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วันศุกร์ ที่ 28 กุมภาพันธ์ 2563
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Thai people value their friends very much. Honesty between friends is important for both parties to follow at all times. But in some countries, the peoples of that country do not think so. But thinking that taking advantage of friends should be done. Because of shows that he is smarter than the other party.

American was the people that I mean.

Many thanks for both Google Translate and G Grammarly.

 

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/is6Mv1U2hvw

Watch ABC News Live https://youtu.be/-mNZhFq_FPQ


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6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Eating pond scum

EPISODE 200227 / 27 FEB 2020

 

Introduction

How do you feed the world's ever-growing population when the amount of land available to grow things is getting smaller? Could pond scum be the answer? Scientists say this microalgae, which can be grown almost anywhere, could be part of the solution. Neil and Sam discuss the latest superfood craze and teach you some useful vocabulary too.

This week's question

What do the following three things have in common: oceans, snow and Neil's garden patio? 

a) They are all good places to relax
b) They are all very cold
c) They are all places where microalgae grow

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

pond scum
a slang name for microalgae like spirulina and chlorella

having a moment
becoming more well-known and popular at this moment in time; similar to ‘trending’

superfood
a type of food which is especially full of healthy nutrients like vitamins, minerals and protein

becoming stretched
not enough resources to meet people’s needs

sustainable intensification
food produced in ways which don’t damage the environment or use new land

organism
any plant or animal life form

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript     

Neil
Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. I’m Neil.

Sam
And I’m Sam.

Neil
In this programme, we’ll be looking at an unusual food called microalgae and asking whether eating algae might be better for our health and the health of the planet. And of course, we’ll be looking at some of the related vocabulary along the way.

Sam
Yuck! I’m not sure about eating algae, Neil! I mean, what’s the strangest thing you’ve ever eaten?

Neil
Well, I once tried fried stick insect in Thailand… and I’ve had ants, as well, that were from Colombia.

Sam
Ah, OK, yeah – both fairly strange for us here in the UK. But what about pond scum, Neil?

Neil
Pond scum? Pond scum is the slang name for microalgae - green plant organisms, such as spirulina, which grow in water-like ponds and look a bit slimy or scummy before being dried. Here, we’re talking about edible algae, meaning it’s OK to eat.

Sam
More than OK, in fact – these types of food algae are actually good for your body! Microalgae like spirulina and chlorella are packed full of proteins, vitamins and antioxidants. Because they are so healthy, they’re having a moment right now, meaning they are becoming more well-known and popular.

Neil
Yes, microalgae is trending just now and for good reasons, which we’ll find out about later. But first, let me ask you our quiz question. What do the following three things have in common: oceans, snow and my garden patio? Is it…
a) They are all good places to relax
b) They are all very cold
c) They are all places where microalgae grow

Sam
Well, I know that oceans and snow are made up of water… but your garden patio? Did your barbeque get rained off again, Neil?

Neil
No, not quite, Sam! Well, hopefully you’ll know by the end of the programme. Now, I mentioned before that microalgae is sometimes called a superfood - a type of food which is essentially full of healthy vitamins, minerals and nutrients. But microalgae is not the first superfood to become popular.

Sam
That’s right. In the early 2010s, many juice bars started popping up in places around the world selling green smoothies - energy drinks made by blending healthy ingredients like kale, chard and spinach. The recent trend for microalgae and spirulina has been promoted in part by big drinks companies wanting to sell the latest brightly coloured smoothies.

Neil
And more and more, spirulina is also being used as a cooking ingredient – in hot dogs and meatballs – and as a protein-rich substitute for eggs in pasta and mayonnaise.

Sam
But as well as all these health benefits, there’s another advantage to microalgae superfoods - one that could potentially benefit the whole planet. BBC Radio 4’s The Food Programme asked Professor Alison Smith, Head of Plant Sciences at Cambridge University, to explain:

Alison Smith
As the population of the world increases and the land that’s available for agriculture is becoming stretched, there’s an interest in trying to increase productivity by other means…so sustainable intensification of agriculture is one way…

Neil
So food security is an issue - making sure enough nutritionally-rich food is produced to feed the growing world population. Alison Smith says the amount of agricultural land available for growing food is becoming stretched, meaning there are not enough resources, in this case farm land, to meet everyone’s needs.

Sam
Yes, and she mentions that one possible solution is sustainable intensification of agriculture - which means increasing food production in ways which don’t damage the environment or use new land.

Neil
Well, we know that microalgae are superfoods, nutritionally rich in vitamins and protein, but how do they help reduce the need for agricultural land? Alison Smith explains:

Alison Smith
…they can be grown in all sorts of locations – in water, in oceans, in ponds, lakes and so on, even on your patio and on snow… so one of the possibilities is to produce these organisms in cities and towns because they don’t need the open landscape to be grown.

Sam
I think I’ve spotted the answer to your quiz question, Neil.

Neil
Oh yes? I asked what oceans, snow and my patio have in common.
a) They are all good places to relax
b) They are all very cold
c) They are all places where microalgae grows

Sam
The answer is c ) - places where microalgae can grow! What an amazing plant! I think I’m going to stop calling it pond scum and use the correct scientific name Prof Smith mentioned, organisms.

Neil
Today’s programme was all about microalgae like spirulina, a green, edible food algae which some people call pond scum, although scientifically speaking it’s an organism, meaning an animal or plant life form.

Sam
Yes, and this plant life form is also called a superfood, because it’s especially rich in vitamins, minerals and nutrients which promote good health.

Neil
Superfoods are having a moment right now, meaning they’re becoming more popular or trending because they’re so healthy.

Sam
And another benefit of microalgae is that it grows almost anywhere. So it doesn’t use much agricultural land, which is becoming stretched, meaning there’s not enough of it to meet the world’s food needs. Sustainable intensification is another possible solution to this problem, because it is a way of increasing food production without harming the environment or using new land. Don’t forget you can find lots more learning materials and topical vocabulary on our website at bbclearningenglish.com. And please join us again soon. Bye for now!

Neil
Bye!

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Friday, February 28, 2020

 

 

[News Focus] Overseas Korean food fairs to entice palates

Feb 15. 2020
The Korea Agro-Fisheries & Food Trade Corp. operates a promotion booth for Korean food in Paris. This year’s K-food Fair in the city is slated for September. (Agriculture Ministry)
The Korea Agro-Fisheries & Food Trade Corp. operates a promotion booth for Korean food in Paris. This year’s K-food Fair in the city is slated for September. (Agriculture Ministry)
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By Kim Yon-se
The Korea Herald

SEJONG -- South Korea’s food producers are pinning high hopes on the overseas K-food Fair events this year on the back of the growing popularity of local dishes thanks to TV programs and movies.

Small and medium-sized enterprises mostly participate in the events, organized by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs and the state-funded Korea Agro-Fisheries & Food Trade Corp.

This year, the fair will be held in eight big cities with the participation of 252 companies in total -- around 20 to 50 local companies in each location -- between May and November, according to the Agriculture Ministry.

The first of the eight events will kick off in Moscow from May 23-25. Russians have expressed great interest in Korean cup ramen (instant noodles).

The next destination of the K-food Fair slated for June 13-16 is New York, targeting buyers from the US, Canada and Mexico as well as ordinary consumers. Business-to-business and business-to-consumer events will be held at a hotel and convention center, respectively, in Manhattan.

(Graphic by Kim Sun-young/The Korea Herald)

(Graphic by Kim Sun-young/The Korea Herald)

Jakarta will mark the third venue of the event, scheduled for July 9-12, amid Korean policymakers’ effort to make inroads into the largest market. Indonesia has the world’s fourth-largest population and ranks 14th in terms of area.

While the fourth is scheduled for Vietnam’s Hanoi this August, dates and exhibition places are yet to be confirmed. Park Hang-seo, a Korean soccer hero and the head coach of the Vietnamese national soccer team, has been the honorary ambassador for Korean farm products since 2018.

Paris is the venue for the fifth event from Sept. 10-12, followed by Bangkok from Sept. 24-27. Both of them will target B2B deals for export contracts and B2C for public promotion.

“Europe was regarded as an unexplored market for Korean farmers,” a ministry official said. “But awareness of Korean cuisine has risen rapidly over the past few years on the back of participation by domestic exporters in international food fairs.”

He said that jjajangmyeon (noodles in black bean sauce) and tangsuyuk (pork or beef with sour and sweet sauce) are showing growth potential overseas, just like bulgogi (marinated beef), galbi (steamed ribs) and kimchi.

Among traditionally popular items in the past fairs were ginseng, gim (dried laver), makgeolli (alcoholic drink from fermented rice), kimchijeon (kimchi pancake) and tteokbokki (stir-fried rice cake), according to organizers.

Shanghai and Dubai will mark the next two locations for this year’s food fair tour, which are slated for Oct. 21-25 and Nov. 3-4, respectively.

According to the ministry, the eight fairs will offer demonstrations, consultations and networking opportunities. And companies will be matched based on their needs, creating opportunities for future business.

Meanwhile, the government has the daunting task of reducing the trade deficit in agricultural products involving fresh food.

Last year, the Trade Ministry asked other ministries, including the Agriculture Ministry, to map out measures to reinvigorate the nation’s exports amid the lackluster performance.

When it comes to farm product exports, Korea has faced hurdles such as protectionism by advanced countries despite bilateral trade pacts.

The National Assembly Research Service issued a warning about the trade deficit in the farming industry in a report.

“There is a need to protect the local market to prevent the trade balance in the agriculture-livestock segment from worsening further,” it said. “(The government) should provide support for industries that have suffered losses.”

It also cited the steady trade deficit with the US in the area of farm products. Noting that the deficit started in 2011, it said livestock product imports from the world’s largest economy has grown sharply.

 .............................................................

PM promises 50 per cent reduction in Army generals

 

 

Feb 28. 2020

 

Prayut Chan-o-cha, File Photo
Prayut Chan-o-cha, File Photo

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By The Nation

Thailand’s military is being reformed to reduce corruption among military commanders, Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha said on Thursday (February 27).

He said the military would get smaller, as the Defence Ministry has demanded just 500,000 soldiers while only 40 per cent had willingly registered.

“The generals will be reduced by 50 per cent,” the premier said. “The figure of tanks for each battalion will drop from 51 to 44 units.”

The issue of high-ranking commanders ordering soldiers to serve them by running their errands was mentioned by the PM, who said that there would be punishment for such behaviour.

“I’m worried about corruption in the Army,” he said. “So, the wrongdoers must be eliminated by punishment according to hierarchical order. The higher their ranks are, the more severe punishment.”

Regarding submarines, Prayut said that they were necessary since Thailand’s marine territory had the value of Bt24 trillion per year and the neighbouring countries also possessed submarines -- Vietnam has 6, Indonesia 5 and Singapore 4.

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FINISHED

February 28, 2020

 

 


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