*/
  • นายยั้งคิด
  • ranking : สมาชิกทั่วไป
  • email : sunnytrack@hotmail.com
  • วันที่สร้าง : 2008-07-01
  • จำนวนเรื่อง : 4710
  • จำนวนผู้ชม : 1787017
  • จำนวนผู้โหวต : 475
  • ส่ง msg :
  • โหวต 475 คน
<< เมษายน 2020 >>
อา พฤ
      1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30    

[ Add to my favorite ] [ X ]


วันพฤหัสบดี ที่ 9 เมษายน 2563
Posted by นายยั้งคิด , ผู้อ่าน : 188 , 09:59:23 น.  
หมวด : การศึกษา

พิมพ์หน้านี้
โหวต 0 คน

 

How are you today?

A thing that indicates in the crisis occasion of the virus spreading right now is the technical terms in the social

media. Especially about the medical. You have seen too. I remember the social distancing very well.

Thanks to G Grammarly once again.

 

 

I am learning at home.

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/is6Mv1U2hvw

...........................................................


 

6 Minute English

 

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

 

Meditation and the brain

 

EPISODE 200319 / 19 MAR 2020

 

 

Introduction

Meditating can change your mind - that's the opinion of some experts. Listen to this episode of 6 Minute English as Sam and Neil discuss the effects of meditating on your brain and teach you some useful English vocabulary along the way.

This week's question

Question: What is the meaning of the Tibetan word for ‘meditation’? Is it… a) to relax b) to feel blissful c) to become familiar

[The answer is at the end of the programme.]

Vocabulary

neuroscience
science concerning the workings of the nervous system and brain

compassion
attitude wishing everyone to be free from all physical and mental suffering

a flash of insight
a sudden moment of understanding something previously not understood; also known as an Aha! moment

neuroplasticity
the brain’s ability to restructure its neural, electrical pathways in response to purposeful activity

brain circuits
groups of interconnected neurons that perform a specific function when activated

enduring
lasting over a long period of time

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript     

Neil
Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. I’m Neil.

Sam
And I’m Sam.

Neil
How do you relax, Sam?

Sam
Well, I love watching movies and I go swimming.

Neil
One thing that millions of people around the world do is meditate to relax and that’s the subject of our programme. We’ll be looking at experiments by scientists in the US into the Buddhist practice of meditation. We’ll find out how Tibetan monks use meditation techniques to focus better and manage their emotions.

Sam
But what exactly is meditation? People just sitting cross-legged on the floor, thinking of nothing?!

Neil
There’s a lot more to it than that. After all, Buddhist meditation is an ancient practice – even science, according to some. Tibetan Buddhism, as embodied by the Dalai Lama, is what many people think of when you mention meditation. Which brings me to my quiz question.

Sam
Which is..?

Neil
What is the meaning of the Tibetan word for ‘meditation’? Is it…

a) to relax

b) to feel blissful

c) to become familiar

Sam
I think it must be either a) to relax, or b) to feel blissful because they sound like positive states of mind. But I’m not sure about calling meditation a ‘science’, Neil. Isn’t it more like a philosophy or a lifestyle?

Neil
Not according to Professor Richard Davidson of the Center for Healthy Minds. He spoke to Alejandra Martins of BBC World Service programme Witness History about his remarkable scientific experiment which proved for the first time that meditation can actually change the brain.

Richard Davidson
When I first met His Holiness the Dalai Lama it was 1972. He challenged me, he said, ‘I understand that you’ve been using tools of modern neuroscience to study anxiety and depression. Why can’t you use those same tools to study kindness and to study compassion?’

Neil
Neuroscience is the scientific study of the workings of the human brain and nervous system. Professor Davidson measured negative mental states like depression, in contrast to positive attitudes such as compassion – that’s the wish for everyone to be free from suffering.

Sam
Right. In his test, Buddhist monks sent out loving thoughts to everyone equally – to friends, enemies and strangers as well as to themselves.

Neil
Compassionate thoughts such as ‘May you be happy and peaceful’, ‘May you not suffer’. And the results were astonishing!

Sam
What did they show, Neil?

Neil
Very high levels of gamma oscillations – now that’s brain waves showing increased connections between different parts of the brain. This is what you or I might experience as a flash of insight – a moment of sudden understanding and clarity. For us, it might last less than a second. But for these experienced Buddhist monks, the gamma waves lasted minutes! Furthermore, as Richard Davidson explains, brain changes as a result of meditation can be long lasting.

Richard Davidson
There is no question at this point in time based upon the current science that has been conducted over the last 10 years, that meditation can change the brain in enduring ways; and the circuits that are involved are multiple, but they include circuits that are important for regulating attention and regulating emotion.

Neil
So, this was proof of neuroplasticity – our brain’s ability to change in response to conscious effort. In other words, the meditating monks were intentionally remoulding their minds in more positive ways!

Sam
And this was possible because the brain circuits – different parts of the brain responsible for different functions – start talking to each other in new ways that created enduring – meaning long-lasting - changes.

Neil
The meditators gained insight into how their minds work. They were more focused and emotionally balanced and less likely to get upset. How cool is that?

Sam
Pretty cool! But these Tibetan monks sound like Buddhas! They spend thousands of hours sitting in meditation. I’ve got to go to work, Neil! What good is meditation to me?

Neil
Well, Sam, in fact the experiment showed that 30 minutes of meditation a day significantly increased feelings of loving kindness in new meditators too!

Sam
OK, maybe I’ll give meditation a go after all. But not before I find out the answer to today’s quiz.

Neil
Yes, I asked you what the Tibetan word for ‘meditation’ meant.

Sam
And I said either a) to relax, or b) to feel blissful. And I’m feeling pretty confident of getting it right this time, Neil.

Neil
Well, Sam, if the answer came to you in a flash of insight then I’m afraid you need more practice because the correct answer is  c) to become familiar, in this case with more positive thoughts and emotions.

Sam
You mean emotions like kindness and compassion – the thought wishing everyone to be free from their problems. What other vocabulary did we learn today, Neil?

Neil
Well, it turns out meditation is actually a science. Neuroscience in fact, which is the study of the human brain and nervous system. Meditation experiments proved neuroplasticity - the brain’s ability to restructure.

Sam
By generating and sending out the compassionate wish, ‘May all beings be happy’, Buddhist meditators change their brain circuits – different parts of the brain responsible for different functions. And this is an enduring change, meaning it lasts and increases over a long period of time.

Neil
I must say, Sam, you took it pretty well when you guessed the wrong answer just then.

Sam
Thanks, Neil. I don’t like getting upset, so I’m trying out some breathing meditation! Breathing in the positive, breathing out the negative…

Neil
Join us again soon for another interesting discussion on 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. Bye for now!

............................................................

 

Free Covid-19 testing for four groups of people

 

Apr 09. 2020

 

Dr Taweesilp Visanuyothin
Dr Taweesilp Visanuyothin

Facebook Twitter

By THE NATION

Four groups of people will automatically receive free Covid-19 testing as they are considered patients under investigation, Dr Taweesilp Visanuyothin, spokesman of the government’s Centre for Covid-19 Situation Administration, said on Wednesday (April 8).

They include:

1 Those who have a travel history to any foreign country and show symptoms of respiratory distress including coughing, runny nose, sore throat, difficulty in breathing and temperature over 37.3 degrees Celsius.

2 Patients in medical facilities who show symptoms of respiratory distress and have temperature over 37.5 degrees Celsius, as well as fitting either one of the following criteria: Having a career that involves public contact, having been to crowded areas, used to be in contact with a Covid-19 patient. All patients in medical facilities who have pneumonia will also get a free Covid-19 test.

3 Medical staff who have contact history with a Covid-19 patient and show symptoms of respiratory distress as well as have temperature over 37.5 degrees Celsius.

4 Those involved in cluster group cases, be they at least three medical staff or five people who are from the same place, and show symptoms of respiratory infection but test negative for any type of flu.

As of April 8, the total number of confirmed cases in the country stood at 2369 -- 1,451 are under treatment of whom 23 are in a critical condition -- 888 have recovered and been discharged, and there have been 30 deaths.

Wuhan reopens after 76-day lockdown

Apr 08. 2020
A man stands at the Hankou Railway Station in Wuhan on April 7, 2020. [Photo by Chen Zhuo/Chinadaily.com.cn]
A man stands at the Hankou Railway Station in Wuhan on April 7, 2020. [Photo by Chen Zhuo/Chinadaily.com.cn]

Facebook Twitter

By China Daily

 

Ending the lockdown of Wuhan, Hubei province, on Wednesday will become a milestone for China in securing final victory in the people's war against the COVID-19 outbreak under the command of President Xi Jinping, observers said.

The decisive measures that the Communist Party of China Central Committee-with Xi as its general secretary-have taken to help Wuhan fight the epidemic held the key to curbing the spread of the novel coronavirus in what was the hardest-hit city, as well as in the province and in the entire country, they said.

A constant theme has been "people first" in the fight against the contagion as Xi has stressed putting people's lives, safety and health as the top priority and placing the people's interests above everything else.

In his meeting with World Health Organization Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus on Jan 28 in Beijing, Xi said people's safety and their health always come first.

Recounting his experience of leading World Health Organization experts on a nine-day joint mission investigating COVID-19 in China, Canadian epidemiologist Bruce Aylward commended China's approaches in responding to the disease.

"If I had COVID-19, I'd want to be treated in China," he said. "They know and they care about keeping people alive, and they do it successfully."

While masterminding the epidemic prevention and control efforts, Xi gave Hubei, particularly Wuhan, the provincial capital, priority. He said that "when Wuhan wins, Hubei wins; when Hubei wins, China wins".

Therefore, since the start of the outbreak, the CPC Central Committee has taken the most comprehensive, thorough and rigorous measures to resolutely curb the spread of the virus in Wuhan and Hubei.

As experts recommended quarantine measures to help reduce population movement, which in turn helped to stem the spread of the virus, the CPC Central Committee made the decision on Jan 22 to ask Hubei to stop outbound travel to prevent the disease from spreading in other regions.

Xi said at a meeting in February that making such a decision demands tremendous political courage, but "time calls for resolute action, otherwise, we would be in trouble".

On Jan 23, the authorities in Wuhan announced the lockdown of the city. All public transportation and businesses were suspended, and residents were required to stay indoors to cut transmission in neighborhoods.

Putting such a huge city with over 10 million residents under quarantine was unprecedented but has proved to be effective. During his visit to Wuhan on March 10, Xi said all prevention and control measures adopted by the CPC Central Committee focus on preventing more people from being infected and are aimed at saving more patients' lives.

Chen Weiguo, president of the State-owned China Construction Third Engineering Bureau Co, said building the hospitals in such a short time sounded like a mission impossible, but his company created a miracle.

More than 34,000 employees from around China worked around the clock, and they raced against time to build the hospitals in order to get more patients treated, Chen said.

Over 340 medical teams consisting of over 42,600 medical workers from across the country, rushed to the hardest-hit city at the call of the central government. That number included at least 4,000 medical staff from the People's Liberation Army.

Wang Xinghuan, president of Leishenshan Hospital, said 3,202 medical workers from 286 hospitals from across the country gathered in the medical facility to help treat the critically ill patients.

"We all have the same goal, saving more lives and helping more patients recover from the illness," Wang said, adding more than 1,000 volunteers and a great number of State-owned and private companies offered their services to ensure the hospital operated well.

Nineteen provinces formed partnerships with 16 cities and counties in Hubei to help them where medical resources were overstretched, a usual practice China follows in mobilizing nationwide resources for disaster relief.

Railway police officers are seen at the Hankou Railway Station in Wuhan on April 7, 2020. [Photo by Chen Zhuo/Chinadaily.com.cn]

Railway police officers are seen at the Hankou Railway Station in Wuhan on April 7, 2020. [Photo by Chen Zhuo/Chinadaily.com.cn]

When Xi flew to Wuhan on an inspection tour on March 10, he expressed his respect for medical workers, military officers and soldiers, community workers, police officers, officials, volunteers and people from all walks of life who have been fighting the epidemic on the front line. He expressed sympathy to patients and their relatives, as well as the families of those who died of the disease and those who died on duty.

While stressing that medical treatment should be given the top priority to improve the recovery rate and reduce mortality to the greatest extent through scientific and targeted treatment, he demanded more understanding and tolerance for people in Hubei and Wuhan if some vented their frustrations after being under self-quarantine for a long time, as well as efforts to ensure the supply of their life necessities.

Chen Feng, a 75-year-old resident of Songtaoyuan community in Wuhan's Wuchang district, said he appreciated Xi's personal care for people's sufferings as well as his strong leadership in the people's war on the epidemic. "President Xi's visit to Wuhan took place at a critical time in the fight against the virus. His visit boosted our confidence in securing victory," Chen said.

Thanks to the stringent prevention and control measures, the situation in Wuhan keeps improving. Ma Xiaowei, minister of the National Health Commission, said at a news conference on March 31 that the domestic spread of the virus, with Wuhan being the main battlefield, has been "basically blocked" and epidemic control efforts have produced significant results.

Zhang Wenhong, director of the infectious disease department of Shanghai Huashan Hospital, told China Central Television that it is an unprecedented, remarkable achievement that a country can contain the pandemic in around two to four months. "All the nation, people and medical workers have done their utmost to curb the epidemic," Zhang said.

The risk of imported infections remains high, so vigilance is still highly needed to prevent the disease from going viral again, he said, adding that he is confident the country will fully win the battle against the virus.

 

FOR YOUR SAFETY: Key statistics, advice from doctors on Covid-19

Mar 30. 2020
Facebook Twitter

By THE NATION

Prince Songkla University infectious disease doctor Prof Khachornsakdi Silpapojakul provides important Covid-19 statistics and advice, including the percentage of infection, the effectiveness of masks, and places and things which can attract the dreaded virus.

* At least 4-14per cent of elders aged 60 and above who have contracted Covid-19 have died, while those aged 15 and younger have not got pneumonia from the virus.

* Covid-19 patients with mild or severe symptoms accounted for approximately 93 per cent and 7 per cent of cases, respectively.

* Most patients cough and have fever on the fifth day of infection, and start to suffocate on the tenth day. Only 4 per cent of patients who initially had nasal discharge were infected by the virus.

* Ten seconds of holding hands can lead to a 70% chance of infection.

* There is a 50 per cent possibility of infection if persons sit together for 10 hours, or when a person is a metre from another.

* However, a person will not be infected if he/she is separated from others at a distance of 4 to 5 metres, according to the World Health Organisation. WHO has advised a 2-metre distance.

* Initially, 41 per cent of Wuhan residents became infected with Covid-19 after visiting a hospital. “So please do not visit a hospital for unnecessary cases,” Khachornsakdi said.

* Patients wearing masks can reduce the spread of the virus by 90 per cent.

* Surgical masks and N95 masks can prevent Covid-19 from spreading by 56 per cent and 66 per cent respectively, and if the edges of these masks are taped, this can prevent the virus from spreading by 95 per cent and 99 per cent respectively. The doctor recommended using micropore tape because it hurts less than transpore or other tapes when in contact with the skin, while he preferred using a face shield during an operation.

 

Meanwhile, another doctor, Theeraphap Tanisaro, said that N95 masks can be reused if they are worn with a face shield and disinfected after use.

“If you are afraid that the virus may stick to the mask, you can wear another layer of surgical mask. We believe this method may be useful if there is a shortage of N95 masks,” he said.

Khachornsakdi warned that elevators could become a dangerous place if they were used to move Covid-19 patients. He advised using your foot, shoulder, or back, or calling to other people to open the doors from outside.

“If negative-pressure rooms are not sufficient, patients must be placed near windows and fans used to blow the interior air outside,” he advised.

“The patients’ ward must be separated into two zones – a contaminated zone holding patients and a coordination zone for paperwork.”

Khachornsakdi said it is not necessary to use alcohol to disinfect equipment – just using detergent, any cleaning solution or UV steriliser can act as effective disinfectants.

“The virus often exists on computers, keyboards, tables and door knobs,” he also warned.

...............................................................

FINISHED

April 9, 2020

 

 


แสดงความคิดเห็น


ถึง บล็อกเกอร์ ทุกท่าน โปรดอ่าน
   ด้วยทาง บริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ จำกัด (มหาชน) ได้ติดต่อขอความร่วมมือ มายังเว็บไซต์และเว็บบล็อกต่าง ๆ รวมไปถึงเว็บบล็อก OKnation ห้ามให้มีการเผยแพร่ผลงานอันมีลิขสิทธิ์ ของบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ บนเว็บ blog โดยกำหนดขอบเขตของสิ่งที่ห้ามทำ และสามารถทำได้ ดังนี้
ห้ามทำ
- การใส่ผลงานเพลงต้นฉบับให้ฟัง ทั้งแบบควบคุมเพลงได้ หรือซ่อนเป็นพื้นหลัง และทั้งที่อยู่ใน server ของคุณเอง หรือ copy code คนอื่นมาใช้
- การเผยแพร่ file ให้ download ทั้งที่อยู่ใน server ของคุณเอง หรือฝากไว้ server คนอื่น
สามารถทำได้
- เผยแพร่เนื้อเพลง ต้องระบุชื่อเพลงและชื่อผู้ร้องให้ชัดเจน
- การใส่เพลงที่ร้องไว้เอง ต้องระบุชื่อผู้ร้องต้นฉบับให้ชัดเจน
จึงเรียนมาเพื่อโปรดปฎิบัติตาม มิเช่นนั้นทางบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ จะให้ฝ่ายดูแลลิขสิทธิ์ ดำเนินการเอาผิดกับท่านตามกฎหมายละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์
OKNATION



กฎกติกาการเขียนเรื่องและแสดงความคิดเห็น
1 การเขียน หรือแสดงความคิดเห็นใด ๆ ต้องไม่หมิ่นเหม่ หรือกระทบต่อสถาบันชาติ ศาสนา และพระมหากษัตริย์ หรือกระทบต่อความมั่นคงของชาติ
2. ไม่ใช้ถ้อยคำหยาบคาย ดูหมิ่น ส่อเสียด ให้ร้ายผู้อื่นในทางเสียหาย หรือสร้างความแตกแยกในสังคม กับทั้งไม่มีภาพ วิดีโอคลิป หรือถ้อยคำลามก อนาจาร
3. ความขัดแย้งส่วนตัวที่เกิดจากการเขียนเรื่อง แสดงความคิดเห็น หรือในกล่องรับส่งข้อความ (หลังไมค์) ต้องไม่นำมาโพสหรือขยายความต่อในบล็อก และการโพสเรื่องส่วนตัว และการแสดงความคิดเห็น ต้องใช้ภาษาที่สุภาพเท่านั้น
4. พิจารณาเนื้อหาที่จะโพสก่อนเผยแพร่ให้รอบคอบ ว่าจะไม่เป็นการละเมิดกฎหมายใดใด และปิดคอมเมนต์หากจำเป็นโดยเฉพาะเรื่องที่มีเนื้อหาพาดพิงสถาบัน
5.การนำเรื่อง ภาพ หรือคลิปวิดีโอ ที่มิใช่ของตนเองมาลงในบล็อก ควรอ้างอิงแหล่งที่มา และ หลีกเลี่ยงการเผยแพร่สิ่งที่ละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นรูปแบบหรือวิธีการใดก็ตาม 6. เนื้อหาและความคิดเห็นในบล็อก ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับทีมงานผู้ดำเนินการจัดทำเว็บไซต์ โดยถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบทางกฎหมายเป็นการส่วนตัวของสมาชิก
คลิ้กอ่านเงื่อนไขทั้งหมดที่นี่"
OKnation ขอสงวนสิทธิ์ในการปิดบล็อก ลบเนื้อหาและความคิดเห็น ที่ขัดต่อความดังกล่าวข้างต้น โดยไม่ต้องชี้แจงเหตุผลใดๆ ต่อเจ้าของบล็อกและเจ้าของความคิดเห็นนั้นๆ
   

กลับไปหน้าที่แล้ว กลับด้านบน