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วันพฤหัสบดี ที่ 5 ธันวาคม 2562
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 How are you?

Thai people know that today December 5, as to the Royal Birthday of King Bhumipol, Rama 9th. But may someone

don't know it's related to be The Earth Soil Day as another meaning?

Please read about world earth soil day as you need as following;


World soil day certification announcement By the United Nations

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Declaration of support for the establishment of the Earth Day By proposing to be included in the agenda of the 2013 General Assembly of the United Nations, which the United Nations officially announced as December 5 of every year as the Earth Day and 2015 as "International Year of Soils 2015. ) "On December 20, 2013.

Therefore, on December 5, 2014, in addition to being the birthday of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, It is also considered as the first official international day on earth as well. Thailand, by the Land Development Department, has organized a great celebration with countries around the world.

Thanks a lot to Google Translate and G Grammarly as ever.

 

 

 

 

BEDO LOGO

age News and Activities News 5 December World Soil Day "

5 December 2018

 2363

5 December, World Soil Day

5 shares
"Soil Day" is an important day for 60,000 agronomists around the world to celebrate every year. Which all Thai agronomists are proud of Due to the international agronomy. With consensus on the 5th of December every year Which coincides with the day of the royal birth Of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej It's Earth Day And agronomists in Thailand participate in glorifying conservation genius And developing soil resources of His Majesty the King Rama IX

The emergence of the "World Soil Day" is associated with the Land Development Department. Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives Soil and Fertilizer Association of Thailand International Soil Science Union (International Union of Soil Science: IUSS), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations (United Nations: UN) should record the origin and origin of the "Earth Day" for people The latter model has been known correctly.

The concept of establishing the Earth Day

Beginning with the 17th World Soil Science Conference in Bangkok in 2002, soil scientists from all over the world participated. In the exhibition there was an exhibition in honor of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej and royal duties related to soil resources. Including the establishment of royal initiatives in various regions of the country

Which the said exhibition Making the participants feel the vision of sustainable soil resource management By giving importance to soil resources Is the King that cares for his heart in soil science And the success of His Majesty's ongoing soil management Established concrete both at home and at the international level

At this meeting, a discussion was held on the establishment of "World Soil Day" by the meeting of the International Soil Science Union Committee. Passed a resolution on 5 December, a day similar to the birthday of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej It's Earth Day In order to praise His Majesty By using today as a campaign day for the world to realize the importance of soil resources on the survival of humankind and the environment. And the need for sustainable land resources management

The request for royal permission on December 5 is Earth Day.

On 16 April 2012, the Executive Committee of the International Soil Science Union Gave an audience to His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej in recognition of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej Together with paying respect to A life membership and also requesting that the 5th December be the Earth Day

World soil day certification announcement By the United Nations

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Declaration of support for the establishment of the Earth Day By proposing to be included in the agenda of the 2013 General Assembly of the United Nations, which the United Nations officially announced as December 5 of every year as the Earth Day and 2015 as "International Year of Soils 2015. ) "On December 20, 2013.

Therefore, on December 5, 2014, in addition to being the birthday of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, It is also considered as the first official international day on earth as well. Thailand, by the Land Development Department, has organized a great celebration with countries around the world.

 
 
 
 
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FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream
https://youtu.be/0fKyrdQ15gs
 
 
 
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Study Suggests Many People May Not Understand Their Risk for Dementia
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Study Suggests Many People May Not Understand Their Risk for Dementia

December 04, 2019

In this Nov. 6, 2015 file photo, an elderly couple walks down a hall in Easton, Pa. Research released on Friday, Nov. 1, 2019 suggests many American adults inaccurately estimate their chances for developing dementia and do useless things to prevent it.
In this Nov. 6, 2015 file photo, an elderly couple walks down a hall in Easton, Pa. Research released on Friday, Nov. 1, 2019 suggests many American adults inaccurately estimate their chances for developing dementia and do useless things to prevent it.
 
Study Suggests Many People May Not Understand Their Risk for Dementia
 
 

 

New research suggests many older Americans may incorrectly estimate their chances for developing dementia.

Almost half of adults questioned believed they were likely to develop dementia. Signs of the condition include changes in personality and memory loss. Alzheimer’s disease is one form of dementia.

The research suggests many people did not understand the link between physical health and brain health or how racial differences could affect one’s dementia risk.

A report on the study appeared in JAMA Neurology, a publication of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

The survey was based on information from the University of Michigan National Poll on Healthy Aging. One thousand adults from across the United States completed an online questionnaire in October 2018. All the men and women were 50 to 64 years of age.

Many subjects who rated their health as fair or poor thought their chances of developing dementia were low. At the same time, many who said they were in excellent health said they were likely to develop the disease.

Many said they tried at least one of four unproven memory-protecting methods, including taking dietary supplements like fish oil and ginkgo. The most popular method for keeping the mind active was doing crossword puzzles.

Keith Fargo supervises research and outreach programs at the Alzheimer’s Association, a not-for-profit group. He was not involved in the study. Fargo says there is strong evidence that activities more challenging than puzzles can help protect against dementia. He suggested activities such as playing chess, taking a class and reading about subjects not well-known to the reader.

Research has shown that regular exercise, a healthy diet, limiting alcohol and not smoking make dementia less likely. Supplements have not been shown to help.

Donovan Maust is the study’s lead author and a geriatric psychiatrist at the University of Michigan. He said researchers have not done a good job of informing the public that “there really are things you can do to lower” the risk of dementia.

The online survey asked people to estimate their likelihood of developing dementia. It also asked whether they had ever discussed ways to prevent the condition with their doctor. Few people said they had.

Maust said the survey results raise concerns because doctors can help people control high blood pressure and diabetes – two conditions often linked with dementia risk.

Among those who said their physical health was only fair or poor, close to 40% thought they were at low risk for Alzheimer’s disease or other dementia. Almost the same percentage rated their chances as likely even when they reported being in very good or excellent physical health.

In the survey, more whites than blacks or Hispanics believed they were likely to develop dementia. But only 93 blacks were questioned, making it difficult to generalize for the U.S. population. Across the country, non-whites face higher risks for dementia than whites. The Alzheimer’s group operates programs in black and Hispanic communities.

Keith Fargo said, “There’s lots of work to do ... to educate the public so they can take some actions to protect themselves.”

The Alzheimer’s Association reports that one in three older Americans die with Alzheimer’s or other dementias. There are currently no medicines or medical treatments proven to prevent the condition. But some European studies have shown that healthy lifestyles may help prevent mental decline. The Alzheimer’s Association is supporting similar research in the U.S.

I’m Kelly Jean Kelly.

 

Lindsey Tanner reported this story for the Associated Press. Jonathan Evans adapted it for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

___________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

challenging – adj. difficult in a way that is usually interesting or enjoyable

crossword puzzle – n. a puzzle in which words that are the answers to clues are written into a pattern of numbered squares that go across and down

geriatric – adj. of or relating to the process of growing old and the medical care of old people; of or relating to geriatrics

regular – adj. happening over and over again at the same time or in the same way : occurring every day, week, month, etc.

supplement – n. something that is added to something else in order to make it complete

................................................................
 

December 3, 2019

December 03, 2019
A look at the best news photos from around the world.

Laborers remove building materials from a ship in Gabtoli, on the outskirts of Dhaka, Bangladesh.
1Laborers remove building materials from a ship in Gabtoli, on the outskirts of Dhaka, Bangladesh.
U.S. President Donald Trump (R) listens as French President Emmanuel Macron speaks during their meeting at Winfield House, London.
2U.S. President Donald Trump (R) listens as French President Emmanuel Macron speaks during their meeting at Winfield House, London.
A car makes its way through a snowy area in Highland Falls, New Jersey.
3A car makes its way through a snowy area in Highland Falls, New Jersey.
Hindu devotees raise sharp objects as they gather to sacrifice buffalos during Gadhimai festival in Bariyarpur, south of Kathmandu, Nepal.
4Hindu devotees raise sharp objects as they gather to sacrifice buffalos during Gadhimai festival in Bariyarpur, south of Kathmandu, Nepal.
Climate activist Greta Thunberg waves as she arrives in Lisbon, Portugal, on the sailboat La Vagabonde.
5Climate activist Greta Thunberg waves as she arrives in Lisbon, Portugal, on the sailboat La Vagabonde.
Vietnam's Ngoc Huong Do Thi performs on the uneven bars during the women's artistic gymnastics competition at the 30th South East Asian Games in Manila, Philippines.
6Vietnam's Ngoc Huong Do Thi performs on the uneven bars during the women's artistic gymnastics competition at the 30th South East Asian Games in Manila, Philippines.
A man receives a massage from a demonstrator as riot police surround other demonstrators during an anti-government protest at Plaza Italia in Santiago, Chile, Dec. 2, 2019.
7A man receives a massage from a demonstrator as riot police surround other demonstrators during an anti-government protest at Plaza Italia in Santiago, Chile, Dec. 2, 2019.
Residents are seen after Typhoon Kammuri hit Camalig town, Philippines.
8Residents are seen after Typhoon Kammuri hit Camalig town, Philippines.

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6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Broken hearts

EPISODE 180628 / 28 JUN 2018

Our heart is an important organ in our body and something we must take care of. Healthy eating and exercise can keep it in good condition but is it still possible to die from being sad and upset - or what we might call 'a broken heart'? 6 Minute English discusses the subject and hears from an expert who explains if this can really happen.

This week's question:

The first human-to-human heart transplant took place in 1967. But what country was it in? Was it:

a) South Africa
b) USA
c) China

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

nuanced
small but important things that need to be considered

bereavement
sadness we feel when someone close to us dies

passed away
a more gentle way of saying ‘died’

muddle through
get to the end of a difficult situation somehow. Not always by making the right decisions but in the end, getting there

time-poor
not having enough free time

prioritising
deciding how important different things are

Transcript

Note: This is not a word for word transcript 

Neil
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil.

Rob
And hello, I'm Rob.

Neil
Today’s topic is about our health and in particular our hearts. How’s your heart, Rob?

Rob
Er, fine, I hope, as far as I know.

Neil
Do you take care of it?

Rob
Well, not my heart specifically, but my health in general, yes. I like to exercise regularly and I try to eat healthy foods.

Neil
So that cheeseburger I saw you eating just now was a healthy cheeseburger?

Rob
Fake news! You’re making that up, Neil! Don’t believe him, listeners. It would break my heart if people thought I ate junk food.

Neil
Now that’s an interesting expression. ‘It would break my heart.’ We say that when we talk about things that upset us. Of course, we don’t really mean that our heart is actually breaking.

Rob
However, you do sometimes hear stories about people who they say ‘died from a broken heart’.

Neil
That is today’s topic - can you die from a broken heart? First though, the quiz question. The first human-to-human heart transplant took place in 1967. But what country was it in? Was it:

a)    South Africa   

b)    USA

c)    China

What do you think, Rob?

Rob
Well, I think it is definitely a) South Africa.

Neil
OK, we’ll give you the answer at the end of the programme. Now back to the subject of broken hearts and if you can die from one. Dr Nikki Stamp is an Australian heart surgeon. She’s written a book, helpfully called ‘Can You Die From A Broken Heart?’ She was a guest on the BBC Radio 4 programme Woman’s Hour and was asked that very question. Does she think it is possible?

Dr Nikki Stamp
Yes, short answer is yes. It’s a little bit more nuanced than that. For most of us when we have a broken heart whether it’s bereavement or a relationship coming to an end we will be fine. We’ll muddle our way through it, we’ll take not so good care of ourselves but we’ll get there. However the physical effects still happen and it is a big stress on your emotions obviously but also on your body.

Neil
So she says 'yes' it is possible to die from a broken heart. But Rob, is it as clear and simple as that?

Rob
Well, no. She said it was a bit more nuanced. This means it’s not a simple relationship. A situation that is nuanced has small but possibly important differences.

Neil
She mentioned a couple of situations where we say that people could have a broken heart, didn’t she?

Rob
Yes, she talked about times of great unhappiness and emotional stress. One of the ones she mentioned was bereavementBereavement is the intense feeling of sadness we get when someone close to us dies.

Neil
The other situation where we say people are broken-hearted is, as Dr Stamp said, when a relationship comes to an end. So if your boyfriend, girlfriend, husband wife or lover decides they no longer want to be with you.

Rob
So these are times when we use the expression to be broken-hearted. But thankfully, they don’t usually lead to death. She said that usually we muddle through. This expression means that we get through our sadness. Maybe slowly and maybe we don’t think clearly and don’t make the right decisions – but in the end, we mend our broken hearts.

Neil
For some people, a few people though, the emotional stress does have an effect on the body, it does lead to physical symptoms and sometimes, sadly, death. Here’s Dr Stamp again. Which expression does she use instead of the word ‘died’?

Dr Nikki Stamp
And then for some people, you will die of a broken heart. We do tend to see that in elderly people who you know, like a few weeks after grandma passed away, grandad passed away not long after.

Rob
She says that dying of a broken heart can happen with older people and she used the expression passed away rather than the word ‘died’.

Neil
Dying from a broken heart may be quite rare, but heart problems still exist for many, particularly those who are very overweight. This is a problem in many parts of the world. But why is that?

Rob
Dr Stamp says that we are increasingly time-poor. We have less and less free time, as we are spending more time working.

Neil
This leads to our not doing as much exercise and eating more convenience food rather than making our own food from healthy ingredients.

Rob
The doctor says that we are not prioritising our health as we should be. Prioritising means deciding how important different things are. So we are not thinking of our health as being as important as we should.

Neil
Right, well we’re quite time-poor in this programme, so it’s time for the answer to our quiz. In which country was the first human-to-human heart transplant carried out? The choices were South Africa, USA or China. What did you say, Rob?

Rob
Yeah, I was sure it was South Africa.

Neil
Well, you were right to be sure because the answer is South Africa. Congratulations if you got that right. Now just time to recap today’s vocabulary.

Rob
Yes, we started off with nuanced. This adjective means 'something is not as simple as it might seem. There may be small but important things that need to be considered'.

Neil
Then there was bereavement. The sadness we feel when someone close to us has passed away.

Rob
Passed away was one of our other words, and it’s a more gentle way of saying ‘died’.

Neil
We also had the phrasal verb muddle through. This expression means 'to get to the end of a difficult situation somehow. Not always by making the right decisions but in the end, getting there'.

Rob
Being time-poor was the expression for not having enough free time.

Neil
And finally prioritising was the noun for deciding how important different things are. Well that’s all from 6 Minute English today. Don’t break our hearts, do join us again, but in the meantime you can find us in all the usual places: Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, and of course our website bbclearningenglish.com, where you can find all kinds of audio programmes, videos, activities and quizzes to help you improve your English! Thanks for joining us and goodbye.

Rob
Bye!

.........................................................................

Dec 05. 2019
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By THE NATION

1,272 Viewed

Deputy Bangkok Governor Pol Lt Gen Sophon Pisuthiwong and officials from Department of Health, Ministry of Public Health on Tuesday (December 3) inspected retail shops at various venues in Bangkok that sell New Year gift baskets to make sure that they are in compliance with the law.
 

BMA is also cooperating with 32 department stores and retailers to organise a campaign that focuses on controlling the quality and price of New Year gift baskets, as well as promoting the use of eco-friendly materials in making gift baskets, for example. using leaves and paper instead of plastic and foam.

“According to Food Act BE 2522, packages of all food products must display expiration or best before date, or manufacturers will be fined a maximum of Bt30,000,” he said. “To apply this law to gift baskets, we require the sellers to put only products that expire after January 31 in the baskets, and must allow consumers to return the products until February 29 in case they are not satisfied with product’s quality.”

“As for fruit and vegetable baskets, we advise retailers to prepare the baskets not more than 3 days in advance of the selling date to ensure freshness of the produce,” he added.

Gift baskets that contain alcoholic beverages cannot be displayed in the store or on brochures, as this is in violation of Article 30 (5) of Alcoholic Beverage Control Act B.E. 2561, with punishment of up to 6 years in prison or a Bt11,000 fine, or both, said Sophon.

 

BTS ready to take on BMA debt burden

Dec 05. 2019

Facebook Twitter

By THE NATION

843 Viewed

Surapong Laoha-Unya, executive director of BTS Group Holdings, said this week that the company is planning to extend the concession contract for BTS skytrain green line for another 30 years.

Addressing BMA’s debt burden of Bt110 billion including interest, which came from the investment in construction and system administration of BTS’s extended lines, Surapong says the company is financially ready to take responsible for the burden as per the contract. “BTS financial status is solid and should be able to take care of the debt with no problem,” he said.

BTS is now testing the operation of 4 new stations from Ha Yaek Lat Phrao to Kasetsart University stations and offering free service until January 2 at peak periods of the day: 7-9am and 4.30-8pm. The company estimates that the 4 stations will have at 100,000 passengers per day, and when the terminal Ku Kot station is open by the end of 2020 there will be at least 200,000 passengers travelling daily along the green line.

The BTS green line extension starts from Mo Chit station and will end at Ku Kot station in Pathumthani province. It is a part of the government’s 20-year mass transit development strategy (2018-2037). The line is 19 kilometers long and comprises a train maintenance center and two park-and-ride buildings with combined capacity for more than 1,700 cars.

 .....................................................................

FINISHED

December 5, 2019

 

 


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