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                      Salute, for the good health

How are you today?

Sometimes you are invited to a night party at your friend's house. Or at your own home. There is a traditional ceremony

of the host of the event is to invite participants to drink. Which is called 'salute' that everyone has to rais up the glass in

hand over youf head.

Well, don't forget to say "salute" at every party.

 

 

 

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream https://youtu.be/NbKzACYrWZQ

Watch ABC News live https://youtu.be/sx4e405BJxs

 

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Scientists Aim to Explore Area of Life 1000 Meter Under the Sea

4 hours ago

A manta ray swims near the submersible during a dive off the coast of the island of St. Joseph in the Seychelles, Monday April 8, 2019. For more than a month researchers from Nekton, a British-led scientific research charity, have been exploring deep below the waves to document c
A manta ray swims near the submersible during a dive off the coast of the island of St. Joseph in the Seychelles, Monday April 8, 2019. For more than a month researchers from Nekton, a British-led scientific research charity, have been exploring deep below the waves to document c
 

A team of scientists plans to explore a little-known part of the ocean to search for new sea life and to investigate the effects of pollution and climate change.

The scientists will enter what they call the “Midnight Zone” of the Indian Ocean. It is an area at a depth of about 1,000 meters below the surface where light does not reach but life still thrives. The project is expected to begin on March 16 and to last about five weeks. The scientists aim to explore huge underwater mountains also known as seamounts.

The scientists involved in the project are part of Nekton, an ocean research group that works with the University of Oxford in Britain. They are working with the Seychelles' and Maldives' governments in an effort to protect ocean areas.

Oliver Steeds is the director of the Nekton effort. He told the Associated Press that the area his team will explore is home to many forms of life. “What we do know is that beneath 1,000 meters, there’s no light down there, but a lot of animals…are bioluminescent. It’s life that glows,” he said.

Speaking to AP in Barcelona, Spain, Steed noted that this team was going into an unknown part of the ocean.

A submarine unlike any other

The Nekton scientists will be using one of the most modern deep sea submarines in the world. It is named Limiting Factor.

Last August, the Limiting Factor completed another project: to dive to the deepest point in each of the world’s five oceans. That effort was called the Five Deeps Expedition. The deepest of these dives took the submarine to nearly 11,000 meters below sea level.

The Limiting Factor is built to withstand the huge pressure that exists in the ocean’s deepest places. The compartment for the crew of two people is surrounded by titanium nine centimeters thick. The submarine also carries enough emergency oxygen for up to 96 hours.

Robert McCallum is the leader of the expedition. He said vehicles that can dive deep into the ocean are rare.

The scientists will use sensors and mapping technology to identify new species and landforms deep beneath the sea. But, they also want to observe the effects humans have on the deep sea environment. They will be trying to measure the presence of plastic pollution and possible effects of climate change.

Limiting Factor crew already have seen evidence that pollution is affecting places considered untouched. In May, they saw a plastic bag at the bottom of the Mariana Trench, the deepest point in the world’s oceans.

The manned submersible emerges from the water after a dive off the coast of the island of St. Joseph in the Seychelles, Monday April 8, 2019. For more than a month researchers from Nekton, a British-led scientific research group.
The manned submersible emerges from the water after a dive off the coast of the island of St. Joseph in the Seychelles, Monday April 8, 2019. For more than a month researchers from Nekton, a British-led scientific research group.


Dan Laffoley is a marine expert for the International Union for Conservation of Nature, a group based in Switzerland. He said exploration of the Earth’s living space is extremely important. He added, “…over 90 percent of that living space is in the ocean and most of that ocean is unexplored.”

Laffoley said it is urgent, during a time of change, “…that we get people down there, we get eyes in the ocean and we see what’s happening.”

The Nekton scientists will combine their observations with an earlier study of the deep Indian Ocean last year. They plan to present their findings in 2022.

I’m Mario Ritter, Jr.

James Brooks wrote this story for AP. Mario Ritter Jr. adapted it for VOA Learning English. Hai Do was the editor.

Do you think deep sea exploration is important for our knowledge of Earth? Let us know in the comment section below.

 

Quiz - Scientists Aim to Explore Area of Life 1000 Meter Under the Sea

Quiz - Scientists Aim to Explore Area of Life 1000 Meter Under the Sea

Start the Quiz to find out

________________________________________________

Words in This Story

thrive –v. to grow and develop successfully

compartment –n. a separate area within a vehicle

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LEARNING ENGLISH TV

VOA60 February 14, 2020

 
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LEARNING ENGLISH TV

VOA60 February 14, 2020

6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Why more of us are getting fitter together

EPISODE 171123 / 23 NOV 2017

Group exercise has become very popular in recent years. Rob and Catherine talk about going to the gym and why gym membership is becoming increasingly popular and teach you new vocabulary.

This week's question 

How many people are members of a gym, here in the UK? Is it...

a) 1 in 2,

b) 1 in 7 or

c) 1 in 10? 

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary 

motivating
something that makes us want to do something

push yourself
force yourself to try harder

work out
to exercise in order to improve your health and fitness

fragmented
broken up into small pieces

tribal
something that belongs to a group of people who live together and share the same language and culture

commune
to get close to someone or something

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript 

Rob
Hello, I'm Rob. Welcome to Six Minute English, where we get together to discuss an interesting topic along with six useful items of vocabulary to wrestle with.

Catherine
Yes, hello I'm Catherine. And today's topic is all about togetherness – because we're talking about going to the gym and why gym membership is becoming increasingly popular. So Rob… do you head off to your local gym after work?

Rob
No – I hate group exercise. I prefer to go for a run on my own. It's free, and I enjoy being outdoors. How about you Catherine?

Catherine
I really like group exercise Rob. I find it's very motivating.

Rob
When something is motivating it makes us want to do something. So what motivates you to go to the gym, Catherine?

Catherine
Well I go because I really like the spin classes.

Rob
Is that where you cycle on the spot while an instructor shouts at you?

Catherine
Well, yes that's the one! If I wasn't in a class, I don't think I would push myself so hard. I need someone to shout at me – to make me go faster and get up those hills.

Rob
Good and if you push yourself you force yourself to try harder – you set yourself a challenge. OK, Catherine – well you are part of a growing trend of people who like to work out – or exercise in a gym. So perhaps you can tell me, how many people are members of a gym, here in the UK? Is it…
a) 1 in 2,
b) 1 in 7 or
c) 1 in 10?

Catherine
I'm going to go for 1 in 10.

Rob
Well – we'll find out if you chose the right answer later on. Now let's listen to Philip Mills – he runs the sports fitness company Les Mills – named after his father, who was a track and field athlete who represented New Zealand for twenty years. Philip has a theory to explain why group exercise has become so popular in recent years.

Philip Mills, CEO of Les Mills International
As people have become more sedentary they've realised that they need to move for their health. We work about 35% more hours than we used to work in the 60s. And people are too busy to play sports. Society has become fragmented and a lot of the things that used to bring people together don't exist anymore. But, you know, we're tribal animals – pack animals – and the gym has been one of the things that helps people to commune.

Catherine
Yes our sedentary lifestyles! We do all spend too much time sitting down, don't we, Rob?

Rob
Yes, and according to Philip we're probably spending more time sitting down than we used to because we're working a lot more.

Catherine
And because we're busier with work, we have less time to take exercise.

Rob
So why are we choosing to go to the gym these days, rather than heading down to the park to play football? Philip Mills thinks it's because society has become fragmented – and we're losing the social connectedness that made it easy to get together and take exercise.

Catherine
And fragmented means broken up into small pieces, by the way. The thing is, we miss that social connectedness – that feeling of belonging to a group – because we are essentially tribal animals. And a tribe is a group of people who live together and they share the same language and the same culture.

Rob
So even now most of us have left tribal society behind, we still want to feel like we're part of a group that we can commune with – which means to get close to someone or something.

Catherine
But the question is Rob, does group exercise at the gym actually succeed in connecting us with other people?

Rob
Well, Philip Mills thinks in the future we'll be cycling inside a video game using computer graphics – you know, visiting other planets, travelling to different times…

Catherine
Wow! But people will then be communing with a computer Rob, not really with each other?

Rob
I'm afraid so. And you won't even have a real instructor barking instructions at you!

Catherine
Well I suppose a computer will have a virtual instructor who will also be equally motivating!

Rob
Yes, I expect so. Now, remember I asked you, Catherine: How many people are members of a gym, here in the UK?

Catherine
I do remember you asking me that Rob and I said 1 in 10.

Rob
And you were wrong, I'm afraid! Figures collected by Leisure Data Base, a company that has audited the fitness industry for fifteen years, show that one in seven of the UK population is a member of a gym. And more and more will be signing up. Total membership could soon exceed ten million for the first time.

Catherine
Wow!

Rob
OK, now let's talk through the vocabulary items we heard today. Number one is 'motivating' – meaning something that makes us want to do something – 'I don't find the idea of cycling in a small room very motivating.'

Catherine
Now number two – If you push yourself, you force yourself to try harder – 'It's important to push yourself if you want to do well in your exams.'

Rob
Good advice there, Catherine. Next up is 'work out' – which means to exercise in order to improve your health and fitness. For example, 'Catherine works out three times a week by cycling on the spot.' Our fourth word is 'fragmented' or broken up into small pieces. For example, 'I suffer from fragmented sleep. I wake up five or six times a night.'

Catherine
Poor you! Alright, number four is 'tribal' – and the noun is 'tribe' – a group of people who live together and share the same language and culture.

Rob
'Football fans often wear the tribal colours of the team they support – some paint their faces too.'

Catherine
And finally we heard 'commune', which means to get close to someone or something. For example, Rob likes to commune with nature when he goes running. He enjoys the way the landscape changes with the seasons.'

Rob
Well said, Catherine. Now, that's all we have time for today. But if you would like to commune with us via our Facebook, Twitter or YouTube pages, please do so.

Catherine/Rob
Bye!

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As verdict looms, campaign launched to prevent dissolution of Future Forward Party

Feb 17. 2020
Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit
Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit
Facebook Twitter

By The Nation

Prominent figures and celebrities have joined a campaign against the dissolution of the Future Forward Party (FWP) ahead of the Constitutional Court verdict on Friday (February 21).

Both camps -- supporters and rivals of FWP -- have launched political campaigns on www.change.org platform.

Charnvit Kasetsiri, an FWP member and former rector of Thammasat University, has launched a campaign against dissolution of the party. Among prominent academics joining the campaign are Seksan Prasertkul, Sulak Sivaraksa, Nidhi Eawsriwong and Gothom Arya. Seksan was a student leader during the October 14, 1973 uprising against the then-military government while Sulak is an outspoken social critic. Nidhi Eawsriwong is a well-known history professor and columnist while Gothom Arya is adviser to Mahidol University’s Institute for Human Rights and Peace.

Also joining the campaign are celebrities from the entertainment industry such as Kachapa Tanchareon ( Moddum), a TV show host, and business leaders Banyong Pongpanich and Prida Tiasuwan.

The Constitutional Court had dissolved the Thai Raksa Chart Party before the March general election over the party naming a member of the Royal Family as its prime minister candidate. The court has in the past dissolved Thaksin Shinawatra’s Thai Rak Thai and its successor People’s Power Party.

Gothom told The Nation on Sunday that there were two reasons behind his signing up for the campaign; first, dissolving a political party is against advancing the cause of democracy, and secondly, law enforcement authorities have applied double standards.

“As I understand, countries rarely dissolve any political party since it is a very important issue. Political parties are essential institutions for the development of democracy,” he said.

“In Thailand, we have witnessed many political parties being dissolved and such actions have derailed democracy,” he stated.

In this specific case, the FWP has been targeted by the Election Commission and others for many legal reasons, but other parties are spared even though they may be involved in many controversial actions, Gotom lamented.

“I think law enforcement authorities have applied discriminatory practices against the FWP,” he said.

Asked about the risk of landing in trouble for joining the campaign if the judges rule such a campaign is contempt of court, Gothom admitted that he was not keen on this legal aspect.

More than 31,000 people had signed up at 7.10pm on Sunday while there is also a campaign to dissolve the FWP for which 2,355 people have already signed up.

Many political observers believe that dissolving the FWP will lead to large-scale street protests. The party has strongly supported the young generation and liberal voters, which earned the party 80 MP seats in the House of Representatives after the March general election, making it the third-biggest party in terms of seats in the house.

Some have suggested that the court should defer the verdict reading as it is set for just few days before the no-confidence debate in Parliament will take place. They have argued that the timing of the verdict would affect the Parliament debate while others argue people should not put pressure on the court.

.............................................................

Thai female medical staff infected

Feb 15. 2020
Facebook Twitter

By THE NATION

A Thai medical staffer was confirmed infected with Covid-19, bringing the number of confirmed cases to 34, the Department of Disease Control (DDC) reported on Saturday (February 15).

Since medical staff are at higher risk as they must have been in contact with infected persons and sometimes are exposed to other kinds of diseases, the DDC has been closely monitoring their conditions around the clock. “At present we have 24 more staff taking care of patients infected with Covid-19, none of whom has shown any symptoms and have tested negative for the virus,” said Suwanchai. “As for the infected staffer, she lives alone and has not made any contact with other people recently.”

The director-general also added that today another infected patient was discharged as she had fully recovered. “A female Chinese tourist aged 56 went home today,” he said. “This brings the number of confirmed infected people currently under hospital care to 20, while 14 have recovered and been released.”

“The Chinese authority reported yesterday [Friday February 14] that as of February 11 up to 1,716 Chinese medical staff were infected with the virus, or 3.8 per cent of total infected cases. Of the total, six had died, or 0.4 per cent of the total Covid-19 death toll,” said Suwanchai. “The Ministry of Public Health therefore would like to insist that all medical staff in both the government and private sectors to strictly follow the virus prevention and control measures and use appropriate protective equipment when interacting with patients.”

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 .....................................................................
 
FINISHED

February 2020

 

 

 


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กฎกติกาการเขียนเรื่องและแสดงความคิดเห็น
1 การเขียน หรือแสดงความคิดเห็นใด ๆ ต้องไม่หมิ่นเหม่ หรือกระทบต่อสถาบันชาติ ศาสนา และพระมหากษัตริย์ หรือกระทบต่อความมั่นคงของชาติ
2. ไม่ใช้ถ้อยคำหยาบคาย ดูหมิ่น ส่อเสียด ให้ร้ายผู้อื่นในทางเสียหาย หรือสร้างความแตกแยกในสังคม กับทั้งไม่มีภาพ วิดีโอคลิป หรือถ้อยคำลามก อนาจาร
3. ความขัดแย้งส่วนตัวที่เกิดจากการเขียนเรื่อง แสดงความคิดเห็น หรือในกล่องรับส่งข้อความ (หลังไมค์) ต้องไม่นำมาโพสหรือขยายความต่อในบล็อก และการโพสเรื่องส่วนตัว และการแสดงความคิดเห็น ต้องใช้ภาษาที่สุภาพเท่านั้น
4. พิจารณาเนื้อหาที่จะโพสก่อนเผยแพร่ให้รอบคอบ ว่าจะไม่เป็นการละเมิดกฎหมายใดใด และปิดคอมเมนต์หากจำเป็นโดยเฉพาะเรื่องที่มีเนื้อหาพาดพิงสถาบัน
5.การนำเรื่อง ภาพ หรือคลิปวิดีโอ ที่มิใช่ของตนเองมาลงในบล็อก ควรอ้างอิงแหล่งที่มา และ หลีกเลี่ยงการเผยแพร่สิ่งที่ละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นรูปแบบหรือวิธีการใดก็ตาม 6. เนื้อหาและความคิดเห็นในบล็อก ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับทีมงานผู้ดำเนินการจัดทำเว็บไซต์ โดยถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบทางกฎหมายเป็นการส่วนตัวของสมาชิก
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