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วันเสาร์ ที่ 29 กุมภาพันธ์ 2563
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                 Leave no one behind! Go together to the achievement!

How are you doing?

Why does February have 28 days and sometimes 29?
 
February's 28 days date back to the second king of Rome, Numa Pompilius. Before he became king, Rome's lunar
 
calendar was just 10 months long. ... But, in order to reach 355 days, one month had to be an even
 
number. February was chosen to be the unlucky month with 28 days.30 ม.ค. 2558

 

 

 

February 29 is a date that usually occurs every four years, and is called the leap day. This day is added to the calendar

in leap years as a corrective measure because the Earth does not orbit the sun in precisely 365 days. It orbits the Sun

or 365 days and 6 hours.

What happens if your born on the 29th February?
 
Once every four years, people born on Feb29 actually get to celebrate their birthday. That's right, Monday is leap day,
 
the extra day added every fourth year to help fix the problem that while our calendar year is 365 days, the solar year —
 
the amount of time it takes the Earth to circle the sun — is 365.24219 days.28 ก.พ. 2559

How Do You Celebrate A Leap Year Birthday? : NPR

www.npr.org › 2016/02/28 › how-do-you-celebrate-a-leap-year-birthday

 Many thanks to Google Translate and G Grammarly as well.

 
Home   Calendar   Leap Day Trivia

When Do Leap Day Babies Celebrate Their Birthdays?

By Konstantin Bikos and Vigdis Hocken

Leaplings, people born on leap day, celebrate their birthdays either February 28 or March 1 in common years.

Illustration image

When do “leapers” celebrate their birthdays?

©iStockphoto.com/shironosov

When Is the Next Leap Day?

The next leap day is February 29, 2020.

The last leap day was on February 29, 2016.

Leapling Birthdays

Leap year day on February 29 occurs nearly every four years. However, leap day babies, (leaplings, leapers, or leapsters) still get to celebrate their birthday in common years. Some celebrate on February 28, some prefer March 1.

When and what is Leap Day?

However, many countries have laws defining which date a person born on February 29 comes of age in legal terms. For instance in New Zealand, the official birthday falls on February 28 in common years; in other countries like the United Kingdom, leap year babies have to wait until March 1.

Leap Year World Records

According to the Guinness Book of Records, the only verified example of a family producing three consecutive generations born on February 29 is that of the Keogh family. Peter Anthony was born in Ireland on a Leap Day in 1940, while his son, Peter Eric, was born in the UK on February 29, 1964. Peter Eric's daughter, Bethany Wealth, was also a Leap Day baby, born in the UK on February 29, 1996.

Leap Day Traditions and Superstitions

The Henriksen family from Andenes, Norway currently holds the official record for the most number of children born in one family on leap day. Karin Henriksen gave birth to three children on February 29; her daughter Heidi in 1960 and her sons Olav and Leif-Martin in 1964 and 1968.

 

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6 Minute English

 

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

 

Bitcoin: digital crypto-currency

 

EPISODE 180104 / 04 JAN 2018

 

It’s something that makes the world go round, but it doesn’t really exist. In fact, if we all stopped believing in it, it would have no use at all! It is, of course, money. But not just any money, in this 6 minute English, we'll be talking about the infamous Bitcoin. A digital crypto-currency. Is it the same as 'real' money? Can it be trusted? Is it safe? Dan and Neil discuss the issue and teach you six items of vocabulary.

This week's question:

When was the Bitcoin crypto-currency first created?

a) 2004

b) 2009

c) 2013

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

currency
the money being used in a given country at a certain time

cryptic
mysterious or difficult to understand

legal tender
the official money that can be used within a country

fluctuates
changes in amount or level

soared
increased very quickly

scepticism
doubt that something is real or true

Transcript

Note: This is not a word for word transcript

Dan
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Dan and joining me today is Neil. Hey Neil.

Neil
Hello Dan. What’s on the agenda today?

Dan
Well, I’ll give you a clue. It’s something that makes the world go round, but it doesn’t really exist. In fact, if we all stopped believing in it, it would have no use at all! What is it?

Neil
I haven’t got a clue!

Dan
Ok...how about this? 

Neil
Money!

Dan
Yep! And not just any money, we’re talking about crypto-currency.

Neil
Currency is the money that’s being used in a given country at a certain time. But what about the cryptopart?

Dan
Well, crypto is a prefix meaning hidden or secret – it comes from the word cryptic which means mysterious or difficult to understand. You may have heard about the most popular crypto-currency at the moment, the Bitcoin.

Neil
Well I’ve certainly heard the name, but I can’t say I know what it is.

Dan
First our quiz question. When was the Bitcoin crypto-currency first created?

a)    2004

b)    2009

c)    2013

Neil
Well, I think 2004 may have been a little early, and I think 2013 could be a little late, so the smart money’s on 2009.

Dan
We’ll see if you’re right later on in the show. So…Bitcoin, what do you know about it?

Neil
Well, I know it’s a digital currency…so presumably you can use it online to buy things?

Dan
You are right on the money, which means correct, both times. Bitcoin is just like any other currency except for two things. First, it’s not printed by governments or banks, which means that it’s not legal tender.

Neil
Legal tender means the official money that can be used within a country. So that means we can’t use it to pay taxes or settle debts, right?

Dan
Exactly. Governments won’t recognise it as an official currency, although it acts just like one. You can use it to buy items from anyone who will accept it, and its value fluctuates.

Neil
Fluctuates means changes in level or amount. And what’s the second thing?

Dan
Ah, the second thing is that bitcoin is a digital currency, meaning that with the exception of a few tokens, it largely exists online only. You can’t carry a load of bitcoins around in your pocket!

Neil
Well, that makes a nice…change! 

Dan
Oh dear, Neil. Was that a money pun? Terrible!

Neil
So if it’s a digital only currency, where do new ones come from? Can’t I just say that I’ve got a million of them and make myself rich!?

Dan
Well, no. You see, even though Bitcoin is not regulated by a bank or government, it still has a process that stops people from cheating. There are only two ways to get bitcoins. You either trade them from someone, or you go mining.

Neil
Oh wait, I've heard about this. This is when you use your computer to run calculations which verify other Bitcoin transactions. You get rewarded for this ‘work’ by earning bitcoins.

Dan
Yep! It’s money for old rope, which means it’s an easy way to earn money.

Neil
Wow! I’m going to start mining immediately!

Dan
Well, you wouldn’t be the only one! Bitcoin’s value has recently gone up quite a lot and this has caused a lot of interest. In fact, one stock exchange in Chicago has begun trading in Bitcoin futures contracts.

Neil
A futures contract? What’s that?

Dan
I’ll let BBC correspondent Rory Cellan-Jones explain that.

INSERT
Rory Cellan-Jones, BBC correspondent
A futures contract, a bet on where the currency will be a month from now, soared above 18,000 dollars. That means that investors believe Bitcoin, which started the year worth under 1000 dollars will continue to rise in value, albeit at a slower rate.  But at the big banks there’s still plenty of scepticism about the currency.

Neil
Soared in this context means increased very quickly. So, now big investors are betting on the value of Bitcoin in the future.

Dan
Yes. But he also mentioned that the banks have a lot of scepticism. That's a doubt that something is real or true. In this case, whether Bitcoin is reliable or not.

Neil
Maybe it’s best I don’t get involved then. After all, a fool and his money are soon parted.

Dan
Well, you don’t have to be sceptical about the answer to our quiz. We know that for a fact. I asked you when the Bitcoin crypto-currency was first created.

a)    2004

b)    2009

c)    2013

Neil
And I said 2009.

Dan
And you were right! Well done. Shall we go over the vocabulary again?

Neil
First we had currency. That’s the money being used in a given country at a certain time. Name three currencies and their countries, Dan.

Dan
Ok. Baht for Thailand. Rupee for India and my favourite, Metical for Mozambique. Next we had cryptic. Something which is cryptic is mysterious or difficult to understand. For example, what do rich people need, poor people have and if you eat it, you die?

Neil
A cryptic riddle indeed! I’ll have to think about that. Then we had legal tender, that’s the official money that can be used within a country. The Euro is legal tender within Spain, but what was the legal tender before that?

Dan
Wasn’t it the Peseta? Then we had fluctuates. If something fluctuates, it changes in amount or level. The stock market fluctuates.

Neil
But my love for my family never does. Then we had soared, which means increased very quickly. It’s used with this meaning in the context of money, prices and statistics.

Dan
Finally we had scepticismScepticism is doubt that something is real or true. What sort of things are people sceptical about, Neil?

Neil
Some people think that human activity hasn’t caused climate change. They are sceptical.

Dan
And that brings us to the end of today’s 6 Minute English. Don’t forget to check out our Youtube, Facebook, Twitter and Instagram pages, and we’ll see you next time. Goodbye.

Neil
Goodbye

......................................................

Don Mueang school gets thorough cleaning to protect against Covid-19

Feb 28. 2020

Facebook Twitter

By The Nation

The Don Mueang District Office has undertaken a cleaning operation inside Watdonmuang School in Bangkok’s Don Mueang district on Thursday (February 27), including spraying disinfectants to prevent the outbreak of the Covid-19 virus.

He added that the district office planned to clean six affiliated schools for the safety of students, teachers, and people in the area.

“Previously, the district office had provided knowledge on how to wash hands and protect themselves from Covid-19 to teachers and students in schools under the district office,” he added. “Also, we set up sanitising points for washing hands inside schools as well.”

 

 ...................................................................

 

Thundershowers forecast for upper Thailand

Feb 29. 2020

Facebook Twitter

By THE NATION

Isolated thundershowers are forecast for the Central, the East and the South, the Thailand Meteorological Department forecast on Saturday (February 29).

From March 3-5, another high pressure will extend to upper Thailand and the South China Sea, resulting in thundershowers with gusty winds over upper Thailand, the department said.

People in the upper part of the country have been advised to stay safe from severe conditions and beware of big trees and unsecured billboards that could be brought down by the winds. Farmers are advised to prepare for damage to crops.

The weather forecast for the next 24 hours is as follows:

Northern region: Cool weather with light fog in the morning; temperature lows of 16-22 degrees and highs of 34-37 degrees Celsius. Temperature likely to drop to 6-14 degrees on hilltops.

Northeastern region: Cool weather with light fog in the morning; temperature lows of 18-21 degrees, highs of 33-34 degrees Celsius. Temperature likely to drop to 10-15 degrees on hilltops.

Central region: Partly cloudy with isolated light rains; temperature lows of 23-24 degrees, highs of 35-37 degrees Celsius.

Eastern region: Cloudy with isolated thundershowers; temperature lows of 22-25 degrees, highs of 28-37 degrees Celsius; waves a metre high.

Southern region (east coast): Partly cloudy with thundershowers in 10 per cent of the area; temperature lows of 22-26 degrees, highs of 32-35 degrees Celsius; waves a metre high.

Southern region (west coast): Partly cloudy with thundershowers in 10 per cent of the area; temperature lows of 23-25 degrees, highs of 33-36 degrees Celsius; waves a metre high.

Bangkok and surrounding areas: Mostly cloudy with thundershowers in 20 per cent of the area, temperature lows of 24-25 degrees, highs of 33-36 degrees Celsius.

..............................................................

 

Salary halved for boss of Bangkok Airways

Feb 28. 2020

Facebook Twitter

By THE NATION

Bangkok Airways Plc (BA) will impose stringent cost-reduction measures, including cutting the salaries of high-ranking executives, in response to the global economic slowdown and the impact of the Covid-19 virus, it said on Friday (February 28).

“Due to the economic downturn and the outbreak of Covid-19 affecting various industries worldwide, particularly the tourism and aviation sectors, Bangkok Airways has reviewed and adjusted its strategic plan in response,” said BA president Puttipong Prasarttong-Osoth.

The plan includes measures to reduce expenditures in order to continue effective business operations. The measures will be in effect from Sunday “until further notice”.

They include:

• A decrease in flight frequency and flight terminations on certain routes according to passenger demand

• Salaries halved for the CEO/president, executive vice president of corporate administration and senior vice president of finance and accounting

• No salary increments in 2020 for department heads

• Certain benefits reduced for all management and employees

• All station managers (overseas and elsewhere in Thailand) to return to Bangkok

• All staff take leave without pay of 10-30 days depending on job level

The airline said the measures will not affect aviation and flight operation safety or passenger services.

BA’s total revenue last year was Bt28.6 billion, up by 2.4 per cent compared to 2018. Net profit was Bt356.7 million, up by 35.3 per cent.

The airline carried 5.86 million passengers last year, down 1.6 per cent from 2018.

.................................................................

FINISHED

February 29,2020

 

 


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