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As usual, I update English Lessons daily, but someday in the morning, someday it will be in the afternoon, not constant.

The reason is I am too old, 85, and I unable to work on sometime exactly. However, it good enough if I can do it daily, 

with the assistant of Google and G Grammarly. Many thanks to both of them.

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/is6Mv1U2hvw


............................................

 

 
 

Could Coronavirus Lead to a Decrease in International Students in America?

May 16, 2020
International students carry their national flags at the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri.
International students carry their national flags at the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri.

Priscilla C. of Holland Village in Singapore has a bright future ahead of her. The 17-year-old has been accepted to study economics at Stanford University in California. She hopes to begin her studies this autumn.

But Priscilla, who asked VOA not to use her full name, fears the ongoing coronavirus pandemic will have a major effect on her college experience.

She worries about travel restrictions. She also worries about the United States’ uneven actions taken to fight the disease outbreak. And she wonders whether she will even be able to attend college classes in person in the fall.

“It’s added a lot of stress and uncertainty to the process,” she said. “The most exciting thing about deciding to become an international student was attending college in California, and now there’s a big possibility that I won’t physically be on the campus I was dreaming about.”

She said she trusts that schools will do what they feel is best for their students. But even if colleges do re-open in the fall, Priscilla says she will still probably have health and safety concerns. And, she and her friends fear they may miss out on many traditional college experiences and memories.

Student leaders and a professor at Duke University lead a presentation sharing information new international students will need.
Student leaders and a professor at Duke University lead a presentation sharing information new international students will need.

Other international students with plans to study in America have similar thoughts and concerns. And, experts worry the effects of the pandemic could cause problems for colleges and universities.

The Institute of International Education, or IIE, does a yearly count of America’s international students using State Department data. During the 2018-2019 school year, the IIE found there were over 1,095,000 international students in the U.S. This represents 5.5 percent of the total college student population.

But the number of new, first-time international students studying at American colleges and universities was 7 percent lower than the year before.

The coronavirus crisis is making it more difficult for international students hoping to come to America, observers say.

Philip Altbach is director of the Center for International Higher Education at Boston College. He says international students were already dealing with the rising cost of American higher education before the coronavirus pandemic. And, the belief that the U.S. has become less welcoming to foreigners is widespread.

Because of the pandemic, the U.S. has a travel ban on foreign visitors from China and Europe. About 34 percent of international students that come to the U.S. are from China, the IIE reports.

Christopher Rim is the chief executive officer of Command Education, a New York-based college advising company. He says many of the students his company works with are from places like Hong Kong and Shanghai. He says many of them have been considering other choices for international higher education.

Some U.S. schools have already said they will re-open in the fall. But it is still unclear how classes will operate in many cases.

International students wave their national flags at the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri.
International students wave their national flags at the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri.

The possibility remains that that many American colleges and universities will reopen online. That means that international students who remain in their home countries may have to take classes in the middle of the night. It also means they will not get the traditional experiences of living in shared housing and taking part in campus events.

Rim said, “They’re not paying a $70,000 or $80,000 tuition to sit in front of a computer in their bedroom or their living room at home.”

Rim noted that a decrease in international students coming to the U.S. would present a serious financial problem for schools and their surrounding communities. International students added over $44 billion to the nation’s economy in 2018, the U.S. Department of Commerce reports.

But James Hundreiser of the National Association Of College And University Business Officers argues that the threat to American higher education is not so great. He says schools no longer have as much financial dependence on international students’ tuition as they once did. And the quality of online education is actually very good.

“I actually wonder if this will open up the doors to…more international students…because of those who can’t afford to necessarily travel overseas,” said Hundreiser. “We know that affordability is an issue for not only American students, but also international students."

Priscilla C. still plans to study at Stanford, even with her concerns. So do her friends who also have plans to study in America. And even if there is a decrease in the number of international students, Altbach, Rim and Hundreiser all agree that it will not last long.

“Students around the world still see the U.S. as one of the best higher education systems in the world, and the American society, even with the current problems that we face, as an attractive place to be,” Altbach said.

I’m Dorothy Gundy.
And I’m Pete Musto.

Pete Musto reported on this story for VOA Learning English. Ashley Thompson was the editor. We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section.

Quiz - Could Coronavirus Lead to a Decrease in International Students in America?

Quiz - Could Coronavirus Lead to a Decrease in International Students in America?

Start the Quiz to find out

________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

pandemic – n. an occurrence in which a disease spreads very quickly and affects a large number of people over a wide area or throughout the world

outbreak – n. a sudden start or increase of fighting or disease

stress – n. a state of mental tension and worry caused by problems in your life and work

uncertainty – n. the quality or state of feeling unsure about something

exciting – adj. causing feelings of interest and enthusiasm

campus – n. the area and buildings around a university, college, or school

tuition – n. money that is paid to a school for the right to study there

afford – v. to be able to pay for something

society – n. the people of a particular country, area, or time thought of especially as an organized community

attractive – adj. having a feature or quality that people like

...............................................

The Language of an International Health Crisis

May 16, 2020
 A sign regarding social distancing is seen at the Canary Wharf station, following the outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), London, Britain, May 4, 2020. (REUTERS/Adam Oliver)
A sign regarding social distancing is seen at the Canary Wharf station, following the outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), London, Britain, May 4, 2020. (REUTERS/Adam Oliver)

What is the difference between pandemic and epidemic?

Do infectious and contagious mean the same thing?

How exactly does contact tracing work?

Even native English speakers may not fully know the answers to these questions.

As English learners, you have probably noticed some words and phrases you do not understand when reading reports about the new coronavirus. Today, we look at some of the most common COVID-19 terms.

We can start with epidemic versus pandemic.

An “epidemic” is when a disease spreads through a population and affects many individuals at the same time. An epidemic may affect a community, province or even a whole country.

A “pandemic” is a kind of epidemic -- one that spreads to a much larger area or even worldwide. Like many medical-related terms in English, the word comes from Greek. Pan- means “all or every.” The second part of the word, “-demic,” comes from the Greek word demos, meaning “people.”

On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the coronavirus crisis a “pandemic.” At a news conference that day, the WHO’s director-general said, “Pandemic is not a word to use lightly or carelessly.” He was reminding people that the word is used only for the most extreme and dangerous situations.

The virus is now present in 213 countries and territories worldwide.

A health worker collects sample for new coronavirus testing from a man at the newly locked down area in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on Friday, May 15, 2020.
A health worker collects sample for new coronavirus testing from a man at the newly locked down area in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on Friday, May 15, 2020.

Infectious versus contagious

COVID-19 is infectious and contagious. Infectious -- the adjective form of infection -- describes diseases that are spread through the environment. Malaria, for example, is an infectious disease. Humans contract the disease through mosquito bites. Malaria, however, is not contagious -- or able to be passed from one person to another.

You already know that COVID-19 is easily passed person to person. Common colds and the seasonal flu are also contagious and infectious diseases.

Asymptomatic

The new coronavirus has spread quickly partly because those infected can be contagious before they even know they are sick. In other words, those people are asymptomatic.

This word has a lot going on. Let’s break it down.

A “symptom” is a change in the body that shows a disease is present. For example, we wrote on March 30: “Most people who get COVID-19 experience mild or moderate symptoms, like coughing and high body temperature, or fever.”

“Symptomatic” is the adjective form of symptom. It means “showing that a disease is present.” So, we could say: “A cough and fever are symptomatic of the new coronavirus.”

The prefix “a-” means “without.” So, what happens when we add the letter “a” to “symptomatic?” The word ends up meaning “having or showing no signs of disease.”

Muslim worshippers take their places whilst adhering to social distancing measures before prayer as Mosques open for the first time after two months in Dakar on May 12, 2020.
Muslim worshippers take their places whilst adhering to social distancing measures before prayer as Mosques open for the first time after two months in Dakar on May 12, 2020.


Quarantine, isolation and social distancing

Experts know that asymptomatic people can spread the disease. This is partly why officials are urging people to stay at home as much as possible. In some cases, whole countries were put in lockdown -- a state of restricted movement put in place as a security measure.

Most people around the world are social distancingThis term is new to everyday English. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, uses it to describe the act of avoiding gatherings and staying about two meters away from other people.

The World Health Organization is now using the term “physical distancing” instead of social distancing. The term is a little more exact because people can socialize without being near one another.

Social distancing is less extreme than quarantine and isolation.

Isolation separates sick people who have a contagious disease from people who are not sick.

Quarantine restricts the movement of people who were around a contagious person to see if they get sick. In the case of COVID-19, the recommended quarantine period is two weeks, or 14 days. The word was first used in the 1400s in Europe and meant “a period of about 40 days.”

Quarantine can be a noun and a verb. Here it is as a noun: “Early in the coronavirus spread, Vietnam restricted travel into the country and put tens of thousands of people into quarantine.”

And here it is as a verb: “Dr. Fauci quarantined himself after two people who work at the White House were found to have the new coronavirus.”

Contact tracing

Many experts say in order for it to be safe for places to reopen, widespread testing and contact tracing need to be in place.

Contact tracing requires investigative action. Tracers work with confirmed COVID-19 patients to learn whom they have been close to. The tracers then inform those people that they may have been infected. The tracers also provide advice on what actions to take.

In some places, such as South Korea and Singapore, contact tracing started early in the pandemic.

A neighborhood market marquee reads
A neighborhood market marquee reads "stay home and healthy, lets all work to flatten the curve" in Seattle, Washington, U.S. April 2, 2020. (REUTERS/Jason Redmond)

Flatten the curve

Social distancing, isolation and quarantining are all done to help “flatten the curve.” This phrase, now extremely common in the age of COVID-19, means to slow the spread of disease. The same number of people might get sick, but infections happen over a longer period. This eases the pressure on emergency and health care resources.

Hospitals in most areas have a limited number of beds and breathing machines, called ventilators. These machines are extremely important for treating patients with more severe cases of COVID-19.

The health care industry is also limited in respirators. These are special masks, or nose and mouth covers. Medical workers need respirators to protect themselves from contagious patients.

Here is how Ray Chambers, a WHO official, recently used the phrase on Twitter: “More physical distancing + other measures will help to flatten the curve + save lives.”

Chambers also used the term “physical distancing.” This is not as commonly used as social distancing. The two phrases mean the same thing. As Dr. Maria Kerkhove of the WHO said in the early days of the pandemic: “We’re changing to say physical distance and that’s on purpose, because we want people to still remain connected."

I’m Ashley Thompson.

And I’m Caty Weaver.

Ashley Thompson wrote this story for VOA Learning English. Caty Weaver was the editor.

________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

epidemic - n. an occurrence in which a disease spreads very quickly and affects a large number of people

pandemic - n. ​an occurrence in which a disease spreads very quickly and affects a large number of people over a wide area or throughout the world​

infectious - adj. capable of causing infection​

contagious - adj. able to be passed from one person or animal to another by touching​

lockdown - n. ​a state of isolation or restricted access put in place as a security measure.​

quarantine - n. ​the period of time during which a person or animal that has a disease or that might have a disease is kept away from others to prevent the disease from spreading​

isolation - n. ​the state of being in a place or situation that is separate from others

social distancing - phrase. the act of avoiding gatherings and staying about two meters away from other people.

flatten the curve - phrase. to slow the spread of disease

ventilator - n. ​a device for helping a person to breathe​

respirator - n. ​a device that helps people to breathe when they are not able to breathe naturally​

....................................................


 

The Language of an International Health Crisis

May 16, 2020
 A sign regarding social distancing is seen at the Canary Wharf station, following the outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), London, Britain, May 4, 2020. (REUTERS/Adam Oliver)
A sign regarding social distancing is seen at the Canary Wharf station, following the outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), London, Britain, May 4, 2020. (REUTERS/Adam Oliver)

What is the difference between pandemic and epidemic?

Do infectious and contagious mean the same thing?

How exactly does contact tracing work?

Even native English speakers may not fully know the answers to these questions.

As English learners, you have probably noticed some words and phrases you do not understand when reading reports about the new coronavirus. Today, we look at some of the most common COVID-19 terms.

We can start with epidemic versus pandemic.

An “epidemic” is when a disease spreads through a population and affects many individuals at the same time. An epidemic may affect a community, province or even a whole country.

A “pandemic” is a kind of epidemic -- one that spreads to a much larger area or even worldwide. Like many medical-related terms in English, the word comes from Greek. Pan- means “all or every.” The second part of the word, “-demic,” comes from the Greek word demos, meaning “people.”

On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the coronavirus crisis a “pandemic.” At a news conference that day, the WHO’s director-general said, “Pandemic is not a word to use lightly or carelessly.” He was reminding people that the word is used only for the most extreme and dangerous situations.

The virus is now present in 213 countries and territories worldwide.

A health worker collects sample for new coronavirus testing from a man at the newly locked down area in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on Friday, May 15, 2020.
A health worker collects sample for new coronavirus testing from a man at the newly locked down area in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on Friday, May 15, 2020.

Infectious versus contagious

COVID-19 is infectious and contagious. Infectious -- the adjective form of infection -- describes diseases that are spread through the environment. Malaria, for example, is an infectious disease. Humans contract the disease through mosquito bites. Malaria, however, is not contagious -- or able to be passed from one person to another.

You already know that COVID-19 is easily passed person to person. Common colds and the seasonal flu are also contagious and infectious diseases.

Asymptomatic

The new coronavirus has spread quickly partly because those infected can be contagious before they even know they are sick. In other words, those people are asymptomatic.

This word has a lot going on. Let’s break it down.

A “symptom” is a change in the body that shows a disease is present. For example, we wrote on March 30: “Most people who get COVID-19 experience mild or moderate symptoms, like coughing and high body temperature, or fever.”

“Symptomatic” is the adjective form of symptom. It means “showing that a disease is present.” So, we could say: “A cough and fever are symptomatic of the new coronavirus.”

The prefix “a-” means “without.” So, what happens when we add the letter “a” to “symptomatic?” The word ends up meaning “having or showing no signs of disease.”

Muslim worshippers take their places whilst adhering to social distancing measures before prayer as Mosques open for the first time after two months in Dakar on May 12, 2020.
Muslim worshippers take their places whilst adhering to social distancing measures before prayer as Mosques open for the first time after two months in Dakar on May 12, 2020.

Quarantine, isolation and social distancing

Experts know that asymptomatic people can spread the disease. This is partly why officials are urging people to stay at home as much as possible. In some cases, whole countries were put in lockdown -- a state of restricted movement put in place as a security measure.

Most people around the world are social distancingThis term is new to everyday English. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, uses it to describe the act of avoiding gatherings and staying about two meters away from other people.

The World Health Organization is now using the term “physical distancing” instead of social distancing. The term is a little more exact because people can socialize without being near one another.

Social distancing is less extreme than quarantine and isolation.

Isolation separates sick people who have a contagious disease from people who are not sick.

Quarantine restricts the movement of people who were around a contagious person to see if they get sick. In the case of COVID-19, the recommended quarantine period is two weeks, or 14 days. The word was first used in the 1400s in Europe and meant “a period of about 40 days.”

Quarantine can be a noun and a verb. Here it is as a noun: “Early in the coronavirus spread, Vietnam restricted travel into the country and put tens of thousands of people into quarantine.”

And here it is as a verb: “Dr. Fauci quarantined himself after two people who work at the White House were found to have the new coronavirus.”

Contact tracing

Many experts say in order for it to be safe for places to reopen, widespread testing and contact tracing need to be in place.

Contact tracing requires investigative action. Tracers work with confirmed COVID-19 patients to learn whom they have been close to. The tracers then inform those people that they may have been infected. The tracers also provide advice on what actions to take.

In some places, such as South Korea and Singapore, contact tracing started early in the pandemic.

A neighborhood market marquee reads
A neighborhood market marquee reads "stay home and healthy, lets all work to flatten the curve" in Seattle, Washington, U.S. April 2, 2020. (REUTERS/Jason Redmond)

Flatten the curve

Social distancing, isolation and quarantining are all done to help “flatten the curve.” This phrase, now extremely common in the age of COVID-19, means to slow the spread of disease. The same number of people might get sick, but infections happen over a longer period. This eases the pressure on emergency and health care resources.

Hospitals in most areas have a limited number of beds and breathing machines, called ventilators. These machines are extremely important for treating patients with more severe cases of COVID-19.

The health care industry is also limited in respirators. These are special masks, or nose and mouth covers. Medical workers need respirators to protect themselves from contagious patients.

Here is how Ray Chambers, a WHO official, recently used the phrase on Twitter: “More physical distancing + other measures will help to flatten the curve + save lives.”

Chambers also used the term “physical distancing.” This is not as commonly used as social distancing. The two phrases mean the same thing. As Dr. Maria Kerkhove of the WHO said in the early days of the pandemic: “We’re changing to say physical distance and that’s on purpose, because we want people to still remain connected."

I’m Ashley Thompson.

And I’m Caty Weaver.

Ashley Thompson wrote this story for VOA Learning English. Caty Weaver was the editor.

________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

epidemic - n. an occurrence in which a disease spreads very quickly and affects a large number of people

pandemic - n. ​an occurrence in which a disease spreads very quickly and affects a large number of people over a wide area or throughout the world​

infectious - adj. capable of causing infection​

contagious - adj. able to be passed from one person or animal to another by touching​

lockdown - n. ​a state of isolation or restricted access put in place as a security measure.​

quarantine - n. ​the period of time during which a person or animal that has a disease or that might have a disease is kept away from others to prevent the disease from spreading​

isolation - n. ​the state of being in a place or situation that is separate from others

social distancing - phrase. the act of avoiding gatherings and staying about two meters away from other people.

flatten the curve - phrase. to slow the spread of disease

ventilator - n. ​a device for helping a person to breathe​

respirator - n. ​a device that helps people to breathe when they are not able to breathe naturally​

......................................................

Three students test positive for Covid-19 in state quarantine

May 17. 2020
Facebook Twitter

By The Nation

Thailand reported three new cases and no deaths over a 24-hour period, Dr Taweesin Visanuyothin, spokesman of the government’s Centre for Covid-19 Situation Administration, said on Sunday (May 17).

All three new cases are male students who had returned from abroad.

Two students aged 21 and 23 had returned from Egypt on May 8 and a 23-year-old student had returned from Pakistan on May 7. Their cases were found while they were in state quarantine.

Meanwhile, one person has fully recovered and returned home, raising patient recovery percentage to 96.32.

As of May 17, the total number of confirmed cases in the country stood at 3,028 -- 116 are under treatment, 2,856 have recovered and been discharged, and there have been 56 deaths.

Globally, there have been more than 4.7 million confirmed cases and around 313,000 deaths

 

Tags: Facebook Twitter
More in News
  • Maya Bay to remain closed until rehabilitation is complete
    May 17. 2020
  • Three students test positive for Covid-19 in state quarantine
    May 17. 2020
  • Covid-19 precautions in place as Chiang Mai bus terminals ready to resume services
    May 17. 2020
    ......................................................
     

    Three students test positive for Covid-19 in state quarantine

    May 17. 2020
    Facebook Twitter

    By The Nation

    Thailand reported three new cases and no deaths over a 24-hour period, Dr Taweesin Visanuyothin, spokesman of the government’s Centre for Covid-19 Situation Administration, said on Sunday (May 17).

    All three new cases are male students who had returned from abroad.

    Two students aged 21 and 23 had returned from Egypt on May 8 and a 23-year-old student had returned from Pakistan on May 7. Their cases were found while they were in state quarantine.

    Meanwhile, one person has fully recovered and returned home, raising patient recovery percentage to 96.32.

    As of May 17, the total number of confirmed cases in the country stood at 3,028 -- 116 are under treatment, 2,856 have recovered and been discharged, and there have been 56 deaths.

    Globally, there have been more than 4.7 million confirmed cases and around 313,000 deaths

     

    Tags: Facebook Twitter
    More in News
    • Maya Bay to remain closed until rehabilitation is complete
      May 17. 2020
    • Three students test positive for Covid-19 in state quarantine
      May 17. 2020
    • Covid-19 precautions in place as Chiang Mai bus terminals ready to resume services
      May 17. 2020
      .....................................................
       
      FINISHED
       
      Sunday, March 17, 2020
       

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2. ไม่ใช้ถ้อยคำหยาบคาย ดูหมิ่น ส่อเสียด ให้ร้ายผู้อื่นในทางเสียหาย หรือสร้างความแตกแยกในสังคม กับทั้งไม่มีภาพ วิดีโอคลิป หรือถ้อยคำลามก อนาจาร
3. ความขัดแย้งส่วนตัวที่เกิดจากการเขียนเรื่อง แสดงความคิดเห็น หรือในกล่องรับส่งข้อความ (หลังไมค์) ต้องไม่นำมาโพสหรือขยายความต่อในบล็อก และการโพสเรื่องส่วนตัว และการแสดงความคิดเห็น ต้องใช้ภาษาที่สุภาพเท่านั้น
4. พิจารณาเนื้อหาที่จะโพสก่อนเผยแพร่ให้รอบคอบ ว่าจะไม่เป็นการละเมิดกฎหมายใดใด และปิดคอมเมนต์หากจำเป็นโดยเฉพาะเรื่องที่มีเนื้อหาพาดพิงสถาบัน
5.การนำเรื่อง ภาพ หรือคลิปวิดีโอ ที่มิใช่ของตนเองมาลงในบล็อก ควรอ้างอิงแหล่งที่มา และ หลีกเลี่ยงการเผยแพร่สิ่งที่ละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นรูปแบบหรือวิธีการใดก็ตาม 6. เนื้อหาและความคิดเห็นในบล็อก ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับทีมงานผู้ดำเนินการจัดทำเว็บไซต์ โดยถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบทางกฎหมายเป็นการส่วนตัวของสมาชิก
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OKnation ขอสงวนสิทธิ์ในการปิดบล็อก ลบเนื้อหาและความคิดเห็น ที่ขัดต่อความดังกล่าวข้างต้น โดยไม่ต้องชี้แจงเหตุผลใดๆ ต่อเจ้าของบล็อกและเจ้าของความคิดเห็นนั้นๆ
   

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