How are you today?
A thing that indicates in the crisis occasion of the virus spreading right now is the technical terms in the social
media. Especially about the medical. You have seen too. I remember the social distancing very well.
Thanks to G Grammarly once again.
I am learning at home.
FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream
6 Minute English
Meditation and the brain
EPISODE 200319 / 19 MAR 2020
Meditating can change your mind - that's the opinion of some experts. Listen to this episode of 6 Minute English as Sam and Neil discuss the effects of meditating on your brain and teach you some useful English vocabulary along the way.
This week's question
Question: What is the meaning of the Tibetan word for ‘meditation’? Is it… a) to relax b) to feel blissful c) to become familiar
[The answer is at the end of the programme.]
a flash of insight
Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript
a) to relax
b) to feel blissful
c) to become familiar
Free Covid-19 testing for four groups of people
Apr 09. 2020
Dr Taweesilp Visanuyothin
By THE NATION
Four groups of people will automatically receive free Covid-19 testing as they are considered patients under investigation, Dr Taweesilp Visanuyothin, spokesman of the government’s Centre for Covid-19 Situation Administration, said on Wednesday (April 8).
1 Those who have a travel history to any foreign country and show symptoms of respiratory distress including coughing, runny nose, sore throat, difficulty in breathing and temperature over 37.3 degrees Celsius.
2 Patients in medical facilities who show symptoms of respiratory distress and have temperature over 37.5 degrees Celsius, as well as fitting either one of the following criteria: Having a career that involves public contact, having been to crowded areas, used to be in contact with a Covid-19 patient. All patients in medical facilities who have pneumonia will also get a free Covid-19 test.
3 Medical staff who have contact history with a Covid-19 patient and show symptoms of respiratory distress as well as have temperature over 37.5 degrees Celsius.
4 Those involved in cluster group cases, be they at least three medical staff or five people who are from the same place, and show symptoms of respiratory infection but test negative for any type of flu.
As of April 8, the total number of confirmed cases in the country stood at 2369 -- 1,451 are under treatment of whom 23 are in a critical condition -- 888 have recovered and been discharged, and there have been 30 deaths.
Wuhan reopens after 76-day lockdown
Apr 08. 2020
A man stands at the Hankou Railway Station in Wuhan on April 7, 2020. [Photo by Chen Zhuo/Chinadaily.com.cn]
By China Daily
People's lives, safety, health prioritized in war on COVID-19
Ending the lockdown of Wuhan, Hubei province, on Wednesday will become a milestone for China in securing final victory in the people's war against the COVID-19 outbreak under the command of President Xi Jinping, observers said.
The decisive measures that the Communist Party of China Central Committee－with Xi as its general secretary－have taken to help Wuhan fight the epidemic held the key to curbing the spread of the novel coronavirus in what was the hardest-hit city, as well as in the province and in the entire country, they said.
A constant theme has been "people first" in the fight against the contagion as Xi has stressed putting people's lives, safety and health as the top priority and placing the people's interests above everything else.
In his meeting with World Health Organization Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus on Jan 28 in Beijing, Xi said people's safety and their health always come first.
Recounting his experience of leading World Health Organization experts on a nine-day joint mission investigating COVID-19 in China, Canadian epidemiologist Bruce Aylward commended China's approaches in responding to the disease.
"If I had COVID-19, I'd want to be treated in China," he said. "They know and they care about keeping people alive, and they do it successfully."
While masterminding the epidemic prevention and control efforts, Xi gave Hubei, particularly Wuhan, the provincial capital, priority. He said that "when Wuhan wins, Hubei wins; when Hubei wins, China wins".
Therefore, since the start of the outbreak, the CPC Central Committee has taken the most comprehensive, thorough and rigorous measures to resolutely curb the spread of the virus in Wuhan and Hubei.
As experts recommended quarantine measures to help reduce population movement, which in turn helped to stem the spread of the virus, the CPC Central Committee made the decision on Jan 22 to ask Hubei to stop outbound travel to prevent the disease from spreading in other regions.
Xi said at a meeting in February that making such a decision demands tremendous political courage, but "time calls for resolute action, otherwise, we would be in trouble".
On Jan 23, the authorities in Wuhan announced the lockdown of the city. All public transportation and businesses were suspended, and residents were required to stay indoors to cut transmission in neighborhoods.
Putting such a huge city with over 10 million residents under quarantine was unprecedented but has proved to be effective. During his visit to Wuhan on March 10, Xi said all prevention and control measures adopted by the CPC Central Committee focus on preventing more people from being infected and are aimed at saving more patients' lives.
Chen Weiguo, president of the State-owned China Construction Third Engineering Bureau Co, said building the hospitals in such a short time sounded like a mission impossible, but his company created a miracle.
More than 34,000 employees from around China worked around the clock, and they raced against time to build the hospitals in order to get more patients treated, Chen said.
Over 340 medical teams consisting of over 42,600 medical workers from across the country, rushed to the hardest-hit city at the call of the central government. That number included at least 4,000 medical staff from the People's Liberation Army.
Wang Xinghuan, president of Leishenshan Hospital, said 3,202 medical workers from 286 hospitals from across the country gathered in the medical facility to help treat the critically ill patients.
"We all have the same goal, saving more lives and helping more patients recover from the illness," Wang said, adding more than 1,000 volunteers and a great number of State-owned and private companies offered their services to ensure the hospital operated well.
Nineteen provinces formed partnerships with 16 cities and counties in Hubei to help them where medical resources were overstretched, a usual practice China follows in mobilizing nationwide resources for disaster relief.
Railway police officers are seen at the Hankou Railway Station in Wuhan on April 7, 2020. [Photo by Chen Zhuo/Chinadaily.com.cn]
When Xi flew to Wuhan on an inspection tour on March 10, he expressed his respect for medical workers, military officers and soldiers, community workers, police officers, officials, volunteers and people from all walks of life who have been fighting the epidemic on the front line. He expressed sympathy to patients and their relatives, as well as the families of those who died of the disease and those who died on duty.
While stressing that medical treatment should be given the top priority to improve the recovery rate and reduce mortality to the greatest extent through scientific and targeted treatment, he demanded more understanding and tolerance for people in Hubei and Wuhan if some vented their frustrations after being under self-quarantine for a long time, as well as efforts to ensure the supply of their life necessities.
Chen Feng, a 75-year-old resident of Songtaoyuan community in Wuhan's Wuchang district, said he appreciated Xi's personal care for people's sufferings as well as his strong leadership in the people's war on the epidemic. "President Xi's visit to Wuhan took place at a critical time in the fight against the virus. His visit boosted our confidence in securing victory," Chen said.
Thanks to the stringent prevention and control measures, the situation in Wuhan keeps improving. Ma Xiaowei, minister of the National Health Commission, said at a news conference on March 31 that the domestic spread of the virus, with Wuhan being the main battlefield, has been "basically blocked" and epidemic control efforts have produced significant results.
Zhang Wenhong, director of the infectious disease department of Shanghai Huashan Hospital, told China Central Television that it is an unprecedented, remarkable achievement that a country can contain the pandemic in around two to four months. "All the nation, people and medical workers have done their utmost to curb the epidemic," Zhang said.
The risk of imported infections remains high, so vigilance is still highly needed to prevent the disease from going viral again, he said, adding that he is confident the country will fully win the battle against the virus.
FOR YOUR SAFETY: Key statistics, advice from doctors on Covid-19
Mar 30. 2020
By THE NATION
Prince Songkla University infectious disease doctor Prof Khachornsakdi Silpapojakul provides important Covid-19 statistics and advice, including the percentage of infection, the effectiveness of masks, and places and things which can attract the dreaded virus.
Here are his statistics:
* At least 4-14per cent of elders aged 60 and above who have contracted Covid-19 have died, while those aged 15 and younger have not got pneumonia from the virus.
* Covid-19 patients with mild or severe symptoms accounted for approximately 93 per cent and 7 per cent of cases, respectively.
* Most patients cough and have fever on the fifth day of infection, and start to suffocate on the tenth day. Only 4 per cent of patients who initially had nasal discharge were infected by the virus.
* Ten seconds of holding hands can lead to a 70% chance of infection.
* There is a 50 per cent possibility of infection if persons sit together for 10 hours, or when a person is a metre from another.
* However, a person will not be infected if he/she is separated from others at a distance of 4 to 5 metres, according to the World Health Organisation. WHO has advised a 2-metre distance.
* Initially, 41 per cent of Wuhan residents became infected with Covid-19 after visiting a hospital. “So please do not visit a hospital for unnecessary cases,” Khachornsakdi said.
* Patients wearing masks can reduce the spread of the virus by 90 per cent.
* Surgical masks and N95 masks can prevent Covid-19 from spreading by 56 per cent and 66 per cent respectively, and if the edges of these masks are taped, this can prevent the virus from spreading by 95 per cent and 99 per cent respectively. The doctor recommended using micropore tape because it hurts less than transpore or other tapes when in contact with the skin, while he preferred using a face shield during an operation.
Meanwhile, another doctor, Theeraphap Tanisaro, said that N95 masks can be reused if they are worn with a face shield and disinfected after use.
“If you are afraid that the virus may stick to the mask, you can wear another layer of surgical mask. We believe this method may be useful if there is a shortage of N95 masks,” he said.
Khachornsakdi warned that elevators could become a dangerous place if they were used to move Covid-19 patients. He advised using your foot, shoulder, or back, or calling to other people to open the doors from outside.
“If negative-pressure rooms are not sufficient, patients must be placed near windows and fans used to blow the interior air outside,” he advised.
“The patients’ ward must be separated into two zones – a contaminated zone holding patients and a coordination zone for paperwork.”
Khachornsakdi said it is not necessary to use alcohol to disinfect equipment – just using detergent, any cleaning solution or UV steriliser can act as effective disinfectants.
“The virus often exists on computers, keyboards, tables and door knobs,” he also warned.
April 9, 2020