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How are you doing?

The below article says the hair color will easily change when people fall into stress. That case not the same as Thai people.

All Thai people have black hair because we are Asian. Later, it changes color from black to gray when we get old. Some people don't like gray hair because they still like black hair forever. So they dyed their hair black. And dyed again when the black color faded to gray again.

New studies provide scientific evidence to support the idea that stress can make a person's hair turn gray.

The team from Harvard University of America said the new study is the first to demonstrate a clear link between stress and gray hair. This finding was published in the journal Nature.

The researchers said they discovered a chemical process that can change hair color during stressful times. This process is linked to the physical "fight or flight" reaction that can occur in dangerous situations.

Thanks to both Google Translate and G Grammarly helped me in this writing.

Hair Colors :







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Scientists Discover How Stress Can Cause Gray Hair

4 hours ago

These file photos, Oct. 7, 2009, left, and Nov. 28, 2012, right, show President Barack Obama speaking in Washington. (AP Photo, File)
These file photos, Oct. 7, 2009, left, and Nov. 28, 2012, right, show President Barack Obama speaking in Washington. (AP Photo, File)
Scientists Discover How Stress Can Cause Gray Hair

A new study provides scientific evidence to support the idea that stress can cause a person’s hair to turn gray.

A team from America’s Harvard University said the new study is the first to show a clear link between stress and graying hair. The findings were recently published in the journal Nature.

Researchers say they discovered a chemical process that can change hair color during times of stress. The process is linked to the body’s “fight-or-flight” reaction that can happen during dangerous situations.

Ya-Chieh Hsu is a professor of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology at Harvard. She said in a statement that the research team was in search of the first scientific confirmation of the commonly held belief that stress can cause gray hair. “Everyone has an anecdote to share about how stress affects their body, particularly in their skin and hair - the only tissues we can see from the outside,” Hsu said.

Actor George Clooney talks to reporters on arrival at the premiere of the television mini-series 'Catch22', in London, Wednesday, May 15, 2019. (Photo by Grant Pollard/Invision/AP)
Actor George Clooney talks to reporters on arrival at the premiere of the television mini-series 'Catch22', in London, Wednesday, May 15, 2019. (Photo by Grant Pollard/Invision/AP)

The team used experiments with mice to look at how stress affects stem cells in hair follicles. Most people have about 100,000 hair follicles on their head. The follicles are responsible for making melanocytes, the cells that give hair its color. As people age, melanocyte production is reduced. This causes a person’s hair to begin turning gray naturally.

At first, the researchers suspected that an immune attack caused by a stressful event might be targeting the melanocyte stem cells. That theory, however, turned out to be false. The mice lacking immune cells still showed signs of graying hair.

The team also thought the hormone cortisol, which always increases in the body during times of stress, might be a likely cause. However, when researchers removed the gland that produces the cortisol hormones, the hair of mice still turned gray.

This infographic depicts how stem cells are depleted in response to stress, causing hair to turn gray in mice. (Judy Blomquist/Harvard University)
This infographic depicts how stem cells are depleted in response to stress, causing hair to turn gray in mice. (Judy Blomquist/Harvard University)

The scientists then centered their experiments on the body’s sympathetic nervous system. This is the body system that controls “fight-or-flight” reactions in dangerous situations.

The sympathetic nervous system is made up of a collection of nerves that extend through the body, including the skin. When the mice were subjected to short-term pain or placed in stressful laboratory conditions, these nerves released a chemical called norepinephrine. The chemical then flowed through the stem cells up into the hair follicles -- where melanocytes are kept.

The researchers found that when the norepinephrine was released, all the melanocyte stem cells were highly activated and changed into pigment-producing cells. This overproduction process resulted in the early loss of color-producing cells.

Ya-Chieh Hsu said the experiments confirmed the team’s belief that stress is bad for the body. She added that the results demonstrated the harmful effects are more major than what the researchers had imagined. “After just a few days, all of the pigment-regenerating stem cells were lost. Once they’re gone, you can’t regenerate pigments anymore. The damage is permanent,” Hsu said.

Professor Ya-Chieh Hsu, senior author of the study, shows off a diagram of a hair follicle - complete with a helpful test mouse. Ya-Chieh Hsu has received the Rosslyn-Abramson award for teaching. (Jon Chase/Harvard Staff Photographer)
Professor Ya-Chieh Hsu, senior author of the study, shows off a diagram of a hair follicle - complete with a helpful test mouse. Ya-Chieh Hsu has received the Rosslyn-Abramson award for teaching. (Jon Chase/Harvard Staff Photographer)

The scientists said their research could lead to new treatments for stress-related graying in the future. Graying hair is just one example of how stress affects the body. New experiments could also be carried out in other areas, as well, the team said. These could include studies to see whether stress can also cause changes in body tissues.

Hsu said she would also like to study whether stress has a large effect on the overall aging process. “We don’t know if that is true yet. We are interested in finding out the link,” she said.

I’m Bryan Lynn.

Bryan Lynn wrote this story for VOA Learning English. Ashley Thompson was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments section, and visit our Facebook page.

Quiz - Scientists Discover How Stress Can Cause Gray Hair

Quiz - Scientists Discover How Stress Can Cause Gray Hair

Start the Quiz to find out

Words in This Story

stress – n. feelings or worry or nervousness caused by difficult situations or problems

anecdote – n. a short story that you tell someone about something that happened to you or someone else

follicle – n. any of the very small holes in the skin that a hair grows from

immune – adj. relating to the way the body fights disease

hormone – n. one of several chemicals produced in the body that influence growth and development

gland – n. an organ of the body that produces chemicals

pigment – n. a substance that gives something color

regenerate – v. to grow again or make something grow again



Hip-hop Music on the Rise in Thailand

January 24, 2020

Rapper Prinya
Rapper Prinya "DaBoyWay" Intachai at a hip hop concert in Bangkok, Thailand November 14, 2019. Picture taken November 14, 2019. (Def Jam Recording/Universal Music Thailand/Handout via REUTERS)
Hip-hop Music on the Rise in Thailand

New York City, the birthplace of hip-hop music, is thousands of kilometers away and, culturally, very different from northeastern Thailand.

But for Thai rapper RachYo, the language of hip hop is universal.

The 18-year-old artist appears in a recent music video recorded in a rice field. RachYo is sitting on an old truck, rapping about trouble in a love relationship. The video has 57 million views on YouTube.

“I rap about things that really happen to me,” RachYo told the Reuters news agency. Based in Thailand’s Nakhon Ratchasima province, the rapper says he mostly sings about girls.

The rising popularity of hip hop in Thailand has created stars that have drawn the attention of music industry leaders.

Def Jam Recordings is the main hip hop label of Universal Music Group, or UMG, one of the world’s three major music corporations. Dej Jam produces and publishes the work of some of the most popular hip-hop artists in the United States, including Rihanna, 2 Chainz and Kanye West. Last year it opened offices in Thailand and Singapore.

One of the first artists the company employed after expanding there was Thai rapper DaBoyWay. DaBoyWay has 1 million followers on the social media service Instagram, and is releasing a new album on Monday. Def Jam has also made agreements with five others from Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia.

Paul Sirisant heads the label’s operations in Bangkok. He says Def Jam plans to employ four more Thai artists this year.

Sirisant noted Thai artists stand out from others in Southeast Asia because the language already includes sounds that rhyme in daily speech. Rhyming, or using words or phrases that end in the same sounds, is a major element of hip-hop. So rapping in Thai sounds natural, he says.

The music has spread outside the nation’s major cities.

“Thailand has already tipped in a big way - it’s the paddy fields and hip hop,” Sirisant said. He adds that highly successful rappers can earn millions of dollars in Thailand.

In 2018, Thai media company Broadcaster Workpoint Entertainment launched a television program called The Rapper. Non-professional performers compete in the show to become the next rap star. The popularity of The Rapper helped connect the public and hip hop.

A group called Rap Against Dictatorship released a song in 2018 that received millions of views on YouTube. The song included the lyric “either eat the truth or bullets,” and criticized the military rule of the country. That rule ended in 2019.

Other new rap in Thailand comes from 19Tyger and H3NRI. Their song, Klong Toey is about life in a poor Bangkok neighborhood of the same name.

Maya Piyapan, 23, says his hip hop group, WARPGVNG, met over the internet and has members from across the country. The group, which will perform on January 31, raps about about getting into trouble and problems fame can cause among friends.

“Labels have reached out to me to help with production and content, but not as an artist” said Maya.

Production agreements, or record deals, are the dream for many artists, but not for RachYo. His recent video Nok, the Thai word for bird, received 80 million YouTube views, more than Thailand’s population of nearly 70 million.

He says he raps to express himself, but he is not interested in a record deal with a label.

“I like being home, in the country. I don’t really like to go anywhere,” he said.

I’m ­Pete Musto.

Chayut Setboonsarng reported this story for the Reuters news agency. Pete Musto adapted it for VOA Learning English. Caty Weaver was the editor. Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.


Words in This Story

rapper – n. a person who performs hip hop music, a kind of music that has words that are spoken with the rhythm instead of being sung

label – n. a company that produces musical recordings

element – n. a particular part of something, such as a situation or activity

tip(ped) – v. to change a situation so that something is more likely to happen

paddy – n. a wet field where rice is grown

lyric – n. the words of a song



6 Minute English


Women in politics

EPISODE 200123 / 23 JAN 2020


Thousands of women have signed up with 50:50 Parliament to register their interest in standing as an MP (Member of Parliament) in the UK. What's inspiring them to get involved? Sam and Georgina discuss the engagement of women in politics and teach you related vocabulary.

This week's question

Which country has the highest percentage of women in its parliament? Is it:

a) Rwanda

b) Sweden 

c) New Zealand

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.


to stand
to be a candidate in an election 

to see yourself (doing something)
to imagine that it is possible for you to do something 

the prospect of
the possibility of 

vocabulary and expressions related to a particular job 

a disadvantaged background
growing up in a family situation without much money 

to tailor (what you say)
to change (how you speak) to make it suitable for a particular group


Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript     

Hello. This is 6 Minute English, I'm Sam. 

And I'm Georgina. 

How do you do feel about politics, Georgina? 

Well, there’s a lot around at the moment! 

Yes, indeed! 

One thing I would like to see in politics, particularly British politics, is more women in parliament. About 34% of our MPs are women, which is the highest it’s ever been, but it’s still not close to 50%. 

In order to be elected though, you first have to stand, don’t you? 

Yes, we use the verb stand when you are a candidate someone can vote for. 

Women in politics is our topic today. Before we get into it, today’s question. Which country has the highest percentage of women in its parliament? Is it:
a) Rwanda
b) Sweden
c) New Zealand
What do you think, Georgina?

I’m not sure. I know New Zealand was one of the first countries to allow women to vote and they currently have a female prime minister – but I think it’s actually an African country. So I’m going to say Rwanda. 

OK. We’ll see if you’re correct at the end of the programme. There are a number of projects in the UK at the moment trying to get more women interested in standing for parliament. One of these is the campaign ‘sign-up-to-stand’ from an organisation called 50:50 Parliament. Lucrece Grehoua is someone who has taken up that challenge and is hoping to stand in upcoming elections. She was a guest on the BBC Radio programme Woman’s Hour. She wasn’t always interested in politics, though. How does she describe it? 

Lucrece Grehoua
I didn’t really see myself in the Houses of Parliament. When we see it on TV it looks extremely boring, politics looks boring, especially as a young person and so when I saw that 50:50 Parliament were including women and including young women, including a diverse range of young women, I thought ‘wow, this is really for me and it can be for me’. So I decided to #signuptostand. Ever since I’ve just been excited at the prospect of me standing for parliament.

What was her original feeling about politics? 

Boring! She thought it was boring, particularly as a young person. In fact she couldn’t see herself as a politician. She couldn’t imagine herself doing it. 

She says that she is now excited at the prospect of standing. What does she mean by that? 

The prospect of something is the possibility of something. So before, she thought it was boring, now she’s excited at the possibility that she could be a member of parliament. 

So, what was it that made her change her mind and think that politics wasn’t so boring after all? Here’s Lucrece Grehoua again. 

Lucrece Grehoua 
I think everybody has a politician within them because we all get anger about something but unfortunately when we see it, it’s all jargon, it’s not very… words that we can understand. Even just as a working class person who hasn’t, you know, been to a private school and who’s come from a disadvantaged background and so I realised politics is for absolutely everybody, it’s just the way that you speak about it has to be tailored to everyone. 

One of the things she didn’t like about politics was the jargon. 

Well, no one likes jargon, do they? Jargon is the very specific language and vocabulary relating to a particular profession. Inside the profession people know what it means, but from outside it can seem very complicated and confusing. 

Lucrece said she came from a disadvantaged background. This means that when she was growing up her family didn’t have very much money and that made life and study very difficult. 

But even though, or maybe because, she came from a disadvantaged background she has become interested in politics and thinks that it can be something for everyone, but rather than use jargon you have to tailor the way you speak for everyone. To tailor something is to make it fit – in the same way that a tailor makes clothes fit, you can tailor your language to make it easy for everyone to understand. And one way to do that is to cut out the jargon

That’s just about all we have time for today. But before we review the vocabulary, it’s time to get the answer to today’s quiz question. Which country has the highest percentage of women in its parliament? Is it:
a) Rwanda
b) Sweden
c) New Zealand
Georgina, what did you say? 

I made an educated guess of Rwanda. 

An educated guess and a correct guess. Well done. And well done to everyone else who got that right too! According to 2019 figures, Rwanda’s parliament has over 60% women MPs. Go Rwanda! OK, let’s remind ourselves of today’s vocabulary. 

Of course. To stand is the verb we use when someone is a candidate in an election – when someone stands for election you can vote for them. 

If you can see yourself as something, it means that you can imagine yourself doing that thing. 

The prospect of something, is the possibility of something, so for example, the prospect of becoming an MP is something that excites Lucrece. 

Something that we all hate, except when we use it ourselves, is jargon. Words and language that are very specific to a particular job and which are difficult for people outside that profession to understand. 

People who grow up without enough money and without access to education can be said to come from a disadvantaged background

And finally, to tailor something is to change it to make it suitable for a particular purpose. 

So for example, if you want to make politics accessible for more people, you have to tailor your language and cut out the jargon

Indeed! Well, it’s time for us to go now, but do join us again soon. Bye for now. 





Immigration Police join efforts at airports to prevent spread of Wuhan virus

Jan 27. 2020

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Immigration Police are working with the Department of Disease Control and Airports of Thailand Pcl (AOT) in monitoring major airports to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus.

Pol Colonel Cherngron Rimphadee, deputy spokesman of Immigration Police, said: “We have assigned separate bays for planes arriving from Wuhan and Guangzhou to screen infected travellers at Suvarnabhumi, Don Mueang, Phuket and Chiang Mai international airports,” he said. “Furthermore, to ensure the safety of immigration staff who have to be in contact with over 60,000 passengers daily, we have come up with measures to prevent the spreading of germs and viruses.”

The measures announced by Immigration Police are as follows:

➤ Enforce an hourly cleanup of passenger screening areas, including the passport checking booths, form filling counters, as well as equipments that have direct contact with passengers, with disinfectant and alcohol spray.

➤ All immigration police and airport staff must wear masks and gloves while working or communicating with passengers.

➤ Disinfectant dispensers will be provided at passport checking booths and passengers will be encouraged to clean their hands before entering the booths.

➤ Passengers’ behaviour will be closely monitored and those who display flu symptoms, such as frequent sneezing and coughing, will be separated from the public. The Department of Disease Control staff will be asked to check their condition.

➤ Managers and commanders must monitor their subordinates’ condition and alert medical staff immediately if they display abnormality.

Furthermore, the AOT has installed thermo-scanners at screening points of passengers from cities on the watch list as per International Civil Aviation Organization standards, the deputy spokesman added.

Thailand, Laos target big jump in bilateral trade

Jan 27. 2020
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By The Nation

Thailand and Laos will hold negotiations late next month with the goal of giving a big boost to bilateral trade next year.

Auramon Supthaweethum, director-general of Thailand’s Trade Negotiations Department, revealed that on February 25-26 there will be a meeting of the Thai-Laos cooperation plan at the ministerial level. There will also be a meeting between the Ministry of Commerce of Thailand and the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Laos in Bangkok with the goal of promoting cooperation in trade and investment.

They aim to nearly double bilateral trade from the 2016 figure of $5.9 billion to around $11 billion by 2021, she said.

In 2018, bilateral trade amounted to $6.73 billion, increasing by 9.21 per cent over 2017 with Thailand enjoying a trade surplus. Thai exports to Laos amounted to $4.12 billion and Thai imports from Laos were valued at $2.61 billion.

Laos is Thailand's 21st biggest partner in the world market and eighth largest trading partner in Asean. Exports included refined oil, cars, equipment and components, livestock products, iron, steel, chemicals and cosmetics, soaps, etc while major imports were fuel (electricity), metal ore, electrical machinery and components, electrical appliances, vegetables, fruits, cement, etc.

Meanwhile, the third meeting of the Thai-Maldives Joint Trade Committee (JTC) at the ministerial level will also be held. The Maldives is Thailand’s 84th largest trading partner in the world market and the fifth in South Asia behind India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. The meeting aims to promote investment and reduce trade barriers, especially in tourism. The Maldives has many tourists visiting each year, resulting in tourism investment, especially in the service sector, hotels, restaurants, spas, etc. Therefore, there is a need for construction equipment, furniture, various machinery including personnel who will help service training and premium products for tourists, she said.

“This is an opportunity for Thailand to expand further in accordance with the policy of Jurin Laksanawisit, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Commerce,” she added.

Trade between Thailand and Maldives during the first 11 months of 2019 (January to November) was valued at $170.28 million. Thai exports accounted for $108.60 million. Exports included motorcycles and components, plastic products, clothes, furniture, machinery and mechanical components. Thailand’s imports totalled $61.69 million, including products such as fresh, chilled, frozen, processed and semi-processed aquatic animals, metal products, textile products and publications etc.

“Maldives is a tourist destination that many tourists want to visit. Therefore, the restaurant, spa, and hotel service businesses are likely to grow. It is an opportunity for Thailand which has potential in this field to invest and open the market for premium products,” said Auramon.

Auramon said the 12th Thailand-India JTC Meeting is expected to take place in March in New Delhi while the Thailand-South Africa JTC meeting at senior officer level will be held on February 18 in Pretoria.



January 27, 2020 





ถึง บล็อกเกอร์ ทุกท่าน โปรดอ่าน
   ด้วยทาง บริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ จำกัด (มหาชน) ได้ติดต่อขอความร่วมมือ มายังเว็บไซต์และเว็บบล็อกต่าง ๆ รวมไปถึงเว็บบล็อก OKnation ห้ามให้มีการเผยแพร่ผลงานอันมีลิขสิทธิ์ ของบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ บนเว็บ blog โดยกำหนดขอบเขตของสิ่งที่ห้ามทำ และสามารถทำได้ ดังนี้
- การใส่ผลงานเพลงต้นฉบับให้ฟัง ทั้งแบบควบคุมเพลงได้ หรือซ่อนเป็นพื้นหลัง และทั้งที่อยู่ใน server ของคุณเอง หรือ copy code คนอื่นมาใช้
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- การใส่เพลงที่ร้องไว้เอง ต้องระบุชื่อผู้ร้องต้นฉบับให้ชัดเจน
จึงเรียนมาเพื่อโปรดปฎิบัติตาม มิเช่นนั้นทางบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ จะให้ฝ่ายดูแลลิขสิทธิ์ ดำเนินการเอาผิดกับท่านตามกฎหมายละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์

1 การเขียน หรือแสดงความคิดเห็นใด ๆ ต้องไม่หมิ่นเหม่ หรือกระทบต่อสถาบันชาติ ศาสนา และพระมหากษัตริย์ หรือกระทบต่อความมั่นคงของชาติ
2. ไม่ใช้ถ้อยคำหยาบคาย ดูหมิ่น ส่อเสียด ให้ร้ายผู้อื่นในทางเสียหาย หรือสร้างความแตกแยกในสังคม กับทั้งไม่มีภาพ วิดีโอคลิป หรือถ้อยคำลามก อนาจาร
3. ความขัดแย้งส่วนตัวที่เกิดจากการเขียนเรื่อง แสดงความคิดเห็น หรือในกล่องรับส่งข้อความ (หลังไมค์) ต้องไม่นำมาโพสหรือขยายความต่อในบล็อก และการโพสเรื่องส่วนตัว และการแสดงความคิดเห็น ต้องใช้ภาษาที่สุภาพเท่านั้น
4. พิจารณาเนื้อหาที่จะโพสก่อนเผยแพร่ให้รอบคอบ ว่าจะไม่เป็นการละเมิดกฎหมายใดใด และปิดคอมเมนต์หากจำเป็นโดยเฉพาะเรื่องที่มีเนื้อหาพาดพิงสถาบัน
5.การนำเรื่อง ภาพ หรือคลิปวิดีโอ ที่มิใช่ของตนเองมาลงในบล็อก ควรอ้างอิงแหล่งที่มา และ หลีกเลี่ยงการเผยแพร่สิ่งที่ละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นรูปแบบหรือวิธีการใดก็ตาม 6. เนื้อหาและความคิดเห็นในบล็อก ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับทีมงานผู้ดำเนินการจัดทำเว็บไซต์ โดยถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบทางกฎหมายเป็นการส่วนตัวของสมาชิก
OKnation ขอสงวนสิทธิ์ในการปิดบล็อก ลบเนื้อหาและความคิดเห็น ที่ขัดต่อความดังกล่าวข้างต้น โดยไม่ต้องชี้แจงเหตุผลใดๆ ต่อเจ้าของบล็อกและเจ้าของความคิดเห็นนั้นๆ

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