More than 50 Deaths in Samoa
 

The government of Samoa announced on Monday that five more children had died within the past day from measles.

That raises the number of measles deaths on the Pacific island nation to 53 since late October. Forty-eight of the victims were children.

The government has closed schools and is restricting travel before the Christmas holiday season.

The French news agency AFP reports that the government said almost 200 new measles cases had been recorded since Sunday. There was no sign of the rate of infection slowing on Samoa, even with a mass vaccination program in effect.

This is the latest outbreak of a worldwide epidemic of measles. The highly infectious virus found an at-risk population in Samoa. The World Health Organization, WHO, says only about 31% of the population was vaccinated when the outbreak started.

Now there are more than 3,700 cases of measles recorded among the 200,000 people on the islands.

Samoa has been racing to give vaccines to children since declaring a state of emergency on November 20. It has vaccinated over 58,000 people to date, the government said on Monday.

In this November 2019, image from video, children with parents wait in line to get vaccinated outside a health clinic in Apia, Samoa.
In this November 2019, image from video, children with parents wait in line to get vaccinated outside a health clinic in Apia, Samoa.

Measles rising around the world

Measles cases are rising worldwide, even in wealthy nations, such as Germany and the United States. Some parents have religious reasons for not vaccinating their children or oppose the idea of immunization. Others fear that the vaccines could cause autism, which doctors say is not true.

Other nations, through either poverty or poor planning, have let immunization levels decrease. This leaves many youngsters exposed to a virus that aggressively attacks the body’s natural defenses against disease.

WHO warned in October of a damaging comeback in measles epidemics as the number of reported cases rose by 300 percent in the first three months of 2019.

Reported measles cases are the highest they have been in any year since 2006, WHO said.

In this November 2019, image from video, a child gets vaccinated against measles at a health clinic in Apia, Samoa.
In this November 2019, image from video, a child gets vaccinated against measles at a health clinic in Apia, Samoa.

Measles in the Pacific

Measles caused devastation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar and Ukraine, among others nations. Then many measles cases started appearing earlier this year in Auckland, New Zealand. The city is a center for travel to and from small Pacific islands.

Doctor Helen Petousis-Harris is a vaccine specialist at the University of Auckland. She said there were areas where immunization rates had decreased, enabling the disease to take hold.

“It’s about being a good global citizen really, in that we all have to do our bit,” Petousis-Harris said. “I don’t think the response here has been a shining example.”

Local media reports that Samoan officials blamed low coverage rates in Samoa in part on fears caused last year when two babies died after receiving vaccinations. The country’s immunization program was temporarily suspended. The deaths were later found to have been caused by medications that were wrongly mixed.

Prime Minister Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi said it was time to immunize everyone in Samoa aged 60 and under. In his message, Tuilaepa said "vaccination is the only cure,” adding that no traditional healers or other methods can cure measles.

I’m Anne Ball.

Anne Ball wrote this story, with information from Reuters and the Associated Press and Agence France-Presse. George Grow was the editor.

What do you think of this story? Write to us in the Comments Section below.

_______________________________________________________

Words in This Story

outbreak – n. a sudden start or increase of fighting or disease

epidemic – n. an occurrence in which a disease spreads very quickly and affects a large number of people

autism – n. a condition or disorder that begins in childhood and that causes problems in forming relationships and in communicating with other people

bit – n. a part of something

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6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Dating apps: How our brains react

EPISODE 180913 / 13 SEP 2018

When we're looking for a potential partner on a dating app, what makes us decide who we like? Rob and Dan discuss how our brain reacts when we're looking for love. Listen to the discussion and learn new items of vocabulary in just 6 minutes!

This week's question:

In the UK, approximately how many marriages start with the couple meeting online? Is it:

a)    One in three
b)    One in four
c)    One in five 

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary 

to swipe
(here) moving the images on a smartphone or tablet up, down, left or right, using our finger

instantaneous
immediate, at once.

rejection
not giving someone the love and attention they would like

get over
feel better after a bad experience

dusting yourself off
being positive and optimistic after a rejection or a bad experience

to cope with
to manage / deal with (a difficult situation)

Transcript

Note: This is not a word for word transcript

Dan
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Dan.

Rob
And hello, I'm Rob.

Dan
In today's programme we're going to be looking at what our brains are doing when we are using dating apps. Now, Rob, have you ever used a dating app?

Rob
No way, I would never use one.

Dan
Hmm, so Rob, can you explain, when talking about dating apps, what we mean by swipe left and swipe right?

Rob
Ah, yes. These are not new words but technology has given them new meaning. To swipe is the movement of your finger on a smartphone to change the screen you're looking at. So imagine turning the page in a book, well, on a phone, you swipe. In some dating apps, they show you pictures of people you might find attractive. If you do like them, you swipe right. If you don't like them, you swipe left.

Dan
We will dig deeper into this topic shortly, but first, a question. In the UK, approximately how many marriages start with the couple meeting online? Is it:

a)    One in three
b)    One in four
c)    One in five

What do you think?

Rob
Well, all of those seem quite high to me, so I'm going to guess in the middle, one in four.

Dan
Well, we'll find out if you're right later in the programme. Now, Alice Gray is a science communicator and blogger. Recently she was a guest on BBC Radio 4's Woman's Hour programme and she was asked about what goes on in our brains when we use dating apps compared to when we meet people in real life. What difference does she say there is?

Alice Gray
It's very easy to think that with these instantaneous swipe left, swipe right, that the process in our brain of how we pick out a suitable mate would be very different, when actually it's really similar to how we do it in person.

Rob
So she says that what goes on in our brains is actually very similar. Online we make decisions very quickly about who we like. These decisions are almost immediate - she used the adjective instantaneous for this. So we make these instantaneous decisions then choose to swipe left or swipe right. In real life, we do the same thing. We know almost immediately when we see someone if we find them attractive or not.

Dan
Although of course in digital dating, one you've swiped left you will never see that person again and you won't have the chance to meet. In the real world you could meet someone you don't find attractive instantaneously and then get to know them and find that you do quite like them.

Rob
Yes, that is true, but then possibly they won't like you. And then you have to deal with rejectionRejection is when someone doesn't find you attractive and they don't want to spend time with you or get to know you.

Dan
So what's the difference in our brains between online rejection and real life rejection? Here's Alice Gray again.

Alice Gray
We see that a lot of the patterns associated with rejection in real life and rejection on dating apps are similar, just the exposure to the rate of the amount of rejection you get on dating apps is a lot higher than the ones in real life.  So in real life you'll have time to, sort of, compute the rejection, get over it a little bit, and dust yourself off and get on with it. Whereas the rate of rejection on dating apps is so high it's often hard to cope with one coming in after another.

Rob
So, she says that our brain's response to real life and online rejection is quite similar, but in the digital world you can be rejected many more times.

Dan
In real life you have a bit more time to recover from the rejection, to get over it, as she says. You can dust yourself off which is a way of saying you think positively to make yourself feel better - imagine falling over on the ground, when you get up, you might be covered in dust and dirt, you need to dust yourself off to make yourself ready again, before you carry on.

Rob
In the online world though, you don't have that time. Online dating apps can lead to many rejections and psychologically that can be difficult to manage. Another way of saying 'difficult to manage' is difficult to cope with.

Dan
Well, we don't want you to reject us, so time now to give you the answer to that quiz question before a recap of today's vocabulary. I asked: in the UK, approximately how many marriages start with the couple meeting online? Is it:

a)    One in three
b)    One in four
c)    One in five

Rob
Hmmm, so I said b) one in four – 25%. Was I right?

Dan
Sorry, Rob, the answer is a), one in three. Does that surprise you?

Rob
Yes, it does, I didn't think it would be that high.

Dan
It's the sign of the times, Rob. Digital world – digital dating! Let's have a look at that vocabulary.

Rob
OK, well, we started with the verb to swipe. The movement of our finger on smartphone or tablet screen to indicate whether we like someone or not. Swipe right for like, swipe left if you don't like.

Dan
Our decisions on whether we find someone attractive or not are often instantaneous. This adjective means immediate, at once.

Rob
Rejection is when you let someone know that you are not interested in them, you don't want to be romantically involved with them.

Dan
If you are rejected you might need some time to feel better, and for this you can use the phrasal verb get over. It can take some time to get over a rejection.

Rob
Yeah, I know! Being positive and optimistic after a rejection can be described as dusting yourself off. But, having many rejections can be difficult to cope with, which means it can be difficult to manage, difficult to keep positive.

Dan
Well, we hope you don't swipe left on this programme and you will join us again next time Remember you can find us on Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and of course our website bbclearningenglish.com.

Rob
And don't forget our new BBC Learning English app.

Dan
Oh good idea. See you soon. Bye.

Rob
Bye bye!

 

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Yoga in prison: another life choice for inmates

Dec 02. 2019
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By The Nation

2,213 Viewed

Stretching and bending on the mat, one female prisoner says it is the only time she feels free and no in pain. 

The Prison Yoga Project is being run by Thirawan Watthanothai, former dean of the Faculty of Architecture, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi (RMUTT) and introduced in 2011 at Ratchaburi Central Prison before expanding to other prisons. She also plans to initiate a yoga practice project for men in prisons.

After more than 8 years of running her yoga programme in prisons, Thirawan is determined to continue and expand, noting that it has been shown to be useful to the inmates.

“Ninety per cent of the inmates who come to practise yoga have their own unique abilities and what we need to do is encourage society to accept them once they are released. Most yoga studios refuse to give them work even if they pass the test. I want society to give people an opportunity. There was a case of a female inmate in Udon Thani, whose foreign boyfriend helped her move to Switzerland an even opened a yoga studio for her. She was proud that she learned yoga at the prison, "said Thirawan who started to learn yoga with an Indian instructor after overworking, feeling stressed and unable to sleep. 

The idea to launch yoga in prison came about after she helped a fellow teacher prepare a report on life in prison and discovered the levels of stress from which female inmates suffer. She felt yoga could be the answer and set off on a journey to get her idea accepted. It took a while but Thirawan was determined. 

“We ask the officers to select young people serving long sentences for yoga practice. If we want to mould them into yoga teachers, they must study from 9am to 2pm every day for several months. We saw how it improved not just their state of mind but also helped with lowering blood sugar. After three weeks, the body adapts and the students want to continue. We selected 25 people to teach yoga, most of them with 20 years to run on their jail terms. Prison administrators and staff cooperate to organize morning yoga classes for female inmates. "

India, America, England, Australia and Scandinavia have also expressed interest in using yoga as part of their jail rehabilitation programmes and studies have shown that prisoners who have been practising yoga enjoy positive physical and mental or even spiritual health. Research in US prisons has found that yoga helps with concentration, makes the body and mind relax and reduces stress and anxiety. 

Patcharee Mungmai, 30, a former inmate was given the opportunity to teach yoga to other inmates. She said that yoga is very helpful to her because while she was in prison, she almost lost her mind. 

“In prison, the scariest thing is not being beaten but the possibility of going insane. Yoga really made us more conscious. I was sentenced to 16 years and 8 months, but only served 8 years and 1 day. I was arrested during my 4th year in university as part of a drug round up,” she says. Today she is a speaker on drug prevention at the probation office in Ubon Ratchathani Province.

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Forest Department to sue Pareena on four charges of alleged land encroachment

Dec 02. 2019
Thawee (left) and Attapol
Thawee (left) and Attapol
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By THE NATION

2,209 Viewed

A thorough inspection of Khao Son 2 chicken farm in Rangbua subdistrict, Jombeung, Ratchaburi province, revealed that the farm has encroached on 46 rai 1 ngarn and 40 square wah of national reserve forest, Royal Forest Department (RFD) director-general Attapol Charoenchansa and a Ratchaburi forest inspection team announced at a press conference on Monday (December 2).

“The chicken farm encroaches on 41-1-59 rai of land in the national reserved forest on the left bank of the Phachi River under the National Reserved Forest Act 1964, and 4-3-81 rai of forest land under the Forest Act 1941,” said Attapol.

“We will file four charges against the owner – trespassing on national reserved forest land; residing, constructing, or making profit off national reserved forest land; defacing or destroying state owned lands without permission from officials; violating the Environment Promotion Act that resulted in the loss or damage of natural resources.”

Attapol also insisted that his department would pursue legal action without any special treatment towards the defendant, who is a MP of the government coalition, as netizens on social media have been suspecting ever since the case went viral.

Pareena’s father and ex-Ratchaburi MP Thawee Kraikup, who attended the press conference, questioned the accuracy of the 1:400,000 map used by the RFD. He also requested that the RFD reinvestigate the lands in question using a standardised map to ensure transparent investigation of his daughter’s property.

Thawee said he bought the lands from local villagers in 1980 and that the announcement of a national reserved forest area took place only afterwards.

 ..............................................................
 

Forest Department to sue Pareena on four charges of alleged land encroachment

Dec 02. 2019
Thawee (left) and Attapol
Thawee (left) and Attapol
Facebook Twitter

By THE NATION

2,209 Viewed

A thorough inspection of Khao Son 2 chicken farm in Rangbua subdistrict, Jombeung, Ratchaburi province, revealed that the farm has encroached on 46 rai 1 ngarn and 40 square wah of national reserve forest, Royal Forest Department (RFD) director-general Attapol Charoenchansa and a Ratchaburi forest inspection team announced at a press conference on Monday (December 2).

“The chicken farm encroaches on 41-1-59 rai of land in the national reserved forest on the left bank of the Phachi River under the National Reserved Forest Act 1964, and 4-3-81 rai of forest land under the Forest Act 1941,” said Attapol.

“We will file four charges against the owner – trespassing on national reserved forest land; residing, constructing, or making profit off national reserved forest land; defacing or destroying state owned lands without permission from officials; violating the Environment Promotion Act that resulted in the loss or damage of natural resources.”

Attapol also insisted that his department would pursue legal action without any special treatment towards the defendant, who is a MP of the government coalition, as netizens on social media have been suspecting ever since the case went viral.

Pareena’s father and ex-Ratchaburi MP Thawee Kraikup, who attended the press conference, questioned the accuracy of the 1:400,000 map used by the RFD. He also requested that the RFD reinvestigate the lands in question using a standardised map to ensure transparent investigation of his daughter’s property.

 ...........................................

FINISHED

December 3, 2019



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