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วันพฤหัสบดี ที่ 2 กรกฎาคม 2563
Posted by นายยั้งคิด , ผู้อ่าน : 252 , 12:30:24 น.  
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The rain dog and cat caused the weather cool. And you'll feel comfortable all day.

         Presently, in my house, There still a grand nephew is live with my family together. Yesterday he made a surprise

to me in the morning because he dressed the school uniform, which means he has to back to school, July 1, but I forgot.

         As the truth, I have many children, but many of them left home on their way. Someone goes out to learn to

continue in the University far away. Someone has their job in Bangkok and live in a room for hire in the condominium.

         However, I hope all of you learn English better every day.

         Never forget to thanks to Google Translate and G Grammarly.

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/is6Mv1U2hvw


 

 

 

Over 300 Hong Kongers Arrested under New Security Law

July 01, 2020
A police officer raises his pepper spray handgun as he detains a man during a march against the national security law at the anniversary of Hong Kong's handover to China from Britain in Hong Kong, July 1, 2020.
A police officer raises his pepper spray handgun as he detains a man during a march against the national security law at the anniversary of Hong Kong's handover to China from Britain in Hong Kong, July 1, 2020.
 
Hong Kong police have made the first arrests under a new national security law approved by China’s central government.

The arrests came as thousands of people gathered in the center of Hong Kong to mark the anniversary of its return to Chinese rule. Up until July 1, 1997, the city was a British colony.

Wednesday was the first time since 1997 that police officials banned what has become the yearly anniversary protest. Police officers fired pepper spray and tear gas as demonstrators shouted, “resist till the end” and “Hong Kong independence.”

In a message hanging on a purple banner, police warned people against holding up flags or signs or repeating slogans with a goal of subversion or separating from China.

Police display a public announcement banner showing the warning to protesters in Causeway Bay before the annual handover march in Hong Kong, Wednesday, July 1, 2020.
Police display a public announcement banner showing the warning to protesters in Causeway Bay before the annual handover march in Hong Kong, Wednesday, July 1, 2020.

The police force said on social media that it detained about 370 people on charges including possession of weapons and violating the new law.

Among the arrests were a man with a Hong Kong independence flag and a woman holding a sign showing the British flag and calling for Hong Kong’s independence.

“I’m scared of going to jail but for justice I have to come out today, I have to stand up,” said one man who gave his name as Seth to the Reuters news agency.

The new security law deepened concerns in Hong Kong and overseas about the future of the semi-autonomous territory.

China’s government enacted the law in reaction to anti-government protests in Hong Kong last year. It can punish people for crimes of secession, subversion, terrorism, and collusion with foreign forces. Those found guilty can face a sentence of up to life in prison.

The measure also gives mainland security agencies the right to operate in Hong Kong and bring people to the mainland for trial.

Under the law, China’s central government can keep close watch of schools, social groups, media organizations, and websites in the former British colony. Central government agencies operating in the city will take over in “complicated cases” and when there is a serious threat to national security. Local officials are barred from interfering while they carry out their duties.

Police detain protesters during a march marking the anniversary of the Hong Kong handover from Britain to China, Wednesday, July. 1, 2020, in Hong Kong.
Police detain protesters during a march marking the anniversary of the Hong Kong handover from Britain to China, Wednesday, July. 1, 2020, in Hong Kong.


Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam spoke at a ceremony to mark the 23rd anniversary of the city’s return to Chinese rule. She called the new law “the most significant development” in the relationship between China and the territory.

“It is also an essential and timely decision for restoring stability in Hong Kong,” she added.

Critics say the law effectively ends the “one country, two systems” under which Hong Kong was promised a high degree of autonomy.

Reaction from overseas

Britain’s foreign secretary Dominic Raab told reporters Wednesday that the security law “is a clear and serious violation” of the 1997 handover agreement.

Raab announced plans to extend British National Overseas passports for up to 3 million Hong Kongers to five years from the current six-month limit. After five years, passport holders could apply for settled status and then ask for British citizenship 12 months after that.

The United States is moving to end special trade terms for Hong Kong. The Trump administration has said it will bar defense exports to Hong Kong and will soon require permits for the sale of products that have both civilian and military uses.

Also Wednesday, Taiwan’s government opened an office to help Hong Kongers who desire to move to the island. One government official said the move is “not only a statement on Taiwan’s support to Hong Kong’s democracy and freedom, but also highlights our determination to care for Hong Kong people.”

I'm Jonathan Evans.

Hai Do adapted this story for Learning English based on Associated Press and Reuters news reports. George Grow was the editor.

_______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

banner - n. a large strip of cloth with design, writing or picture on it

slogan - n. a word or phrase that is easy to remember and used by a group to get attention

semi-autonomous - adj. having some power to govern itself

secession - n. the act of separating from a nation or state

collusion - n. secret cooperation for an illegal purpose

highlight - v. direct attention to

determination - n. a quality that makes you continue trying to do or achieve something that is difficult

...........................................

 

Technology Helps Keep Election Campaigns Alive During Coronavirus

July 01, 2020
In this combination of file photos, former Vice President Joe Biden speaks in Wilmington, Del., on March 12, 2020, left, and President Donald Trump speaks at the White House in Washington on April 5, 2020. (AP Photo, File)
In this combination of file photos, former Vice President Joe Biden speaks in Wilmington, Del., on March 12, 2020, left, and President Donald Trump speaks at the White House in Washington on April 5, 2020. (AP Photo, File)
As the novel coronavirus continues to spread in the United States, politicians are increasingly turning to technology to get their message out to voters.

Public health guidelines for reducing the spread have led to changes in the political campaigns of President Donald Trump and former Vice President Joe Biden.

Health officials have appealed to Americans to limit face-to-face contact with others. They support calls for social distancing -- keeping space between yourself and other people outside your home.

With social distancing rules in effect, the presidential election campaigns were faced with an unusual situation. They were no longer able to send out organizers and volunteers to connect with likely voters face-to-face. It has also not been possible for candidates to hold events that can raise millions of dollars for their campaigns.

Eric Wilson is a technology expert working for the Republican Party. He directs the Center for Campaign Innovation. He told VOA the coronavirus health crisis forced big changes, such as the move to completely “virtual” campaigns.

“Just like the (coronavirus) disrupted everyone else's daily life - the same is true of our campaigns,” Wilson said.

Lally Doerrer, right, and Katharine Hildebrand watch Joe Biden during his Illinois virtual town hall, in Doerrer's living room Friday, March 13, 2020, in Chicago. (AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast)
Lally Doerrer, right, and Katharine Hildebrand watch Joe Biden during his Illinois virtual town hall, in Doerrer's living room Friday, March 13, 2020, in Chicago. (AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast)

Tara McGowan is the founder of Acronym, a political organization that supports progressive causes and candidates. She agrees that campaign organizers have had to find many new ways to reach the people most likely to support their candidates.

“You're just seeing a lot more creativity in terms of how and where the campaigns are finding the voters they need to get their message across to,” McGowan told VOA.

Since the start of social distancing orders in March, the Trump campaign has launched a daily talk show on social media. The show – which appears on services such as Facebook and YouTube – has different guests each day.

Some well-known Republicans and members of Trump’s family have appeared on the program as guests or presenters. During one show, the president’s son, Donald Trump, Junior, asked his father questions.

“That's one of the biggest kind of innovations we've done,” said Erin Perrine, the director of press communications for the Trump campaign.

The Biden campaign is also turning to social media to reach voters. It has used Instagram to hold discussions with well-known people and politicians. Last week, Biden raised more than $11 million during a virtual fundraising event with former President Barack Obama.

Democratic U.S. presidential candidate Joe Biden smiles as former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton endorses him for president in a video screengrab made during an online town hall, in Wilmington, Delaware, April 28, 2020. (Biden For President/Handout)
Democratic U.S. presidential candidate Joe Biden smiles as former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton endorses him for president in a video screengrab made during an online town hall, in Wilmington, Delaware, April 28, 2020. (Biden For President/Handout)

Even as both campaigns experiment with ways to reach possible donors and voters, the use of technology in presidential campaigns is not new.

Candidates have been using the internet since 1996, the year presidential hopefuls first developed websites for their campaigns. In 2000, Vice President Al Gore, a Democrat, and Republican Senator John McCain held online chats during their presidential runs.

By 2004, campaigns started experimenting with ways to use the internet to connect with supporters and to help organize them, said Jennifer Stromer-Galley. She studies political campaigns and the use of technology at Syracuse University in New York.

In 2008, then-presidential candidate Barack Obama used social media services like Twitter and Facebook to help him win the election.

Stromer-Galley said the 2020 election season could be the first where campaigns spend more money on internet advertising than on television ads.

President Donald Trump speaks during a Fox News virtual town hall from the Lincoln Memorial, May 3, 2020, in Washington.
President Donald Trump speaks during a Fox News virtual town hall from the Lincoln Memorial, May 3, 2020, in Washington.

She told VOA that internet-based ads are helpful in getting people to provide contact details after opening the ads. “The first thing the campaign says is, ‘Hey, give me your email address.’ And if you do give your email address, they also then typically ask you for your name and maybe your address or your zip code.”

Stromer-Galley said Facebook can be a useful tool for campaigns because ads can be created to target demographics of users. “Facebook has built an algorithm that predicts if you're politically interested. They have an algorithm that predicts if you're likely a Democratic supporter or a Republican supporter.”

Erin Perrine of the Trump campaign says it runs a lot of ads on Facebook continuously. “We do a bunch of them and those that are doing well, we’ll put more money behind and continue to push those, then others that aren’t, you can pull them off the platform,” she said.

I’m Bryan Lynn.

Elizabeth Lee reported this story for VOA News. Bryan Lynn adapted the report for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments section, and visit our Facebook page.

Quiz - Technology Helps Keep US Election Campaigns Alive During Coronavirus

Quiz - Technology Helps Keep US Election Campaigns Alive During Coronavirus

Start the Quiz to find out

________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

virtual – adj. not real, existing in cyber space​

disrupt – v. to interrupt something and stop it from continuing

guest – n. a person who comes to visit

innovation – n. a new idea or method of doing something

chat – n. an informal talk with someone

address – n. the details of where a building is located

zip code – n. a set of numbers that go after a person's address

demographic – n. the study of populations and the different groups that make them up

algorithm – n. a set of steps that are followed in order to solve a mathematical problem or to complete a computer process

platform – n. the type of computer or smartphone system you are using

........................................................

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Why do people like sad music?

EPISODE 191107 / 01 NOV 2019

Introduction

A recent study has shown that sad music has become increasingly popular, but why do people choose to listen to it, and what goes on in the brain and the body when they do so? Sam and Neil talk about music and biology and teach you some vocabulary.

This week's question

The music video has been around for a while, but in what year was MTV, the first dedicated music video channel, launched in the US?

A: 1981

B: 1982

C: 1983

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

can’t stand
have a strong dislike of 

hormone
a natural chemical produced in the body 

lactation
the process in mammals of producing milk

comforting
calming and soothing, making you feel better emotionally 

what’s going on
what’s happening 

an excess of
too much or a more than normal amount of something

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript     

Sam
Hello. This is 6 Minute English, I'm Sam. 

Neil
And I'm Neil. 

Sam
Do you like sad music, Neil? 

Neil
Well, when I was younger and if I had a break-up with a girlfriend I would listen to sad songs, songs which reflected my mood. 

Sam
And do you still listen to those songs now? 

Neil
Not so much, but I do still like them. 

Sam
Well, it seems as if there might be a biological reason why some of us do like sad songs. We’ll look at this topic a little more after this week’s quiz question, which is about music videos. The music video has been around for a while, but in what year was MTV, the first dedicated music video channel, launched in the US? Was it… 

A: 1981,
B: 1982, or
C: 1983? 

Neil
Well… 

Sam
What do you think, Neil? 

Neil
I’m going to guess. Is it the early 1980s? 

Sam
Well, yes. Care to be more specific? 

Neil
Well… Well, it was a long time ago – I was just a small boy. I'm going to go for 1982. 

Sam
OK, I’ll have answer later in the programme. But first, more about sad songs. Professor David Huron from Ohio State University has conducted research in this area and he discussed it recently on a BBC World Service radio programme - The Why Factor. He was looking at why some people like sad music and other people really don’t like it all, as he says they just can’t stand it. He believes it’s to do with a hormone. A hormone is a natural chemical in our bodies which can have an effect on various systems and also emotions. Listen out for the name of the hormone he mentions. 

Professor Huron
One of the things that we were interested in was ‘what’s the difference between people who listen to sad music and who love it, and people who listen to sad music and who just can’t stand it'. In our research, it started pointing towards a hormone called prolactin. Now, prolactin, as you might have guessed from the name, is associated with ‘lactation’ from breast-feeding. When people cry, they also release prolactin. And, there are circumstances in which prolactin seems to have this comforting effect. 

Sam
So which hormone did he mention? 

Neil
He talked about the hormone called prolactin which he said was connected to lactation. This is the production of milk by mammals to feed their young. 

Sam
What he noted was that this hormone can be released when people cry and in some cases this hormone has a comforting effect. When something is comforting, it makes you feel better, it calms your emotions. Let’s listen again. 

Professor Huron
One of the things that we were interested in was ‘what’s the difference between people who listen to sad music and who love it, and people who listen to sad music and who just can’t stand it. In our research, it started pointing towards a hormone called prolactin. Now, prolactin, as you might have guessed from the name, is associated with ‘lactation’ from breast-feeding. When people cry, they also release prolactin. And, there are circumstances in which prolactin seems to have this comforting effect. 

Sam
So, what conclusions did he make about this hormone and how it might be working? Professor Huron explains. 

Professor Huron
So the thought was that, perhaps what’s going on is that the people who are enjoying listening to sad music are receiving some sort of excess of prolactin, and people who are listening to sad music and they just find it incredibly sad and unhelpful and they just don’t want to listen to it, maybe they’re not getting enough prolactin when they listen to the music. 

Sam
So what is happening? Or as Professor Huron said, what’s going on

Neil
Well, it seems quite simple, though I’m sure it’s very complicated. People who like sad music are maybe getting too much prolactin or more than is normal – he describes this as an excess of prolactin. And maybe people who don’t like sad music aren’t getting enough. 

Sam
So, the idea is that prolactin is a hormone which we find comforting. If our bodies release it when we hear sad music, it gives us a good feeling – but if prolactin isn’t released or there isn’t enough of it, we just find the sad music sad and it doesn’t help to cheer us up. 

Neil
I guess so, but you know emotions are funny things - it’s weird to think that our feelings are caused by different natural chemicals that run around the body. Absolutely! OK, we’re going to take another look at today’s vocabulary but first, the answer to this week’s quiz. The music video has been around for a while, but in what year was MTV, the first dedicated music video channel, launched in the US? Was it… 

A: 1981,
B: 1982, or
C: 1983? 

And Neil, you said… 

Neil
I said it was definitely the early 80s. 

Sam
Well, you’re not wrong there, but which year exactly? 

Neil
‘82? 

Sam
Ah well, you’ll need to dig out a sad song to make you feel better now because the answer was 1981. 

Neil
Oh dear, I can feel my prolactin levels dropping already! 

Sam
I’m sure you can’t! But let’s move on to vocabulary. If you can’t stand something, it means you really don’t like it. 

Neil
hormone is one of the body’s natural chemicals. 

Sam
And the hormone prolactin is connected with lactation, which is the production of milk by mammals. 

Neil
Something that is comforting makes you feel better emotionally. 

Sam
The phrase what’s going on has a very similar meaning to 'what’s happening'. 

Neil
And an excess of something is 'too much or a more than normal amount of that thing'. 

Sam
Well, before you have an excess of our company, we should wrap up. Thanks for listening and we hope you’ll join us again soon. As ever, don’t forget that you can find more from the BBC Learning English team online, across social media and on our very own app! Bye for now! 

Neil
Goodbye!

................................................................

 

 

Isolated heavy rains forecast for most parts of Thailand

Jul 02. 2020

 

Facebook Twitter

By THE NATION

The Thailand Meteorological Department forecast on Thursday (July 2) that the southwest monsoon prevailing across the country and the Andaman Sea, will bring isolated heavy rains to the North, the Northeast, the East and the South’s west coast. People in these areas should beware of severe conditions.

North: Cloudy with thundershowers in 40 per cent of the areas and isolated heavy rains; temperature lows of 24-27 degrees Celsius and highs of 34-36°C .

Northeast: Cloudy with thundershowers in 60 per cent of the areas and isolated heavy rains; temperature lows of 23-25°C and highs of 31-36°C.

Central: Mostly cloudy with thundershowers in 30 per cent of the areas; temperature lows of 24-27°C, highs of 34-37°C.

East: Mostly cloudy with thundershowers in 40 per cent of the areas and isolated heavy rains; temperature lows of 23-28°C, highs of 33-35°C; waves a metre high and 1-2 metres during thundershowers.

South (east coast): Mostly cloudy with thundershowers in 40 per cent of the areas; temperature lows of 23-26°C, highs of 32-35°C; waves a metre high and 1-2 metres during thundershowers.

Bangkok and surrounding areas: Mostly cloudy with thundershowers in 40 per cent of the areas; temperature lows of 26-27°C, highs of 34-36°C.

NPLs the biggest challenge, says new GSB chief

Jul 02. 2020
Withai Rattanakorn
Withai Rattanakorn

Facebook Twitter

By THE NATION

The management of non-performing loans (NPLs) in the second half of the year will be the biggest challenge for Government Savings Bank (GSB), Withai Rattanakorn, its newly appointed president who took office on Wednesday (July 1), said.

“Before the announcement of postponement of repayment to help the bank’s customers who have been affected by Covid-19, GSB had around 330,000 accounts that were 30-90 days behind with total debt amounting to Bt70 billion, and there were another 400,000 accounts awaiting debt restructuring with total amount of Bt65 billion,” he said. “The challenge for the bank will be how to manage these debts. Furthermore, the Bank of Thailand has ordered all banks to set up a fund to allow for doubtful accounts at Bt83 billion each, whereas GSB estimated that the highest we can go is only Bt50 billion.”

Withai also added that from now on, GSB will assume the social banking approach to serve the public needs at the grass roots level. “We will be the government’s main agency responsible for reducing social and economic disparity through loan programmes that aim to help those in need and not just for creating a positive image,” he added. “Most importantly, the programmes must still be able to create profit for the bank.”

“To become a social bank, GSB must increase its strength in the digital platform,” added Withai. “We will further improve the MyMo application by adding new services such as identify verification, credit bureau checking, contract signing via mobile phone, which will help reduce the workload of branch employees while customers don’t have to come down to the branch every time they need a service.”

Withai added that in the past months the bank had served around 3 million to 5 million customers who came down to the branches to receive the government's Covid-19 handouts, creating a bottleneck at its branch operations.

“To streamline the budget, GSB will also reduce unnecessary expenses such as advertising, overseas trips and golf tournament for executives,” added Withai. “As for the annual bonus, I can confirm that all employees will receive one this year. I believe that in order to help others efficiently, we must make sure that all of our people are well taken care of first.”

Withai was selected by GSB board members to replace Chatchai Payuhanaveechai, whose term ended on June 14. Before becoming the GSB president, he served as secretary-general of the Government Pension Fund, the largest pension fund.

 ...............................................................

Complete Finished

Thursday, July 2, 2020

 

 

 


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กฎกติกาการเขียนเรื่องและแสดงความคิดเห็น
1 การเขียน หรือแสดงความคิดเห็นใด ๆ ต้องไม่หมิ่นเหม่ หรือกระทบต่อสถาบันชาติ ศาสนา และพระมหากษัตริย์ หรือกระทบต่อความมั่นคงของชาติ
2. ไม่ใช้ถ้อยคำหยาบคาย ดูหมิ่น ส่อเสียด ให้ร้ายผู้อื่นในทางเสียหาย หรือสร้างความแตกแยกในสังคม กับทั้งไม่มีภาพ วิดีโอคลิป หรือถ้อยคำลามก อนาจาร
3. ความขัดแย้งส่วนตัวที่เกิดจากการเขียนเรื่อง แสดงความคิดเห็น หรือในกล่องรับส่งข้อความ (หลังไมค์) ต้องไม่นำมาโพสหรือขยายความต่อในบล็อก และการโพสเรื่องส่วนตัว และการแสดงความคิดเห็น ต้องใช้ภาษาที่สุภาพเท่านั้น
4. พิจารณาเนื้อหาที่จะโพสก่อนเผยแพร่ให้รอบคอบ ว่าจะไม่เป็นการละเมิดกฎหมายใดใด และปิดคอมเมนต์หากจำเป็นโดยเฉพาะเรื่องที่มีเนื้อหาพาดพิงสถาบัน
5.การนำเรื่อง ภาพ หรือคลิปวิดีโอ ที่มิใช่ของตนเองมาลงในบล็อก ควรอ้างอิงแหล่งที่มา และ หลีกเลี่ยงการเผยแพร่สิ่งที่ละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นรูปแบบหรือวิธีการใดก็ตาม 6. เนื้อหาและความคิดเห็นในบล็อก ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับทีมงานผู้ดำเนินการจัดทำเว็บไซต์ โดยถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบทางกฎหมายเป็นการส่วนตัวของสมาชิก
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OKnation ขอสงวนสิทธิ์ในการปิดบล็อก ลบเนื้อหาและความคิดเห็น ที่ขัดต่อความดังกล่าวข้างต้น โดยไม่ต้องชี้แจงเหตุผลใดๆ ต่อเจ้าของบล็อกและเจ้าของความคิดเห็นนั้นๆ
   

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