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link@: 5 อันดับเพลงดี ที่มียอดวิวสูงสุด | The Golden Song เวทีเพลงเพราะ

 

 You may proud as you are Thai. Because of every time, it happened the worse in the country Thais will be assisted

by the King, Queen, and Royal families immediately. 

This case indicates the hand-in-hand go together between the Royal and people.

    As to my writing this article, I would like to thank G Grammarly which automatically assists me.

 

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/is6Mv1U2hvw

...............................................................

6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

What’s wetiquette?

EPISODE 171019 / 19 OCT 2017

How do you behave in a swimming pool? Do you respect other swimmers or do you end up in their way? Rob and Neil talk about 'wetiquette' and teach you other new vocabulary.

This week's question 

According to the US Water Quality and Health Council, how many people admitted to not showering before using the pool? Is it…

a) 7%,

b) 17% or

c) 70%. 

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary 

dos and don’ts
rules telling us how to behave in a particular situation

hot under collar
angry

lanes
the vertical sections of a swimming pool that are often labelled as ‘fast’, ‘medium’, and ‘slow’

misjudge
guess something wrongly

ego
our sense of how important we are

overtake
pass another person travelling in the same direction because you are going faster than them

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript 

Rob
Hi, I'm Rob and welcome to 6 Minute English, where we talk about an interesting topic and six items of related vocabulary.

Neil
And I’m Neil… And today we’re talking about wetiquette! What’s that, Rob?

Rob
I have no idea!

Neil
Well, you won’t find wetiquette in many dictionaries – it actually means ‘swimming pool etiquette’. W-etiquette – get it? Etiquette is a set of rules for how to behave in social situations. And wetiquette is a set of dos and don’ts to keep things calm in the water.

Rob
Dos and don’ts
 are also rules telling us how to behave. So things like ‘No running by the pool’ or ‘No diving in the shallow end’. Am I right?

Neil
Yes and no, Rob. Those are traditional swimming pool rules. But wetiquette covers slightly different things.

Rob
OK, well before we get to those, I have a question for you, Neil. According to the US Water Quality and Health Council, how many people admitted to not showering before using the pool? Is it…
a) 7%,
b) 17% or
c) 70%.

Neil
Well, I’m going to be optimistic and say 7%, Rob.

Rob
So I take it you do always take a shower before swimming, Neil?

Neil
Correct. Taking a quick shower is such an easy thing to do, and it stops all that horrible sweat and bacteria getting in the pool water! I can’t understand why some people don’t do it!

Rob
I can see it’s making you quite hot under the collar - and that means angry. Let’s listen to swimming specialist, Jenny Landreth, talking about what annoys her.

INSERT
Jenny Landreth, swimming specialist, interviewed by the BBC

Jenny Landreth: I'm very keen on my wetiquette in the pool.
Interviewer: It's that thing where people can get quite cross about, which is: Do you go around clockwise or anticlockwise? Do you overtake or not?
Jenny Landreth: People need a rule. We need to observe the rules of the pool and I'm very keen on that. Most other swimmers will suffer from lane rage if people are in the wrong lane of the pool. And don’t know how to observe the rules of that lane.
Interviewer: Lane rage – you mean if you’re a kind of slow swimmer and you dare to go in the fast lane?
Jenny Landreth: Well, I hate to say it, but it is quite often that gentlemen quite often misjudge their speed and think they’re slightly faster than they are.
Interviewer: Ah! The male ego here!
Jenny Landreth: They quite often don’t like it if there’s a woman swimming faster than them. So very often they’ll go in the slightly faster lane and should be gently encouraged by wetiquette to get in the correct lane.
Interviewer: Know your speed.
Jenny Landreth: Yes.

Rob
That was Jenny Landreth – a swimming specialist – talking about the things that annoy her about other people in the pool.

Neil
Yes. Jenny doesn't like it when people are slower that they should be for the fast lane. Older men, like you, Rob.

Rob
Neil, how dare you! Yes, Jenny gets 'lane rage'.

Neil
Lane rage! Where swimmers get hot under the collar when there’s a slow swimmer in the fast lane.

Rob
Swimming lanes are the vertical sections of a swimming pool that are often labelled as ‘fast’, ‘medium’, and ‘slow’. Do you know your speed, Neil?

Neil
Yes – I’m fast.

Rob
Are you sure you are not misjudging your speed? Do you think you might actually be a medium-fast swimmer?

Neil
To misjudge means to guess something wrongly. And our ego is the idea we have of ourselves – with regards to how important we feel we are. And to answer your question, Rob, no, I’m definitely fast.

Rob
Are there other things swimmers should be aware of in the pool?

Neil
Yes – if somebody taps your foot, it means they want to overtake you.

Rob
Overtaking 
means to pass another person travelling in the same direction because you are going faster than them.

Neil
I hate it when swimmers overtake me!

Rob
Really, Neil? Is that your male ego talking?

Neil
No, not at all – I just hate getting splashed.

Rob
I see. Well perhaps now is a good time to move on and hear the answer to today’s quiz question. Remember I asked: How many people admitted to not showering before using the pool? Is it… a) 7%, b) 17% or c) 70%?

Neil
I said 7% and I hope I’m right.

Rob
Well, I’m afraid you’re wrong, Neil. It’s actually ten times that amount – it’s 70%! The 2012 US report from Water Quality and Health Council found that around 70% of people do not shower before taking a swim in the pool – adding to the number of germs in the water.

Neil
Perhaps swimming pools should start fining people who don’t take a shower? That might make a difference. Now, let’s go over the words we learned today.

Rob
Yes, the first one is ‘dos and don’ts’, which are rules telling us how to behave in a particular situation. For example, “What are the dos and don’ts of meeting the Queen?”

Neil
Good question – Is the correct etiquette to call her Your Highness or Ma’am? Are there certain subjects you shouldn’t talk about?

Rob
Do you shake her hand or curtsy?

Neil
These are things you need to know – or else the Queen might get ‘hot under collar’ – that’s our next word, and it means angry!

Rob
“Both politicians got hot under the collar and insulted each other.”

Neil
OK – number three is ‘lanes’ – which are the vertical sections of a swimming pool that are often labelled as ‘fast’, ‘medium’, and ‘slow’.

Rob
“Our British Olympic gold medallist is swimming in lane one.”

Neil
Our next word is ‘misjudge’ which means to guess something wrongly. For example, “I’m sorry I misjudged you, Rob. Please forgive me.”

Rob
Oh alright then, Neil. But don’t misjudge me again OK? Next up is ‘ego’ – which is our sense of how important we are.

Neil
“Losing the race was a huge blow to her ego.”

Rob
And our final word is ‘overtake’ – which means to pass another person travelling in the same direction because you are going faster than them.

Neil
“I don’t enjoy overtaking big lorries on the motorway.”

Rob
Neither do I, Neil. Now one of the don’ts of this show is not talking for more than six minutes. So it’s time to say goodbye!

Neil
But please visit our Twitter, Facebook and YouTube pages and tell us what makes you hot under the collar!

Rob
And remember – you can explore our website: bbclearningenglish.com, where you'll find guides to grammar, exercises, videos and articles to read and improve your English. Bye bye!

Neil
Goodbye!

..........................................

Third phase of stimulus injects Bt1.9 trillion into virus-hit economy

Apr 07. 2020
Facebook Twitter

By The Nation

The Cabinet on Tuesday (April 7) approved the third phase of economic stimulus, worth Bt1.9 trillion, to relieve the impact of the Covid-19 outbreak. 

The first decree will transfer Bt80 billion to Bt100 billion to the central budget to use as stimulus funds.

The second will permit the Bank of Thailand (BOT) to use up to Bt900 billion for moves to boost the economy.

The third decree allows the Finance Ministry to borrow up to Bt1 trillion, of which Bt600 billion will be used for cash handouts and public health and Bt400 billion will be spent on economic recovery measures.

“In addition, there will be another Bt80 billion to Bt100 billion available after rearranging the budgets of government authorities,” the prime minister said, pointing out that the Covid-19 outbreak is the No 1 national issue.

Meanwhile, the BOT will grant Bt500 billion in soft loans at 2 per cent interest to aid the economy, especially small and medium enterprises (SMEs), with credit lines of up to Bt500 million.

In addition, the BOT will instruct commercial banks and government financial institutions to allow SMEs with loans not exceeding Bt100 million to postpone principal debt and interest payment for six months.

Trump eases covid-19 export ban amid backlash around world

Apr 08. 2020
File photo by Syndication Washington Post
File photo by Syndication Washington Post

Facebook Twitter

By Syndication Washington Post, Bloomberg · Shawn Donnan, Justin Sink, Jordan Fabian, Josh Wingrove · NATIONAL, BUSINESS, WORLD, HEALTH, POLITICS 

President Donald Trump eased restrictions on exports of masks and other protective equipment needed to fight the covid-19 pandemic just days after their introduction as he confronted a backlash from allies around the world. Faced with domestic criticism of his administration's handling of the covid-19 crisis and cries of shortages from hospitals on the front lines, Trump late Friday had imposed a ban on exports of N95 masks, surgical gloves and other protective equipment.

The company said it will be allowed to continue exporting some masks to Canada and Latin America from the U.S. The fate of exports to other parts of the world remained unclear.

"So the 3M saga ends very happily," Trump said at a White House news conference.

3M didn't immediately respond to a voice mail seeking comment.

In an interview with Fox News earlier on Monday, Peter Navarro, the adviser Trump has put in charge of directing the manufacturing and distribution of that equipment, said the administration was using its powers under the Korean War-era Defense Production Act to address the U.S. shortages.

"We are locked and loaded right today at the border with customs and border protection ready to crack down on black market profiteering in this country," Navarro said.

Trump on Saturday said his administration was working to make sure that products made in the U.S. were used first to address the needs of Americans. He ordered the ban on exports after clashing with 3M over what the administration said was the company's sending overseas masks needed in the U.S. The company has warned that limits on its exports could lead to retaliation by other countries.

"We need the masks. We don't want other people getting it, and that's why we're - that's why we're instituting a lot of Defense Production Act, you could call it, retaliations," Trump told reporters. "If people don't give us what we need for our people, we're going to be very tough, and we've been very tough."

---

The move to restrict exports came after dozens of other economies including China and the European Union have done the same in recent weeks.

But the U.S.'s standing as the world's largest economy gave its actions greater weight. Allies also complained that America was simultaneously waging an aggressive campaign to outbid other countries for supplies internationally.

Together, the moves amount to the first skirmishes in an economic war at the very time when international cooperation to combat the virus should be ruling the day.

Canadian officials scrambled over the weekend to try to convince the Trump administration to exempt their nation from any export ban and those talks continued Monday with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo speaking with his counterpart. The move has drawn particular outrage in Canada because the U.S. neighbor provides raw materials for masks made by American producers such as 3M and Honeywell.

---

"We are interconnected and interlinked in so many ways from primary resources flowing to American companies to make the equipment that is so desperately needed both in North America and around the world, to actual shipments of products that go from Canada to the U.S. and from the U.S. to Canada," Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said Monday.

Ontario's premier, Doug Ford, complained Monday that most of an order of 4 million masks that the Canadian province had placed with 3M was blocked at the border between the two countries after leaving the company's plant in South Dakota. Only 500,000 masks were allowed in to Ontario, which would cover the province's needs for another week.

Ford said he spoke with U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer about the issue Sunday and was continuing to press U.S. officials. "We're putting pressure on the U.S. government from all sides. It's absolutely critical that they exempt Canada from this presidential order," he said.A spokesman for Lighthizer did not respond to a request for comment.

The European Commission, which imposed its own restrictions on exports March 15, did not address the new U.S. move publicly Monday. Its own limits on exports, which require the granting of special permits for any protective equipment or ventilators leaving the bloc, are due to expire after six weeks.In a phone interview with Bloomberg, the head of the World Trade Organization, Roberto Azevedo, said he was worried that the introduction of restrictions on trade could lead to others. "If one is in place, others copy," he said.

In an op-ed published Monday, he also warned that such measures can cause "serious problems in the poorer and more vulnerable countries that typically rely heavily on imports for medical equipment."

WTO rules contain a key exception that permits its members to impose discriminatory trade restrictions as long as they are necessary to protect human health. But Azevedo said G20 nations needed to stick to a commitment made last month to keep any such measures "targeted, proportionate, transparent and temporary."

Chad Bown, a trade expert at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, said Trump's move risked backfiring as the U.S. was still dependent on imports of protective equipment, which other countries could decide not to send its way as well.

---

In 2019, U.S. exports of N95 masks and other products covered by the ban amounted to about $1 billion, Bown said. Imports were worth about $6 billion. "This is just an incredibly short-sighted policy," he said. "Of course, we need to acknowledge that there are shortages and other problems out there. But this policy is only going to exacerbate the shortages." While the administration has blamed the shortages on the U.S. dependence on foreign manufacturing supply chains, critics of Trump's initial slow response to the crisis say it has more to do with lack of planning and poor maintenance of strategic reserves meant to deal with a situation like a pandemic. Democratic Congresswoman Stephanie Murphy on Monday said the Trump administration's trade wars over the past two years had hurt the U.S.'s ability to access badly needed supplies and that those calling for additional trade measures risked damaging the American economy further. Murphy has called for the administration to lift tariffs on steel and other products, arguing that would help soften the blow of the recession now underway.

---

"This administration has as much themselves to blame for their inability to access global supplies as they do any other foreign country," she told a webinar organized by law firm BakerHostetler.

There were also signs the U.S. crackdown on exports had gone beyond N95 masks and other protective equipment announced Friday. In Barbados, Health Minister Jeffrey Bostic said Sunday that an order of 20 ventilators donated to the Caribbean island nation by an unnamed philanthropist had been blocked from leaving the U.S., though five others given by singer Rihanna were due to land next week. In Brazil, Health Minister Luiz Henrique Mandetta last week said that the country's efforts to source its own medical supplies from China have "fallen through" after the U.S. made large orders for the same supplies. The newspaper Folha de Sao Paulo also reported last week that 600 ventilators ordered from China by the Brazilian state of Bahia ended up being intercepted by the U.S. during a connection at Miami's airport. The Chinese ventilator supplier had unilaterally canceled its contract with the Bahia state government for what it said were "technical reasons," the state's finance minister told the newspaper.

Brazilian social media lit up with concerns about U.S. behavior over the weekend as Brazilians criticized President Jair Bolsonaro's efforts to curry favor with Trump as having been for naught. One viral tweet in Brazil on Saturday read: "The U.S. saving the world from a lethal virus is just for the movies. In real life they lose control of the virus and steal imported cargoes of PPEs from other countries."

The U.S. has repeatedly denied hijacking any cargoes destined for other countries.

 ........................................................

FINISHED 

April 8, 2020

 

 

 


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