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link@: learning english with voa news : Monday, January 20, 2020

From the article below, you will be surprised by the children's emotions.
You should know if you are the parent of a child right now

From VOA Learning English. This is a health and lifestyle report.

Changing from childhood to teenage years can be a difficult time. Hormones in the body can affect the mood and mood of young people.

As children grow up, they often want to draw their parents and develop their own personality. Therefore, they may speak or behave differently than teens.

However, normal Thai people fallow up to care for their children more than European parents very much. as both ideas themself.

Thanks very much, Google Translate and G Grammarly.

 

Korn, The Activity Party Leader!

 

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/NbKzACYrWZQ

Watch ABC News live https://youtu.be/sx4e405BJxs

..........................................

Normal Bad Mood or Depression?

2 hours ago

In this November 2018 photo, Laurel Foster participates in a Stanford University research study on using smartphones to help detect depression.
In this November 2018 photo, Laurel Foster participates in a Stanford University research study on using smartphones to help detect depression.
 
Normal Bad Mood or Depression?
 

From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

The transition from childhood to the teenage years can be a difficult time. Hormones in the body can affect a young person’s emotions and moods.

As children grow they usually want to pull away from parents and develop their own personality. So, they may talk or act differently as a teenager.

For example, a 15-year-old who used to have a friendly personality can turn irritable. A 16-year-old who once enjoyed spending time with her family may choose to stay in her room alone.

While these changes in behavior and personality can be difficult, they are for the most part a normal part of the teenage years.

But when is it not normal? When is a change in personality a sign of depression or other mental health issues?

Many parents may not know the difference. A recent poll shows that many Americans do not recognize signs of depression in their preteen and teenage children.

The C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health involved 819 adults in the United States. These men and women had at least one child in middle school, junior high or high school.

Researchers asked these parents about their roles and the roles of schools in recognizing youth depression.

The Mott Poll is a project of the Susan B. Meister Child Health Evaluation and Research Center at the University of Michigan.

In a story on the poll, the Reuters news agency reports that a majority of parents were sure “they would recognize depression in their preteen or teenager.” However, two-thirds of parents admitted they had issues identifying “signs and symptoms of this mental health disorder.”

Sarah Clark is a co-director of the study. She notes these transitions can make it “challenging to understand a child’s emotional state” and “whether there is possible depression.”

Clark adds that “in many families, the preteen and teen years” bring major changes. These changes happen both in youth behavior and the ways in which parents and children interact.

Suicide rates

Some questions in the survey asked the parents about suicide.

One in four said their child knows a peer or classmate with depression. One in 10 reported their child knows a peer or classmate who died by suicide.

In the United States, youth suicide rates continue to rise. Among people ages 10 to 24 years old, the suicide rate increased 56% between 2007 and 2017. These numbers come from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

What can you do to help?

If you think a young person is depressed and is thinking of suicide, what can you do? The CDC offers the following suggestions:

Ask

If you are worried about someone, ask them directly, “Are you thinking about suicide?” However, mental health experts warn that you should not promise to keep their thoughts of suicide a secret.

Listen

After you ask this question, make sure to listen carefully to the young person. Stay with them and listen to what they need.

Be there

Follow up on the person’s condition. Continue to check on them to see how they are doing. If you do not live with them, you could physically visit them often as well as call them. Let them know you are there for them and they are not alone.

Keep them safe

Take away anything that the person could use to cause self-harm. This could include anything from medications to weapons. Health experts at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health note that this is an important way to prevent suicide.

Find help

People who are suicidal need professional help. But they are often unable or unwilling to find it themselves. So, find a mental health expert or organization that can help them. Many have telephone hotlines for people seeking help.

And that is the Health & Lifestyle report.

I’m Anna Matteo.

Quiz - Normal Bad Mood or Depression?

Quiz - Normal Bad Mood or Depression?

Start the Quiz to find out

Words in This Story

 

transition – n. a change from one state or condition to another

hormone – n. a natural substance that is produced in the body and that influences the way the body grows or develops

mood – n. an emotional state of mind or feeling

irritable – adj. fiery or testy; easy to anger

poll – n. a public opinion study

symptom – n. a change in the body or mind which indicates that a disease is present

role – n. expected behavior

peer – n. someone of equal standing

check – v. to ask around; to inspect or examine

hotline – n. a direct telephone line for getting help in an emergency; a telephone service available to the public for some specific purpose

.........................................................
 

Invasive Animals Passing Through Suez Canal to Mediterranean Sea

2 hours ago

FILE - This Aug. 6, 2015 file photo shows the entrance of the new section of the Suez Canal in Ismailia, Egypt. The Suez Canal, which connects the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea, is also a path for species to enter the Mediterranean Sea.
FILE - This Aug. 6, 2015 file photo shows the entrance of the new section of the Suez Canal in Ismailia, Egypt. The Suez Canal, which connects the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea, is also a path for species to enter the Mediterranean Sea.
 
Invasive Animals Passing Through Suez Canal to Mediterranean
 

Not long ago, Egypt marked the 150th anniversary of the opening of the Suez Canal.

The canal connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. It helped speed world trade between the East and the West.

But the man-made waterway has also helped speed the rise of other things, such as invasive non-native species.

Scientists say the invasive creatures have damaged the Mediterranean’s environment and caused native species to disappear.

The number of non-native creatures has risen since the Suez Canal was widened in 2015. The “New Suez Canal” has raised concerns in Europe and brought criticism from many Mediterranean countries.

The main critic has been Israel, Egypt’s neighbor.

Bella Galil is an Israeli biologist who has studied the Mediterranean for over 30 years. She says much of the environmental damage cannot be repaired. She said urgent action is needed to ease the effects of the invasive fish and other sea life.

Galil works at Tel Aviv University’s Steinhardt Museum of Natural History.

She noted that the widening and deepening of the Suez Canal has created a “moving aquarium” of species. These creatures could make coastal waters almost unusable for human beings.

Galil believes the number of invasive species has reached 400. That is two times the number from 30 years ago. She said this is a “historic example of the dangers of unintended consequences.”

Affecting the whole Mediterranean

Israel is now dealing with huge numbers of poisonous jellyfish that affect coastal power centers and keep people from visiting the seashore.

This juvenile Lionfish, measuring between three and four inches long, was discovered by divers in the Alantic waters of the Bahamas. The species has also been found in the Mediterranean Sea.
This juvenile Lionfish, measuring between three and four inches long, was discovered by divers in the Alantic waters of the Bahamas. The species has also been found in the Mediterranean Sea.


Other poisonous species, such as the lionfish and silver-cheeked toadfish, are also appearing.

The invasion of new species has reached as far as Spain in the west. Many European countries on the Mediterranean are paying attention. The issue is expected to be discussed later this month at the United Nations meeting on ocean science in Venice, Italy.

Galil said the problems of invasive species can be compared to those of climate change, pollution and over-fishing. She argues that the new species have caused a major “restructuring” of the environment. This has endangered native species like mussels, prawns and red mullet.

Israel’s Environmental Protection Ministry said it is concerned because its coast is the “first stop” for invasive species in the Mediterranean. But it noted that Israel cannot fight the problem alone.

Lebanese scientists at the American University in Beirut have written about threats to the environment linked to the canal’s expansion. The Associated Press reports that scientists in eastern Mediterranean countries from Turkey to Tunisia share these concerns.

A possible way to fix the problem

Some experts have suggested that increasing salt levels in the canal itself could create a barrier that would keep invasive species out.

Desalination centers are currently being built, with money from Qatar, near the canal. They will make fresh water out of seawater. The first such plant is expected to open later this year.

Bella Galil said that if salt from the desalination centers could be put in the canal, it could create a “salinity barrier” to protect the Mediterranean. The Great and Litter Bitter Lakes, which are linked to the canal, once provided a salty barrier to animals that might pass through. But the lakes have become less salty because of the widening of the Suez Canal and agricultural wastewater.

FILE - In this April 3, 2019, file photo, Palestinian fishermen unload their catch after a night fishing trip, in the Gaza Seaport. (AP Photo/Khalil Hamra, File)
FILE - In this April 3, 2019, file photo, Palestinian fishermen unload their catch after a night fishing trip, in the Gaza Seaport. (AP Photo/Khalil Hamra, File)


Egypt does not consider the environmental concerns as urgent. The country has been at peace with Israel since 1979 and recently signed a huge agreement to supply Israel with natural gas.

Some Egyptians do not think the invasive species are a problem at all. Moustafa Fouda is an advisor to Egypt’s environment minister. He said invasive species can be helpful by “replacing species that are overfished.” He said only five percent of the invaders are a problem.

Some Egyptian experts also deny that the widening of the canal is responsible for the increase in invasive species. They say that rising water temperatures and wastewater from ships are to blame.

The Suez Canal Authority is the government agency that operates the canal. It says the environmental concerns are overstated. The agency said the widening of the canal has increased water flow into the Mediterranean by only four percent.

Canal officials say they are closely watching the movements of sea creatures. They say they are requiring ships to take measures to avoid carrying species from one side of the canal to the other. And they are trying to keep salt levels high in the Bitter Lakes as a barrier.

Galil, however, questions whether these measures will be enough to serve as a barrier against invasive species.

“One day we will wake up to a complete and irreversible change and know that there was something we could have done about it, if only it had been done on time,” she said.

I’m Anne Ball.

And I'm Mario Ritter Jr.

 

Mario Ritter Jr. adapted this Associated Press story for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

 

Words in This Story

species – n. a group of animals or plants that can produce young and are closely linked

aquarium – n. a container to keep fish

unintended – adj. not planned as a purpose or goal

consequences – n. the result of some action or decision

irreversible – n. something that cannot be changed back

...................................................................

 

6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Microadventures!

EPISODE 180322 / 22 MAR 2018

Join us for six minutes of adventure! You won't be going far but you'll discover how adventurer, Alastair Humphreys thinks there's fun to be had on your doorstep. Along the way we'll be exploring the expeditions you could go on and new items of vocabulary to take with you!

This week's question:

how far it is around the world measured at the equator – in other worlds the circumference? It is approximately…

a) 30,000 km
b) 40,000 km, or
c) 50,000 km

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

wanderlust
a strong desire to travel

a sense of adventure
the feeling of doing a new, exciting and sometimes dangerous activity

to coin
used a word or phrase that no one has used before

hunch
an idea you have based on feelings but with no proof

charm
part of the pleasure or enjoyment of something

on your doorstep
close to where you live

Transcript

Note: This is not a word for word transcript

Rob
Hello I'm Rob and welcome to 6 Minute English– the show that brings you an interesting topic and authentic listening practice…

Neil
...and don't forget vocabulary to help you improve your language skills. I'm Neil by the way and today we're off on an adventure.

Rob
But not a very big adventure Neil – it's just a mini or microadventure – but if you have wanderlust – a strong desire to travel – I think it may appeal.

Neil
It will appeal to you Rob because you love to travel – haven't you circumnavigated the globe – I mean go all the way round the world? 

Rob
Almost Neil – but today's mini-adventure doesn't involve travelling too far from home. We'll explore the topic more in a moment but not before we've set today's quiz question. So Neil do you know how far it is around the world measured at the equator – in other worlds the circumference? It is approximately…

a) 30,000 km
b) 40,000 km, or
c) 50,000 km

Neil
Well, I haven't walked it but I know it's a long way – so I'll go for c) 50,000 km.

Rob
I shall keep you in suspense and tell you the answer at the end of the programme. Our topic for discussion won't be travelling so far – it's about a new trend for small adventures.

Neil
What you mean are shorter breaks, closer to home. They're less expensive of course but also instil a sense of adventure – that's the feeling of doing a new, exciting and sometimes dangerous activity.

Rob
Well, adventurer, Alastair Humphreys has coined the phrase 'microadventures' to describe this. 'To coin' here means to use a word or phrase that no one has used before.

Neil
Now he's someone who goes on big trips and expeditions to the four corners of the globe and writing books about his adventures. But he wanted to prove you don't have to go far to find adventure.

Rob
Let's hear from him now – speaking on BBC Radio 4's You and Yours programme – about what he did. How did he describe his first microadventure?

Alastair Humphreys, adventurer
I'd been doing big adventures for years and I had this hunch that you didn't need to go to the ends of the world to have some sort of adventure. You didn't need to be in beautiful Patagonia to have the spirit of adventure. So I decided to try and prove my theory by doing the most boring, ugly adventure I could think of. And I came up with the idea of walking a lap of the M25 in the snow in January. And time and again as I walked round the M25 I just kept thinking to myself this experience is exactly the same as the four years I spent cycling round the world. Smaller, of course, a bit silly, but definitely felt like an adventure And that's when I really started to come up with the idea of microadventures.

Neil
So a microadventure is a boring, ugly adventure?

Rob
No Neil. It may not be glamourous but it is an adventure. He walked around the London orbital motorway – called the M25 – to prove his hunch that you don't need to go far to find adventure. A hunch is an idea you have based on feelings but there's no proof.

Neil
Well his hunch was right. But walking alongside a motorway isn't my idea of adventure.

Rob
It doesn't have to be Neil. Just getting out on your bike and exploring somewhere in your locality that you haven't visited before is an adventure. And how about camping?

Neil
Ah yes, I do like to camp out – that's a phrasal verb to mean sleep outside in a tent. You can be so close to nature and breathe in the fresh air.

Rob
Yep and you don't need to go far for a camping adventure – and being out a night really adds to the sense of adventure. That's what Alastair Humphreys believes…

Alastair Humphreys, adventurer
We humans are so boring these days – we so rarely spend time out in the darkness to see the stars and to see how the world feels different by night. I get a little bit nervous still – I still imagine ghosts – but that's part of the charm of making a little frisson of adventure. And then in the morning the sun comes up, the birds sing, jump in a river, back on the bus, back to your desk for 9.00.

Rob
Seeing how the world feels at night is a nice idea. Getting a bit nervous – anxious maybe – is part of the pleasure or enjoyment – what Alastair calls 'charm'.

Neil
I agree – and he used another word 'frisson' meaning a sudden, strong feeling of excitement, or fear.

Rob
My biggest fear would be returning to my desk for 9.00! But Alastair is right, there is an adventure to be had on your doorstep – that means close to where you live.

Neil
But only a small adventure Rob! Unlike an adventure round the circumference of the Earth.

Rob
Yes that was my question earlier: how far it is around the world measured at the equator – in other worlds the circumference? It is approximately…

a)    30,000 km
b)    40,000 km, or
c)    50,000 km

Neil
I said c) 50,000 km.

Rob
Sorry Neil – too far. The Earth's circumference has been calculated to be 40,075km. To travel that distance would be a major adventure.

Neil
OK, I think we should remind ourselves of the some of the words and phrases we've discussed today – starting with wanderlust – a strong desire to travel. "Rob has wanderlust, he's never at home!"

Rob
That's because I have a sense of adventure. That's the feeling of doing a new, exciting and sometimes dangerous activity. "Neil has no sense of adventure because he likes his holidays to be planned out with no surprises!"

Neil
That's a little unfair Rob – I just like to be 'holiday happy' – that's a term I've just coined, which means used a word or phrase that no one has used before. You can also say 'to coin a phrase' after using an expression that is well known and possibly used too much.

Rob
Next we heard hunch – that's an idea you have based on feelings but there's no proof. "I have a hunch Neil wants to go to the pub – he's packing his bag!"

Neil
Your hunch is correct Rob. But not before we recap our next word charm – that's part of the pleasure or enjoyment of something. "Part of the charm of going to the seaside is eating ice cream and walking down the pier."

Rob
And finally we heard on your doorstep - that means close to where you live. "There's a pub right on your doorstep, so why don't you make the most of it!"

Neil
I intend to Rob but first let me to remind you that you can learn English with us at bbclearningenglish.com. That's it for today's 6 Minute English. We hope you enjoyed it. Bye for now.

Rob
Bye.

............................................................

 

Land encroachment case filed against deputy minister Kanokwan

Jan 21. 2020
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By THE NATION

A case has been filed on Tuesday (January 21) against Deputy Minister of Education Kanokwan Wilawan for allegedly encroaching on forest land.

Colonel Phongphet Ketsupta, commander of division 4 reconciliation and reformation centre of the Internal Security Operations Command (Isoc), filed the case at Muang Prachin Buri Police Station. He said investigations showed the deputy minister was allegedly in violation of Section 19 of the National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Act BE 2562.

“Isoc, the Ministry of National Parks and Department of Lands Department on Monday [January 20] investigated the land in question in Nernhom subdistrict, in the Muang district of Prachinburi province,” said Phongphet. “We found that the land, measuring 15 rai 2 ngarn 44 square wah, encroaches on the Khao Yai National Park’s land of 12 rai 1 ngarn 92 square wah.”

“We have also found tracks of excavators paving the path up the mountain, which seems like an effort to create a trekking route for tourists leading to scenic points on the mountains, indicating the land was being prepared for business purposes. Part of the paved route also encroaches on a public canal,” Phongphet added.

On January 17, the officers of Isoc’s division 4 had investigated a land adjacent to Kanokwan’s land, which has an area of 70 rai, and found that it encroaches on 11 rai 3 ngarn and 93 square wah of forest land. The land belongs to Kanokwan’s father, Soonthorn. This makes the total area of alleged encroachment of Khao Yai National Park land by the Wilawan family at around 24 rai.

“There are many other pieces of personal land that are encroaching on Khao Yai National Park land, and I will investigate them all from Prachin Buri to Nakhon Ratchasima provinces,” added Phongphet.

 

Air Force to support govt in tackling PM2.5 dust particles

Jan 21. 2020
Air Marshal Pongsak Semachai, Deputy Chief of the Air Staff
Air Marshal Pongsak Semachai, Deputy Chief of the Air Staff
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By The Nation

Air Force commander-in-chief Air Chief Marshal Maanat Wongwat has ordered officers to check the condition of all vehicles under the supervision of the Directorate of Transportation, urging them to stop using vehicles which give out exhaust fumes or contribute to a high level of PM2.5 dust particles, Deputy Chief of the Air Staff Air Marshal Pongsak Semachai, acting as an Air Force spokesman, said on Monday (January 20).

Pongsak said Maanat ordered all officers to "support Agriculture and Cooperatives Ministry efforts to make royal rain or spray water".

“The Air Force will conduct test flights by using BT-67 and C-130 aircraft equipped with water containers by the end of this month to tackle forest fires, which often occur during the drought season,” Pongsak said.

He added that Manaat ordered the officers to study applying technology to help solve the problem and support the government in the long term.

 ...........................................................

FINISHED

January 21, 2020

 

 

 

 


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